www.ittiofauna.org   contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org
Le Faune Webmuseum Amphibia Anura Hylidae Hyla

La raganella comune, Hyla arborea (Linnaeus, 1758)


Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Ranita de San Antonio. Catalano - Reineta europea. Basco - Zuhaitz-igel arrunta. Galiziano - Rela, Estroza. Francese - Rainette vertePortoghese - Rela. Inglese - Common Tree Frog, European Tree Frog. Tedesco - Laubfrosch. Svezia - Lövgroda. Norvegia - Løvfrosk. Finlandia - Euroopanlehtisammakko. Danimarca - Almindelig løvfrø. Olanda - Boomkikker. Grecia - Δενδροβάτραχος, Δεντροβάτραχος. Croazia - Gatalinka. Serbia - Gatalinka, Kreketuša. Slovenia - Zelena rega. Macedonia (FYROM) - Лисна жаба. Polonia - Rzekotka drzewna. Ungheria - Zöld levelibéka. Repubblica Ceca - Rosnička zelená. Slovacchia - Rosnička zelená. Albania - Bretkosa a drurëve, Bretkosa e gjelbër a jeshile. Romania - Brotacel, Racanel. Turchia - Ağaç kurbağası. Bulgaria - Жаба дървесница.

  Click on the image to magnify and for the informations.  
Click sull'immagine per ingrandire e per le informazioni.

Classificazione - Regno: Animalia. Sottoregno: Eumetazoa. Phylum: Chordata. Subphylum: Vertebrata. Superclasse: Gnathostomata. Classe: Amphibia. Sottoclasse: Lissamphibia. Ordine: Anura. Sottordine: Procoela. Famiglia: Hylidae. Sottofamiglia: Hylinae. Genere: Hyla.

Rana arborea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 213. Sintipi: tutti gli esemplari conosciuti citatinella descrizione originale (vedere Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 321-340, per la discussione), incluse le rane illustrate da Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 73, fig. 3; 2: pl. 78, fig. 5, & Generus, 1554, Hist. Animal.: 55. Lectotipo designato da Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 334, come lo specimen raffigurato da Generus, 1554, Hist. Animal.: 55. (illustrazione riprodotta da Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 327). Località tipo: "Sub foliis arborum Europae, Americae". Ristretta dalla designazione del lectotipo da Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 334, alla regione di Zürich, Cantone di Zürich, Svizzera.
Rana viridis Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svec.: 102, 280. Materiale tipo: non riportato. Località tipo: "Scania". Sinonimo di Retzius, 1800, Fauna Svec., ed. 3, 1: 286; Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 170; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 74; Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 166; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 105.
Hyla viridis Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 33. Tipo: l'indicazione include le rane illustrate da Roesel von Rosenhof, 1758, Hist. Nat. Ran. Nost.: pls. 9-11e frontespizio, così come (var. b) lo specimen noto da Catesby, 1743, Nat. Hist. Carolina Florida Bahama Is.: 71, pl. 71 (l'illustrazione di Catesby' sembra essere Hyla cinerea - DRF). Il lectotipo è il maschio cantante raffigurato i posizione mediana a sinistra su plate 9 di Roesel von Rosenhof, 1758, Hist. Nat. Ran. Nost., , secondo Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 336. Località tipo: "Europae arboribus"; ristretta a vicinanze di Nürnburg da Dubois & Ohler, 1997 "1996", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4(A), 18: 336. Considerato (vedere p. 138 dell'originale) sinonimo junior di Rana arborea Linnaeus. Sinonimia di Daudin, 1800, Hist. Nat. Quad. Ovip., Livr. 1: 13; Daudin, 1802 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Rain. Gren. Crap., Quarto: 14.
Hyla vulgaris Lacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, 16mo ed., 2: 459. Lacépède, 1788, Hist. Nat. Quadrup. Ovip. Serpens, Quarto ed., 1: Tavola successiva a p. 618 con descrizione a p. 550. Sostituzione di nome per Hyla viridis Laurenti, 1768 e Rana arborea Linnaeus. Respinta come lavoro non binomiale dall'Opinione 2104, Anonymous, 2005, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 62: 55.
Calamita arboreus Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 153. Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 170.
Calamita viridis Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 153.
Hylaria viridis Rafinesque, 1814, Specchio Sci., 2, 2: 103: 103.
Hyla arborea Cuvier, 1817, Regne Animal., 2: 94. Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 166; Schinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 223; Lesson, 1841, Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, Ser. 3, 12: 60; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 379.
Hyas arborea Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201.
Dendrohyas arborea Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 74.
Dendrohyas arboreus Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30.
Dendrohyas arborea var. daudinii Gistel, 1868, Die Lurche Europas: 161. Materiale tipo: non riportato o noto. Località tipo: sud della Francia. Sinonimia di Mertens & Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 49.
Hyla arborea arborea Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 381. by implication; Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 132.
Hyla arborea var. orientalis Bedriaga, 1890 "1889", Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, N.S., 3: 473. Sintipi: non riportato, probabilmente presenti in origine al ZMM. Località tipo: "Charkow, [e] Tultscha", Ucraina. Sinonimia di Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 248.
Hyla arborea var. molleri Bedriaga, 1890 "1889", Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, N.S., 3: 474. Sintipi: BM 1947.2.23.44 (ex 1928.12.20.168) secondo Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 88. Località tipo: "Coimbra", Provincia Beira Litoral, Portogallo. Distinzione da Hyla arborea arborea respinta da Schneider, 1974, Oecologia, Berlin, 14: 109; Schneider, 2004, Z. Feldsherpetol., Suppl., 5: 9. .
Hyla arborea schelkownikowi Chernov, 1926, Bull. Sci. Inst. Explor. Caucase Nord, 1: 70. Sintipi: collocazione non riportata. Località tipo: Stpanavan, Armenia, e Kutaissi, Georgia. Distinzione da Hyla arborea arborea respinta da Schneider, 2004, Z. Feldsherpetol., Suppl., 5: 9.
Hyla arborea kretensis Ahl, 1931, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 45: 161. Sintipi: ZMB 31569 (secondo Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 31-33), NHMW 18413.1-5 (secondo Häupl & Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 18, & Häupl, Tiedemann, & Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 23). Località tipo: "Canea", "Psychro auf der Lasithi-Hochebene", "Chania", "westlich von Canea", "Neapolis, nord-westl. v. St. Nikolo", Creta, Grecia. I dati associati ai sintipi NHMW sono "Canea, Kreta" e "Psychro auf der Lasithi-Hochebene". Distinzione da Hyla arborea arborea respinta da Schneider, 1974, Oecologia, Berlin, 14: 109; Schneider, 2004, Z. Feldsherpetol., Suppl., 5: 9.
Hyla meridionalis molleri Parker, 1956, in Sylvester-Bradley (ed.), Species Concept in Paleontol.: 11.
Hyla arborea cretensis Stugren & Lydataki, 1986, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 42: 57. Compitazione susseguente errata.

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

 

Distribuzione di Hyla arborea secondo IUCN

 

Specie paleartica a larga distribuzione, diffusa dalla Penisola Iberica (dove sono presenti popolazioni sparse nel centro e nel nord ovest) e Francia, ad est fino alla Russia occidentale ed al Caucaso, a sud fino ai Balcani ed alla Turchia (parti meridionali ed orientali escluse). La specie non è presente in Scandinavia (tranne che nel sud est della Danimarca ed in una piccola parte della Svezia meridionale). Hyla arborea è stata introdotta in Gran Bretagna (New Forest) ma attualmente sembra essersi estinta. H. arborea è specie tipica di pianura e collina, ma si può incontra fino a circa 700 metri di altezza, la sua presenza a 2.300 metri di quota (Bulgaria) deve essere confermata.

Bibliografia - Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Arnold, H.R. 1995. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Britain. ITE research publication 10: 40.

Baker, J. 1997. Stability for Swedish treefrogs?. FrogLog 20: 2-3.

Bannikov, A. G., Darevsky, I. S. and Rustamov, A. K. (1971). Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchienya SSSR [Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR]. Izdatelistvo Misl, Moscow.

Bannikov, A.G., Darevsky, I.S., Ishchenko, V.G., Rustamov, A.K. and Szczerbak, N.N. 1977. Opredelitel Zemnovodnykh i Presmykayushchikhsya Fauny SSSR [Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR Fauna]. Prosvechshenie, Moscow.

Baran, I. and Atatür, M.K. 1998. Turkish Herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment, Ankara.

Basoglu, M. and Ozeti, N. (1973). Turkiye Amphibileri. Ege Univ, Bornova-Izmir.

Brönmark, C. and Edenhamn, P. 1994. Does the presence of fish affect the distribution of tree frogs (Hyla arborea). Conservation Biology 8: 841-845.

Carlsson, A. and Edenhamn, P. 2000. Extinction dynamics and the regional persistence of a tree frog metapopulation. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B, Biological Sciences 267: 1311-1313.

Crespo, E.G. 1973. Sur la position taxonomique des hylides du Portugal (Amphibia, Salientia). Analyse serologique et caracteres metriques. Arquivos do Museo Bocage. 2nd Ser. 3: 613-632.

Dely, G. 1967. Kétélt¿ek-Amphibia: Magyarország Állatvilága, Faunae Hungariae. Ákadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

Demirsoy, A. 1996. Tükiye Omurgalilari, Sürüngenler. Meteksen, Ankara.

Dubois, A. 1995. The valid scientific name of the Italian treefrog, with comments on the status of some early scientific names of Amphibia Anura, and on some articles of the Code concerning secondary homonyms. Dumerilia 2: 55-71.

Edenhamn, P. 1995. European tree frog (Hyla arborea) source pond characteristics. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 71(3-4): 143.

Fog, K. 1995. Amphibian conservation in Denmark. FrogLog 13: 1-2.

Friedl, T.W.P. and Klump, G.M. 1997. Some aspects of population biology in the European Treefrog, Hyla arborea. Herpetologica 53(3): 321-330.

Galán, P. 1999. Conservación de la herpetofauna gallega. Situación actual de los anfibios y reptiles de Galicia. Universidade da Coruña, Monografía 72. A Coruña. : 286pp.

García-París, M. and Martín, C. 1987. Amphibians of the Sierra del Guadarrama (1,800¿2,430 m altitude). In: J. J. van Gelder, H. Strijbosch & P.J. Bergers (eds), Proceedings. 4th Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica, pp. 135-138.

Gasc, J.-P. (ed.) 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d¿Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Godinho, R., Teixeira, J., Rebelo, R., Segurado, P., Loureiro, A., Álvares, F., Gomes, N., Cardoso, P., Camilo-Alves, C. and Brito, J.C. 1999. Atlas of the continental Portuguese herpetofauna: an assemblage of published and new data. Revista Española de Herpetología 13: 61-81.

Grossenbacher, K. 1988. Verbreitungsatlas der Amphibien der Schweiz. Documenta faunistica helvetiae 7: 1-207.

Grossenbacher, K. 1994. Rote Liste der gefährdeten Amphibien der Schweiz. In: BUWAL (ed.), Rote Liste der gefährdeten Tierarten in der Schweiz, pp. 33-34. BUWAL (Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft), Bern.

Ildos, A.S. and Ancona, N. 1994. Analysis of amphibian habitat preferences in a farmland area (Po plain, northern Italy). Amphibia-Reptilia 15(3): 307-316.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org.

Joly, P. 1992. The amphibian fauna of the French Upper-Rhône floodplain. The Lavours marsh and Jons sector. Alytes 10(4): 117-129.

Kalezic, M. and Dzukic, G. 2001. Amphibian status in Serbia and Montenegro (FR Yugoslavia). FrogLog 45: ?

Kovács, T. 2002. Monitoring of amphibians and reptiles along the Drava River. FrogLog 52: ?

Kovács, T. and Papp, M. 2002. Breeding pond survey in Hungary: and example of sucessful cooperation. FrogLog 50: ?

Kuzmin, S.L. 1995. Die Amphibien Russlands und Angrenzender Gebiete. Westarp ¿ Spektrum, Magdeburg - Heidelberg.

Kuzmin, S.L. 1996. Threatened amphibians in the former Soviet Union: the current situation and the main threats. Oryx 30: 24-30.

Kuzmin, S.L. 1999. The Amphibians of the Former Soviet Union. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow.

Kuzmin, S.L. Dodd Jr, C.K. and Pikulik, M.M. (eds) 1995. Amphibian Populations in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Current Status and Declines. Pensoft, Moscow.

Kyriakopoulou-Sklavounou, P. and Grumiro, I. 2002. Body size and age assessment among breeding populations of the tree frog Hyla arborea in northern Greece. Amphibia-Reptilia 23(2): 219-224.

Lizana, M. and Marco, A. 2001. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the decline of amphibian populations in Central Spain. FrogLog 44: 1-2.

Lizana, M., Pérez-Mellado, V. and Ciudad, M.J. 1990. Analysis of the structure of an amphibian community in the Central System of Spain. Herpetological Journal 1: 435-446.

Malkmus, R. 2000. Zur Laichplatzwahl und Larvenerkennung von Hyla arborea molleri in Portugal. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie 7: 219-221.

Malkmus, R. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of Portugal, Madeira and the Azores-Archipelago. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggel, Germany.

Mazanaeva, L.F. 2000. The distribution of amphibians in Daghestan. Advances in Amphibian Research in the Former Soviet Union 5: 141-156.

Mlynarski, M. 1966. Plazy I Gady Polski. Panstwowe Zaklady Wydawnictw Szkolnych, Warszawa 75.

Nascetti, G., Lanza, B. and Bullini, L. 1995. Genetic data support the specific status of the Italian treefrog (Amphibia: Anura: Hylidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 16(3): 215-227.

Nikolsky, A. M (1906). Herpetologia Rossica. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. de St. Petersbourg, Ser. 8, Phys.-Math, Vol. 17, Sofia, Moscow.

Nikolsky, A. M (1936). Fauna of Russia and Adjacent Countries: Amphibians (English translation of Nikolsky, 1918, Faune de la Russie et des Pays limitrophes. Amphibiens. Académie Russe des Sciences, Petrograd, USSR). Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.

Nöllert, A. and Nöllert, C. (1992). Die Amphibien Europas. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH and Company, Stuttgart.

Özeti, N. and Yilmaz, I. 1987. On a new form of Bombina bombina from northwest Anatolia. Journal of Faculty of Science Ege University Series B. 9(1):

Pavignano, I. 1989. Studies on the biology of the tree-frog Hyla arborea during the breeding season in north western Italy (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). Alytes 8(1): 17-21.

Pestov, M. and Anufriev, V. 2001. The Frog Princess and Other Projects. FrogLog 46: ?

Pleguezuelos, J.M. 1997. Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal. Asociacion Herpetologica Española, Las Palmas de Gran Canarias.

Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Villafranca, C. 1997. Distribución altitudinal de la herpetofauna ibérica. In: J.M. Pleguezuelos (ed.), Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal, pp. 321-34. Monografías de Herpetología 3. Universidad de Granada-Asociación Herpetológica Española, Granada.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Puky, M. 2000. A kétéltûek védelme Magyarországon (Conservation of amphibians in Hungary). In: S. Faragó (ed.), Gerinces állatfajok védelme (Conservation of vertebrate species), pp. 143-158. Nyugat-Magyarországi Egyetem Erdõmérnöki Kar, Sopron.

Puky, M. 2003. Amphibian mitigation measures in Central-Europe. In: L.C. Irwin, P. Garrett and K.P. McDermott (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, 26-31 August, 2003, Lake Placid, New York, USA, pp. 413-429. Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, USA.

Puky, M. 2003. Az újraárasztott Nyirkai Hany - Keleti Mórrétek (Hanság) herpetofaunája (Occurrence of amphibians and reptiles in the Nyirkai Hany Keleti Mórrétek wetland restoration area, Hanság, Hungary in the first year following inundation). Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 27: 341-347.

Puky, M. et al. 2003. Preliminary Herpetological Atlas of Hungary. Varangy Akciócsoport Egyesület, Budapest.

Reques, R. 2000. Anfibios. Ecología y Conservación. Diputación de Córdoba, Córdoba.

Rosa, H.D. and Oliveira, M.E. 1994. Genetic Differentiation of the Iberian Tree Frogs Hyla arborea molleri and Hyla meridionalis (Amphibia, Anura). Zeitschrift Fur Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 32(2): 117-128.

Smit, G. 1998. DAPTF-Netherlands Report. FrogLog 28: 3.

Szczerbak, N. N. and Szczerban, M. I. (1980). Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchiesya Ukrainskikh Karpat [Amphibians and Reptiles of Ukrainian Carpathians]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev.

Tarkhnishvili, D.N. and Gokhelashvili, R.K. 1999. The amphibians of the Caucasus. Advances in Amphibian Research in the Former Soviet Union 4: 1-229.

Terentjev, P. V. and Chernov, S. A (1965). Key to Amphibians and Reptiles of USSR (translated from Russian). Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.

van der Meijden, A. 2003. AmphibiaWeb account for Hyla arborea written by Arie van der Meijden (as of Jan 29, 2003). See AmphibiaWeb: http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/aw/index.html

Vogrin, M. 2002. Amphibians. In: M. Vogrin (ed.), Nature in municipality Kidricevo, pp. 99-106. Municipality Kidricevo.

Vogrin, N. 1997. The Status of Amphibians in Slovenia. FrogLog 20: 1-2.

Vos, C.C. and Stumpel, A.H.P. 1996. Comparison of habitat-isolation parameters in relation to fragmented distribution patterns in the tree frog (Hyla arborea). Landscape Ecology 11(4): 203-214.

Zvirgzds, J. 1998. Treefrog Reintroduction Project in Latvia. FrogLog 27: ?

Zvirgzds, J., Stasuls, M. and Vilnitis, V. 1995. Reintroduction of the European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea) in Latvia. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 71: 139-142.


Le Faune Webmuseum Amphibia Anura Hylidae Hyla
www.ittiofauna.org
Google
 
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org