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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteitti Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser

Lo storione siberiano, Acipenser baerii

Brandt, 1869


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Esturgeon de Sibérie, Esturgeon sibérien, Esturión de Siberia. Spagnolo - Esturión siberiano. Inglese -  Lena River sturgeon, Long-nosed Siberian sturgeon, Siberian sturgeon. Tedesco - Sibirischer Stör. Svezia - Sibirisk stör. Danimarca - Sibirisk stør. Norvegia - Sibirsk stør. Finlandia - Siperiansampi.  Polonia - Jesiotr syberyjski. Repubblica Ceca - Jeseter sibirský. Romania - Sturion de Siberia.

 

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Acipenser baerii baerii Brandt, 1869. Einige Worte über die europäisch-asiatischen Störarten (Sturnionides). Mélanges biologiques v. 7: 110-116. Sinonimo senior della denominazione originaria, sottospecie nominale, nomenclatura valida.

Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869. Einige Worte über die europäisch-asiatischen Störarten (Sturnionides). Mélanges biologiques v. 7: 110-116. Denominazione originaria, nomenclatura non non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869, secondo Berg 1948:86, Coad 1995:6, Artyukhin 1995:7, Zhu 1995:5 (come baeri), Chereshnev 1996:598 (come baeri), Coad 1996:84 (come baeri), Bemis et al. 1997:37, Sokolov 1997:47 (come baeri), Reshetnikov et al. 1997:725, Sokolov 1998:19, Dyer 2000:89 (come baeri), Bogutskaya et al. 2001:42, Zhang 2001:36, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:115, López et al. 2003:7 (come cf. baerii), Sideleva 2003:8 (come baerii con sottospecie), Hanel 2003:47, Menni 2004:71 (come cf. baerii), Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:22 (con sottospecie), Kottelat 2006:15, Ocock et al. 2006:26, Birstein & Bemis 2008:158 (con sottospecie). Località tipo: bacini dei fiumi Ob e Lena, Siberia, Russia. Sintipi: collocazione ignota. Currrent status: Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869.

Acipenser baeri Brandt, 1869. Einige Worte über die europäisch-asiatischen Störarten (Sturnionides). Mélanges biologiques v. 7: 110-116. Sinonimo senior della denominazione originaria, errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser baieri Brandt, 1869. Einige Worte über die europäisch-asiatischen Störarten (Sturnionides). Mélanges biologiques v. 7: 110-116. Sinonimo senior della denominazione originaria, errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser baeri stenorrhynchus Nikolskii, 1896. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo junior,  denominazione originaria , errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser stenorrhynchus Nikolskii 1869. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo junior, originale denominazione, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869 secondo Berg 1948:86 e Kottelat 2006:15. Sinonimo di Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869, ma valida sottospecie per Chereshnev 1996:599 (come stenorhynchus), Chereshnev et al. 2001:32 (come stenorhynchus), Reshetnikov 1997:725, Sokolov 1998:19, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:23, Ocock et al. 2006:26. Acipenseridae. Località tipo: grandi fiumi della Siberia che sboccano nel Mare Artico. Sintipi: ZIN 10641 (2), 10885 (1), 10888 (1). ZISP 10641 tipo della varietà baicalensis. Current status: Acipenser baerii stenorrhynchus Nikolskii 1896.

Acipenser stenorrhynchus baicalensis Nikolskii 1896. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo senior, denominazione originaria, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni -  Sinonimo di Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869, secondo Berg 1948:86 e Kottelat 2006:15. Sinonimo di Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869, ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, secondo Reshetnikov et al. 1997:726, Sokolov 1998:20, Sideleva 2001:45, Sideleva 2003:8, Ocock et al. 2006:26. Località tipo: Lago Baikal, Siberia, Russia. Sintipi: MLSU 1631 (1), ZIN 10641 (2). Current status: Acipenser baerii baicalensis Nikolskii 1896.

Acipenser stenorrhynchus baicalensis (non Nikolskii, 1896). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura applicata in modo erroneo, non valida.

Acipenser baeri baicalensis Nikolskii 1896. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo senior,  denominazione originaria, errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser baerii baicalensis Nikolskii 1896. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo senior,  denominazione originaria, nomenclatura valida.

Acipenser baerii baikalensis Nikolskii 1896. Acipenser stenorrhynchus n. sp. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskogo Akademii Nauk = Ezhegodik (Zoologicheskii muzei (Akademiia nauk SSSR)) v. 1: 400-405. Sinonimo senior,  denominazione originaria, errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

 

 

Note sulla sistematica - Il "Catalog of Fishes" della California Academy of Sciences ritiene valide tre sottospecie: Acipenser baerii baerii Brandt, 1869, Acipenser baerii stenorrhynchus Nikolskii 1896, ed Acipenser baerii baicalensis Nikolskii 1896. L'area di diffusione di A. baerii baerii è limitata al bacino del fiume Ob. A. baerii stenorrhynchus vive nei bacini della Siberia orientale, è presente nei sistemi dei fiumi Alazeya, Anabar, Indigirka, Khatanga, Lena, Lolyma, Olenek, Pyasina, Yana e Yenisei. (Ruban, 1997; Ruban & Akimova, 1991; 1993; Ruban & Panaiotidi, 1994). A. baerii baikalensis è endemica del Lago Baikal. Studi recenti mettono in dubbio la validità di queste sottospecie, suggerendo che A. baerii possa essere una specie monotipica, in grado di formare popolazioni continue nei grandi sistemi fluviali (Ruban, 1999). Opinione condivisa da Maurice Kottelat e Jörg Freyof, autori a cui facciamo riferimento in questo lavoro.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany.

 

 

Distribuzione di Acipenser baerii secondo IUCN

 

 

La specie è diffusa nei bacini fluviali della Siberia dal fiume Ob al fiume Kolyma e nel bacino del Lago Baikal. Introdotta a scopo commerciale negli allevamenti ittici di molti paesi europei ed asiatici, successivamente immessa intenzionalmente od accidentalmente in acque libere.

 

 

Introduzioni di Acipenser baerii

Periodo

Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Uzbekistan (bacino del Syr Darya)

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Fiume Uruguay, Uruguay

ignota

non conosciuto

ignota

Turchia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Svezia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Spagna

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Cile

ignota

non conosciuto

ignota

Argentina

ignota

1960 - 1969

Russia

Estonia

no

1993 - 2001

Federazione Russa

Olanda

non probabile

1990 - 1999

Russia

Gran Bretagna

no

1956

Asia

URSS

no

1962

ignota

Lituania

probabile

1964

Asia, Siberia

Giappone

no

1975

URSS

Francia

no

1982

URSS

Ungheria

no

1990

Russia

Italia

ignota

1993

Federazione Russa

Polonia

no

1993

Russia

Polonia

non probabile

1997

Russia

Grecia

ignota

1998

Federazione Russa

Cina

ignota

1999

Federazione Russa

Francia

ignota

 

 

Francia - Nel dicembre 1999, a seguito di due gravi fortunali, diverse migliaia di avannotti e di femmine gravide (più di 7 kg) di A. baerii fuggirono da allevamenti per finire nel fiume Gironda (Bordeaux). La sopravvivenza di questi esemplari e la loro interazione con le popolazioni selvatiche di A. sturio, non sono per ora note. In ogni caso si deve prendere in considerazione la possibilità di comparsa di nuovi germi patogeni, di competizione alimentare e di ibridazioni con A. sturio (Cemagref, in litt., press release, 26 January 2000). Germania - Nel basso corso dei fiumi e negli estuari baltici ad est di Rostock è sempre più frequente la cattura di storioni ibridi, compresi quelli di A. baerii, probabilmente fuggiti da acquacolture situate a monte, o rilasciati in natura da proprietari di acquari a causa delle loro grandi dimensioni (Jörn Gessner, Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, to TRAFFIC Europe, 15 March 2000). Italia - La specie è stata introdotta negli anno '90 in allevamento ed ibridata con A. naccarii (Azienda Agricola e Agroittica Lombarda, in litt. to TRAFFIC Europe-Italy, 1999). Esemplari di A. baerii, provenienti molto probabilmente dai numerosi laghetti di pesca sportiva, vengono occasionalmente catturati in acque libere, (Dr P. Bronzi in litt. to IUCN/SSC WildlifeTrade Programme, September 2000). La presenza di questa specie potrebbe avere un impatto negativo sui tentativi di salvaguardia e reintroduzione di A. naccarii nell'ambiente di origine.

 

 

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