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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteitti Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser

Lo storione danubiano, Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt& Ratzeburg, 1833


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Azov-Black sea sturgeon, Russian sturgeon, Danube sturgeon, Kura sturgeon, Osetr, Persian sturgeon. Tedesco - Donau-Stör, Waxdick, Russischer Stör, Osietra. Francese - Esturgeon de Danube. Spagnolo - Esturión del Danubio. Portoghese - Esturjao do Danúbio, Esturjão-do-Danúbio. Grecia - Ξυρύχι Δούναβη, Storioni, Xyrychi Dounavi. Svezia - Rysk stör. Norvegia - Rysk stør. Finlandia - Venäjänsampi. Polonia - Jesiotr kolchidzki, Jesiotr krótkonosy, Jesiotr Rosyjski. Federazione Russa - Russkii osetr, Chernamorsko-azovskyi osetr. Repubblica Ceca - Jeseter ruský. Repubblica Slovacca - Jeseter ruský. Ungheria - Vágo tok. Romania - Nisetru. Bulgaria - Ruska esetra. Turchia - Rusmersini baligi, Karaca, Karaca baligi. Persiano - Tasmahi-e-russ, Chalbash.

 

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Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833. "Medizinische Zoologie, oder getreue Darstellung und Beschreibung der Thiere, die in der Arzneimittellehre in Betracht kommen, in systematischer Folge herausgegeben." Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (fig. 2, 2A-E). Status: nomenclatura originaria, valida. Opinioni: nomenclatura valida come "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brandt & Ratzebrug 1833, secondo Berg 1948:78, Svetovidov 1973:82, Svetovidof in Whitehead et al. 1984:221 come "gueldenstaedti", Lelek 1987:46, Coad 1995:6 come "gueldenstaedti", Artyukhin 1995:7], Sokolov & Tsepkin 1996:18 come "gueldenstaedti", Bemis et al. 1997:37, Kottelat 1997:30, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:725, Sokolov 1998:2, Coad 1998:102, Pourkazemi et al. 2000:1, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:42, Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:28, Hanel 2003:46, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:23, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:162 come "gueldenstaedti" un solo autore, Brandt. Originariamente era "güldenstädtii". Località tipo: Mar Caspio e suoi tributari, Mar Nero. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Acipenser guldenstadti Brandt & Ratzeberg, 1833. Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (figs. 2, 2A-E). Status: errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser güldenstaedti Brandt & Ratzeberg, 1833. Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (figs. 2, 2A-E). Status: errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser gueldenstaedti Brandt & Ratzeberg, 1833. Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (figs. 2, 2A-E). Status: errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser güldenstädti Brandt & Ratzeberg, 1833. Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (figs. 2, 2A-E). Status: errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser guldenstaedti Brandt & Ratzeberg, 1833. Medizinische Zool. v. 2 13 Pl. 3 (figs. 2, 2A-E). Status: errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser pygmaeus Reisinger, 1830. "Specimen ichthyologiae sistens pisces aquarium dulcium Hungariae." Spec. Ichthyol. Hungariae i-xii + 1-98 + index; 93. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Oggettivamente non valida; occupata in precedenza da "Acipenser pygmaeus" Pallas 1814. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brant & Ratzeburg 1833, per Kottelat 1997:30. Località tipo: fiume Danubio, Ungheria. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Acipenser aculeatus Lovetsky, 1834. "Diagnosis piscium ad genus Acipenserinum pertinentium, praeprimis eorum, qui habitant in aquis Imperii Rossici." Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 253-264 pl. 19 fig. 2. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni:  sinonimo di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brant & Ratzeburg 1833, per Kottelat 1997:30. Località tipo: "fluvius Borysthenes … locis restrictis Gubern. Catherinoslawl" [fiume Dnieper nella provincia di Yekaterinoslav; Berg, 1911: 247]. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Acipenser tuecka Heckel, 1836. In Fitzinger & Heckel. Monographische Darstellung der Gattung "Acipenser". Ann. Wien. Mus. Naturges. 261-326; v. 1 (no. 12) 293. Status: nomenclatura soggetta a discussione, non valida. Originalmente come "tücka". Nome in sinonimia di "Acipenser schypa", non disponibile. Compare anche successivamente in letteratura soltanto come nome. Opinioni: discutibile se in sinonimia di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brant & Ratzeburg 1833, per Kottelat 1997:30.

Acipenser medius Brusina, 1902. Status: elencato in sinonimia, nomenclatura non disponibile; l'autore riconosciuto pare essere Heckel, riferimenti non disponibili.

Acipenser brevirostris Brusina, 1902. Status: elencato in sinonimia, nomenclatura non disponibile; l'autore riconosciuto pare essere Heckel, riferimenti non disponibili.

Acipenser macrophthalmus Brusina, 1902. Status: elencato in sinonimia, nomenclatura non disponibile; l'autore riconosciuto pare essere Heckel, riferimenti non disponibili.

Acipenser gueldenstaedtii scobar Antipa, 1909. Fauna ichtiologica a României. Publ. Fond. Adamachi Acad. Romana 1-294; v. 3 (n° 16) 260. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Considerata da Kottelat 1997, infrasubspecifica e non disponibile. Opinioni: in sinonimia di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brandt & Ratzeburg 1833, secondo Kottelat 1997:30 come "scobar". Nella stesura originale il gerere era scritto erroneamente "Acipense". Località: fiume Danubio.

Acipenser gueldenstaedti golis Antipa, 1909. Publ. Fond. Adamachi Acad. Romana v. 3 (n° 16) 261. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Considerata da Kottelat 1997, infrasubspecifica e non disponibile. Opinioni: in sinonimia di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brandt & Ratzeburg 1833, secondo Kottelat 1997:30. Località: fiume Danubio alla bocca di Portitza e Mar Nero.

Acipenser gueldenstaedti longirostris Antipa, 1909. Publ. Fond. Adamachi Acad. Romana v. 3 (n° 16) 262. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Considerata da Kottelat 1997, infrasubspecifica e non disponibile. Opinioni: in sinonimia di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brandt & Ratzeburg 1833, secondo Kottelat 1997:30. Località tipo: fiume Danubio e Mar Nero.

Acipenser gueldenstaedti acutirostris Antipa, 190. Publ. Fond. Adamachi Acad. Romana v. 3 (n° 16) 262. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Considerata da Kottelat 1997, infrasubspecifica e non disponibile. Se disponibile dovrebbe essere un omonimo junior du "Acipenser acutirostris" Ayres 1854. Opinioni: in sinonimia di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brandt & Ratzeburg 1833, secondo Kottelat 1997:30. Località tipo: fiume Danubio.

Acipenser gueldenstaedti tanaica Marti, 1940. Systematics and biology of the Russian sturgeon of the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea. Zool. Zh. 865-872; v. 19 (no. 6) 863. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni:  sinonimo di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brant & Ratzeburg 1833, sottospecie "cochicus" Marti 1940, per Berg 1948:84, Svetovidov 1973:83; sinonimo di "Acipenser gueldenstaedtii" Brant & Ratzeburg 1833, secondo Kottelat 1997:30, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:23 Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:23 datano "tanaica" a Movchan 1927 come una natio. Località tipo: Baia di Taganrog, Mare di Azov, Russia. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: (molti).

 

 

Note sulla sistematica - Si veda l'introduzione della famiglia per commenti generali. Vlasenko et al. (in Holcík, 1989: 298-305) riporta differenze biochimiche e morfologiche (ma non afferma esplicitamente quali differenze) tra diversi stocks. Nel bacino del danubio sono conosciute "razze" migratorie e non migratorie.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Sokolov, L.I. and L.S. Berdicheskii, 1989. Acipenseridae. The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 1, Part II.. p. 150-443. Pagina 294.

 

 

Distribuzione di Acipenser gueldenstaedtii secondo IUCN

 

 

La specie è diffusa nel Mar Nero, nel Mar d'Azov e nei fiumi tributari, Danubio, Dnieper, Dniester, Koriban, Don, ecc., nel Mar Caspio e nei fiumi tributari.

 

 

Introduzioni di Acipenser gueldenstaedtii

Periodo

Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Svezia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Lettonia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Finlandia

no

1992 - 1993

Russia

Polonia

no

1962

Russia

Estonia

no

1962

ignota

URSS

no

1962

Zona Ponto Caspia

Lituania

probabile

1963

Russia

Giappone

no

1993

Russia

Cina

probabile

1997

Russia

Grecia

ignota

 

 

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