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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteitti Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser

Lo storione tozzo, Acipenser nudiventris

Lovetzky, 1828


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Esturión barba de flecos. Portoghese - Esturjão-ventre-nu. Francese - Esturgeon à barbillons frangés, Esturgeon nu. Grecia - Gymnoxyrychi. Inglese - Fringebarbel sturgeon, Bastard Sturgeon, Barbel sturgeon, Ship Sturgeon, Spiny sturgeon, Thorn Sturgeon. Tedesco - Glattdick, Dick, Schip, Ship-Stör. Danimarca - Glatstør. Svezia - Glattdick. Norvegia - Glattstør. Finlandia - Harmaasampi. Federazione Russa - Ship. Polonia - Szypr, Szyp. Repubblica Ceca - Jeseter hladký. Repubblica Slovacca - Jeseter hladký. Ungheria - Simatok, Szintok, Simatok. Romania - Bogzar, Viza. Bulgaria - Ship. Serbia - Sim. Turchia - Biz baligi, Sip baligi. Iran - Sheap, Mahi-e Kaviar.

 

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Acipenser nudiventris Lovetzky, 1828. [Titolo sconosciuto.] Novyi magazin estestvennoi istorii e. g. 78; pt. 2 78 Pl. 6 (fig. 2). Status: nomenclatura originaria, valida. Opinioni: nomenclatura valida come "Acipenser nudiventris" Lovetsky 1828, secondo Berg 1948:66, Svetovidov 1973:83, Coad 1981:8, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:222, Lelek 1987:48, Coad 1995:7, Artyukhin 1995:7, Zhu 1995:6, Bemis et al. 1997:37, Kottelat 1997:31, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:725, Sokolov 1998:21, Coad 1998:102, Pourkazemi et al. 2000:1, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:42, Zhang 2001:37 datato 1928 [sic], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:29, Hanel 2003:46, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:24, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:162 come data riporta 1928. Apparentemente compare anche in Lovetsky 1830. La descrizione originaria è stata riprodotta in Berg 1905:2, nota a piè di pagina. Località tipo: Mare d'Aral. materiale tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Acipenser nudivenris Lovetsky, 1828. Novyi Mag. Estestv. Istorii pt. 2 78 Pl. 6 (fig. 2). Status errore di ortografia, nomenclatura non valida.

Acipenser schypa Güldenstädt, 1772. "Salmo leucichthys" et "Cyprinus chalcoides" descripti. Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropol. 531-547 v. 16 533. Status: nomenclatura non binominale e non disponibile, non valida. Opinioni: in sinonimia di "Acipenser nudiventris" Lovetsky 1828, secondo Kottelat 1997:31.

Acipenser glaber Fitzinger, 1832. In Fitzinger & Heckel. Monographische Darstellung der Gattung "Acipenser". Ann. Wien. Mus. Naturges. 261-326; v. 1 (no. 12) 270 Pls. 25 (fig. 3), 28 (fig. 5-6). Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Acipenser nudiventris" Lovetsky 1828, secondo Berg 1948:66, Svetovidov 1973:83, Kottelat 1997:31, Sokolov 1998:21, Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:29. Località tipo: fiume Danubio in Austria. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: NMW 91292 [l]. Vedere Fitzinger& Heckel (1836: 270, pl. 25 fig. 3, pl. 28 fig. 5-6) per le illustrazioni dei possibili sintipi.

Acipenser turritus Brusina, 1902. Status: pubblicato in sinonimia, nomenclatura non disponibile; basata su un'etichetta museale.

Acipenser nudiventris derjavini Borzenko, 1950. Materialy po sistematike, biologii e promyslu kurinskogo shipa. Trudy Kaspi. Basseinovogo Filiala VNIRO 9-46; n° 11. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: sinonimo di "Acipenser nudiventris" Lovetsky 1828, secondo Coad 1995:7, Kottelat 1997:31. Originale non visto. (Mar Caspio) da Sokolov & Vasilev, in Holcík, 1989: 209.

 

 

Note sulla sistematica - La località tipo di A. nudiventris è il Lago d'Aral. Borzenko (1950, citato da Sokolov & Vasilev, in Holcík, 1989: 209) considera che i campioni del Mar Caspio appartengano ad una sottospecie distinta, conclusione rigettato da Sokolov & Vasiley. In ogni modo, siccome la loro conclusione è basata solamente su di un coefficiente di differenza, è irrilevante ed inconcludente per una discussione sistematica. Lo status dei campioni del Mar Nero semplicemente non è discussa e nessun dato relativo è presentato nella loro tavola 19. Kottelat non ha potuto trovare una critica comparazione, di prima mano, tra i campioni del Mare Nero, Mar Caspio e Mare d'Aral ma, l'ipotesi che più di una specie sia coinvolta, dovrebbe essere considerata. Sarebbe giustificata anche una comparazione particolareggiata tra le "razze" diadrome e non migratrici.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux.. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M. L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome.

 

 

Distribuzione di Acipenser nudiventris secondo IUCN

 

 

L'area di diffusione originaria comprende: Lago d'Aral, Mar Caspio occidentale, Mar Nero nord occidentale, corsi inferiori e medi dei loro principali tributari e dei bacini dei fiumi Danubio, Kura, Volga, Sura e Amudarja.

 

 

Introduzioni di Acipenser nudiventris

Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

1933

URSS

Cina

si

 

 

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Iacob, L. and I. Dima, 2006 Regnul Animalia. Eukarya. Enciclopedia Florei si Faunei din Romania.

Institute of Hydrobiology , Academia Sinica and Shanghai Natural Museum and Ministry of Agriculture of China, 1993 The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. Vol. 3 Institute of Hydrobiology , Academia Sinica and Shanghai Natural Museum and Ministry of Agriculture of China. 166p.

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Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Kotlyar, A.N., 1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p.

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