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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteitti Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser

Lo storione bianco, Acipenser transmontanus Richardson, 1836


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Esturión blanco. Portoghese - Esturjão-branco. Francese - Esturgeon blanc. Inglese - White sturgeon, Columbia sturgeon, Oregon sturgeon, Pacific sturgeon, Sacramento sturgeon. Tedesco - Weißer Stör, Amerikanischer Stör, Sacramentostör. Olanda - Pacifische steur. Danimarca - Hvid stør. Svezia - Vit stör. Finlandia - Valkosampi, Valkosilmäkuha. Polonia - Jesiotr amerykanski. Repubblica Ceca - Jeseter bílý.

 

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Acipenser transmontanus Richardson, 1836. The Fish. "Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N.", Fauna Boreali-Americana i-xv + 1-327 Part 3 278 Pl. 97 (fig. 2). Status: nomenclalura originaria, valida. Opinioni: nomenclatura valida come "Acipenser transmontanus" Richardson 1836, secondo Lee et al. 1980:42, Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:61, McAllister 1990:42, Page & Burr 1991:27, Artyukhin 1995:7, Bemis et al. 1997:37, Scott & Crossman 1998:96, Fuller et al. 1999:22, Dyer 2000:89, Musick et al. 2000:10, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:115, Moyle 2002:106, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:41, Nelson et al. 2004:58. Località tipo: Vancouver, Washington, U.S.A  e fiume Columbia all'altezza di Fort Colville. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: (2) collocazione attuale ignota.

Acipenser aleutensis Fitzinger, 1836. In Fitzinger & Heckel. "Monographische Darstellung der Gattung Acipenser." Ann. Wien. Mus. Naturges. 261-326 v. 1 (no. 12) 285. Status: sinonimo junior, nomenclatura non valida. Opinioni: discutibile come sinonimo di "Acipenser ruthenus" Linnaeus 1758. per Kottelat 1997:32; sinonimo di "Acipenser transmontanus" (Richardson 1836), secondo Scott & Crossman 1998:100. Vedere Mecklenburg et al. 2002:115, che non ritengano che la provenienza sia Alaska e quindi non si tratti di "transmontanus". Località tipo: isola Canaga nell'arcipelago delle Aleutine, Alaska, U.S.A. (probabilmente errato). Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina 27.

 

 

Distribuzione di Acipenser transmontanus secondo Fishbase

 

 

In Europa la specie è alloctona, presente in alcune piscicolture per allevamento a scopo alimentare ma, sempre più spesso è immessa in bacini dedicati alla pesca sportiva e, potenzialmente, potrebbe essere inserita in acque libere o potrebbe fuggire a causa d'inondazioni non previste. L'areale d'origine è in America settentrionale. La specie è endemica delle coste dell'Oceano Pacifico e dei fiumi che vi sboccano, dalle Isole Aleutine alla California.

 

 

Introduzioni di Acipenser transmontanus

Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Cile

ignota

1987

ignota

Italia

probabile

1997

USA

Israele

no

 

 

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Anon., 1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anon., 2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.

Anon., 2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.

Anon., 2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024-5192, USA.

Anon., 2002 Fish collection of the Royal British Columbia Museum. Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria BC, Canada V8V 1X4.

Anon., 2003 Fish Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum Royal Ontario Museum.

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Beverton, R.J.H. and S.J. Holt, 1959 A review of the lifespans and mortality rates of fish in nature and their relation to growth and other physiological characteristics. p. 142-180. In G.E.W. Wolstenholme and M. O'Connor (eds.) CIBA Foundation colloquia on ageing: the lifespan of animals. volume 5. J & A Churchill Ltd, London.

Birstein, V.J., 1993 Sturgeons and paddlefishes: threatened fishes in need of conservation. Conserv. Biol. 7:773-787.

Blacklidge, K.H. and C.A. Bidwell, 1993 Three ploidy levels indicated by genome quantification in Acipenseriformes of North America. J. Hered. 84:427-430.

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Brennan, J.S. and G.M. Cailliet, 1991 Age determination and validation studies of white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, in California. p. 209-234. In P. Williot (ed.) Acipenser, Actes du Premier colloque international sur l'esturgeon, Bordeaux, 3-6 Octobre 1989. CEMAGREF Publ.

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Burggren, W.W. and D.J. Randall, 1978 Oxygen uptake and transport during hypoxic exposure in the sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus. Respir. Physiol. 34:171-183.

Burggren, W.W., 1978 Gill ventilation in the sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus: unusual adaptations for bottom dwelling. Respir. Physiol. 34:153-170.

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Duke, S., P. Anders, G. Ennis, R. Hallock, J. Hammond, S. Ireland, J. Laufle, R. Lauzier, L. Lockhard, B. Marotz, V.L. Paragamian and R. Westerhof, 1999 Recovery plan for Kootenai river white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 15:157-163.

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p.

Escobar-Fernández, R. and M. Siri, 1997 Nombres vernáculos y científicos de los peces del Pacífico mexicano. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Sociedad Ictiológica Mexicana, A.C. Mexico.

Fisheries Branch, 1994 Freshwater Fishing Regulations Synopsis, 1994-1996. British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Fisheries Branch, Canada. 63 p.

Fontana, F., 1994 Chromosomal nucleolar organizer regions in four sturgeon species as markers of karyotype evolution in Acipenseriformes (Pisces). Genome. 37(5): 888-892.

Fontana, F., R. Rossi, M. Lanfredi, G. Arlati and P. Bronzi, 1997 Cytogenetic characterization of cell lines from three sturgeon species. Caryologia 50:91-95.

Frimodt, C., 1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p.

Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller, 1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller, Electric Fishes: history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries series 17. Chapman & Hall, London.

Gandolfi, G., S. Zerunian, P. Torricelli and A. Marconato (eds.), 1991 I pesci delle acque interne italiane. Ministero dell'Ambiente e Unione Zoologica Italiana. Instituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma. 616 p.

Garibaldi, L., 1996 List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.

Golani, D. and D. Mires, 2000 Introduction of fishes to the freshwater system of Israel. Isr. J. Aquacult. / Bamidgeh 52(2):47-60.

Goodson, G., 1988 Fishes of the Pacific coast. Alaska to Peru including the Gulf of California and the Galapagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 267 p.

Grabda, E. and T. Heese, 1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p.

Hanel, L., and J. Novák, 2001 Ceské názvy zivocichu V. Ryby a rybovití obratlovci (Pisces) II., nozdratí (Sarcoptrygii), paprskoploutví (Semionotiformes) [chrupavcití (Chondrostei), kostnatí (Neopterygeii): kostlíni ( (zoologické Semionotiformes. - bezostní (Clupeiformes)]. - Národní muzeum (zoologické oddeleí), Praha.

Hart, J.L., 1973 Pacific fishes of Canada. Fish. Res. Board Can. Bull. 180:1-740.

Hedrick, R.P., T.S. McDowell, R. Rosemarck, D. Aronstein and C.N. Lannan, 1991 Two cell lines from white sturgeon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120: 528-534.

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Holcík, J., 1991 Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.

Holden, M.J. and P. Meadow, 1962 The structure of the spine of the spur dogfish (Squalus acanthias L.) and its use for age determination. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 42:179-197.

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Hureau, J.-C., 1991 La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Preliminaire des Poissons d'Eaux Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environment, CEMAGREF et Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

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International Game Fish Association, 1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.

Jordan, D.S. and E.C. Starks, 1895 The fishes of Puget Sound. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5:785-855.

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Kotlyar, A.N., 1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p.

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McDowall, R.M., 1988 Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croom Helm, London.

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