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Abramide medio,

Ballerus ballerus (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Blue bream, Fliran, Zope. Tedesco - Ballen, Blainvilles dornhai, Flixe, Meernase, Schwuppe, Spitzpleinzen, Zope, Zoppe. Danimarca - Brasenflire. Norvegia - Brasmeflire. Svezia - Faren. Finlandia - Sulkava. Russo - Sinets, Sinetz. Lettonia - Sinetz. Estonia - Abakala. Polonia - Rozpior a. siniec, Rozpior. Repubblica Ceca - Pleskac siny, Cejn perletovy, Cejn dlouhoploutvý, Cejn siný, Cejn sivý. Slovacchia - Pleskác siný. Ungheria - Lapos keszeg. Bulgaria - Chil Kossat. Romania - Cosac, Cosac-cu-bot-ascutit. Serbia - Kesega. Slovenia - Kosalj.

 

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Ballerus ballerus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 327. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus ballerus Linnaeus, 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. Scritto "balerus" da Bloch & Schneider 1801:437. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Abramis ballerus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:785, Lelek 1987:136, Kottelat 1997:42, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:734, Bogutskaya 1998:54, Fricke 1999:20, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43, Hanel 2003:52, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:166, Hanel & Lusk 2005:248, Fricke 2007:28, Parin et al. 2014:63. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Ballerus ballerus (Linnaeus 1758), per Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:76, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:179, Perea et al. 2010:15. Località tipo: laghi della Svezia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo. Neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:21, ma ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Abramis ballerus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 327. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus farenus Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis ballerus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42, Bogutskaya 1998:54, Fricke 1999:21. Località tipo: lago Mälar, Svezia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo. Neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:21, ma ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

 

 

Note sulla nomenclatura - Recentemente la specie, precedentemente ascritta in Abramis, è stata attribuita al genere Ballerus, Heckel , 1843, da Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:75; ipotesi già sostenuta da Hensel 1978, che assegna al genere anche la specie A. sapa. La scelta è stata accettata in Eschmeyer.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 179.

 

 

Distribuzione di Ballerus ballerus secondo IUCN

 

Specie diffusa nei bacini affluenti ai mari del Nord, Baltico, Nero e Caspio. A partire dall'Elba verso oriente fino alla regione della Neva. Nella regione del Danubio fino all'Austria settentrionale. Nella Penisola Scandinava, limitata alla Svezia e Finlandia meridionali. Verso sud est fino ai fiumi Don, Volga ed Ural.

 

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Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

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Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

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