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Abramide nano, Ballerus sapa (Pallas, 1814)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - White-eye bream, Southwest white-eye. Portoghese - Brema-do-Danúbio. Tedesco - Berg Brassen, Zobel, Dornbrachsen, Kanov, Pleinzen, Sape, Scheibpleinzen, Steinbrachsen. Danimarca - Donaubrasen. Svezia - Donaubraxen. Finlandia - Sapa. Russo - Bjelogasska, Zobel, Beloglazka, Klepets. Estonia - Valgesilm, Valgesilm-abakala. Polonia - Klepiec. Repubblica Ceca - Cejn perletový, Cejn perletový. Slovacchia - Pleskác tuponosý. Romania - Boţog. Iran - Mahi Sim Kondpuzh, Saba, Sim.

 

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Ballerus sapa (Pallas, 1814). Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 328. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus sapa Pallas, 1814. Zool. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 vols. [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV); v. 3 328. Scritto in origine "sapà". Sctitto "sopa" da Valenciennes 1844:49. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Berg 1949:781, Coad 1981:8, Lelek 1987:139, Coad 1995:9, Kottelat 1997:43, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:734, Bogutskaya 1998:55, Coad 1998:102, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43, Hanel 2003:52, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:166, Hanel & Lusk 2005:246, Esmaeili et al. 2010:366, Parin et al. 2014:64. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Ballerus sapa (Pallas 1814), per Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:76, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:179, Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:166, Perea et al. 2010:15, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:865, Esmaeili et al. 2017:36, Esmaeili et al. 2018:16. Località tipo: fiume Volga e suoi affluenti. Tipo: nessuno.

Abramis sapa (Pallas, 1814). Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 328. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cyprinus cleveza Pallas, 1814. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 329. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Berg 1949:781, Kottelat 1997:44, Bogutskaya 1998:55. Vedere anche "kleweza" Güldenstädt. Località tipo: bocca del fiume Don, Russia. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: attuale collocazione ignota.

Cyprinus kleweza Güldenstädt, 1791. Reisen durch Russland und im Kaukasischen Gebirge .... von P. S. Pallas. 2 vols. St. Petersburg. Reisen Russland; 86. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Nomen nudum, non disponibile. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Bogutskaya 1998:55.

Abramis balleropsis Agassiz, 1835. Description de quelques espèces de cyprins du Lac de Neuchâtel, qui sont encore inconnues aux naturalistes. Mem. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat. 33-48; v. 1 39. Nomen nudum, combinazione originale, non disponibile, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Kottelat 1997:44.

Abramis schreibersii Heckel, 1836. Über einige neue, oder nicht gehörig unterschiedene Cyprinen, nebst einer systematischen Darstellung der europäischen Gattungen dieser Gruppe. Ann. Wien. Mus. Naturges. 219-234; v. 1 (n° 10) 227 Pl. 20 (fig. 4). Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Kottelat 1997:44. Località tipo: fiume Danubio, sottoriva a Vienna e March, Austria. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: NMW 16584 (1), 79462-63 (1, 1).

Abramis sapa bergi Belyaev, 1929. "Abramis sapa bergi", a new subspecies from the southern part of the Caspian Sea. Bull. Ichthyol. Lab. Baku 80-98; v. 2 (no. 2) 87. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, per Berg 1949:783, vedere Coad 1981:8, Coad 1995:9, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:734. Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), secondo Kottelat 1997:44. Località tipo: fiume Kura, Mar Caspio, Azerbaijan. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: (187).

Abramis sapa aralensis Tyapkin, 1939. A new subspecies of "Abramis sapa" from Aral Sea. Arch. Mus. Zool. Univ. Moscou 149-150; v. 5 149. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), sottospecie "bergi" Belyaeff 1930, secondo Berg 1949:784. Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), per Kottelat 1997:44. Sinonimo di Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, per Bogutskaya 1998:56. Catalogo: Svetovidova 1978:257, Vasil'eva et al. 2001:17. Località tipo: mare d'Aral, basso corso dei fiumi Amu-Daria, e Syr-Daria, Kazakalpakstan e Uzbekistan. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: ZMMU P-3364 (2).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 179 - 180.

 

 

Distribuzione di Ballerus sapa secondo IUCN

 

Specie diffusa nei corsi d'acqua tributari del Mar Nero, d'Azov e del mar Caspio, dal Danubio fino al fiume Ural e al Terek. Presente anche in Germania e nel Danubio. Lago Ilmen e fiume Volkhov.

 

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