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Blicca, Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagna - Brema blanca. Inglese - White bream, Silver bream, Flat bream. Francese - Petite brème, Hazelin, Brémette, Brème bordelière, Blike. Tedesco - Halbbrachsen, Güster, Pliete, Blicke, Blätte, Bleiche, Bleinse, Blenke, Bleyzer, Bliengge, Breitfisch, Bresen, Bunke, Fliengge, Geiserze, Gieben, Giester, Grasblecke, Grastaschel, Halbbressen, Hebber, Hörsel, Jüster, Kleinbreiser, Kulbauge, Mackel, Meckel, Plattfisch, Pleinzen, Pletten, Prünke, Rotplieten, Sandblecke, Rotflosser, Scheiber, Schniber, Steinmappen, Zobelpleinzen. Olanda - Kolblei, Blei. Danimarca - Flire. Norvegia - Flisebrasme, Flire. Svezia - Björkna. Finlandia - Pasuri. Russo - Ploskyrka, Gustera. Estonia - Nurg. Lettonia - Plicis. Lituania - Plakis. Polonia -  Krap. Repubblica Ceca - Piest, Cejnek maly, Cejn malý, Krínek, Skalák. Slovacchia - Piest zelenkavý. Ungheria - Karika keszeg. Romania - Cosac, Cârjanca, Batcă, Batca. Bulgaria - Bellitza. Slovenia - Androga. Serbia - Krupatica, Çapak. Turchia - Tahta baligi, Abdalca. Iran - Seamparak.

 

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© Akos Harka
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Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus bjoerkna Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824 ed. 10; v. 1 326. Scritto "björkna" in Gmelin 1789:1438. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42, Fricke 1999:21, Hanel & Lusk 2005:241, Fricke 2007:28, Fricke et al. 2007:27, Parin et al. 2014:63. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), per Berg 1949:763, Lelek 1987:165, Coad 1995:13, Chereshnev 1996:599, Bogutskaya 1997:168, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735, Bogutskaya 1998:58, Coad 1998:102, Tadajewska 1998:144, Briolay et al. 1998:101, Gabrielyan 2001:26, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200, Hanel 2003:52, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:76, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:180, Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:166, Perea et al. 2010:15, Esmaeili et al. 2010:368, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867, Çiçek et al. 2015:146, Esmaeili et al. 2017:38, Esmaeili et al. 2018:17. Località tipo: Greifswald, Mecklengurg-Vorpommern, 54°05' N, 13°23' E, Germania. Tipo: Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde, di Stoccarda in Germania, SMNS 12668. Neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:21, ma ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Blicca bjoerkna bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Blicca bjoekna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Blicca bjorkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Abramis björkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Blicca björkna (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 326. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cyprinus gieben Wulff, 1765. Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borsussici. Methodo Linnaeana disposita. Regiomonti. Ichthyol. Borsussici i-xii + 1-60; 50. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Località tipo: Prussia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Cyprinus Plestya Leske, 1774. Ichthyologiae Lipsiensis specimen. Lipsiae. Ichthyol. Lipsiensis i-iv + 1-82; 69. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Località tipo: Leipzig (Lipsia), Germania. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Cyprinus Blicca Bloch, 1782. M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oekonomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands. Berlin. Fische Deutschlands 1-128; v. 1 65 Pl. 10. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), per Berg 1949:763, Bogutskaya 1997:168. Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. A p. 56 dell'ittiologia di Bloch, v. 1. Nome disponibile dall'illustrazione.  Località tipo: "in alien unsern Landseen" [in tutti i laghi dell'interno] Germania. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Abramis blicca (Bloch, 1782). Fische Deutschlands v. 1 65 Pl. 10. Sostituzione, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Nuovo nome per Cyprinus blicca Bloch, 1782.

Cyprinus latus Gmelin, 1789. Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae, 1788-93. Systema Naturae Linné 1033-1516; v. 1 (pt 3) 1438. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Basata su fonti letterarie. Opinioni- Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Località tipo: Germania, Prussia, Slesia, Belgio e Francia. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: erano conservati al Zoologisches Museum, Humboldt Universitat, Berlino, Germania, ma sono andati perduti.

Cyprinus meckel Hermann, 1804. Observationes zoologicae, quibus novae complures, aliaeque animalium species describuntur et illustrantur. Opus posthumum edidit Fridericus Ludovicus Hammer. Argentorati. Observ. Zool. i-viii + 1-332; 328. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Località tipo: Strasburgo, Francia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Cyprinus gibbosus Pallas, 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 volumi [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV); v. 3 324. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), per Berg 1949:763, Coad 1995:13, Kottelat 1997:42, Bogutskaya 1998:58. Località tipo: fiumi Sura e Volga, Russia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Cyprinus Laskyr Güldenstädt, 1814. In Pallas. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 volumi [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV); v. 3 326. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), per Berg 1949:763, Kottelat 1997:42, Bogutskaya 1998:58. Località tipo: basso corso del fiume Tanai e del fiume Lipewiza, Voronicensis, Russia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Abramis micropteryx Valenciennes, 1844. Ex Agassiz. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp.; v. 17 44. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Nomenclatura basata su di un disegno spedito da Agassiz; vedere Kottelat 1997:43 per i commenti sui possibili tipi. Compare prima come nomen nudum in Agassiz 1835:39. Località tipo: Svizzera. Tipo: nessuno. Possibile tipo: MNHN 1080 a 1081 (1, 1).

Abramis erythropterus Valenciennes, 1844. Ex Agassiz. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 17 58. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Nomenclatura basata su di un disegno spedito da Agassiz; vedere Kottelat 1997:43 per i commenti sui possibili tipi. Compare prima come nomen nudum in Agassiz 1835:39. Località tipo: non fornita dagli autori. Tipo: MNHN 1079-B.

Blicca argyroleuca Heckel, 1843. Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In: J. von Russegger. Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die naturwissenschaftlichen Verhältnisse der betreffenden Länder unternommen in den Jahren 1835 bis 1841, etc. Stuttgart. Ichthyol. von Syrien 990-1099; v. 1 (pt 2) 1007 [17] Pl. 1. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:763 (datata Heckel & Kner 1858). Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Località tipo: nessun dato disponibile. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: Naturhistorisches Museum di Vienna, Austria, 16901 (2), 54918-20 (6, 4, 1).

Cyprinus latus Gronow, 1854. In Gray. Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow, now in the British Museum. London. Cat. Fish Gronow i-vii + 1-196; 179. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Wheeler 1958:211. Catalogo: Wheeler 1958:211 (come olotipo). Località tipo: laghi europei. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: BMNH 1853.11.12.146 [collezione Gronovius] (1, pelle).

Blicca intermedia Fatio, 1882. Faune des vertébrés de la Suisse. Vol. 4. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Part I. Faune Verte. Suisse v. 4 i-xiv + 1-786; v. 4 Part 1 355. Discutibile,combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Discutibile sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), per Kottelat 1997:42. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Catalogo: Weber 1998:6. Località tipo: fiune Rodano a Lione, Francia. Tipo: Museum d'Histoire Naturelle di Ginevra, Svizzera, 656.16.

Blicca bjoerkna transcaucasica Berg, 1916. Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie. Moscow. Poiss. Eaux Douces Russie i-xxvii + 1-563; 306. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:43. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, per Berg 1949:767, Lelek 1987:165, Coad 1995:13, Bogutskaya 1997:168, Bogutskaya 1998:59. Località tipo: tratti inferiori dei fiumi Kura e Araks, nel distretto di Lenkoran in Transcaucasia. Tipo: il materiale originario dovrebbe essere conservato al Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences di San Pietroburgo, Russia.

Blicca bjoerkna derjavini Dadikyan, 1970. A new subspecies of white bream ["Blicca bjoerkna derjavini", subsp. n.] from the Sevdzhur River. Voprosy Ikhtiol. 740-742); v. 10 740 [550]. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, per Coad 1995:13. Sinonimo di Abramis bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:43. Sinonimo di Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus 1758). Località tipo: fiume Sevdzhur, bacino del fiume Araks, Armenia. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: 30, ma attualmente non se ne conosce l'ubicazione.

 

 

Note sulla sistematica - La specie è stata considerata a lungo come appartenente al genere Abramis. La sua posizione sitematica è stata valutata da Shutov (1969), Hensel (1978) and Howes (1981: 46). La nomenclatura accettata in Eschmeyer é Blicca bjoerkna.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Porcellotti, S., 2005. Pesci d'Italia, ittiofauna delle acque dolci. Casa Editrice Plan, Firenze. Pagina 34 - 35.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Abramis bjoerkna secondo IUCN

 

Europa a nord delle Alpi e dei Pirenei. Inghilterra orientale dallo Yorkshire al Suffolk. Dalla Loira alla Neva. Scandinavia meridionale. Tributar! del Mar Nero e Caspio. Dal Danubio fino al Rion, dal Volga al Terek. Transcaucasia orientale. In Italia la specie è alloctona.

Note - E' stabulata in alcune itticolture italiane (Pianura Padana), francesi (valle del Rodano), ecc., quindi è possibile prevedere un suo indesiderabile ingresso in aree geografiche sicuramente estranee al suo areale naturale.

 

Introduzioni di Abramis bjoerkna

Periodo

Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Spagna

si

1972

Gran Bretagna

Cipro

si

1993

ignota

Italia

si

 

 

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Anonymous, 1994. Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd.

Anonymous, 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.

Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

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Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

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