www.ittiofauna.org
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org
Webmuseum Osteichthyes Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius

Pesce rosso, Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi dialettali italiani - Romagna - Goba. Toscana - Carassio, Zoccolo.

 

 

Note sul nome italiano - I soggetti liberati in natura assumono, dopo poche generazioni, la colorazione della forma selvatica, gli esemplari di tinta rossa o variamente colorata, muoiono di morte naturale o vengono predati a causa della loro appariscenza, la stessa cosa vale anche per i loro discendenti colorati, risultano più evidenti ai predatori. Quindi, gli esemplari con livrea di tipo selvatico non vengono più chiamati pesce rosso ma vengono denominati erroneamente carassio, storpiando il nome scientifico, nome invece da attribuire in modo esatto solo agli esemplari di C. carassius.

 

 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Poisson rouge, Carassin doré, Cyprin doré, Dorade de Chine. Inglese - Goldfish, Edible goldfish, Golden carp, Native carp. Spagna - Pez rojo, Carpa dorada, Pez dorado. Portogallo - Peixe-encarnado, Peixe dourado, Peixe encarnado. Danimarca - Guldfisk, Sølvkaruds, Sølvkarusse. Olanda - Goudvis. Svezia - Guldfisk. Norvegia - Karuss, Gullfisk. Finlandia - Kultakala. Estonia - Kuldkala. Grecia - Cheisopsaro, Chryssopsaro. Russia - Zolotaja rybka, Karas, Serebryanyi karas', Chernyi teleskop. Polonia - Karas zlocisty, Karas zlocisty a. chinski. Repubblica Ceca - Karas stribrity vychodoasijsky, Karas cinsky. Romania - Caras rosu, Caras-auriu. Ungheria - Aranyhal. Bulgaria - Zlatnakarracuda. Albania - Peshk i kuq. Turchja - Kirmizi balik. Giappone - Kin-buna. Malese - Ikan mas. Cina - Kam tsak, Kam ue, Ngan tsak, Tsak ue.

 

  Click on the image to magnify and for informations about this photo.  
Click sull'immagine per ingrandire e per informazioni su questa foto.

 

Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 322. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus auratus Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae. v. 1: i-ii + 1-824. Compare anche in Linnaeus 1759:252.  Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Cheng & Zhou 1997:185, Szczerbowski in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:5, López et al. 2003:9, Jang et al. 2003:119, Hammer & Walker 2004:91, Menni 2004:71, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:60, Mundy 2005:150, Allen et al. 2006:346, Fricke et al. 2007:36, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:142, McPhail 2007:60, Shrestha 2008:55, Fricke et al. 2009:23, Minckley & Marsh 2009:175, Esmaeili et al. 2010:368, Fricke et al. 2011:355, Page & Burr 2011:154, Marshall 2011:121, Kalous et al. 2012:11, Kottelat 2013:84, Angulo et al. 2013:991, Sarmiento et al. 2014:187, McDowall & Stewart 2015:312, Zhang et al. 2016:83, Miesen et al. 2016:82. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:820, Okada 1961:526, Chen & Huang 1977:432, Mai 1978:24, Lee et al. 1980:147, Coad 1981:9, Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:164, Wang 1984:15, Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:143, Smith 1986:119, Lelek 1987:171, Robison & Buchanan 1988:173, Paxton et al. 1989:216, Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:350, Paulin et al. 1989:81, Zheng et al. 1989:239, McAllister 1990:58, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:81, Page & Burr 1991:64, Coad 1991:15, Yang 1991:198, Liu in Pan et al. 1991:229, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:161, Wu & Wu 1992:517, Boschung 1992:45, Etnier & Starnes 1993:141, Kottelat et al. 1993:33, Skelton 1993:189, Ding 1994:419, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:275, La Rivers 1994:454, Coad 1995:14, Baxter & Stone 1995:58, Stauffer et al. 1995:61, Yang & Chen 1995:99, Cross & Collins 1995:53, Zhu 1995:99, Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184, Brumley in McDowall 1996:99, Coad 1996:84, Mettee et al. 1996:151, Sigler & Sigler 1996:66, Murdy et al. 1997:85, Kim 1997:158, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:736, Vu & Nguyen 1997:26, Bianco 1997:620, Chen in Chen 1998:259, Bogutskaya 1998:91, Castro et al. 1998:79, Scott & Crossman 1998:391, Fricke 1999:83, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:147, Fuller et al. 1999:53, Dyer 2000:89, Rafique 2000:324, Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:429, Kim et al. 2000:224, Lyons et al. 2000:47, Tang et al. 2001:13, Kottelat 2001:20, Pietsch et al. 2001:139, Kottelat 2001:42, Hutchins 2001:21, Ross et al. 2001:130, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44, Wang et al. 2001:164, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194, Skelton 2001:189, Kim & Park 2002:55, Allen et al. 2002:360, Youn 2002:156, 501, Moyle 2002:170, Mirza 2003:12, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:120, Bailey et al. 2004:72, Nelson et al. 2004:68, Miller & Robison 2004:88, Boschung & Mayden 2004:155, Hanel & Lusk 2005:263, Scharpf 2005:12, Hammer et al. 2012:66, Page et al. 2013:69, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869, Barbieri et al. 2015:48, Esmaeili et al. 2015:120, Mirande & Koerber 2015:10, Çiçek et al. 2015:144, Esmaeili et al. 2017:42, Kottelat 2017:327, Esmaeili et al. 2018:23, Fricke et al. 2018:58, Rylková et al. 2018:[6]. Il neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:83 non è valido; vedere Fricke 2000:639. Paepke 1999:70 considera validi i tipi per "Cyprinus auratus" var. a e var. c di Bloch 1784.Località tipo: Cina; fiumi del Giappone. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Carassius auratus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 322. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Carassius carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 322. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cyprinus mauritianus Bennett, 1832. Observations on a collection of fishes from the Mauritius, presented by Mr. Telfair, with characters of new genera and species. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 165-169; (pt 1) 167. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Fricke 1999:83. Località tipo: Mauritius. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Cyprinus langsdorfi Valenciennes, 1842. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome seizième. Livre dix-huitième. Les Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xx + 1-472; v. 16 99. Provenienza dell'olotipo sconosciuta, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Località tipo: Giappone. Tipo: collocazione attuale ignota.

Cyprinus thoracatus Valenciennes, 1842. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 16 97 Pl. 460. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Fricke 1999:83. Catalogo: Bertin & Estève 1948:11-12. Località tipo: Mauritius. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: MNHN 0849 (2), 1043 (4), 3376 (1), da 3377 a 3378 (3).

Carassius gibelioides (non Cantor, 1842). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Carassius encobia Bonaparte, 1845. Catalogo metodico dei Ciprinidi d'Europa, e rilievi sul volume XVII dell'istoria naturale dei pesci del Sig. Valenciennes. Milano. Cat. Ciprinidi 1-20; 3. Non disponibile, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni  - In sinonimia di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:51.

Leuciscus auratus Mauduyt, 1849-51. Ichthyologie de la Vienne, ou tableau méthodique et descriptif des poissons qui vivent habituellement dans les eaux de ce département ou qui y remontent périodiquement et accidentellement. Bull. Soc. Acad. Agr. Sci. Arts. Poitiers 8-49; 32. Secondario omonimo di Cyprinus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), non disponibile, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Considerato disponibile da Kottelat 1997:51.

Carassius chinensis Gronow, 1854. In Gray 1854. Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow, now in the British Museum. London. Cat. Fish Gronow i-vii + 1-196; 181. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Wheeler 1958:212. Catalogo: Wheeler 1958:212. Località tipo: fiumi cinesi. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: BMNH 1853.11.12.149-152 (4, pelli).

Cyprinus maillardi Guichenot, 1863. Faune ichthyologique. In: L. Maillard, Notes sur l'ile de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris. Fauna Ichthyol. Réunion C1-C32; 2nd Partie, Annexe C. C-14. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Fricke 1999:83. Catalogo: Bertin & Estève 1948:12. Località tipo: isola di Réunion. Tipo: MNHN 1319 (in cattive condizioni).

Carassius auratus cantonensis Tchang, 1933. The study of Chinese cyprinoid fishes, Part I. Zool. Sinica Peiping Ser. B i-vi + 1-247; v. 2 (no. 1) 27 Fig. 8. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758), per Chen & Huang 1977:432. Sinonimo di Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Zheng et al. 1989:239, Liu in Pan et al. 1991:229, Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:430 come "contonensis". Località tipo: Canton, Cina. Tipo: ZMFMIB 9236.

 

 

Note sulla sistematica - In passato si tendeva a non considerare questa specie come un'entità sistematica a sé stante, ma ad assimilarla a Carassius carassius o a considerarla una sottospecie di questa ultima specie. Attualmente è unanimemente accettata dagli ittiologi la presenza di due specie distinte, seppur assai simili fra loro. Come risultato di mutazioni opportunamente sfruttate in sede di selezione genetica, all'interno della specie Carassius auratus si sono costituite numerose varietà ornamentali, il cui aspetto è notevolmente diverso da quello originario dell'animale sotto il profilo cromatico e, ancor più, morfologico: con pinne enormemente sviluppate "a vela", in particolare la centrale che può apparire tripla, gli occhi telescopici rivolti in alto, completamente privi di squame (razza "Shubunkin"), ecc.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. Pagina 33, pl. 6.

 

 

Distribuzione di popolazioni autoctone di Carassius auratus secondo IUCN

 

La specie sembra originaria dell'estremo oriente, ma non è certa la zona. Nelle acque naturali europee, ove è stato immesso di proposito o giunto accidentalmente, risulta diffuso un po' ovunque, in alcuni casi in modo infestante. Il pesce rosso è stato immesso, con acclimatazione, nelle acque di quasi tutto il pianeta. Se si escludono le aree dove la temperatura non ne consente la sopravvivenza, si può considerare la specie ubiquitaria. Quasi ovunque la sua introduzione ha causato pesanti danni all'ecologia delle specie ittiche indigene.

 

Introduzioni di Carassius auratus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

prima del XVIII sec.

Brasile

Italia

si

prima del XVIII sec.

Cina

Taiwan

no

prima del XVIII sec.

ignota

Portogallo

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Lettonia

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

fiume Giordano

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Lituania

si

non conosciuto

Cina

Indonesia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Malesia

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

Giappone

India

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Columbia Britannica

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Grecia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Germania

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Fiji

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Danimarca

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Repubblica Ceca

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Cipro

si

non conosciuto

Asia

Costa Rica

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Quebec

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Moldova

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Namibia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Norvegia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Zimbabwe

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Turchia

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Ucraina

si

non conosciuto

ignota

URSS

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Gran Bretagna

si

non conosciuto

ignota

US Virgin Islands

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Uruguay

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Samoa Occidentali

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Sud Africa

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Slovacchia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Pakistan

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Papua Nuova Guinea

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Peru

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Filippine

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Polonia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Reunion

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Russia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Arabia Saudita

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Jugoslavia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Bielorussia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Bulgaria

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Bolivia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Belgio

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Austria

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Albania

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Afghanistan

si

non conosciuto

Cina

Vietnam

si

1753 - 1754

ignota

Olanda

si

1900 - 1997

Giappone

Singapore

si

1920 - 1929

Giappone

Brasile

si

1900 - 1997

Cina

Singapore

si

1950 - 1960

ignota

Kazakhstan

probabile

1966 - 1969

ignota

Iraq

si

1890 - 1899

ignota

Argentina

si

1864 - 1868

Australia

Nuova Zelanda

si

1864 - 1868

Gran Bretagna

Nuova Zelanda

si

1680 - 1689

Asia

USA

si

1600 - 1699

ignota

Spagna

si

1692 - 1697

Cina

Tailandia

si

1600 - 1699

Cina del sud

Francia

si

1600 - 1699

ignota

Canada

si

1856

ignota

Cile

si

1861

Francia

Madagascar

si

1872

Cina

Messico

si

1872

Francia

Messico

si

1876

ignota

Australia

si

1891

Bulgaria

Ungheria

si

1900

Cina

Hawaii

si

1914

USA

Portorico

si

1927

Germania

Romania

si

1940

USA

Colombia

si

1948

Russia

Estonia

si

1951

Mosca

Uzbekistan

si

1953

Pakistan

Bangladesh

non conosciuta

1953

Asia

Mauritius

si

1953

Madagascar

Mauritius

si

1972

Giappone

Corea

si

1976

Giappone

Cina

si

1985

Germania

Israele

no

 

 

Bibliografia - AFMAFEWM (Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management), 2011. Checklist of species in Austria. Federal Office for Water Management, Institute of Waters Ecology, Fisheries and Lake Research.

Akhtar, N., 1991. The Northern Areas (Pakistan). Fisheries profile, feasible sites for trout culture and an overall sectoral development perspective. Report for Project PAK/91/008. FAO, Rome. 29 p.

Al-Sabti, K., 1986. Chromosome complements of the goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Cytobios 48(194-195):143-150.

Allardi, J. and P. Keith, 1991. Atlas préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de France. Coll. Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 4. Secrétariat Faune Flore, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 234 p.

Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, n° 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea.

Allen, G.R., S.H. Midgley and M. Allen, 2002. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia. 394 p.

Allen, G.R., N.J. Cross and D.F. Hoese, 2006. Families and subfamilies: pp. 217-218, 345-347, 400-401, 629-632, 696-698, 1081-1112, 1141-1143, 1331-1343. In: Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes. Pt. 1, 2.

Altman, P.L. and D.S. Dittmer (eds.), 1971. Respiration and circulation. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, U.S.A.

Amori, G., F.M. Angelici, S. Frugis, G. Gandolfi, R. Groppali, B. Lanza, G. Relini and G. Vicini, 1993. Vertebrata. In A. Minelli, S. Ruffo and S. La Posta (eds.) Checklist delle specie della fauna Italiana, 110. Calderini, Bologna, 83 p.

Andreu-Soler, A., F.J. Oliva-Paterna and M. Torralva, 2006. A review of length-weight relationships of fish from the Segura River basin (SE Iberian Peninsula). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22:295-296.

Angulo, A., C.A. Garita-Alvarado, W.A. Bussing and M.I. López, 2013. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of continental and insular Costa Rica: additions and nomenclatural revisions. Check List v. 9 (n° 5): 987-1019.

Anonymous, 1993. Computerized catalog of the fish collection. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California. 1993 Carassius auratus --> 26550 Anonymous, 1994. Atlas pesquero de México. Instituto Nacional de la Pesca. 234 p

Anonymous, 1996. Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Anonymous, 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.

Anonymous, 1998. Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.

Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Anonymous, 2000. Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997:

http://alun.uio.no/zoomus/generell/avdelinger/fisk/fiskeliste.html

Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection of the Royal British Columbia Museum. Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria BC, Canada V8V 1X4.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Museum. UPV Museum.

Anonymous, 2002. Freshwater fish collection database of the National Science Museum. National Science Museum, 3-23-1 Hyakunin-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0073, Japan.

Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Arai, R. and A. Fujiki, 1977. Chromosomes of three races of goldfish, Kurodemekin, Sanshikidemekin, and Ranchu. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Ser.A. 3(3):187-192. Tokyo.

Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

Arthington, A.H. and F. McKenzie, 1997. Review of impacts of displaced/introduced fauna associated with inland waters. Australia: State of the Environment Technical Paper Series (Inland waters), Department of the Environment, Canberra (Australia). 69 p.

Arthington, A.H., 1989. Impacts of introduced and translocated freshwater fishes in Australia. p. 7-20. In S.S. de Silva (ed.) Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Proccedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asia Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Arthur, J.R. and S. Lumanlan-Mayo, 1997. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 369, 102 p. FAO, Rome.

ASAP, Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines, 1996. Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report. 9 p. Quezon City, Philippines.

Bagarinao, T., 1992. Sulfide as an environmental factor and toxicant: tolerance and adaptation in aquatic organisms. Aquat. Toxicol. 24:21-62.

Bainbridge, R., 1958. The speed of swimming as related to size and to the frequency and amplitude of the tail beat. J. Exp. Biol. 35(1):109-133.

Bainbridge, R., 1960. Speed and stamina in three fish. J. Exp. Biol. 37(1):129-153.

Bănărescu, P., 1964. Pisces - Osteichthyes (pesti ganoizi si osisi). Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne, Bucuresti. 962 p.

Bănărescu, P.M. and H.-J. (eds) Paepke, 2002. The freshwater fishes of Europe. Cyprinidae 2, Part III: Carassius to Cyprinus. Gasterosteidae. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden. v. 5/III: i-xi + 1-305

Barbieri, R., S. Zogaris, E. Kalogianni, M.Th. Stoumboudi, Y. Chatzinikolaou, S. Giakoumi, Y. Kapakos, D. Kommatas, N. Koutsikos, V. Tachos, L. Vardakas and A.N. Economou, 2015. Freshwater fishes and lampreys of Greece. An annotated checklist. Monographs on Marine Sciences N° 8. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Athens, Greece. 1-129.

Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.), 2006. Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.

Barua, S.P., M.M.H. Khan and A.H.M. Ali Reza, 2001. The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. p. 1-7. In P. Balakrishna (ed.) Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive species, GBF-SSEA. Colombo. IUCN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Bassleer, G., 1997. Color guide of tropical fish diseases: on freshwater fish. Bassleer Biofish, Westmeerbeek, Belgium. 272 p.

Bassleer, G., 2003. The new ilustrated guide to fish diseases in ornamental tropical and pond fish. Bassleer Biofish, Stationstraat 130, 2235 Westmeerbeek, Belgium, 1st Edition, 232 p.

Basu, S.P., 1959. Active respiration of fish in relation to ambient concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 16:175-212.

Battle, H.I., 1940. The embryology and larval development of the goldfish (Carassius auratus L.) from Lake Erie. Ohio J. Sci. 40(2):82-83.

Baudin-Laurencin, F., 1931. Differences in respiratory exchange among fishes in relation to atmospheric pressure and temperature. Mem. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 4(1):1-40.

Baudin-Laurencin, F., 1931. Respiratory coefficient of fishes in relation to temperature. C.R. Acad. Sci. 192:637-639.

Baudin-Laurencin, F., 1932. Respiration of anaesthesized fish subjected to sharp increase in temperature. C.R. Soc. Biol. 110:235-237.

Baxter, G.T. and M.D. Stone, 1995. Fishes of Wyoming. Wyoming Game and Fish Department. 1-290.

Beamish, F.W.H. and P.S. Mookherjii, 1964. Respiration of fishes with special emphasis on standard oxygen consumption. I. Influence of weight and temperature on respiration of goldfish, Carassius auratus L. Can. J. Zool. 42:161.

Beamish, F.W.H., 1964. Respiration of fishes with special emphasis on standard oxygen consumption. III. Influence of oxygen. Can. J. Zool. 42:355-366.

Bell-Cross, G. and J.L. Minshull, 1988. The fishes of Zimbabwe. National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe. 294 p.

Berg, L.S., 1949. Ryby presnych vod SSSR i sopredelnych stan. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. 4th. ed., vol. 2. Opredeliteli po faune SSSR. Guide to the Fauna of the U.S.S.R., Moskva. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries N° 29: 467-925.

BFAR, 1996. Rapid Resource Appraisal of Taal Lake. Fisheries Component. First Report. UPLB Foundation Inc. and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources.

Bianco, P.G., 1997. Ricerche sulla valle Peligna (Italia centrale, Abruzzo). 32. I Ciclostomi e I Pesci. Quaderni de Provinciaoggi v. 2: 607-623.

Bianco, P.G. and V. Ketmaier, 2001. Anthropogenic changes in the freshwater fish fauna of Italy, with reference to the central region and Barbus graellsii, a newly established alien species of Iberian origin. J. Fish Biol. 59(Suppl.A):190-208.

Bianco, P.G., 2013. An update on the status of native and exotic freshwater fishes of Italy. J. Appl. Ichthyol. (2013):1-15.

Billard, R., 1997. Les poissons d'eau douce des rivières de France. Identification, inventaire et répartition des 83 espèces. Lausanne, Delachaux & Niestlé, 192p.

Blanc, M., J.-L. Gaudet, P. Banarescu and J.-C. Hureau, 1971. European inland water fish. A multilingual catalogue. Fishing News (Books) Ltd., London.

Blanchard, E., 1866. Les poissons des eaux douces de la France. Paris, 656 p.

Bleher, H., 1996. Bombon. Aqua geographia 12(4):6-34.

Bobick, J.E. and M. Peffer, 1993. Science and technology desk reference. Gale Research Inc.

Bobori, D.C., P.S. Economidis and E.G. Maurakis, 2001. Freshwater fish habitat science and management in Greece. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 4:381-391.

Bogutskaya, N.G., 1998. Various family accounts. In: Annotated Check-List of Cyclostomata and Fishes of the continental waters of Russia. Nauka Publishers, Moscow.

Bogutskaya, N.G., A.M. Naseka and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Freshwater fishes of Russia: preliminary results of the fauna revision. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences v. 289: 39-50.

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296:21-30.

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 2002. REGIONAL CHECK-LISTS: Volga River Drainage Area. In Website and Database: "Freshwater Fishes of Russia": A Source of Information on the Current State of the Fauna. Zoological Institute RAS.

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 2004. Catalogue of agnathans and fishes of fresh and brackish waters of Russia with comments on nomenclature and taxonomy. Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. 1-389

Boschung, H.T., 1992. Catalogue of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Alabama Museum of Natural History Bulletin N° 14: i-xvi + 1-266.

Bounhiol, J.P., 1905. Experimental studies in aquatic respiration. Respiration of fish. Bull. Sci. France Belg. 39:277-305

Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p.

Brown, A.W.A., 1978. Insecticides and fish. Chap. 6. In A.W.A. Brown (ed.) Ecology of pesticides, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Bui, T.A., N.T.L. Anh, N.Q. Thai and N.H. Son, 2009. Assessment for dometic fisheries in Son La. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Technical report.

Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF), 1999. Gutachten über Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Zierfischen (Süßwasser). Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF), Bonn, Germany. 16 p.

Burgess, G.H. and R. Franz, 1989. Zoogeography of the Antillean freshwater fish fauna. p. 236-304. In C.A. Woods (ed.) Biogeography of the West Indies: past, present, and future.

Bussing, W.A., 1998. Peces de las aguas continentales de Costa Rica, 2nd Ed. San José Costa Rica: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica. 468 p.

Cadwallader, P.L. and G.N. Backhouse, 1983. A guide to the freshwater fish of Victoria. Victoria Government Printing Office. Melbourne. 1-249.

Carl, G.C., W.A. Clemens and C.C. Lindsey, 1959. The fresh-water fishes of British Columbia (3rd edition revised). Victoria (British Columbia, Canada): British Columbia Provincial Museum. Department of Education, Handbook 5: 192 p.

Carlander, K.D., 1969. Handbook of freshwater fishery biology, volume 1. The Iowa State University Press, Ames. Iowa. 752 p.

Castro, E., O. Huamán and H. Ortega, 1998. Ictiofauna de los Pantanos de Villa: composicion, abundancia y aspectos ecologicos. Pp. 78-83. In: A. Cano and K. Young (eds) Los Pantanos de Villa biolobia y conservation. Museo de Historia natural, UNMSM. Serie de Divulgación N° 11.

Cavender, T.M., 1991. The fossil record of the Cyprinidae. p. 34-54. In I.J. Winfield and J.S. Nelson (eds.) Cyprinid fishes: systematics, biology and exploitation. Chapman and Hall, Fish. and Fisheries Ser. 3. London.

Central Luzon State University, 1996. Progress Report (1996) on the Establishment of a 'Living' Museum. A report submitted to Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research (PCAMRD) in collaboration with Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Department of Agriculture (DA) and International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM).

Chadderton, W.L., N. Grainger and T. Dean, 2003. Appendix 1 - Prioritising control of invasive freshwater fish. p. 171-174. In Department of Conservation. Managing invasive freshwater fish in New Zealand. Proceedings of a workshop hosted by Department of Conservation, 10-12 May 2001, Hamilton. xiv + 174 p.

Chen, C.-H., 2004. Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication No. 4. 175 p.

Chen, T.-R., 1967. Comparative karyology of selected deep-sea and shallow water teleost fishes. Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Ph.D. dissertation.

Chen, Y., Y. Chen and D. He, 2002. Biodiversity in the Yangtze river fauna and distribution of fishes. J. Ichthyol. 42(2):161-171.

Chen, Y.-Y. and et al. (eds) 1998. The fishes of the Hengduan Mountains region. The series of the scientific expedition to the Hengduan Mountains of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. 1-364.

Chen, H.-L. and H.-Q. Huang, 1977. Cyprininae. Pp. 395-438., Pls. 49-65. In: H.-W. Wu (ed.) Zhongguo like yulei zhi. The cyprinid fishes of China Volume 2. Science Press, Peking.

Cheng, Q.-T. and C.-W. Zhou (eds) 1997. The fishes of Shandong Province. 1-549.

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. http://zzzy.fishinfo.cn

Chu, X.L., Y. Chen et al., 1989. The fishes of Yunnan, China. Part I Cyprinidae. Science Press, Beijing, China, 377 p.

Clarke, A. and N.M. Johnston, 1999. Scaling of metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in teleost fish. J. Anim. Ecol. 68:893-905.

Coad, B.W., 1981. Fishes of Afghanistan, an annotated check-list. Publ. Zool. Natl. Mus. Can. 14:23p.

Coad, B.W., 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore.

Coad, B.W., 1995. Freshwater fishes of Iran. Acta scientiarum naturalium Academiae scientiarum Bohemicae - Brno v. 29 (n° 1): 1-64.

Coad, B.W., 1996. Exotic and transplanted fishes in southwest Asia. Publicaciones Especiales Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Madrid N° 21: 81-106.

Coad, B.W., 1996. Exotic fish species in the Tigris-Euphrates basin. Zoology in the Middle East 13:71-83.

Coad, B.W., 2010. Freshwater fishes of Iraq. Pensoft Series Faunistica No. 93. Pensoft Publishers, Moscow. 274pp.

Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt and C.K. Minns, 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2554:iv+89p

Contreras-Balderas, S. and M.A. Escalante-C., 1984. Distribution and known impacts of exotic fishes in Mexico. p. 102-130. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Copp, G.H., K.J. Wesley and L. Vilizzi, 2005. Pathways of ornamental and aquarium fish introductions into urban ponds of Epping Forest (London, England): the human vector. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 21:263-274.

Courtenay, W.R. Jr. and D.A. Hensley, 1980. Special problems associated with monitoring exotic species. p. 281-307. In C.H. Hocutt and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. Biological monitoring of fish. Lexington Books, Lexington, Massachusetts.

Courtenay, W.R. Jr. and J.R. Stauffer Jr., 1990. The introduced fish problem and the aquarium fish industry. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 21:145-159.

Courtenay, W.R. Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor and J.A. McCann, 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. p. 41-77. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Crawford, R., 1993. World record game fishes 1993. The International Game Fish Association, Pompano Beach, Florida.

Crile, G. and D.P. Quiring, 1940. A record of the body weight and certain organ and gland weights of 3690 animals. Ohio J. Sci. 40(5):219-259.

Cross, F.B. and J.T. Collins, 1995. Fishes in Kansas. Second Edition, Revised. University of Kansas, Natural History Museum. Public Education Series N° 14. i-xvii + 1-315, map.

Crossman, E.J., 1984. Introduction of exotic fishes into Canada. p. 78-101. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Daget, J., 1956. Mémoire sur la biologie des poissons du Niger moyen : recherches sur Tilapia zillii (Gerv.). Bull. Inst. Fondam Afr. Noire A Sci. Nat. 18(1):165-233.

Davis, J.C., 1971. Circulatory and ventilatory responses of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) to artificial manipulation of gill surface area. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 28:1609-1614.

de Moor, I.J. and M.N. Bruton, 1988. Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. A report of the Committee for Nature Conservation Research National Programme for Ecosystem Research. South African Scientific Programmes Report N° 144. 310 p. Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

Delos Reyes, M.R., 1993. Fishpen culture and its impact on the ecosystem of Laguna de Bay, Philippines. p. 74-84. In D. Pauly and V. Christensen (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26.

Department of Fisheries, 1987. Annual fishery statistics. Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia.

Dhora, Dh., 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor - Shqip - Anglisht)/Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names - Albanian - English). Camaj - Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.

Dhora, Dh., 2010. Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa. 208 p.

Ding, R.-H., 1994. The fishes of Sichuan, China. 1-641, Pls. 1-8.

Dudgeon, D., 1983. The utilization of terrestrial plants as a food source by the fish stock of a gently sloping marginal zone in Plover Cove, Hong Kong. Environ. Biol. Fish. 8(1):73-77.

Dyer, B.S., 2000. Systematic review and biogeography of the freshwater fishes of Chile.

Economidis, P.S. and E. Koutrakis, 2001. Common names of comercially important Hellenic marine organisms. Aristotle University, Technical Report.

Economidis, P.S., 1973. Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).

Economidis, P.S., 1991. Check list of freshwater fishes of Greece (recent status of threats and protection). Hellenic Society for the Protection of Nature, Special publication, 48 p.

Economidis, P.S., E. Dimitriou, R. Pagoni, E. Michaloudi and L. Natsis, 2000. Introduced and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Greece. Fish. Manage. Ecol. 7:239-250.

Ege, R. and A. Krogh, 1914. On the relation between the temperature and the respiratory exchange in fishes. Int. Rev. Gesamt. Hydrobiol. 7:48-55.

Eidman, H.M., 1989. Exotic aquatic species introduction into Indonesia. p. 57-62. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Eldredge, L.G., 1994. Freshwater fishes. p. 73-84. In L.G. Eldredge, Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia.

Elvira, B., 1998. Impact of introduced fish on the native freshwater fish fauna of Spain. p.186-190. In I.G. Cowx (ed.) Stocking and introduction of fish. Fishing News Books, UK.

Endo, M. and Y. Iwatsuki, 1998. Anomalies of wild fishes in the waters of Miyazaki, southern Japan. Bull. Faculty Agric. 45(1.2):27-35.

Erdman, D.S., 1983. Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. n° 2, second revised edition. 44 p.

Erdman, D.S., 1984. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico. p. 162-176. In W.R. Courtney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2012. Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 02 October 2012.

Eschmeyer, W.N., 1990. Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA.

Esmaeili, H.R., A. Khajepanah, H. Mehraban, A. Elmi, H. Malekzehi and A. Pazira, 2015. Fishes of the Mashkid and Makran basins of Iran: an updated checklist and ichthyogeography. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology v. 2 (n° 2).

Esmaeili, H.R., B.W. Coad, A. Gholamifard, N. Nazari and A. Teimory, 2010. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Iran. Zoosystematica Rossica v. 19 (n° 2): 361-386.

Esmaeili, H.R., H. Mehraban, K. Abbasi, Y. Keivany and B.W. Coad, 2017. Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: taxonomy, distribution and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology v. 4 (Suppl. 1): 1-114.

Esmaeili, H.R., G. Sayyadzadeh, S. Eagderi and K. Abbasi, 2018. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran. FishTaxa v. 3 (n° 3): 1-95.

Etnier, D.A. and W.C. Starnes, 1994. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. i-xiv + 1-681.

European Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS), 2013. NOBANIS (Gateway to information on Invasive Alien species in North and Central Europe.

Fan, L.-Q., X.-J. Zhang and G. Pan, 2015. Length-weight and length-length relationships for nine fish species from Lhasa River Basin, Tibet, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:807-808.

FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, 1993. Aquaculture production (1985-1991). FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 5. 213 p.

FAO, 1994. FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.

FAO, 1997. Aquaculture production statistics 1986-1995. FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 9. 195 p.

FAO, 1997. FAO database on introduced aquatic species. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species, FAO, Rome. 1997 Carassius auratus --> 75549 FAO-FIES, 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis, 29 April 2008.

FAO-FIES, 2017. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from:

http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en (accessed 08/06/2017).

Fessler, F.R., 1949. A survey of fish populations in small ponds by two methods of analysis. MS thesis, Iowa St. Coll. Lib. 47 p.

Fijan, N., 1999. Spring viraemia of carp and other viral diseases and agents of warm-water fish. p.177-244. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Fisheries Management Division of the Shiga Prefecture Agriculture and Fisheries Department, 2007. Shiga's Fisheries (Fiscal Year 2007). Shiga no Suisan (Heisei 19 Nendo), pp. 77-79.

Flower, S.S., 1935. Further notes on the duration of life in animals. I. Fishes: as determined by otolith and scale-readings and direct observations on living individuals. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 2:265-304.

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & R. van der Laan (eds) 2018. CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp).

Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p.

Fricke, R., M. Bilecenoglu and H.M. Sari, 2007. Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostoma and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Sea A (706):1-172.

Fricke, R., T. Mulochau, P. Durville, P. Chabanet, E. Tessier and Y. Letourneur, 2009. Annotated checklist of the fish species (Pisces) of La Réunion, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie. v. 2: 1-168.

Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez, 2011. Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463.

Fricke, R., J. Mahafina, F. Behivoke, H. Jaonalison, M. Léopold and D. Ponton, 2018. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records. FishTaxa v. 3 (n° 1): 1-432.

Frier, J.-O., 1994. Danmark. Danske ferskvandsfisk og deres udbredelsesområde. p. 4-6, 83-99. In J.-O. Frier (ed.) Truede ferskvandsfiskearter i Norden. TemaNord 1994:625. Nordisk Ministerråd, København.

Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p.

Fry, F.E.J. and J.S. Hart, 1948. The relation of temperature to oxygen consumption in the goldfish. Biol. Bull. 94:66-67.

Fuller, P.L., L.G. Nico and J.D. Williams, 1999. Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27: i-x + 1-613.

Gandolfi, G., S. Zerunian, P. Torricelli and A. Marconato (eds.), 1991. I pesci delle acque interne italiane. Ministero dell'Ambiente e Unione Zoologica Italiana. Instituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma. 616 p.

Gardner, J.A., 1926. Report on the respiratory exchange in freshwater fish, with suggestions as to further investigations. Fish. Invest. Ser. I, 3(1):1-17.

Garibaldi, L., 1996. List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.

Gervais, H. and R. Bourlart, 1897. Les poissons d'eau douce : synonymie - description - moeurs - fraie - pêche - iconographie. J. Rothschild (ed.), Paris, 233 p.

Getahun, A., 2007. An overview of the diversity and conservation status of the Ethiopian freshwater fauna. J. Afrotrop. Zool. Special Issue:87-96.

Gibbons, S., 1999. Collect fish on stamps. Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London and Ringwood. 418 p.

Golani, D. and D. Mires, 2000. Introduction of fishes to the freshwater system of Israel. Isr. J. Aquacult. / Bamidgeh 52(2):47-60.

Grabda, E. and T. Heese, 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p.

Gray, J., 1971. How fishes swim. p. 228-234. In J.R. Moore (ed.) Oceanography: readings from Scientific American. W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, California.

Guseva, L.N., 1990. Food and feeding ratios of the Amur Snakehead, Channa argus warpachowskii in water bodies in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya. J. Ichthyol. 30(4):11-21.

Gyldenholm, A.O. and J.J. Scheel, 1974. Chromosome numbers of fishes. I. p. 90-97. In J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner et.al. Genetic studies of fish:II. MSS Information Corporation, New York.

Günther, A.C.L.G., 1880. An introduction to the study of fishes. Today & Tomorrow's Book Agency, New Delhi. 720 p.

Hammer, M.P. and K.F. Walker, 2004. A catalogue of South Australian freshwater fishes, including new records, range extensions and translocations. Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 128 (n° 2): 85-97.

Hanel, L. & J. Novák, 2002. Ceské názvy zivocichu V. Ryby a ryboviti obratlovci (Pisces) 3., maloústí (Gonorhynchiformes) - máloostní (Cypriniformes). Národní muzeum (zoologické oddelení), Praha.

Hanel, L. and S. Lusk, 2005. Ryby a mihule České Repubilky. Rozsíření a ochrana. [Fishes and Lampreys of the Czech Republic: distribution and conservation.] ZOČSOP Vlasim, Vlasim. 1-447.

Hasler, A.D. and R.K. Meyer, 1942. Respiratory responses of normal and castrated goldfish to teleost and mammalian hormones. J. Exp. Zool. 91:391-404.

Hay, C.J., B.J. van Zyl, F.H. van der Bank, J.T. Ferreira and G.J. Steyn, 1999. The distribution of freshwater fish in Namibia. Cimbebasia 15:41-63.

Herre, A.W.C.T., 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977.

Heufelder, G.R. and L.A. Fuiman, 1982. Family Cyprinidae, carps and minnows. p. 174-344. In N.A. Auer (ed.) Identification of larval fishes of the Great Lakes basin with emphasis on the Lake Michigan drainage. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Special Publ. 82-3, 744 p.

Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen, 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Amer. Nat. 106(951):621-644.

Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006. Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35.2 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 1472 p.

Holcik, J., 1996. Vanishing freshwater fish species of Slovakia. p. 79-86. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland.

Holcík, J., 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.

Horne, M.T. and A.C. Barnes, 1999. Enteric redmouth disease (Yersinia ruckeri). p.455-477. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Howarth, J.N., 1961. Sampling for the young-of-the-year fishes with a 50-foot bag seine and surface trawl. The Susquehanna Fishery Study 1957-1960. A report of a study on the desirability and feasibility of passing fish at Conowingo Dam. Md. Dep. Res. Educ. Contrib. 169.

Huckstorf, V. & Freyhof, J., 2013. Carassius auratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.

Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. and Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, USA.

Hughes, G.M. and M. Morgan, 1973. The structure of fish gills in relation to their respiratory function. Biol. Revs. 48(3):419-475.

Huo, T.B., Z.F. Jiang, A. Karjan, Z.C. Wang, F.J. Tang and H.X. Yu, 2012. Length- weight relationships of 16 fish species from the Tarim River, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:152-153.

Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Hutchins, J.B., 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement N° 63: 9-50.

Hwang, H.C., P.C. Yueh and S.F. Yu, 1982. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 1. Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Shanghai, China. 173 p.

Hänfling, B., P. Bolton, M. Harley and G.R. Carhalho, 2005. A molecular approach to detect hybridisation between crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and non indigenous carp species (Carassius spp. and Cyprinus carpio). Freshwat. Biol. 50:403-417.

Iacob, L. and I. Dima, 2006. Regnul Animalia. Eukarya. Enciclopedia Florei si Faunei din Romania.

IGFA, 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.

Innal, D. and F. Erk'akan, 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 16:39-50.

International Game Fish Association, 1991. World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.

Islam, M.M., A.S.M.R. Amin and S.K. Sarker, 2003. Bangladesh. p. 7-20. In N. Pallewatta, J.K. Reaser and A.T. Gutierrez (eds.) Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa. 111p.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jang, M.-H., J.-G. Kim, S.-B. Park, K.-S. Jeong, G.-I. Cho and G.-J. Joo, 2002. The current status of the distribution of introduced fish in large river systems of South Korea. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(2-3):319-328.

Jang, M.-H., M.C. Lucas and G.-J. Joo, 2003. The fish fauna of mountain streams in South Korean national parks and its significance to conservation of regional freshwater fish biodiversity. Biological Conservation v. 114: 115-126.

Jenkins, R.E. and N.M. Burkhead, 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. i-xxiii + 1-1079.

Johansen, P.H. and J.D. Gomery, 1973. The oxygen consumption of goldfish (Carassius auratus L.) after removal or autotransplantation of the pituitary gland. Can. J. Zool. 51:1289-1291.

Johor Aquarium Breeders Association, 2003. Aquarium Fish Industry in Malaysia: Freshwater Ornamental Fish. Retrieved 16 July 03, from: http://members.tripod.com/~jafba/index.html.

Jolyet, F. and P. Regnard, 1877. Physiological studies on the respiration of water animals. Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 2 ser. 4:44-62, 584-633.

Jones, P.W., F.D. Martin and J.D. Hardy Jr., 1978. Development of fishes of the Mid-Atlantic Bight. An atlas of eggs, larval and juvenile stages. Vol. 1. Acipenseridae through Ictaluridae. U.S. Fish Wildl. Ser. Biol. Serv. Program FWS/OBS-78/12. 336 p.

Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., S. Vatandoust, S. Eagderi, S. Jafari-Kenari and H. Mousavi-Sabet, 2015. Freshwater fishes of Iran; an updated checklist. AACL Bioflux v. 8 (n° 6): 855-909.

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p.

Kalous, L., J. Bohlen, K. Rylková and M. Petrtýl, 2012. Hidden diversity within the Prussian carp and designation of a neotype for Carassius gibelio (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (n° 1): 11-18.

Kamilov, G. and Z.U. Urchinov, 1995. Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the impact of irrigated agriculture. p. 10-41 In T. Petr (ed.) Inland fisheries under the impact of irrigated agriculture:Central Asia. FAO Fisheries Circular N° 894.

Kanungo, M.S. and C.L. Prosser, 1959. Physiological and biochemical adaptation of goldfish to cold and warm temperatures. I. Standard and active oxygen consumptions of cold- and warm-acclimated goldfish at various temperatures. J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 54:259-263.

Kara, H.M., 2011. Freshwater fish diversity in Algeria with emphasis on alien species. Eur J Wildl Res.

Keith, P. and J. Allardi (coords.), 2001. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de France. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 47:1-387.

Keith, P., 2002. Freshwater fish and decapod crustacean populations on Réunion island, with an assessment of species introductions. Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. (2002) 364:97-107.

Keith, P., G. Marquet, P. Valade, P. Bosc and E. Vigneux, 2006. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce des Comores, Mascareignes et Seychelles. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 65:250p.

Kim, I.-S., 1997. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna and flora of Korea. Vol. 37. Freshwater fishes. Ministry of Education, Seoul, Korea. 629 p.

Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.L. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim and J.H. Kim, 2005. Illustrated book of Korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Pub Co. Seoul. 615p.

Kim, J.-H., J-D. Yoon, D.-H. Won, M.-S. Byeon and M.-H. Jang, 2015. Length-weight relationships of 19 fish species from Saemangeum reservoir in South Korea. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:951-953.

Kim, M.-K., 2007. Fish distant hybridization of chromosome map. China Agricultural Science and Technology Publishing House, 151 pp. (ver. 1).

Kim, S.-Y., I.-S. Kim, K.-Y. Jahng and M.-H. Chang, 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Korean loaches inferred from mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b sequences. Korean Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (n° 4): 223-229.

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Kobayasi, H., H. Ochi and N. Takeuchi, 1973. Chromosome studies in the genus Carassius: Comparison of C. auratus granodoculis, C. auratus buergeri, and C. auratus langsdorfii. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 20(1):7-12.

Kobayasi, H., J. Kawashima and N. Takeuchi, 1970. Comparative chromosome studies in the genus Carassius, especially with a finding of polyploidy in the ginbuna (Cauratus langsdorfii). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 17(4):153-160.

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp.

Kottelat, M., 1993. Technical report on the fishes from fresh and brackish waters of Leyte, Philippines. Technical Report prepared for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH and ViSCA-GTZ Ecology Program, Visayan State College of Agriculture, Philippines. Route de Fregiêcourt 96c, Case postale 57, CH-2952 Cornol, Switzerland. 54 p.

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271.

Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p.

Kottelat, M., 2001. Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature. Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region. The World Bank. 123 p.

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement N° 27: 1-663.

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p.

Kottelat, M., 2017. Carassius praecipuus, a dwarf new species of goldfish from the Mekong drainage in central Laos (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 124 (n° 2): 323-329.

Koutrakis, E.T., A.K. Kokkinakis, E.A. Eleftheriadis and M.D. Argyropoulou, 2000. Seasonal changes in distribution and abundance of the fish fauna in the two estuarine systems of Strymonikos Gulf (Macedonia, Greece). Belgian J. Zool. 130:41-48.

Kovacic, M. and R. Sanda, 2007. A new species of Knipowitschia (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from southern Montenegro. J. Natl. Mus. (Prague), Nat. Hist. Ser. 176(5):81-89.

Kristo, R., 2001. List of freshwater, brackish and marine common names of Albania.

Krupp, F. and W. Schneider, 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10.

Kullander, S.O., 1999. Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History:

http://www.nrm.se/ve/pisces/allfish.shtml.en, 25 May 1999.

Kutty, M.N., 1968. Respiratory quotients in goldfish and rainbow trout. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 25:1689-1728.

La Rivers, I., 1994. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. University of Nevada Press, Reno, Nevada. 1-782.

Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister and J.R. Stauffer, Jr., 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. Publication of the North Carolina Biological Survey. N° 1980-12: i-x + 1-867.

Lei, J., F. Chen, J. Tao, W. Xiong and Y.F. Chen, 2015. Length-weight relationships of 21 fishes from the Xiangjiang River, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:555-557.

Lelek, A., 1987. The freshwater fishes of Europe. Threatened fishes of Europe. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden. v. 9: 1-343.

Lever, C., 1977. The naturalized animals of the British Isles. London, Hutchinson. 600 p.

Lever, C., 1996. Naturalized fishes of the world. Academic Press, California, USA. 408 p.

Li, Y., K. Li, Z. Gui and D. Zhou, 1985. Studies on the karyotypes of Chinese cyprinid fishes. 6. Karyotypes of three tetraploid species in Barbinae and one tetraploid species in Cyprininae. Acta Genet. Sin. 12(4):302-308.

Liao, C.-I., H.-M. Su and E.Y. Chang, 2001. Techniques in finfish larviculture in Taiwan. Aquaculture 200(2001):1-31.

Liao, I.-C. and H.-C. Lia, 1989. Exotic aquatic species in Taiwan. p. 101-118. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Lindsey, C.C., 1978. Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.

Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p.

López, H.L., R.C. Menni and A.M. Miguelarena, 1987. Lista de los peces de agua dulce de la Argentina. Biologia Acuatica N° 12, 50 p. (Instituto de Limnologia "Dr. Raul A. Ringuelet").

López, H.L., A.M. Miquelarena and R.C. Menni, 2003. Lista comentada de los peces continentales de la Argentina. ProBiota, Serie Técnica y Didáctica N° 5: 1-85.

Luo, Y. and P. Yue, 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. p. 391-433. In P. Yue et al. (Eds). Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III. Science Press. Beijing. 1-661.

Lusk, M.R., Luskova V. and L. Hanel, 2011. Black List alien invasive fish species in the Czech Republic. Biodiverzita ichtyofauny CR (VIII):79-97 (2011).

Lusk, S., 1996. The status of the fish fauna in the Czech Republic. p. 89-98. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland.

Lusk, S., L. Hanel and V. Lusková, 2004. Red list of the ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: Development and present status. Folia Zool. 53(2):215-226.

Lyons, J., G. González-Hernandéz, E. Soto-Galera and M. Guzmán-Arroyo, 1998. Decline of freshwater fishes and fisheries in selected drainages of west-central Mexico. Fisheries 23(4):10-18.

Lyons, J., P.A. Cochran and D. Fago, 2000. Wisconsin Fishes 2000: status and distribution. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, Madison, Wisconsin. i-viii + 1-87, Pls. 1-8.

López, H.L., A.M. Miquelarena and R.C. Menni, 2003. Lista comentada de los peces continentales de la Argentina. ProBiota Serie Técnica y Didáctica N° 5, 87p.

Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue, 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.

Maceda-Veiga, A., de Sostoa, A. Escribano-Alacid and E. García-Berthou, 2013. The aquarium trade as a potential source of fish introductions in southwestern Europe. Biol Invasions 15:2707-2716.

Machacek, H. (ed.), 2006. World Records Freshwater Fishing. www.fishing-worldrecords.com, 12 February 2006.

Maciolek, J.A., 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. p. 131-161. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

MacKinnon, M., 1987. Review of inland fisheries - Australia. FAO Fish. Rep. (371) Suppl:1-37.

Maitland, P.S. and A.A. Lyle, 1996. Threatened freshwater fishes of Great Britain. p. 9-21. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland.

Man, S.H. and I.J. Hodgkiss, 1981. Hong Kong freshwater fishes. Urban Council, Wishing Printing Company, Hong Kong, 75 p.

Manna, G.K., 1989. Fish cytogenetics related to taxonomy, evolution and monitoring aquatic genotoxic agents. p. 21-46. In P. Das and A.G. Jingran (eds.) Fish Genetics in India. Proceedings of the Symposium on Conservation and Management of Fish Genetic Resources of India. 11-13 April, 1986.

Marquet, G., P. Keith and E. Vigneux, 2003. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines Naturels, 58:282 p.

Marshall, B., 2011. The fishes of Zimbabwe and their biology. Smithiana Monographs N° 3: i-vi + 1 -290.

Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus, 1984. An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191.

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).

McAllister, D.E., 1990. A list of the fishes of Canada. Syllogeus N° 64: 1-310.

McDowall, R.M. and K. Shearer, 1980. Family Cyprinidae. p. 84-85. In R.M. McDowall (ed.) Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia. A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty. Ltd. Sydney.

McDowall, R.M., 1990. New Zealand freshwater fishes: a natural history and guide. Hinemann Reed Auckland. 553 p.

McDowall, R.M. and A. L. Stewart, 2015. 52 Family Cyprinidae (Pp. 310-319), 60 Family Retropinnidae (Pp. 378-380), 61 Family Prototroctidae (Pp. 381-382), 62 Family Galaxiidae (Pp. 383-408). In: C. D. Roberts, A. L. Stewart & C. D. Struthers (eds). The fishes of New Zealand v. 2: 1-57.

McKay, R.J., 1984. Introductions of exotic fishes in Australia. p. 177-199. In Courtenay, W.R. Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (Editors). Distribution, Biology and Management of Exotic fishes. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

McPhail, J.D. and R. Carveth, 1993. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia. Fish Museum, Department of Zoology, U.B.C., Canada, 239 p.

McPhail, J.D., 2007. The Freshwater Fishes of British Columbia. The University of Alberta Press. i-lxxiv + 1-620.

Menni, R.C., 2004. Peces y ambientes en la Argentina continental. Monografías del Museo Argentina Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires N° 5: 1-316.

Mercene, E.C., 1997. Freshwater fishes of the Philippines. p. 81-105. In R.Guerrero III, A. Calpe, and L. Darvin (eds.). Aquatic Biology Research and Development in the Philippines (Proceedings of the First Nat'l Symposium-Workshop on Aquatic Biology R&D, Nov. 28-29, 1995, Los Baños, Laguna). PCAMRD Bk. Ser. 20.

Merrick, J.R. and G.E. Schmida, 1984. Australian freshwater fishes: biology and management. Griffin Press Ltd., South Australia. 409 p.

Miesen, F.W., F. Droppelmann, S. Hüllen, R.K. Hadiaty and F. Herder, 2016. An annotated checklist of the inland fishes of Sulawesi. Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 64 (n° 2): 77-106.

Milosevic, D. and D. Mrdak, 2016. Length-weight relationship of nine fish species from Skadar Lake (Adriatic catchment area of Montenegro). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 32:1331-1333.

Minckley, W.L. and P.C. Marsh, 2009. Inland fishes of the Greater Southwest. Chronicle of a Vanishing Biota. The University of Arizona Press. xxxiv + 1-426.

Miniconi, R. and Parc naturel régional de la Corse, 1980. Parc naturel régional de Corse: poissons de Corse et de Méditerranée. Ajaccio: Parc naturel régional de la Corse; [Clermont-Ferrand] : Atelier de recherche des parcs pour l'expression graphique et l'édition, 116 p.

Ministero Delle Politiche Agricole Alimantari e Forestali, 2008. Elenco delle denominazioni in lingua Italiana: Delle specieittiche di interesse commerciale. Gazzetta Ufficiale Repubblica Italiana. Serie generale N. 45:

http://gazzette.comune.jesi.an.it/2008/45/4.htm.

Ministry of Environment, Japan, 2013. Fourth Red list of Pisces - Brackish and Freshwater Fishes. Published on-line (http://www.biodic.go.jp/rdb/rdb_f.html).

Mirande, J.M. and S. Koerber, 2015. Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Argentina (CLOFFAR). Ichthyological Contributions of PecesCriollos N° 36: 1-68.

Mirza, M.R., 2002. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mirza, M.R., 2003. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (3):1-30.

Missouri Department of Conservation, 2008. Fish of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation.

Mitrofanov, V.P. and T. Petr, 1999. Fish and fisheries in the Altai, Northern Tien Shan and Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan). p. 149-167. In T. Petr (ed.) Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes: Asia. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. N° 385. FAO, Rome. 304 p.

Mohanta, K.N. and S. Subramanian, 2002. Effects of diets with protein different sources on the growth of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Isr. J. Aquacult./Bamidgeh 54(3):134-140.

Moyle, P.B., 2002. Inland fishes of California. -- revised and expanded. i-xv + 1-502.

Mrakovčić, M., S. Misetic and M. Povz, 1995. Status of freshwater fish in Croatian Adriatic river systems. Biological Conservation v. 72 (spec. issue): 179-185.

Mulla, M.S., L.S. Mian and J.A. Kawecki, 1981. Distribution, transport and fate of the insecticides malathion and parathion in the environment. Res. Rev. 81:1-159.

Mundy, B.C., 2005. Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704.

Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick, 2013. Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p.

Murdy, E.O., R.S. Birdsong and J.A. Musick, 1997. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press Washington and London. 324 p.

Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström, 1968. Süßwasserfische. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 224 p.

Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm, 1990. Europas ferskvandsfisk. GEC Gads Forlag, København. 224p.

Native Fish Australia, 2003. A taxonomic summary of Australian freshwater fish. Retrieved 10 Sept. 03, from:

http://www.nativefish.asn.au/taxonomy.html. 8 p. Last updated 1 January 2001.

Ndoc, R. and A. Flloko, 1995. Iktiofauna e Shqiperise. Shtepia botuese "Libri Universitar", Tirana, Albania.

Nelson, J.S., 1994. Fishes of the world. Third edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 600 p.

Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD.

Ng, P.K.L., L.M. Chou and T.J. Lam, 1993. The status and impact of introduced freshwater animals in Singapore. Biol. Conserv. 64:19-24.

Nguyen, T.D.P., T.H.T. Nguyen, V.T. Do, T.T. Nguyen and H.D. Nguyen, 2011. Freshwater ecosystem services and biodiversity values of Phu Yen District, Son La, Viet Nam. p. 1-49 [pdf pages 313-363]. In Report on highland aquatic ecosystem services and biodiversity values, including livelihoods, trade, policy and conservation oriented inputs to two global online databases. Highland Aquatic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Development (HighARCS) Project. Deliverable 3.1, Project N° 213015 of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. 363 p. Work Package 3 Report. Research Institute for Aquaculture N°1, Viet Nam.

Nguyen, T.D.P., T.H.T. Nguyen, V.T. Do, T.T. Nguyen and H.D. Nguyen, 2011. Freshwater ecosystem services and biodiversity values of the Dakrong River, Quang Tri, Viet Nam. p. 1-61 [pdf pages 251-312]. In Report on highland aquatic ecosystem services and biodiversity values, including livelihoods, trade, policy and conservation oriented inputs to two global online databases. Highland Aquatic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Development (HighARCS) Project. Deliverable 3.1, Project N° 213015 of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. 363 p. Work Package 3 Report. Research Institute for Aquaculture N° 1, Viet Nam.

Nichols, J.T., 1943. The freshwater fishes of China. Natural history of Central Asia: Volume IX. The American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA, 322 p.

Nico, L.G., W.H. Beamish and P. Musikasinthorn, 2007. Discovery of the invasive Mayan Cichlid fish "Cichlasoma" urophthalmus (Günther 1862) in Thailand, with comments on other introductions and potential impacts. Aquat. Invas. 2(3):197-214.

Nigrelli, R.F., 1959. Longevity of fishes in captivity, with special reference to those kept in the New York Aquarium. p. 212-230. In G.E.W. Wolstehnolmen and M. O'Connor (eds.) Ciba Foundation Colloquium on Ageing: the life span of animals. Vol. 5., Churchill, London.

Nijssen, H. and S.J. de Groot, 1974. Catalogue of fish species of the Netherlands. Beaufortia 21(285):173-207.

Nikolskii, G.V., 1957. Spezielle Fischkunde. VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften. Berlin. 632 p.

Nomura, H., 1984. Nomes científicos dos peixes e seus correspondentes nomes vulgares. In H. Nomura (ed.). Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Editerra, Brasília, Brasil: 27-63.

Nursall, J.R., 1962. Swimming and the origin of paired appendages. Amer. Zool. 2:127-141.

Nyffeler, M. and B.J. Pusey, 2014. Fish predation by semi-aquatic spiders: a global pattern. PLoS ONE 9(6):e99459.

Ogden, J.C., J.A. Yntema and I. Clavijo, 1975. An annotated list of the fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Spec. Publ. N° 3.

Ohno, S., J. Muramoto, L. Christian and N.B. Atkin, 1967. Diploid-tetraploid relationship among old-world members of the fish family Cyprinidae. Chromosoma (Berl.). 23:1-9.

Ojima, Y. and S. Hitosumachi, 1967. Cytogenetic studies in lower vertebrates. IV. A note on the chromosomes of the carp (Cyprinus carpio) in comparison with those of the funa and the gold-fish (Carassius auratus). Jap. J. Genet. 42(3):163-167.

Ojima, Y. and T. Yamano, 1980. The assignment of the nucleolar organizer in the chromosomes of the funa (Carassius, Cyprinidae, Pisces). Proc. Japan Acad., Ser. B: Phys. Biol. Sci. 56(9):551-556.

Ojima, Y., T. Ueda and T. Narikawa, 1979. A cytogenetic assessment on the origin of the gold-fish. Proc. Japan Acad., Ser. B: Phys. Biol. Sci. 55(2):58-63.

Okada, Y., 1961. Studies on the freshwater fishes of Japan. Prefectural University of Mie Tsu, Mie Prefecture, Japan.

Okeyo, D.O., 2003. On the biodiversity and the distribution of freshwater fish of Namibia: an annotated update. p.156-194. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Okiyama, M., 1993. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. 1154 p.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. Peterson Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of North America North of Mexico (Second Edition). Freshwater Fishes of North America.

Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson, 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p.

Palma, A.L., E.C. Mercene and M.R. Goss, 2005. Fish. p. 115-132. In Lasco, R.D. and M.V.O. Espaldon (eds.) Ecosystems and People: The Philippine Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-global Assessment. Environmental Forestry Programme, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños. 322 p.

Pan, J.-H., L. Zhong, C.-Y. Zheng, H.-L. Wu and J.-H. Liu (eds) 1991. The freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province. Guangdong Science and Technology Press. frontmatter + 1-589.

Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series N° 19. 279 p.

Pauly, D., 1978. A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.

Peer Mohamed, M. and M.N. Kutty, 1983. Respiratory quotient and ammonia quotient in goldfish, Carassius auratus (Linnaeus) with special reference to ambient oxygen. Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad. B49:303-310.

Pietsch, T.W., K. Amaoka, D.E. Stevenson, E.L. MacDonald, B.K. Urbain and J.A. López, 2000. Freshwater fishes of the Kuril Islands and adjacent regions. International Kuril Island Project (IKIP), University of Washington Fish Collection, Washington, 18 p.

Pihu, E., 1979. Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.

Pinder, A.C., 2001. Keys to larval and juvenile stages of coarse fishes from fresh waters in the British Isles. Freshwater Biological Association. The Ferry House, Far Sawrey, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK. Scientific Publication N° 60. 136 p.

Plikss, M., 2002. Fish of Latvia. http://latvijas.daba.lv/scripts/db/saraksti/saraksti.cgi?d=zivis&l=en.

Pollard, D.A., L.C. Llewellyn and R.D.J. Tilzey, 1980. Management of freshwater fish and fisheries. p. 227-270. In W.D. Williams (ed.) An ecological basis for water resource management. Australian National University Press. Canberra.

Prosser, C.L., L.M. Barr, R.D. Pinc and C.Y. Lauer, 1957. Acclimation of goldfish to low concentrations of oxygen. Physiol. Zool. 30:137-141.

Pérez, J.E., C. Alfonsi, M. Nirchio, C. Muñoz and J.A. Gómez, 2003. The introduction of exotic species in aquaculture: a solution or part of the problem?. Interciencia. 28(4):234-238. 20

Pütter, A., 1909. Die Ernährung der Wassertiere, und der Stoffhaushalt der Gewässer. Z. Allg. Physiol. 7:148 p.

Pütter, A., 1909. The feeding of fishes. Ztsch. Allg. Physiol. 9:147-242.

Que, Y.F., L. Pan, F. Chen, S. Xie, X.L. Liao and N. Zhao, 2015. Length-weight relationships of thirty-seven fish species from the Hongshui River, Southwest China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:804-806.

Radhakrishnan, K.V., B.M. Kurup, B.R. Murphy and S.-G. Xie, 2012. Status of alien fish species in the Western Ghats (India) as revealed from 2000-2004 surveys and literature analyses. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28(2012):778-784.

Raffy, A., 1933. Recherches sur le métabolisme respiratoire des poikilotherms aquatiques. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. Monaco, N.S. 13:257-293.

Rafique, M., 2000. Fish diversity and distribution in Indus River and its drainage system. Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 32 (n° 4): 321-332.

Rass, T.S., 1983. Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575 p.

Ren, X., J. Cui and Q. Yu, 1992. Chromosomal heterochromatin differentiation of cyprinid fishes. Genetica 87:47-51.

Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva and L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9):687-736.

Ribeiro, F., R. Beldade, M. Dix and J. Bochechas, 2005. Carta piscícola Nacional Direcçao Geral dos Recursos Florestais-Fluviatilis, Lda. http://www.fluviatilis.com/dgf/?nologin=true. Publicação electrónica (versão 12/2005).

Richardson, M.J., F.G. Whoriskey and L.H. Roy, 1995. Turbidity generation and biological impacts of an exotic fish Carassius auratus, introduced into shallow seasonally anoxic ponds. J. Fish Biol. 47:576-585.

Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.

Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1991. Aquarien Atlas. Band. 1. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany.

Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1. 10th edition. Mergus Verlag GmBH, Melle, Germany. 992 p.

Rixon, C.A.M., I.C. Duggan, N.M.N. Bergeron, A. Ricciardi and H.J. Macisaac, 2005. Invasion risks posed by the aquarium trade and live fish markets on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Biodivers. Conserv. 14:1365-1381.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.

Robison, H.W. and T.M. Buchanan, 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press. 1-536.

Ross, S.T., W.M. Brenneman, W.T. Slack, M.T. O'Connell and T.L. Peterson, 2001. The inland fishes of Mississippi. Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks. i-xx + 1- 624.

Rubner, M., 1924. On the life of cold-blooded animals. I. Fishes. Bloch. Ztsch. 148:222-267.

Rylková, K., M. Petrtýl, A.T. Bui and L. Kalous, 2018. Just a Vietnamese goldfish or another Carassius? Validity of Carassius argenteaphthalmus Nguyen & Ngo, 2001 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research = Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung v. 56 (n° 4): 570-578 [1-9].

Sambilay, V.C. Jr., 1990. Interrelationships between swimming speed, caudal fin aspect ratio and body length of fishes. Fishbyte 8(3):16-20.

Sanches, J.G., 1989. Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p.

Santos, E., 1981. Peixes da Água doce (Vida e costumes dos peixes do Brasil). Belo Horizonte, Brasil, Editora Itatiaia Limitada.267.

Sarmiento, J., R. Bigorne, F.M. Carvajal-Vallejos, M. Maldonado, E. Leciak and T. Oberdorff (eds.) 2014. Peces de Bolivia/Bolivian fishes. IRD-Biofresh (EU). 1-211.

Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1998. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Oakville (Ontario, Canada): Galt House Publications. xx+966 p.

Seafood Services Australia, 2004. Austalian Fish Names List. http://www.seafoodservices.com.au

Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin, 2010. A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji.

Shaji, C.P., P.S. Easa and A. Gopalakrishnan, 2000. Freshwater fish diversity of Western Ghats. p. 33-35. In Ponniah, A.G. and A. Gopalakrishnan. (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1, 347 p.

Shao, K.-T. and P.L. Lim, 1991. Fishes of freshwater and estuary. Encyclopedia of field guide in Taiwan. Recreation Press, Co., Ltd., Taipei. vol. 31. 240 p.

Shen, S.C. (ed.), 1993. Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.

Shiming, L., C. Kunzheng, Z. Huihong, C. Ke, G. Lian, F. Jinghua, Z. Xueying, T. Xiaoli, Z. Jia’en, Y. Yanqong, L. Huashou and H. Hongzhi, 2011. Freshwater ecosystem services and biodiversity values of the Beijiang River, China. p. 4-122. In Report on highland aquatic ecosystem services and biodiversity values, including livelihoods, trade, policy and conservation oriented inputs to two global online databases. Highland Aquatic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Development (HighARCS) Project. Deliverable 3.1, Project N° 213015 of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. 363 p. Work Package 3 report. South China Agricultural University.

Shrestha, T.K., 2008. Ichthyology of Nepal. A study of fishes of the Himalayan waters. Himalayan Ecosphere, Kathmandu, Nepal. 389 pp., 72 pls.

Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p.

Slastenenko, E.P., 1958. The freshwater fishes of Canada. Toronto (Ontario, Canada): Kiev Printers. 385 p.

Smith, C.L., 1986. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany. i-xi + 1-522, Pls. 1-8.

Smit, H., 1965. Some experiments on the oxygen consumption of goldfish (Carassius auratus L.) in relation to swimming speed. Can. J. Zool. 43:623-633.

Smith, H., J.M. Amelink-Koutstaal, J. Vijverberg and J.C. Von Vaupel-Klein, 1971. Oxygen consumption and efficiency of swimming goldfish. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 39A:1-28.

Smit, H., R.J. van den Berg, I. Kijne-den Hartog and J. Rozing, 1974. Some experiments on thermal acclimation in the goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Neth. J. Zool. 24:32-49.

Smith, H.M., 1909. Japanese goldfish, their varieties and cultivation, a practical guide to the Japanese method of goldfish culture for amateurs and professionals. W.F. Roberts Co., Washington, D.C. 112 p.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Special Publication N° 4: i-x + 1-424, Pls. 1-12.

Solewski, W., 1957. Obserwacje nad wzrostem powierzchni ciala i pletw oraz powierzchni oddechoewj w skrzelach karasia (Carassius carassius L.) i karpia (Cyprinus carpio L.). Biul. Zakl. Biol. Stawow, Krakow 5:15-24.

Spillman, C.-J., 1961. Faune de France: Poissons d'eau douce. Fédération Française des Sociétés Naturelles,Tome 65. Paris. 303 p.

Spoor, W.A., 1946. A quantitative study of the relationship between the activity and oxygen consumption of the goldfish, and its application to the measurement of respiratory metabolism in fishes. Biol. Bull. 91:312-325.

Sternberg, D. and B. Cockayne, 2015. Length-length and length-weight relationships of fish species from the Lake Eyre basin, Australia. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:1168-1170.

Stauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. Boltz and L.R. White, 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 146: 1-389.

Stiassny, M.L.J. and N. Raminosoa, 1994. The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. p.133-148. In G.G. Teugels, J.-F. Guégan and J.-J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh- and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p.

Stone, N., E. Park, L. Dorman and H. Thomforde, 1997. Baitfish culture in Arkansas. World Aquacult. (Dec. 1997):5-13.

Sui, X.-Y., X.Q. Li, H.Y. Sun and Y.F. Chen, 2015. Length-weight relationship of 13 species from the Ili River, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:1155-1157.

Suvatti, C., 1981. Fishes of Thailand. Royal Institute of Thailand, Bangkok. 379 p.

Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Swingle, W.E., 1965. Length-weight relationships of Alabama fishes. Auburn Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. Zool.-Ent. Ser. Fish. 3:87 p.

Takai, A. and Y. Ojima, 1989. Conventional and C-banding karyotypes and electrophoretic pattern of muscle protein in fish of genus Carassius from Ishigaki island (Cyprinidae, Pisces). Kromosomo 54:1782-1786.

Takai, A. and Y. Ojima, 1990. Characteristics of chromosomes and electrophoretic patterns of muscle protein and lactate dehydrogenese in fish of genus Carassius (Cypriniformes). Cytologia 55(2):255-263.

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Tan, Y. and H.E. Tong, 1989. The status of the exotic aquatic organisms in China. p. 35-43. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p.

Tang, W.-Q., Y.-Y. Chen and H.-L. Wu, 2001. Fish species diversity of Wulin Mountains region and its zoogeographic analyses. Journal of Shanghai Fisheries University v. 10 (n° 1): 6-15.

Taylor, E.B. and K. Tan, 2016. Guide to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia. 1st edit. Vancouver (BC, Canada): Beaty Biodiversity Museum, 18 p.

Teletchea, F., A. Fostier, E. Kamler, J-N. Gardeur, P-Y. Le Bail, B. Jalabert and P. Fontaine, 2009. Comparative analysis of reproductive traits in 65 freshwater fish species: application to the domestication of new fish species. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 19:403-430.

Thurston, R.V. and P.C. Gehrke, 1993. Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (eds.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.

Titcomb, M., 1972. Native use of fish in Hawaii. The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. 175 p.

Tomelleri, J.R. and M.E. Eberle, 1990. Fishes of the central United States. Lawrence, Kansas, University Press of Kansas. i-xvi + 1-226, Pls. 1-163.

Toryu, Y., 1927. The respiratory exchange in Carassius auratus and the gaseous exchange of the air bladder. Sci. Rep. Tohuku Imperial Univ. (4 Ser.) 3:87-96.

Tsai, C. and J. McKee, 1980. Acute toxicity to goldfish of mixtures of chloramines, copper and linear alkylate sulfonate. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 109(1):132-141.

Ultsch, G.R., 1978. Oxygen consumption as a function of pH in three species of freshwater fishes. Copeia 1978(2):272-279.

Uonokai, T. Nakajima and K. Ohara (eds.), 2005. Activities of Uonokai (Fish survey group): Fish distribution in the watershed of Lake Biwa. Shiga, Japan: Lake Biwa Museum. 233 p.

Vallejo, A.N., 1985. Fishes of Laguna de Bay. Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull. 37(4):285-346.

Varjo, M., 1981. Kalannimiluettelo (List of Finnish fish names). Luonnon Tutkija 85:1-60. 1981 Carassius auratus --> 8973 Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38.

Verreycken, H., D. Anseeuw, G. Van Thuyne, P. Quataert and C. Belpaire, 2007. The non-indigenous freshwater fishes of Flanders (Belgium): review, status and trends over the last decade. J. Fish Biol. 71(Suppl. D):160-172.

Vidthayanon, C., 2005. Aquatic alien species in Thailand. In D.M. Bartley, R.C. Bhujel, S. Funge-Smith, P.G. Olin, M.J. Phillips (comps./eds.) International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27-30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 195 p.

Vigliano, P.H. and G. Darrigran, 2002. Argentina's Freshwater Systems, Aliens in Wonderland. p. 25-44 In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species.

Vu, T.T. and T.T.H. Nguyen, 1997. Dan lieu buoc dau ve than phan loai ca o song Krông Ana (Dac Lac) [diacritics not reproduced]. (Primary data on the fish composition of Krong Ana river, Dac Lac Province). Tap Chí Sinh Hoc (J. Biol.) v. 19 (n° 1): 25-28, 36.

Walker, K.F. and H.Z. Yang, 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 385:237-278.

Wang, C. and Y. Li, 1982. Studies on the karyotype of goldfish (Carassius auratus). I. A comparative study of the chromosomes in crucian and red dragon-eye goldfish. Acta Genet. Sin. 9:238-242.

Wang, L.J., F. You, Q.X. Wang, Z.H. Wu and M.X. Liu, 2015. Length-weight and length-length relationships of 11 fish species from Zhimai River estuary, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:435-436.

Wang, T., H.-S. Wang, G.-W. Sun, D. Huang and J.-H. Shen, 2012. Length-weight and length-length relationships for some Yangtze River fishes in Tian-e-zou Oxbow, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:660-662.

Wang, S.-A., Z.-M. Wang, G.-L. Li, Y.-P. Cao, et al. 2001. The fauna of Hebei, China. Pisces. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House. 2001: 1-366.

Weber, M. and L.F. De Beaufort, 1916. The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. III. Ostariophysi: II Cyprinoidea Apodes, Synbranchi. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 455 p.

Welcomme, R.L., 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p.

Wheeler, A., 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37.

Wheeler, A.C., 2000. Status of the crucian carp, Carassius carassius (L.), in the UK. Fisheries Management & Ecology 7, 315-322.

Wheeler, A.C., N.R. Merrett and D.T.G. Quigley, 2004. Additional records and notes for Wheeler's (1992) List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl. B):1-40.

Winberg, G.G., 1960. Rate of metabolism and food requirements of fishes. In F.E.J. Fry and W.E. Ricker (eds.) Translation Series N° 194. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Biological Station, Nanaimo, B.C.

Wittenberg, R. (ed.)., 2005. An inventory of alien species and their threat to biodiversity and economy in Switzerland. CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre report to the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests and Landscape. The environment in practice no. 0629. Federal Office for the Environment, Bern. 155 pp.

Wolf, V., H. Ritter, N.B. Atkin and S. Ohno, 1969. Polyploidization in the fish family Cyprinidae, order Cypriniformes. I. DNA content and chromosome sets in various species of Cyprinidae. Humangenetik 7:240-244.

Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Wu, Y.-F. and C.-Z. Wu, 1992. The Fishes of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology, Chengdu. 1-599.Xie, C., B.

Wydoski, R.S. and R.R. Whitney, 2003. Inland fishes of Washington. 2003 (Second Edition): v-xiii; 3-322.

Xie, J.Y., Z.J. Kang, J. Yang and D.D. Yang, 2015. Length-weight relationships for 15 fish species from the Hunan Hupingshan National Nature Reserve in central China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:221-222.

Yang, J.-X., 1991. The fishes of Fuxian Lake, Yunnan, China, with description of two new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (n° 3): 193-202.

Yang, J.-X. and Y.-R. Chen, 1995. (Editors) The biology and resource utilization of the fishes of Fuxian Lake, Yunnan. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming, China. preface + 1-224.

Yamamoto, M.N. and A.W. Tagawa, 2000. Hawai'i's native and exotic freshwater animals. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, Hawaii. 200 p.

Yamamoto, M.N., 1992. Occurrence, distribution and abundance of accidentally introduced freshwater aquatic organisms in Hawaii. State of Hawaii, Federal Aid in Sportfish Restoration, Dingell-Johnson JOR. Freshwater Fisheries Research and Surveys, Project N° F-14-R-16.

Yie, F., 1988. Study on life-history pattern of seven freshwater fishes in the Dongjiang River, Guangdong. Acta. Hydrobiol. Sin. Shuisheng Shengwu Xuebao 12(2):107-115.

Zan, R. and Z. Song, 1980. Comparative analysis of karyotypes of Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus, as well Aristichthys nobilis and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Acta Genet. Sin. 7(1):72-76.

Zan, R., 1982. Studies of sex chromosomes and C-banding karyotypes of two forms of Carassius auratus in Kunming Lake. Acta Genet. Sin. 9(1):32-39.

Zan, R., Z. Song and W. Liu, 1986. Studies on karyotypes and nuclear DNA contents of some cyprinoid fishes, with notes on fish polyploids in China. p. 877-885. In T. Uyeno, R. Arai, T. Taniuchi, and K. Matsuura (eds), Indo Pacific fish biology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Indo-Pacific Fishes, conducted at the Tokyo National Museum Ueno park, Tokyo, July 29 - August 3, 1985. Ichthyological Society of Jaan, Tokyo. 985 p.

Zhang, H., 2013. Diel, semi-lunar and seasonal patterns in the fish community of an intertidal zone of the Yangtze Estuary. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 2013:1-7.

Zhang, R. and H. Wu, 1985. A study of sex chromosome in Carassius auratus by BrdU-Hoechst 33258-Giemsa technique. Acta Genet. Sin. 12(5):373-378.

Zhang, C.-G., Y.-H. Zhao et al. 2016. Species Diversity and Distribution of Inland Fishes in China. Pp. i-viii + 1-284, plus front matter and covers. Science Press, Beijing, China.

Zheng, C.-Y. and et al. 1989. Fishes of the Zhujiang River. Science Press, Beijing. i-ix + 1-438.

Zhu, X. Yuan, M. Wang and J. Hui, 1997. The biology of Mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi with reference to the problem of maximum sustainable yield in Bao'An Lake. Acta Hydrobiol. Sin. 21(9):195-207.

Zhu, S.-Q., 1995. Synopsis of freshwater fishes of China. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing. 7 unnumbered pp. + i-v + 1-549.

Çiçek, E., R. Fricke and S.S. Birecikligil, 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey: a revised and updated annotated checklist. BIHAREAN BIOLOGIST 9(2):141-157.

 


Webmuseum Osteichthyes Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius
www.ittiofauna.org Webmuseum
Google
 
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org