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Vimba comune, Vimba vimba (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Vimbe, Serte, Brème de la mer Noire. Grecia - Gadína mavromáta. Tedesco - Silberzehrte, Zährte, Näsling, Meernase, Aßling, Blaunase, Gäse, Halnfisch, Nase, Nesen, Pretien, Rheinankel, Russnase, Russnase. Inglese - Vimba, Zanthe, Baltic vimba. Danimarca - Almindelig vimme, Vimme. Olanda - Blauwneus. Svezia - Vimma. Norvegia - Vimme. Finlandia - Vimpa. Islanda - Strandslabbi. Russo - Syrt, Rybets. Estonia - Vimb. Lettonia - Syrt. Lituania - žiobris. Polonia - Certa. Repubblica Ceca - Hustera, Nosal, Nosál, Padoustev, Paroustev, Podoustev nosák, Podoustev nosatá, Podoustev obecná, Podoustev rícní, Podoustev rícní. Repubblica Slovacca - Nosál obycajný. Romania - Scobar de Dunare, Suduc, Tiganca, Lostie, Morunas, Râbet. Bulgaria - Morrunash, Morunaj. Serbia - Plavonos buborak. Slovenia - Ogrica. Ungheria - Szilvaorrú keszeg. Turchia - Egrez, Egrez baligi, Kara balik, Karaburun baligi. Iran - Kuli, Siah Kuli.

 

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Vimba vimba Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 325. Status: nuova nomenclatura, valida. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinus vimba Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824; v. 1 325. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Abramis vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Parin et al. 2014:65. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:789, Lelek 1987:243, Coad 1995:20, Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:179, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:742, Bogutskaya 1998:73, Coad 1998:102, Fricke 1999:26, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43, Hanel 2003:52, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:89, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:171, Hanel & Lusk 2005:251, Fricke 2007:28, Fricke et al. 2007:47, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:291, Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:167, Perea et al. 2010:15, Çiçek et al. 2015:147. Località tipo: Laghi della Svezia. Tipo: nessuno. Neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:27, ma successivamente ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Abramis vimba Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 325. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Vimba vimba vimba Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 325. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cyprinus zerta Leske, 1774. Ichthyologiae Lipsiensis specimen. Lipsiae. Ichthyol. Lipsiensis i-iv + 1-82; 44. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86. Località tipo: Lipsia, Germania. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: ?LSL 71 (1).

Cyprinus vimpa Strøm, 1784. Physisk-oeconomisk beskrivelse over Eger-praestgiaeld i Aggerhuus-stift i Norge; tilligemed et geographisk Kort over samme. Gyldendals, Copenhagen. Physisk-Oceonomisk Norge 228 pp.; 120. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86. Sembra un errore ortografico. Località tipo: Eger, Norvegia. Tipo: nessuno.

Cyprinus serta Shaw, 1804. General zoology or systematic natural history ... , v. 5 (pt 1): i-v + 1-25, Pls. 93-132, 43+, 65+, 6+, 74+ and (pt 2): i-vi + 251-463, Pls. 132-182, 158+. General Zool.; v. 5 232. Sostituzione, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86. Nome non necessario per "Cyprinus vimba" Linnaeus 1758.

Cyprinus carinatus Pallas, 1814. Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 323. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, secondo Lelek 1987:243, Uiblein & Winkler 1994:58. Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), per Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180, Bogutskaya 1998:73. Località tipo: foce del fiume Don e Mare d'Azov. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: attuale collocazione ignota.

Vimba vimba carinata (Pallas, 1814). Zool. Rosso-Asiatica v. 3 323. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Abramis tenellus Nordmann, 1840. Observations sur la fauna pontique. In: A. de Démidoff. Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée. Vol. III. Paris. Voyage Russie Mérid. 353-635; 510. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie "tenella", secondo Berg 1949:795, Lelek 1987:243, Bogutskaya 1997:180, Bogutskaya 1998:73, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:90. Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86. Località tipo: torrente Tschornaïa Retschka, vicino a Inkderman, Sebastopoli, Crimea, Ukraina. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: attuale collocazione ignota.

Vimba vimba tenella (Nordmann, 1840). Voyage Russie Mérid. 510. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Abramis frivaldszkyi Heckel, 1843. Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In: J. von Russegger. Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die naturwissenschaftlichen Verhältnisse der betreffenden Länder unternommen in den Jahren 1835 bis 1841, etc. Stuttgart. Ichthyol. von Syrien 990-1099; v. 1 (pt 2) 1032 [42]. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie "tenella" (Nordmann 1840), per Berg 1949:795. Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180. Località tipo: Bursa [Brussa], Anatolia, Turchia. Tipo: non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Leuciscus parvulus Valenciennes 1844. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp.; v. 17 64 Pl. 487. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:795, Kottelat 1997:86. Catalogo: Bertin & Estève 1948:78. Località tipo: Crimea, Ucraina. Tipo: MNHN 3954.

Abramis nordmannii Dybowski, 1862. Versuch einer Monographie der Cyprinoiden Livlands, nebst einer synoptischen Aufzählung der europäischen Arten dieser Familie. Arch. Nat. Biol. Dorpat (Ser. 2) 133-362; v. 6 179. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86. Località tipo: Crimea, Ucraina. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: attuale collocazione ignota.

Abramis parsa pontica Yashchenko, 1895. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Parsa è un errore di trascrizione per persa.

Abramis persa pontica Yashchenko, 1896. Ex Kessler. Pisces. In: Catalog of the collections in the zoological cabinet of the University of St. Petersburg. Trudy St. Petersburg. Obsh. Estestv. 63-99; v. 25 (no. 2) 90. Nomen nudum, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), per Berg 1949:796, Kottelat 1997:86. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: fiume Salgir a Sivash, Ucraina, si tratta di uno degli esemplari di Kessler custoditi nel BMNH 1897.7.5.29.

Vimba vimba tenella karasuensis Tseeb & Delamure, 1938. Materials on the fauna of freshwater fishes of Krimea. Izv. Krymskogo pedagogicheskogo Inst. 143-148; v. 7 145. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie "tenella" (Nordmann 1840), per Berg 1949:796. In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: fiume Chernaya vicino a Sebastopoli, Crimea, Ucraina.

Vimba vimba bergi Velikokhatko, 1940. New forms of "Vimba vimba" L. from the Dnieper and the Bug. Bull. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. Ser. Biol. 270-275; 273. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, per Lelek 1987:243. Sinonimo di Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758) per Berg 1949:795, Kottelat 1997:86. Località tipo: fiume Bug alla centrale idroelettrica di Aleksandrovskaya, Ukarina. Tipo: nessuno. Sintipi: collocazione attuale ignota.

Vimba vimba vimba borysthenica Velikokhatko, 1940. Bull. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. Ser. Biol. 1940 272. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Berg 1949:791, Kottelat 1997:86. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: basso corso del fiume Dnieper, Ucraina.

Vimba vimba tenella abulyontis Battalgil, 1941. Türkiyenin tatli su baliklari. Les poissons des eaux douces de la Turquie. (Collection de l'Institut de Zoologie de l'Université d'Istanbul.) Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istanbul (Sér. B: Sci. Nat.) 170-186; v. 6 (n° 1-2) 181. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: lago Abulyont, Turchia.

Vimba vimba tenella aphnitis Battalgil, 1941. Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istanbul (Sér. B: Sci. Nat.) v. 6 (n° 1-2) 181. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: lago Manyas, Turchia.

Vimba vimba tenella istanbulensis Battalgil, 1941. Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istanbul (Sér. B: Sci. Nat.) v. 6 (n° 1-2) 181. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: fiume Kâathane, Corno d'Oro, Istanbul, Turchia.

Vimba vimba tenella sapancae Battalgil, 1941. Rev. Fac. Sci. Univ. Istanbul (Sér. B: Sci. Nat.) v. 6 (n° 1-2) 181. Nome infrasubspecifico, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia con Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758) secondo Kottelat 1997:86, Bogutskaya 1997:180. Provenienza del materiale esaminato: lago Sapanca, Turchia.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 291 - 292.

 

 

Distribuzione di Vimba vimba secondo IUCN

 

Specie diffusa in fiumi e laghi dell'Europa centro orientale, a est fino al Rialto Centrale Russo ed ai Colli Ergeni. a sud fino alla Tracia, alla Turchia ed alla Transcaucasia. Popolazioni anadrome in acque marine e salmastre del Mar Nero, Mare d'Azov, Mar Baltico e Mar Caspio.

 

Introduzioni di Vimba vimba
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Olanda

si

1990 - 1997

ignota

Francia

probabile

1957

ignota

Ex URSS

no

 

 

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Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous, 1999. Systematic list of Estonian fishes. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, 14 January 2000.

Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

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Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1997. Aquarien Atlas, Band 5. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany. 1148 p.

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Bogutskaya, N.G., 2002. Common names of Russian freshwater fishes.

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Carl, H., 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen.

Chaichi, A., G. Vosoughi, F. Kaymaram, S. Jamili and H. Fazli, 2011. Population dynamics of Vimba vimba persa in Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea. Cybium 35(3):237-243.

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. http://zzzy.fishinfo.cn

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Coad, B.W., 2003. Freshwater fishes of Iran: checklists of Farsi names. Retrieved July 16, 2003, from:

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Hliwa, P. and A. Martyniak, 2002. The absolute fecundity of Vimba vimba from Lake Ostrowieckie (Oder River catchment area, northwest Poland). Arch. Pol. Fish. 10(2):269-274.

Holcik, J., 1996. Vanishing freshwater fish species of Slovakia. p. 79-86. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland.

Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

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Ilhan, A., M. Sari, . Saygi and M.R. Ustaoglu, 2012. Length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes in the Biga Peninsula (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:857-858.

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Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

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Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271.

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