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Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)


 

Nomi comuni esteri -  Francese - Aphanius d'Espagne. Spagna - Fartet. Tedesco - Spanienkärpfling. Inglese - Spanish pupfish, Spanish Toothcarp. Svezia - Spansk killi. Danimarca - Spansk tandkarpe. Finlandia - Turkoosikillinen. Estonia - Ibeeria peitkala. Albania - Larëza iberike, Lareza vizake.

 

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Aphanius iberus Valenciennes 1846. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 18 160 Pl. 528. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Cyprinodon iberus Valenciennes 1846. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-huitième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Livre dix-neuvième. Des Ésoces ou Lucioïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xix + 2 pp. + 1-505 + 2 pp.; v. 18 160 Pl. 528. Catalogo Bertin & Estève 1950:15. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Lebias iberus (Valenciennes 1846), secondo Lazara 2001:186. Nomenclatura valida come Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes 1846), secondo Tortonese 1973:271, Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:625, Wildekamp et al. 1986:169, Wildekamp 1993:54, Poll & Gosse 1995:207, Kottelat 1997:163, Seegers 1997:16, Maltagliati 1998:303, Torralva et al. 2001:63, Doadrio et al. 2002:67, Blanco et al. 2006:49, Kottelat et al. 2007:21, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:488. Località tipo - Spagna. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi: MNHN 0185 (8).

Lebias ibera Valenciennes 1846. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 18 160 Pl. 528. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lebias iberus Valenciennes 1846. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 18 160 Pl. 528. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lebias ibericus Steindachner, 1865. Ichthyologischer Bericht über eine nach Spanien und Portugal unternommene Reise. I. Zur Fischfauna des Albufera-Sees bei Valencia in Spanien. Sitzungsber. Math.-Naturwiss. Classe K. Akad. Wiss. Wien 483-491; v. 52 483 [1] Pl. 1 (fig. 1-3). Nome non disponibile, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Si tratta di una scrittura errata successiva di Lebias iberus Valenciennes 1846. Nome scritto come ibericus con paternità attribuita a Valencien-nes. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Lebias iberus Valenciennes 1846, errore di scrittura, secondo Lazara 2001:186. In sinonimia di Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes 1846), secondo Tortonese 1973:271.

Cyprinodon ibericus Steindachner, 1865. Sitzungsber. Math.-Naturwiss. Classe K. Akad. Wiss. Wien v. 52 483 [1] Pl. 1 (fig. 1-3). Status: secondo sopra. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Huber, J. H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces).. Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. Pagina 180.

 

 

Distribuzione di Aphanius iberus secondo IUCN

 

 

L'area di diffusione della specie è limitata alle coste mediterranee della Spagna. Alcuni autori ritengono A. iberus presente anche in Algeria, ma studi recenti, hanno attribuito le popolazioni algerine ad una specie distinta.

 

 

Bibliografia - Allardi, J. and P. Keith, 1991. Atlas préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de France. Coll. Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 4. Secrétariat Faune Flore, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 234 p.

Andreu-Soler, A., F.J. Oliva-Paterna and M. Torralva, 2006. A review of length-weight relationships of fish from the Segura River basin (SE Iberian Peninsula). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22:295-296.

Anonymous, 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.

Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smith-sonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

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Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.

Bertin, L. and R. Estève, 1950. Catalogue des types de poissons du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. 6e partie. Haplomes, Hétéromes, Catostéomes. Imp. Nationale. 6e partie: 1-60.

Billard, R., 1997. Les poissons d'eau douce des rivières de France. Identification, inventaire et répartition des 83 espèces. Lausanne, Delachaux & Niestlé, 192p.

Blanc, M., J.-L. Gaudet, P. Banarescu and J.-C. Hureau, 1971. European inland water fish. A multilingual catalogue. Fishing News (Books) Ltd., London.

Blanco, J.L., T. Hrbek and I. Doadrio, 2006. A new species of the genus Aphanius (Nardo, 1832) (Actinopterygii, Cyprino-dontidae) from Algeria. Zootaxa N° 1158: 39-53.

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Crivelli, A.J., 1996. The freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean region. An action plan for their conservation. Tour du Valat Publication, 171 p.

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Doadrio, I., Perdices, A. and A. Machordom, 1996. Allozymic variation of the endangered killifish Aphanius iberus and its application to conservation. Environmental Biology of Fishes 45: 259–271.

Doadrio, I., 2001. Atlas y libro rojo de los peces continentale de Espana. Madrid MMA, CSIC.

Doadrio, I., J.A. Carmona and C. Fernández-Delgado, 2002. Morphometric study of the Iberian Aphanius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontiformes), with description of a new species. Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (n° 1): 67-79.

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Fernández-Delgado, C., J.A. Hernando, M. Herrera and M. Bellido, 1988. Age, growth and reproduction of Aphanius ibe-rus (Cuv. & Val., 1846) in the lower reaches of the Guadalquivir river (south-west Spain). Freshwater Biology 20:227-234.

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & R. van der Laan (eds), 2018. Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References:

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Froese, R. and C. Binohlan, 2003. Simple methods to obtain preliminary growth estimates for fishes. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 19(6):376-379.

García-Berthou, E. and R. Moreno-Amich, 1992. Age and growth of an Iberian cyprinodont, Aphanius iberus (Cuv. & Val.), in its most northerly population. J. Fish Biol. 40(6):929-937.

Goren, M., 2014. The fishes of the Mediterranean: a biota under siege. pp. 385-400. In Goffredo, S. and Z. Dubinsky. 2014. The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer Netherlands. 655 pp.

Gyldenholm, A.O. and J.J. Scheel, 1974. Chromosome numbers of fishes. I. p. 90-97. In J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner et.al. Genetic studies of fish:II. MSS Information Corporation, New York.

Gómez, S., 2001. Tubercular lesions in two spanish cyprinodontid fishes. Aquar. Sci. Conserv. 3:335-339.

Hilton-Taylor, C., 2000. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Hrbek, T. and A. Meyer, 2003. Closing of the Tethys Sea and the phylogeny of Eurasian killifishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 17-36.

Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p.

Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

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Keith, P., J. Allardi and B. Moutou, 1992. Livre rouge des espèces menacées de poissons d'eau douce de France et bilan des introductions. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, Secrétariat de la Faune et de la Flore, Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, CEMAGREF and Ministère de l'Environment, 111 p.

Keith, P. and J. Allardi, 1996. Endangered freshwater fish: the situation in France. p. 35-54. A. Kirchhofer and D. Hefti (eds) In Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland.

Keith, P. and J. Allardi (coords.), 2001. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de France. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 47:1-387.

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Kottelat, M., R. Barbieri and M.T. Stoumboudi, 2007. Aphanius almiriensis, a new species of toothcarp from Greece (Tele-ostei: Cyprinodontidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 114 (n° 1): 13-31.

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp.

Lazara, K.J., 2000. The killifishes, an annotated checklist, synonymy, and bibliography of recent cyprinodontiform fishes. The Killifish Master Index, 4th Edition. The American Killifish Association, Cincinnati, Ohio, i-xviii, 1-624, appendices A-C.

Maltagliati, F., 1998. Allozyme differences between two endangered Mediterranean killifishes, Aphanius iberus and A. fasciatus (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Ital. J. Zool. 65:303-306.

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