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Persico delle rocce o boccapersico,

Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque, 1817)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Rock bass, Redeye, Redeye bass, Goggle eye, Northern rock bass. Galles - Swilyn tagell-ddu. Francese - Crapet de roche. Portoghese - Perca-da-rocha. Tedesco - Gemeiner Felsenbarsch, Germeiner Sonnenbarsch, Sonnenfisch, Steinbarsch. Danimarca - Stenaborre, Stenbars. Svezia - Stenabborre. Federazione Russa - Ambloplites. Finlandia - Kiviahven. Polonia - Bass czerwonooki.

 

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Ambloplites rupestris Rafinesque, 1817. American Monthly Magazine and Critical Revue v. 2 (n° 2). Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Bodianus rupestris Rafinesque, 1817. First decade of new North American fishes. Am. Monthly Mag. Crit. Rev. 120-121; v. 2 (n° 2) 120. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:248. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817), secondo Lee et al. 1980:581, Smith 1986:291, Robison & Buchanan 1988:363, McAllister 1990:139, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:176, Page & Burr 1991:260, Boschung 1992:111, Etnier & Starnes 1993:401, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:699, Baxter & Stone 1995:226, Stauffer et al. 1995:262, Cross & Collins 1995:191, Mettee et al. 1996:523, Gilbert 1998:248, Scott & Crossman 1998:703, Fuller et al. 1999:354, Lyons et al. 2000:43, Ross et al. 2001:404, Roe et al. 2002:903, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:176, Bailey et al. 2004:176, Nelson et al. 2004:131, Miller & Robison 2004:296, Boschung & Mayden 2004:443, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:523, Roe et al. 2008:858, Scharpf 2008:13, Minckley & Marsh 2009:283, Page & Burr 2011:489, Page et al. 2013:135. Località tipo - Laghi di New York, Vermont, Canada, etc. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Cichla aenea Lesueur, 1822. Descriptions of the five new species of the genus Cichla of Cuvier. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2: 214-221. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:230. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817), secondo Smith 1986:293, Gilbert 1998:231, Scott & Crossman 1998:707. Località tipo - Presque Isle, opposite Erie (? Lago Ontario). Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Icthelis enythrops Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 2]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 1 (n° 6): 361-377. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:234. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Pomotis, ma elencato come sopra. Scritto inizialmente enythrops in Rafinesque 1920:29; corretto in erythrops in Rafinesque 1820:88. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817), secondo Gilbert 1998:234. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lepomis ictheloides Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 3]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1): 49-57. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:238. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Dioplites, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:32. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817), secondo Gilbert 1998:238. Località tipo - Fiume Kentucky e torrenti tributari, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Centrarchus pentacanthus Cuvier, 1829. In Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome troisième. Suite du Livre troisième. Des percoïdes à dorsale unique à sept rayons branchiaux et à dents en velours ou en cardes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 3: i-xxviii + 2 pp. + 1-500, Pls. 41-71. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67, Gilbert 1998:246. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817), secondo Gilbert 1998:246. Località tipo - Fiume Wabash, Indiana, U.S.A.. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN A-5410 (esemplare secco).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico.. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina 260-261, 402.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Ambloplites rupestris secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie originaria del Nord America: bacini dei Grandi Laghi, baia di Hudson (fiume rosso) e bacini fluviali tributari del Mississippi dal Quebec al Saskatchewan in Canada, fino alla Georgia settentrionale, Alabama e Missouri negli Stati Uniti. A. rupestris è stata introdotta, con acclimatazione, in alcune località di Francia ed Inghilterra.

 

 

Introduzioni di Ambloplites rupestris
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

USA

Messico

si

1904 -1910

USA

Francia

si

19301

USA

Gran Bretagna

si

880 - 1889

ignota

Germania

no

1892

ignota

Repubblica Ceca

no

 

 

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