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Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Redbreast, Redbreast sunfish. Tedesco - Rotbrust-Sonnenbarsch. Spagna - Chopa de abdomen colorado. Svezia - Rödbröstad solabborre. Norvegia - Rødbrysted solabbor. Danimarca - Rødbrystet. Finlandia - Puna-aurinkoahven. Estonia - Punakõht-päikeseahven.

 

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Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 283. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Labrus auritus Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824; v. 1 283. Catalogo - Wheeler 1985:49-50, Gilbert 1998:232. Sinonimo senior, combinazio-ne originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Lee et al. 1980:590, Smith 1986:297, Robison & Buchanan 1988:365, McAllister 1990:139, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:182, Page & Burr 1991:272, Boschung 1992:112, Etnier & Starnes 1993:408, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:742, Stauffer et al. 1995:264, Mettee et al. 1996:531, Murdy et al. 1997:245, Gilbert 1998:232, Scott & Crossman 1998:707, Fuller et al. 1999:359, Ross et al. 2001:409, Roe et al. 2002:900, Nelson et al. 2004:131, Miller & Robison 2004:300, Boschung & Mayden 2004:449, Scharpf 2008:14, Page & Burr 2011:506, Page et al. 2013:135, Robins et al. 2018:270. Località tipo - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lepomis aurita (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 283. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Labrus appendix Mitchill, 1817. American Monthly Magazine and Critical Revue v. 1: 289-290. Report on the ichthyology of the Wallkill, from specimens of fishes presented to the society (Lycieum of Natural History)....by Dr. B. Akerly.... Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:231. Anche in Mitchill 1818:247. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Smith 1986:298, Gilbert 1998:231. Località tipo - Fiume Wallkill, New York, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Pomotis elongatus Holbrook, 1855. An account of several species of fish observed in Florida, Georgia, etc. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1): 47-58, Pls. 5-6. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:234. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Gilbert 1998:234. Località tipo - Fiume St. Johns, Florida, U.S.A.. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MCZ 3236.

Lepomis ophthalmicus Cope, 1868. On the distribution of fresh-water fishes in the Allegheny region of southwestern Virginia. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (art. 5): 207-247, Pls. 26-28. Catalogo - Böhlke 1984:39, Gilbert 1998:245-246. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Gilbert 1998:246. Località tipo - Sorgenti del fiume Roanoke, Virginia, U.S.A.. Tipo - Olitipo (unico) ANSP 13058.

Labrus palladus Mitchill, 1815. The fishes of New York described and arranged. Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York v. 1: 355-492, Pls. 1-6. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:246. Forse errore ortografico per pallidus, secondo Gilbert 1998:246. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, secondo Smith 1986:303, La Rivers 1994:566. Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Gilbert 1998:246. Località tipo - Nelle vicinanze di New York City, New York, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Pomotis rubricauda Storer, 1844. Additional descriptions of, and observations on, the fishes of Massachusetts. Boston Journal of Natural History v. 4: 175-190. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:248. Specie in origine scritta rubri-cauda. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Gilbert 1998:248. Località tipo - Fiume Concord, Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (3) ubicazione ignota.

Bryttus unicolor Valenciennes, 1831. In Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome septième. Livre septième. Des Squamipennes. Livre huitième. Des poissons à pharyngiens labyrinthiformes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 7: i-xxix + 1-531, Pls. 170-208. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66, Gilbert 1998:251. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Gilbert 1998:251. Località tipo - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MNHN 0000-2800 (1) Philadelphia, 0000-2798 (1, in cattive condizioni) Charleston.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina: 272, 405.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Lepomis auritus secondo IUCN

 

 

L'area di distribuzione originaria di Lepomis auritus comprende il versante atlantico dell'America settentrionale dal New Brunswick fino alla Florida centrale, le coste occidentali del Golfo del Messico dal bacino dell'Apalachicola e del Choctawhatchee in Florida e Georgia. La specie è largamente introdotta nel resto degli Stati Uniti, ed è segnalata in varie località del Canada. Introdotta a varie riprese in Europa: Germania (1895) ed Italia (1957), dove ha determinato impatto ecologico sfavorevole sulle specie autoctone. L'acclimatazione non è certa. Le precise località dove la specie sarebbe presente non sono note con sicurezza, per l'Italia si citano i dintorni di Roma. Alcuni autori la segnalano come acclimatata in Scandinavia meridionale e nel Regno Unito.

 

 

Introduzioni di Lepomis auritus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Giappone

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

USA

Messico

si

1954 - 1955

USA

Rep. Domenicana

non conosciuta

1895

ignota

Germania

si

1913

ignota

Repubblica Ceca

no

1957

USA

Italia

forse

1957

USA

Portorico

si

1987

Giappone

Cina

non conosciuta

 

 

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Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

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