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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis

Persico sole smeraldo,

Lepomis cyanellus, Rafinesque 1819


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Green sunfish. Tedesco - Grasbarsch, Grüner Sonnenbarsch. Svezia - Sonnenbarsch, Grön solabborre. Norvegia - Grøn solabbor. Danimarca - Grøn solaborre. Finlandia - Viheraurinkoahven. Estonia - Roheline päikeseahven. Cina - Lán tàiyáng yú.

 

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Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque, 1819. Prodrome de 70 nouveaux genres d'animaux découverts dans l'intérieur des États-Unis d'Amérique, durant l'année 1818. J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 417-429; v. 88 420. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:234. Sjnonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere Lee et al. 1980:591, Smith 1986:298, Robison & Buchanan 1988:366, McAllister 1990:140, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:180, Page & Burr 1991:267, Boschung 1992:112, Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63, Etnier & Starnes 1993:410, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:739, La Rivers 1994:571, Warren et. al. 1994:133, Knight & Hastings 1994:150, Baxter & Stone 1995:228, Stauffer et al. 1995:266, Cross & Collins 1995:192, Mettee et al. 1996:533, Sigler & Sigler 1996:252, Gilbert 1998:234, Scott & Crossman 1998:710, Fuller et al. 1999:360, Lyons et al. 2000:43, Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:77, Ross et al. 2001:410, Moyle 2002:389, Roe et al. 2002:900, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:177, Bailey et al. 2004:177, Nelson et al. 2004:131, Miller & Robison 2004:302, Boschung & Mayden 2004:450, Mundy 2005:351, Miller 2006:332, Scharpf 2008:14, Minckley & Marsh 2009:285, Page & Burr 2011:500, Page et al. 2013:135, Robins et al. 2018:272. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno.

Lepomis cyanella Rafinesque, 1819. Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lepomus cyanellus Rafinesque, 1819. Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Calliurus diaphanus Girard, 1858. Notice upon new genera and new species of marine and fresh-water fishes from western North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (n° 15): 200-202. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:234. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:234. Località tipo - Rio Blanco, Texas, USA. Tipo - Olotipo USNM 374.

Calliurus formosus Girard, 1858. Notice upon new genera and new species of marine and fresh-water fishes from western North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (n° 15): 200-202. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:235-236. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:235-236. Località tipo - Principalmente nelle acque dolci di Arkansas, USA. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MCZ 3276 [ex USNM 420] (1); MNHN 0284 [ex USNM 420] (1); USNM 382 (in origine 1, adesso 0), 420 (in origine 6, adesso 0).

Pomotis longulus Baird & Girard, 1853. Descriptions of new species of fishes, collected by captains R. B. Marcy, and Geo. B. M'Clellan, in Arkansas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6: 390-392. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:240 con un olotipo. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:240. Località tipo - Torrente Otter, affluente del Red River a North Fork, contea di Kiowa o Tillman, a sudovest di Oklahoma, Arkansas, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - USNM 404 (1) [possibile olotipo], ?407 (4).

Icthelis melanops Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 2]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 1 (n° 6): 361-377. Descritto come vicino al sottogenere Telopomis, ma catalogato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:28. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:241. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:241. Località tipo - Affluenti del fiume Ohio, Kentucky, Fiumi Licking e Miami, USA. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Calliurus microps Girard, 1858. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (n° 15). Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:242. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:242. Località tipo - Rio Brazos, Texas, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - USNM 413 (in origine 6, adesso 0), 414 (in origine 6, adesso 5).

Bryttus mineopas Cope, 1865. Partial catalogue of the cold-blooded Vertebrata of Michigan. Part II. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17: 78-88. Catalogo - Böhlke 1984:38, Gilbert 1998:242. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:242. Località tipo - Minneopa, vicino a Mankato, bacino del fiume Minnesota, Blue Earth County, Minnesota, USA. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ANSP 13190 (1), 13191-94 (4) Minneopa; MCZ 32811 (1) lago Whittlesey, MNHN 0000-2672 (1).

Calliurus murinus Girard, 1858. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (n° 15). Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:243, con commenti su un possibile lectotipo e sulle implicazioni derivanti. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:243. Località tipo - Texas, USA. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MCZ 35956 [ex USNM 417] (1); USNM 415 (1), 416 (2), 417 (in origine 4, adesso 3), 418 (1).

Bryttus signifer Girard, 1858. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (n° 15). Catalogo - Böhlke 1984:39, Gilbert 1998:249 con informazioni sulla località tipo. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819, vedere La Rivers 1994:571, Gilbert 1998:249. Località tipo - Rio Medina, Texas, USA. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (originariamente tutti USNM 422) ANSP 13187 (1), MCZ 3109 (1), MNHN 0285 (1), USNM 422 (in origine 6, adesso 2).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico.. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. Pagina: 267-268, 404.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Lepomis cyanellus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie diffusa in Nord America: Grandi Laghi, bacini fluviali della baia di Hudson e del Mississippi da New York e dall'Ontario fino al Minnesota, al Sud Dakota ed sud al golfo del Messico; dal fiume Escambia in Florida e dalla baia di Mobile in Georgia ed Alabama fino al Rio Grande in Texas, ed al Messico settentrionale. Il persico smeraldo è stato introdotto in molti paesi. In Europa la specie sembra non sia acclimatata, viene periodicamente segnalata in alcune località della Germania ma le osservazioni necessitano di conferma.

 

 

Introduzioni di Lepomis cyanellus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

USA

Zambia

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Hawaii

probabile

non conosciuto

USA

Marocco

si

non conosciuto

USA

Kenia

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

USA

Giappone

no

non conosciuto

USA

Germania

si

non conosciuto

USA

Congo

probabile no

1930 - 1939

USA

Brasile

si

1939

Sud Africa

Swaziland

si

1939

USA

Sud Africa

non conosciuta

1940

Sud Africa

Zimbabwe

no

1950

California, USA

Filippine

si

1950

USA

Mauritius

si

1954

USA

Madagascar

no

1969

Giappone

Corea

si

1999

USA

Cina

non conosciuta

 

 

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