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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus

Black-bass a bocca piccola o boccalino,

Micropterus dolomieu, Lacepède 1802


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Smallmouth bass, Northern smallmouth bass, Bronzeback, Gold bass. Portogallo - Achiga-boca-pequena. Francese - Black-bass à petite bouche, Perche d'Amérique à petite bouche, Achigan à petite bouche, Perche noire. Tedesco - Schwarzbarsch, kleinmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, Großer Schwarzbarsch. Olanda - Kleinbekbaars. Danimarca - Småmundet black bass, Småmundet ørredaborre. Svezia - Svartabborre. Norvegia - Svart lakseabbor. Finlandia - Pikkubassi. Estonia - Väikesuu-forellahven. Federazione Russa - Malorotyi chernyi okun'. Repubblica Ceca - Okounek cerný. Repubblica Slovacca - Ostracka cierna. Romania - Biban cu gura mica. Sud Africa - Kleinbek-baars. Giappone - Kokuchibasu. Cina - Xiǎokǒu hēi lú.

 

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Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède, 1802. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xliv + 1-728; v. 4 324, 325 Pl. 3 (fig. 3). Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67, Gilbert 1998:234. Spesso scritto in modo errato dolomieui. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, Lee et al. 1980:605, Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142, Smith 1986:306, Robison & Buchanan 1988:380, McAllister 1990:140 (scritto dolomieui), Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:171, Page & Burr 1991:265, Boschung 1992:114, Etnier & Starnes 1993:430, Skelton 1993:287, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:726, La Rivers 1994:560, Baxter & Stone 1995:234, Stauffer et al. 1995:279, Cross & Collins 1995:204, Mettee et al. 1996:551, Sigler & Sigler 1996:259, Murdy et al. 1997:244, Gilbert 1998:234, Scott & Crossman 1998:728 (scritto dolomieui), Williams & Burgess 1999:97, Fricke 1999:221, Fuller et al. 1999:369, Lyons et al. 2000:43, Nakabo 2000:745, Ross et al. 2001:427, Skelton 2001:287, Nakabo 2002:745, Youn 2002:318, 596 (scritto dolomieui), Moyle 2002:401, Roe et al. 2002:903, Near et al. 2003:1615, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:183, Hanel 2003:62, Bailey et al. 2004:184, Nelson et al. 2004:131, Miller & Robison 2004:320, Boschung & Mayden 2004:466, Mundy 2005:352, McPhail 2007:509, Scharpf 2008:17 con sottospecie, Minckley & Marsh 2009:290, Page & Burr 2011:497 con 2 sottospecie a volte riconosciute, Bagley et al. 2011:348, Page et al. 2013:135. Località tipo - Non riportata (probabilmente South Carolina, U.S.A.). Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN 5243.

Micropterus dolomieui Lacepède, 1802. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 4 324, 325 Pl. 3 (fig. 3). Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Bodianus achigan Rafinesque, 1817. First decade of new North American fishes. Am. Monthly Mag. Crit. Rev. 120-121; v. 2 (n° 2) 120. Catalogo tipo: Gilbert 1998:230. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, Smith 1986:307 (scritto dolomieui), La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:230, Scott & Crossman 1998:733 (scritto dolomieui). Località tipo - Tutti i grandi laghi di New York e del Canada. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Etheostoma calliura Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis (Part 3). Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1): 49-57. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:232. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Aplesion, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:36. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Discutibile sinonimo di Micropterus punctatus (Rafinesque 1819), secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:14 (in parte). Discutibile sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 (in parte), La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui). Probabile complex formato da dolomieu e punctulatus, secondo Gilbert 1998:232-233. Località tipo - Fiumi Ohio, Salt rivers, ecc., U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Cichla fasciata Lesueur 1822. Descriptions of the five new species of the genus Cichla of Cuvier. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2: 214-221. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:235. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 (scritto dolomieui), Smith 1986:307 (scritto dolomieui), La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:235, Scott & Crossman 1998:733 (scritto dolomieui). Località tipo - Lago Erie, Buffalo, N.Y., e Lago George, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Centrarchus fasciatus (Lesueur, 1822). Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lepomis flexuolaris Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 3]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1): 49-57. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:235. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Aplesion, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:31. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:235. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio e torrenti tributari, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Cichla minima Lesueur 1822. Descriptions of the five new species of the genus Cichla of Cuvier. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2: 214-221. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:242. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35 (scritto dolomieui), Smith 1986:307 (scritto dolomieui), La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:242, Scott & Crossman 1998:733 (scritto dolomieui). Località tipo - Lago Erie, Nord America. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lepomis notata Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 3]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1): 49-57. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:244. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Dioplites, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:32. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:244. Località tipo - Kentucky, Ohio, fiumi Green e Licking, ec., U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Centrarchus obscurus DeKay, 1842. Zoology of New-York, or the New-York fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the state of New-York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders, and accompanied by appropriate illustrations. Part IV. Fishes. W. & A. White & J. Visscher, Albany. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:245. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35, Smith 1986:307 e La Rivers 1994:560 [(scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:245. Località tipo - Torrente Onondaga, a sud di Syracuse, Contea di Onondaga, New York, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi: Gabinetto del Liceo di New York (ubicazione ignota).

Cichla ohioensis Lesueur, 1822. Descriptions of the five new species of the genus Cichla of Cuvier. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2: 214-221. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:245. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto ohiensis e dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:245. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio e Lago Erie, U.S.A., Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ANSP (2, dispersi), Fiume Ohio.

Lepomis pallida Rafinesque, 1820:50 Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1). Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:246. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Aplites, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:30. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - discutibile sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui). Incerto se Micropterus dolomieu o Micropterus punctulatus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819), secondo Gilbert 1998:246. Località tipo - Fiumi Ohio, Miami, Hockhocking, ecc., U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lepomis salmonea Rafinesque, 1820. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1). Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:248. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Dioplites, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:32. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:248. Località tipo - Fiumi Kentucky, Ohio, Green e Licking, ecc., U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lepomis trifasciata Rafinesque, 1820. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 2 (n° 1). Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:251. Descritto come appartenente al sottogenere Aplites, ma elencato come sopra. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:31. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:251. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio e molti altri torrenti, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Dioplites variabilis Vaillant & Bocourt, 1874. Ex Lesueur. Études sur les poissons. In: Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique centrale. Recherches zoologiques. Quatrième partie. Paris. Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique centrale. Recherches zoologiques. Part 4: 1-265, 20 pls. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:251-252. Originale non visionato. Menzionato da Jordan 1879-80:224 e descritto in Vaillant & Bocourt 1882:142. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, secondo Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35, La Rivers 1994:560 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:252. Località tipo - Fiume Wabash, New Harmony, Indiana, U.S.A.. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Micropterus dolomieu velox Hubbs & Bailey, 1940. A revision of the black basses (Micropterus and Huro) with descriptions of four new forms. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 48: 1-51, Pls. 1-6, 2 maps. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:252. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, Lee et al. 1980:605 e La Rivers 1994:565 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Scott & Crossman 1998:729 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui, Ross et al. 2001:429 [ref. 25978], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399]). •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Robison & Buchanan 1988:381 (scritto dolomieui), Gilbert 1998:252. Località tipo - Fiume Elk, afflunete del Grand River nel bacino del fiume Arkansas, a Turkey Ford, Contea di Delaware, Oklahoma, U.S.A.. Tipo - Olotipo - UMMZ 118296. Paratipi - (452) UMMZ (31 dispersi); UOMZ (7 disperso); USNM 42968 (1), 59125 (1), 59167 (7), 62008 (4), 62011 (2).

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada.. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966. Pagina 728-733.

 

Distribuzione di Micropterus dolomieu negli Stati Uniti

 

 

Specie originaria del Nord America: dal bacino del Mississippi ai Grandi Laghi, ai bacini fluviali del sistema della baia di Hudson e dal Quebec meridionale al Nord Dakota, all'Alabama settentrionale ed all'Oklahoma negli Stati Uniti orientali. Introdotta a più riprese nelle acque interne europee, in Olanda, Svezia, Slovacchia, Germania, Danimarca, Austria e Finlandia, ma acclimatata forse soltanto in Belgio.

 

 

Introduzioni di Micropterus dolomieu
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Tanzania

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Austria

probabile no

non conosciuto

USA

Columbia Britannica

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Repubblica Ceca

probabile no

non conosciuto

Nord America

Francia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Mauritius

non conosciuta

non conosciuto

ignota

Slovacchia

probabile no

non conosciuto

ignota

Vietnam

ignota

1878 - 1890

USA

Gran Bretagna

no

1887 - 1895

Germania

Norvegia

no

1873

Usa

Belgio

si

1880

USA

Germania

probabile

1890

Germania

Svezia

no

1890

USA

Svezia

no

1893

Svezia

Finlandia

no

1893

Germania

Finlandia

no

1893

Canada

Finlandia

no

1925

Nord America

Lago Ashinoko

si

1937

USA

Sud Africa

si

1938

Sud Africa

Swaziland

no

1942

Sud Africa

Zimbabwe

no

1947

Sud Africa

Zambia

probabile no

1953

California, USA

Hawaii

si

1958

Canada

Danimarca

no

1962

ignota

Guam

no

1962

ignota

Fiji

no

1969

USA

Belize

probabile

1975

USA

Messico

si

1984

USA

Olanda

no

 

 

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