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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Latidae Lates

Persico del Nilo,

Lates niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Nile perch, Victoria perch, African snook. Spagna - Perca del Nilo. Portoghese - Perca-do-Nilo. Francese - Perche du Nil. Tedesco - Nilbarsch, Albertseebarsch, Victoriabarsch, Victoriasee-Barsch. Danimarca - Nilaborre. Svezia - Nilabborre. Norvegia - Nilabbor. Finlandia - Niilinahven. Estonia - Niiluse ahven, Niiluse lates. Arabo - Aigle, Am'kal, Am'kaltâya, Amukal, Igl. Nigeria - Aja, Bangur, Giwan ruwa, Giwan ruwan, Igbo, Kima, Kina. Chad - Fel, Fon'dolâ, Namal. Sudan - Cal, Ceil, Gubro, Gur, Gwet, Ndeni, Nganzi. Ghana - Dzo, Leshie, Lesi. Senegal - Diène wekh. Costa d'Avorio - Gonin. Burkina Faso - Saalen, Zagre. Repubblica democratica del Congo - Ikulolakulola, Indjaidjai, Lokulola, Ndjai, Njabi. Kenia -Idji, Iji, Jinte, Mbuta, Mputa. Uganda - Mputa. Tanzania - Chengu, Mkombozi, Sangala, Sangara. Cina - Ní luó lú (尼罗鲈), Ní luó jiān wěn lú (尼罗尖吻鲈).

 

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Lates niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 286. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Labrus niloticus Linnaeus 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824; v. 1 286. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Greenwood 1976:77, Daget 1986:293 (con nome generico Perca), Lévêque et al. 1989:121, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304, Paugy et al. 1990:342, Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1992:662, Evseenko 1996:727, Fuller et al. 1999:343, Dankwa et al. 1999:44, Seegers et al. 2003:42, Otero 2004:86, Liu 2007:405, Neumann et al. 2016:307. Località tipo - Egitto. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Centropomus niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lates albertianus Worthington 1929. New species of fish from the Albert Nyanza and Lake Kioga. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London Pt. 3: 429-440. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Daget 1986:294, Otero 2004:86. Località tipo - Lago Alberto (Nyanza). Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (50) BMNH 1904.1.19.20 (1), 1929.4.16.31-37 (7), 1929.1.24.345-346 (3,? adesso 2).

Lates niloticus albertianus Worthington, 1929. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. Pt. 3 437 Figs. 8-9. Sinonimo junior, cambio di grado, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Perca latus Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1809. Poissons du Nil, de la mer Rouge et de la Méditerranée. In: Description de l'Egypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expedition de l'Armée français, publié par les ordres de sa Majesté-L'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. (Imprimerie Impériale). Paris. Histoire Naturelle. V. 1 (part 1): 1-52 (141-338), Poissons Pls. 1-17. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:99-100. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo gli autori del Catalog of fishes della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Fiume Nilo. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Lates niloticus var. macrolepidota Pellegrin 1922. Poissons de l'Oubanghi-Chari recueillis par M. Baudon. Description d'un genre, de cinq espèces et d'une variété. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 64-76; v. 47 76. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:73. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Daget 1986:294. Località tipo - Fiume Oubanghi a Bangui, Congo Francese. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN 1921-0444.

Lates niloticus macrolepidotus Pellegrin, 1922. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. v. 47 76. Sinonimo junior, cambio di grado, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Lates nobilis Cuvier, 1828. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome second. Livre Troisième. Des poissons de la famille des perches, ou des percoïdes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 2: i-xxi + 2 pp. + 1-490, Pls. 9-40. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:73, Weber 1998:13. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo gli autori del Catalog of fishes della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Pondicherry, India (la località non rientra nell'areale originario della specie). Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipo - MHNG 148.01 (1); MNHN A-6892 (1, secco), A-5739 (1, secco), A-7330 (1, secco).

Lates niloticus rudolfianus Worthington, 1932. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African lakes, 1930-1. --2. Fishes other than Cichlidae. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (n° 258): 121-134. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Lates niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Daget 1986:294. Località tipo - Lago Rodolfo (Turkana), Kenya. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH 1930.6.13.107-112 (7, adesso 5), più 34 specimen non conservati (Harrison 1991).

 

 

Note sulla tassonomia - Lo status sistematico della popolazione del Lago Victoria è incerto. La specie è stata introdotta a più riprese nel lago Vittoria tra la fine del 1950 ed i primi anni 1960 (Coulter et al. 1986), con esemplari provenienti dal Lago Alberto e dal Lago Rodolfo (Turkana). In ogni caso, anche se non necessariamente conspecifici di L. niloticus, gli esemplari del Lago Vittoria sono da sempre indicati come L. niloticus.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. trop. 21(3):221-237.

 

 

Distribuzione di Lates niloticus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie diffusa nella regione etiopica dell'Africa, autoctona od introdotta in tutti i bacini fluviali importanti compresi il Nilo, il Ciad, il Senegal, il Volta ed il Congo. Presente in acque salmastre nel lago Mariout, vicino a Alessandria. autoctona nei laghi Alberto, Rodolfo e Tana. Introdotta nel lago Vittoria e negli altri grandi laghi della Rift Walley.

 

 

Introduzioni di Lates niloticus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

anon conosciuto

Sudan

Congo

si

1954

Mali

Marocco

no

1954

Uganda

Tanzania

si

1979

Africa

USA

no

1982

Etiopia

Cuba

probabile

 

 

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