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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae

Il genere Australoheros

Říčan & Kullander 2006


Australoheros Říčan & Kullander 2006. Character- and tree-based delimitation of species in the 'Cichlasoma' facetum group (Teleostei, Cichlidae) with the description of a new genus. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research = Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung v. 44 (n° 2): 136-152. Genere maschile. Specie tipo - Chromis facetus Jenyns 1842. Tipo per designazione originale. Opinioni - Nomenclatura generica valida come Australoheros Říčan & Kullander 2006, secondo Casciotta et al. 2006:77, Musilová et al. 2008:660, Říčan & Kullander 2008:2, Ottoni et al. 2008:75, Ottoni & Costa 2008:208, Ottoni 2010:19, Schindler et al. 2010:140, Ottoni et al. 2011:138, Říčan et al. 2011:1, Ottoni 2012:83, Říčan et al. 2016:28, Bertaco et al. 2016:425, Říčan & Říčanová 2017:1.


  Genere Specie  

Australoheros facetus


Le specie di questo genere sono state classificate come membri del genere Cichlasoma fino al 2005. Il genere è stato istituito da Rícan & Kullander, in base a studi cladistici che hanno individuato come alcune specie di Cichlasoma siano discendenti da una specie ancestrale diversa da quella delle altre specie assegnate al genere.



Genere diffuso in America centrale e meridionale. Al genere appartengono circa 29 specie, tra cui una è stata intro-dotta con acclimatazione nelle acque costiere del sud della Spagna e del Portogallo.



Bibliografia - Bertaco, V.A., J. Ferrer, F.R. Carvalho and L.R. Malabarba, 2016. Inventory of the freshwater fishes from a densely collected area in South America -- a case study of the current knowledge of Neotropical fish diversity. Zootaxa 4138 (n° 3): 401-440.

Casciotta, J.R., A.E. Almirón and S.E. Gómez, 2006. A new species of Australoheros (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the río Iguazú basin, Argentina. Zoologische Abhandlungen, Staatliche Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden, Museum für Tierkunde. v. 55: 77-83.

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & R. van der Laan (eds), 2018. Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References:


Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp.

Musilová, Z., O. Říčan, K. Janko and J. Novák, 2008. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Neotropical cichlid fish tribe Cichlasomatini (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution v.46: 659-672.

Ottoni, F.P., O.T. Oyakawa and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2008. A new species of the genus Australoheros from the rio Ribeira do Iguape basin, São Paulo, Brazil (Labroidei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Vertebrate Zoology v. 58 (n° 1): 75-81.

Ottoni, F.P. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2008. Taxonomic revision of the genus Australoheros Rícan & Kullander, 2006 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with descriptions of nine new species from southeastern Brazil. Vertebrate Zoology v. 58 (n° 2): 207-232.

Ottoni, F.P., 2010. Australoheros capixaba, a new species of Australoheros from south-eastern Brazil (Labroidei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Vertebrate Zoology v. 60 (n° 1): 19-25.

Ottoni, F.P., A.Q. Lezama, M.L. Triques, E.N. Fragoso-Moura, C.C.T. Lucas and F.A.R. Barbosa, 2011. Australoheros perdi, new species (Teleostei: Labroidei: Cichlidae) from the lacustrine region of the Doce River Valley, southeastern Brazil, with biological information. Vertebrate Zoology v. 61 (n° 1): 137-145.

Ottoni, F.P., 2012. Three new species of Australoheros from southeastern Brazil, with taxonomic notes on Chromys oblonga, Heros autochton and H. jenynsii (Teleostei: Labroidei: Cichlidae). Vertebrate Zoology v. 62 (n° 1): 83-96.

Říĉan, O. and S.O. Kullander, 2008. The Australoheros (Teleostei: Cichlidae) species of the Uruguay and Paraná River drainages. Zootaxa N° 1724: 1-51.

Říĉan, O., R. Zardoya and I. Doadrio, 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of Middle America cichlids (Cichlidae, Heroini) based on combined evidence from nuclear genes, mtDNA, and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution v. 49: 941-957.

Říčan, O., L. Piálek, A.E. Almirón and J.R. Casciotta, 2011. Two new species of Australoheros (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with notes on diversity of the genus and biogeography of the Río de la Plata basin. Zootaxa N° 2982: 1-26.

Říčan, O., L. Piálek, K. Dragová and J. Novák, 2016. Diversity and evolution of the Middle American cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with revised classification. Vertebrate Zoology v. 66 (n° 1): 1-102.

Říčan, O. and Š. Říčanová, 2017. Live coloration, habitat, biogeography and phylogenetic position of Australoheros guarani Říčan & Kullander, 2008 (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Ichthyological Contributions of PecesCriollos N° 57: 1-6.

Schindler, I., F.P. Ottoni and M.M. Chefee, 2011. Heros acaroides Hensel, 1870 -- a valid species of Australoheros (Tele-ostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Patos-Mirim lagoon system, south Brazil. Vertebrate Zoology v.60 (n° 2):139-146.


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