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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros

Chanchito,

Australoheros facetus (Jenyns, 1842)


 

Nomi comuni esteri Spagna - Chanchito, Chanchita, Castañeta, Chata, Palometa, Palometa Negra, Peine, Vieja. Portogallo - Chanchito, Castanhola. Inglese - Chameleon cichlid. Tedesco - Chanchito. Danimarca - Chanchito. Finlandia - Kalterikirjoahven. Cina - Mei li ti yu (美丽体鱼).

 

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Australoheros facetus (Jenyns, 1842). Fish, Voyage Beagle 104. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Chromis facetus Jenyns, 1842. Fish. In: The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R. N., during the years 1832 to 1836. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. Issued in 4 parts. Fish, Voyage Beagle i-xvi + 1-172; 104. Chromis può essere maschile o femminile; sembra che Jenyns lo tratti come maschile in base alla specie inclusa facetus. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Nandopsis faceta (Jenyns 1842), secondo Burgess 2000:48 (scritto facetum). Nomenclatura valida come Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns 1842), secondo Malabarba 1989:163, Pequeño 1989:62, Gómez & Chebez 1996:66, Haro et al. 1996:6, Dyer 2000:89 (con genere provvisorio 'Cichlasoma'), López et al. 2002:65 (come 'Cichlasoma'), Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:622 (come incertae sedis in 'Cichlasoma'), Rícon & Kullander 2003:794 (come 'Cichlasoma'), López et al. 2003:75 (come fasciatum), Menni 2004:87. Nomenclatura valida come Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo  & Kullander 2006:141, Casciotta et al. 2006:77, Říĉan & Kullander 2008:4, Ottoni et al. 2008:75, Ottoni & Costa 2008:208, Ottoni & Cheffe 2009:155, Schindler et al. 2010:141, Koerber 2011:8, Ottoni et al. 2011:138, Ríčan et al. 2011:2, Ottoni 2012:84, Ottoni 2013:166, Koerber 2014:14, Litz & Koerber 2014:35, Schindler & Heijns 2015:241, Mirande & Koerber 2015:59, Říčan et al. 2016:28, Nión et al. 2016:50 scritto facetum, Říčan & Říčanová 2017:5. Località tipo - Laguna del Diario, 34°54' S, 55°00' W, Maldonado, Uruguay. Tipo- Olotipo ?UMZC (Darwin n° 660).

Herichthys facetum (Jenyns, 1842). Fish, Voyage Beagle 104. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns, 1842). Fish, Voyage Beagle 104. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Heros acaroides Hensel, 1870. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Wirbelthiere Südbrasiliens. (Fortsetzung). Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 36 (n° 1): 50-91. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns 1842), secondo Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:622 (come incertae sedis in 'Cichlasoma'). Sinonimo di Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo Říčan & Kullander 2008:4, Ottoni & Costa 2008:208. Località tipo - Porto Alegre, Brasile. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ZMB 7455 (2).

Heros autochthon Günther, 1862. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii, Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. V. 4: i-xxi + 1-534. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Nandopsis autochthon (Günther 1862), secondo Burgess 2000:48. Sinonimo di Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns 1842), secondo Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:622 (come incertae sedis in 'Cichlasoma'). Sinonimo di Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo gli autori del Catalog of fishes della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Brasile. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH 1961.7.7.2-4 (3), 1961.7.7.6 (1).

Heros jenynsii Steindachner, 1869. Eine Abhandlung über einige neue Fischarten aus den Sammlungen des Wiener-Museums. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien v. 6 (n° 19): 149-150. Specie illustrata e descritta in dettaglio in Steindachner 1870:292. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns 1842), secondo Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:622 (come incertae sedis in 'Cichlasoma'). Sinonimo di Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo Říčan & Kullander 2008:4, Ottoni & Costa 2008:208. Località tipo - Montevideo, Uruguay. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - NMW 17324-27 (1, 1, 1, 1), 58722 (1).

Chromys oblonga Castelnau, 1855. Poissons. In: Animaux nouveaux or rares recueillis pendant l'expédition dans les parties centrales de l'Amérique du Sud, de Rio de Janeiro a Lima, et de Lima au Para; exécutée par ordre du gouvernement Français pendant les années 1843 a 1847 ... Part 7, Zoologie. Paris (P. Bertrand). V. 2: i-xii + 1-112, Pls. 1-50. Catalogo - Blanc 1962:205, Bauchot et al. 1978:46. Il genere originale doveva essere Chromis. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Specie inquirenda in Cichlasoma, secondo Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:625, Rícon & Kullander 2003:794. Sinonimo di Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo Říčan & Kullander 2008:4, Ottoni & Costa 2008:208. Località tipo - Rio Tocantins, Goiás, Brasile. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN A-9485.

Pomotis tetracanthus Cuvier, 1829. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome troisième. Suite du Livre troisième. Des percoïdes à dorsale unique à sept rayons branchiaux et à dents en velours ou en cardes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. i-xxviii + 2 pp. + 1-500; v. 3 94. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:117. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Australoheros facetus (Jenyns 1842), secondo Fishbase. Specie di ciclide da identificare, secondo gli autori del Catalog of fishes della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Buenos Aires, Argentina. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MNHN 5344 (3).

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids).. p. 605-654. In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 

 

Distribuzione di Australoheros facetus

 

 

Specie originaria del Sud America: ambienti di foce e salmastri dell'Uruguay e del Rio Grande, Brasile, zona inferiore del bacino fluviale del Paraná in Argentina. Introdotta, con acclimatazione, nella zona sud occidentale della Penisola Iberica.

 

 

Introduzioni di Australoheros facetus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

Argentina

Cile

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Filippine

nessun dato

1980 - 1986

Brasile

Spagna

si

1943

Argentina

Portogallo

si

 

 

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Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, USA.

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