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Pesce gioiello striato,

Hemichromis fasciatus, Peters 1857


 

Nomi comuni esteri -  Inglese - Banded jewelfish, Five-spot cichlid. Francese - Hémichromis rayé. Polonia - Czerwieniak piecioplamy. Finlandia - Laikkukirjoahven, Laikkutimanttiahven. Sud Africa - Balk-juweelvis. Arabia Saudita - Gursh. Burkina Faso - Kerebugu, Pe-raoogo. Angola - Kanzema, Lutundwa, Lwasa, Mbungo, Sese, Thundwa, Tsha wamba, Tshikele. Ghana - Aboryi, Aboye, Boryi, Loku. Gabon - Esso, Mourindi, Nlindi, Nngúwan N Marianas Orrindi. Nigeria - Doubopulofunu, Gunimuti, Eji, Koro, Kulkula, Nkoro. Chad - Dware, Dworing, Kome, Mbubling. Senegal - Buux, Caxat, Khoss, Suur duul. Sierra Leone - Gbamgbama, Koeyei, Ku-wale, Mafarato. Sudan - Mbagui. Cina - Tiao wen ban li yu (条纹伴丽鱼).

 

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Hemichromis fasciatus Peters, 1857. Neue Gattung von Chromiden. Monatsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Berlin 1857: 403. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857, secondo Lévêque et al. 1989:122, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304, Paugy et al. 1990:342, Daget & Teugels 1991:190, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739, Poll & Gosse 1995:265, Dankwa et al. 1999:47, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:541, Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2709, Pezold et al. 2016:106, Neumann et al. 2016:307 come cf. fasciatus. Località tipo - "Africa occidentalis, Guinea" (Ghana secondo Loiselle, 1979). Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ZMB 4287 (2); RMNH 2278 (3).

Hemichromis desguezii de Rochebrune, 1880. Description de quelques nouvelles espèces de poissons propres à la Sénégambie. Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4: 159-169. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857, secondo Daget & Teugels 1991:191, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739 (con incertezza). Località tipo - Fiumi Casamance e Gambia, Africa occidentale. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Hemichromis frempongi Loiselle, 1979. A revision of the genus Hemichromis Peters 1858 (Teleostei: Cichlidae). 1. - The Hemichromis fasciatus species group 2. - The Hemichromis bimaculatus species group 3. - The Hemichromis guttatus species group. 4 - The Hemichromis letourneaux species group. Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale Serie 8 Sciences Zoologiques N° 228: 1-124. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Hemichromis frempongi Loiselle 1979, secondo Daget & Teugels 1991:192. Sinonimo di Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739. Località tipo - Lago Bosumptwi a Abono, Ghana. Tipo - Olotipo MRAC 173001. Paratipi - MRAC 153296-308 (13), 173002-012 (11).

Hemichromis leiguardii de Brito Capello, 1873. Primeria lista dos peixes da ilha da Madeira, Açores, e das possessões portuguezas d'Africa, que existem no Museu de Lisboa (Continuação). Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 4: 83-88. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857, secondo Daget & Teugels 1991:191, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739. Località tipo - Guinea-Bissau. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (5).

Hemichromis fasciatus var. violacea Pellegrin, 1922. Poissons de Sénégal envoyés par le Dr. Soing. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 28 (n° 4): 267-269. Catalogo - Blanc 1962:212. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857, secondo Daget & Teugels 1991:192. Località tipo - Senegal. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN 1922-0007.

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 541. 

 

Distribuzione di Hemichromis fasciatus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie diffusa in Africa occidentale dove si incontra nella maggior parte dei bacini idrografici. Segnalata anche nel bacino del Nilo, nel di bacino del Lago Chad e nel bacino superiore del fiume Zambesi. Probabilmente assente dal bacino del Congo. Introdotta nel 1970 a Villach (Austria) in un torrente alimentato da sorgenti termali.

 

 

Introduzioni di Hemichromis fasciatus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Hawaii

probabile

1970 - 1979

ignota

Filippine

nessun dato

 

 

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