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Tilapia dorata,

Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagna - Tilapia azul, Tilapia áurea, Mojarra. Inglese - Blue tilapia, Tilapia, Golden tilapia, Israeli tilapia, Kurpertilapia. Tedesco - Goldtilapia. Svezia - Guldtilapia. Finlandia - Kultatilapia. Estonia - Sinine vääristilaapia. Federazione russa - Tilapiya golubaya. Afrikaans - Israelse tilapia. Turchia - Israil çipurası, Tatlı su çipurası, Tilapya. Israele - Amnon hayaor, Amnun hayarden, Amnun yarden. Arabo - Abiad Hasani, Bolti Azrak, Musht lubbad. Sierra Leone - An-boh boh, Kpeloi, Sayray. Nigeria - Epia  Yoruba, Gargaza, Ifunu, Karwa, Mpupa, Tome, Tsokungi, Ukuobu. Chad - Biering-pill, Sale, Sohn-pill. Camerun - Fartere, Gargassa, Holinga, Karpassa, Partere. Senegal - Waas, Waas xos, Wass khoss, Wass-bor. Cina - Ao li ya kou fu fei ji (奥利亚口孵非鲫(引进)), Ao li ya fei ji (奥利亚非鲫).

 

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Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864). Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 14. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Chromis aureus Steindachner, 1864. Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [Con sottotitoli I-VIII]. Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 14: 223-232, Pls. 7-8. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Tilapia aurea (Steindachner 1864), secondo Lee et al. 1980:771, Boschung 1992:150. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner 1864), secondo Krupp & Schneider 1989:396, Page & Burr 1991:334, Trewavas & Teugels 1991:311, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:763, Skelton 1993:330, Mekkawy 1995:1, Zhu 1995:172, 206, Fuller et al. 1999:435, Rafique 2000:327, Carpenter 2001:3336, Skelton 2001:330, Moyle 2002:420, Carpenter 2003:1693, Mirza 2003:24, Nelson et al. 2004:153, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:209, Fricke et al. 2007:92, Scharpf 2009:8, Minckley & Marsh 2009:265, Marshall 2011:257, Kottelat 2013:374, Page et al. 2013:156, Barriga S. 2014:118, Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:335, Çiçek et al. 2015:152, Zhang et al. 2016:213, Neumann et al. 2016:307, Esmaeili et al. 2017:88, Bruton et al. 2018:110, Esmaeili et al. 2018:71, Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345, Robins et al. 2018:385. Località tipo - Africa occidentale. Tipo - Lectotipo NMW 32874. Lectotipo designato da Trewavas 1965:265.

Tilapia aurea (Steindachner, 1864). Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]. Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 223-232; v. 14 229 Pl. 8 (fig. 5). Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Sarotherodon aureus (Steindachner, 1864). Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]. Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 223-232; v. 14 229 Pl. 8 (fig. 5). Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis aurea (Steindachner, 1864). Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]. Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 223-232; v. 14 229 Pl. 8 (fig. 5). Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis auraeus (Steindachner, 1864). Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]. Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 223-232; v. 14 229 Pl. 8 (fig. 5). Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis niloticus (non Linnaeus, 1758). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia affinis (non Duméril, 1858). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia heudeloti (non Duméril, 1858). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia heudelotii (non Duméril, 1858). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia kacherbi Wunder, 1960. Status: nomen nudum, nomenclatura non valida.

Tilapia kashabi Elster, 1958. Status: nomen nudum, nomenclatura non valida.

Tilapia melanopleura (non Duméril, 1861). Status: errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura non valida.

Tilapia nilotica exul Steinitz, 1951. A new subspecies of Tilapia nilotica (L.) from Palestine. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Serie 12) v. 4 (n° 41): 513-518. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Tilapia aurea (Steindachner 1864), secondo Goren 1974:102. Sinonimo di Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner 1864), secondo Krupp & Schneider 1989:396, Trewavas & Teugels 1991:312. Località tipo - Ein Feshkha, Mar Morto. Tipo - Olotipo HUJ 1209. Paratipi - HUJ 1210-12 (3).

Tilapia nilotica (non Linnaeus, 1758). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia lemassoni Blache & Miton, 1960. Poissons nouveau du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. (suite et fin). III. Cyprinodontidae-Cichlidae. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no° 3): 214-218. Catalogo - Blanc 1961:274, Blanc 1962:223. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner 1864), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:312, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:763. Località tipo - Bacino del Lago Chad. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MNHN 1959-0222 (2) Mare de Mbélé, Lagina inferiore; CEPFL 1190 (1), 1194 (1), 1200 (1), 749-56 (8), 758-69 (12), 773-76 (4).

Tilapia monodi Daget, 1954. Les poissons du Niger Supérieur. Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire N° 36: 1-391. Catalogo - Blanc 1961:274, Blanc 1962:224 (come olotipo e paratipi). Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner 1864), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:312, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:763. Località tipo - Diafarabé, Sudan ed altre località. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (55) MNHN 1954-0006 (1), 1960-0490 (6).

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. Pagina: 194.

 

Distribuzione europea di Oreochromis aureus

 
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Specie diffusa in Africa ed Eurasia. Valle del Giordano, basso corso del Nilo, bacino del lago Ciad e Benue, corso medio e superiore del fiume Niger in Senegal. Introdotta in molti paesi a scopo alimentare si è in seguito acclimatata nelle acque interne: Cipro, oasi di Azraq (Giordania), Stati Uniti, America Centrale e Meridionale, Sud-est asiatico. In Italia la specie è segnalata in alcuni fiumi del mantovano alimentati dalle acque reflue degli scarichi delle centrali elettriche, ed in alcuni corsi d'acqua della Maremma toscana, ma le segnalazioni necessitano di conferma.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oreochromis aureus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Polinesia Francese

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Cecoslovacchia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Dominica

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Rep. Domenicana

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Antigua

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Antille Olandesi

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Haiti

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Russia

non probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Singapore

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Siria

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Emirati Arabi Uniti

nessun dato

non conosciuto

Israele

Gran Bretagna

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Australia

no

1970 - 1979

ignota

Turchia

si

1980 - 1989

Israele

Zambia

probabile

1983 - 1984

Israele

Lago Darwendale

nessun dato

1910

Israele

Sud Africa

si

1957

Israele

USA

si

1957

Africa

USA

si

1962

Israele

Uganda

no

1963

USA

El Salvador

si

1964

USA

Messico

si

1965

El Salvador

Costarica

si

1965

USA

Brasile

si

1968

Messico

Cuba

si

1970

Israele

Tailandia

si

1971

USA

Portorico

si

1974

ignota

Viti Levu, Fiji

si

1974

Israele

Taiwan

si

1974

El Salvador

Guatemala

si

1974

Costarica

Guatemala

si

1976

Israele

Cipro

probabile

1977

USA

Filippine

probabile

1977

Singapore

Filippine

probabile

1978

Costarica

Nicaragua

si

1978

Gran Bretagna

Kenya

nessun dato

1979

Florida, USA

Kuwait

nessun dato

1980

ignota

Rep. Domenicana

si

1980

Taiwan

Giappone

si

1981

Mozambico

Costa d'Avorio

no

1981

Belgio

Costa d'Avorio

nessun dato

1981

Hong Kong

Cina

si

1983

Cuba

Perù

si

1984

Lago Manzalla, Egitto

Israele

non probabile

1984

Gran Bretagna

Israele

non probabile

1984

Cuba

URSS

non probabile

1985

Egitto

Pakistan

si

1985

ignota

Bahamas

nessun dato

1987

Portorico

Panama

si

 

 

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