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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis

La tilapia del Mozambico,

Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Tilapia mosambica, Mojarra. Portoghese - Tilápia-de-Moçambique. Francese - Tilapia du Mozambique. Inglese - Mozambique tilapia, African mouthbrooder, Common tilapia, Kurper bream, Largemouth kurper, Mozambique cichlid, Mozambique mouthbrooder. Tedesco - Mosambik-Maulbrüter, Mossambik-Buntbarsch, Weißkehlbarsch. Afrikaans - Blou kurper. Danimarca - Mozambique-cichlide, Mozambique-mundruger. Svezia - Mossambique-tilapia. Finlandia - Valkoleukatilapia. Federazione Russa - Mozambikskaya tilapiya. Giappone - Kawasuzume. Cina - Fai chau chak ue, Gam san tsak, Wu-Kuo yu. Viet Nam - Cá Rô Phi. Cambogia - Trey tilapia khmao. India - Thilapia, Jelebi meen, Jilebi, Kolathile-meen, Mandapa. Indonesia - Mujair, Mujair. Fiji - Malea. Kenya - Para para. Malawi - Mphende, Nkobue. Martinica - Lapia.

 

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Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Chromis (Tilapia) mossambicus Peters 1852. Diagnosen von neuen Flussfischen aus Mossambique. Monatsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Berlin 1852: 275-276, 681-685. Catalogo - Ibarra & Stewart 1987:24. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Tilapia mossambica (Peters 1852), vedre Lee et al. 1980:774, Uyeno & Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:190, Wang 1984:105, Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:256, Ye in Pan et al. 1991:415. Nomenclatura valida come Sarotherodon mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Pethiyagoda 1991:236, Indra 1991:242. Nomenclatura valida come Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Ortega & Vari 1986:20, Heemstra 1986:670, Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:534, Allen & Coates 1990:89, Page & Burr 1991:334, Trewavas & Teugels 1991:325, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:887, Rema Devi 1992:359, Allen et al. 1992:301, Indra 1993:189, Kottelat et al. 1993:123, Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:250, Skelton 1993:325, Indra 1994:423, Zhu 1995:171, 205, Arthington & Cadwallader in McDowall 1996:179, Arun et al. 1996:103, Rainboth 1996:192, Rema Devi et al. 1996:142, Coad 1996:86, Zacharias et al. 1996:41, Cheng & Zhou 1997:310, Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:592, Manimekalan 1998:441, Marquet et al. 1999:43, Fricke 1999:362, Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:158, Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:173, Rema Devi et al. 1999:163, Fuller et al. 1999:439, Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 (scritto mossambica), Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:625, Nakabo 2000:916, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:73, Matsuura et al. 2000:215, Rafique 2000:327, Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 (scritto mossambica), Arunachalam et al. 2001:129 (scritto mossambica), Sakai et al. 2001:102, Carpenter 2001:3336, Hutchins 2001:37, Wang et al. 2001:240, Skelton 2001:325, Allen et al. 2002:370, Nakabo 2002:916, Raju Thomas et al. 2002:51 (scritto mossambica), Moyle 2002:417, Carpenter 2003:1693, Mirza 2003:24, Yadav 2003:24 (scritto mossambica), Tan & Lim 2004:110, Nelson et al. 2004:153, Seegers et al. 2003:44, Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:209, Grinang & Lim 2004:292, Mundy 2005:421, Allen et al. 2006:1437, Shestha 2008:220, Allen et al. 2008:196, Fricke et al. 2009:77, Scharpf 2009:9, Minckley & Marsh 2009:266, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193, Page & Burr 2011:612. Località tipo - Fiume Zambesi, Mozambico. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH [ex Peters] 1861.5.2.58-59 (2), FMNH 54267 [ex CM 2898] (2) Mosambico; ZMB 2805-06 (2, 1), 16035 (3), 31564 (15).

Oreochromis mozambica (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia mossambica (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia mossambica mossambica (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione con cambio di grado, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia mossambicus (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Sarotherodon mossambicus (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis niloticus mossambicus Peters, 1852. Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis mossambica (Peters, 1852). Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Cromis mossambicus Peters, 1852. Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1852 681. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, + errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis niloticus (non Linnaeus, 1758). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia zillii (nonGervais, 1848). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia arnoldi Gilchrist & Thompson 1917. The freshwater fishes of South Africa. (Continued.). Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 6): 465-575, Pl. 3. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di  Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:327. Località tipo - Fiume Mazoe, Rodesia, South Africa. Tipo - SAM 10862 (adesso al AMG).

Chromis dumerilii Steindachner 1864. Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (VII.) [With subtitles I-VIII]. Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 223-232; v. 14 225 Pl. 7 (fig. 1). Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di  Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:327. Località tipo - Africa occidentale. Tipo - Olotipo NMW 32907.

Tilapia dumerilii (Steindachner, 1864). Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien v. 14 225 Pl. 7 (fig. 1). Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis vorax Pfeffer 1893. Ostafrikanische Fische gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann in Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaflichen Anstalten v. 10: 131-177, 3 pls. Catalogo - Wilkens & Dohse 1993:406, con olotipo. Scelta di catalogo e lectotipo - Ladiges et al. 1958:164. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di  Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:327. Località tipo - Mozambico. Tipo - Lectotipo ZMH H399. Paralectotipi - ZMH H400 (1).

Tilapia vorax (Pfeffer, 1893). Jahrb. Wiss. Anst. Hamburg v. 10 151 [23] Pl. 2 (figs. 9-11). Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis natalensis Weber 1897. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Fauna von Süd-Afrika. I. Zur Kenntniss der Süsswasser-Fauna von Süd-Afrika. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere v. 10: 135-155. Catalogo - Matthes 1964:181, Nijssen et al. 1982:87. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di  Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters 1852), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:327. Località tipo - Fiume Illovo, Natal, South Africa. Tipo - Olotipo ZMA 101440 (?NMW 32599). Paratipi - ZMA 101441 (5), ?NMW 32599.

Tilapia natalensis (Weber, 1897). Zool. Jahrb., Suppl. (Jena) v. 10 147. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia kafuensis (non Boulenger, 1912). Errore d'identificazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Trewavas, E., 1982. Tilapias: taxonomy and speciation. p. 3-13. In R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Oreochromis mossambicus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie originaria dell'Africa meridionale: corso inferiore dei fiumi Zambesi e Shiré, pianure costiere dal delta dello Zambesi all'Algoa Bay. giunge a sud fino al fiume Brak, nella zona orientale della Provincia del Capo e nel bacino del fiume Limpopo nel Transvaal. Ampiamente allevata in acquacoltura, è stata immessa, volontariamente od accidentalmente, nelle acque interne di molti paesi, creando spesso problemi all'ecologia autoctona. In Europa le tilapie vengono regolarmente allevate per scopi alieutici ed alimentari e spesso ne viene tentata l'acclimatazione (Belgio, Slovacchia, Germania, Olanda, Russia ecc.). In Italia sembrano essere presenti in alcuni corsi d'acqua del mantovano alimentati dagli scarichi caldi delle centrali ed in alcuni fiumi della Maremma toscana, ma le segnalazioni devono essere confermate. Altre fonti riportano di acclimatazione di O. mossambicus nel bacino del Mar Nero.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oreochromis mossambicus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Antille Olandesi

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Tuvalu

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Suriname

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Niue

si

non conosciuto

Mozambico

Angola

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Malta

non probabile

non conosciuto

Sud Africa

fiume Giordano

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Polinesia Francese

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Ecuador

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Cecoslovacchia

non probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Cambogia

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Bahamas

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Gran Bretagna

non probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Burundi

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Isole Vergini, USA

si

1942 - 1945

Indonesia

Singapore

si

1941 - 1945

Indonesia

Malesia

probabile

1940 - 1949

Asia

Seychelles

si

1960 - 1969

ignota

Naru

si

1970 - 1979

ignota

Yap, Isole Caroline

si

1950 - 1959

ignota

Tahiti

si

1970 - 1979

ignota

Turchia

si

1960 - 1969

ignota

Brasile

si

1955 - 1956

ignota

Antigua

si

1980 - 1989

ignota

Benin

si

1939

Africa Orientale

Indonesia

si

1940

Singapore

Hong Kong

si

1944

Java

Taiwan

si

1944

Java

Malesia

si

1947

Sud Africa

Namibia

si

1949

Malesia

Tailandia

probabile

1949

Malesia

Santa Lucia

si

1949

Santa Lucia

Trinidad

si

1949

Santa Lucia

Grenada

si

1950

Santa Lucia

Jamaica

si

1950

Santa Lucia

Martinica

si

1950

Santa Lucia

Dominica

si

1950

ignota

Panama

si

1950

Tailandia

Filippine

si

1950

Santa Lucia

Barbados

si

1951

Jamaica

Haiti

si

1951

Filippine

Vietnam

si

1951

ignota

Sud Africa

si

1951

Haiti

Guaiana

si

1951

Singapore

Hawaii

si

1951

Tailandia

Pakistan

si

1951

Indonesia

Pakistan

si

1951

Africa

Vietnam

si

1951

Egitto

Pakistan

si

1951

Africa

USA

si

1951

Africa Orientale

Sri Lanka

si

1952

Tailandia

India

probabile

1953

Tailandia

Corea

no

1953

Haiti

Rep. Domenicana

si

1953

Sud Africa

Congo

si

1954

Malesia

Papua Nuova Guinea

si

1954

Tailandia

Bangladesh

si

1954

Tailandia

Egitto

si

1954

Malesia

Viti Levu, Fiji

si

1954

Filippine

Guam

si

1954

Tailandia

Giappone

si

1954

Filippine

Nuova Caledonia

si

1955

Fiji

Isole Cook

si

1955

Fiji

Samoa Occidentali

si

1955

Fiji

Tongatapu, Is. Tonga

si

1955

Fiji

Nuova Caledonia

si

1955

Filippine

Fiji

si

1955

El Salvador

Guatemala

si

1955

Tailandia

Laos

si

1955

Filippine

Saipan, Is. Mariane

si

1955

Saipan, Is. Mariane

Pagan, Is. Mariane

si

1956

Mauritius

Madagascar

si

1956

El Salvador

Honduras

si

1956

Noumea, Nuova Caledonia

Efate & Tana, Vanuatu

si

1956

Mozambico

Madagascar

si

1957

Samoa Occidentali

Samoa USA

si

1957

ignota

Algeria

si

1957

ignota

Isole Salomone

si

1957

Suriname

Curaçao

si

1957

Vietnam

Cina

si

1958

Trinidad

Venezuela

si

1958

fiume Kafue, Zambia

Tanzania

si

1958

Guatemala

El Salvador

si

1958

Hawaii

Kiribati

si

1958

USA

Portorico

si

1959

El Salvador

Nicaragua

si

1960

ignota

Suriname

probabile

1960

USA

Colombia

si

1961

ignota

Kenya

nessun dato

1961

Vietnam del Nord

Russia

non probabile

1962

Vietnam

URSS

non probabile

1962

Zanzibar

Uganda

si

1963

El Salvador

costarica

si

1963

ignota

Isole Gilbert

si

1964

USA

Messico

si

1965

ignota

Maldive

si

1965

Madagascar

Costa d'Avorio

no

1966

Sud Africa

Israele

no

1966

ignota

Wallis e Fortuna

si

1966

Zaire

Tunisia

si

1968

Messico

Cuba

si

1978

ignota

Australia

si

1981

Panama

Perù

si

1983

Brasile

Bolivia

si

1983

ignota

Arabia Saudita

si

1985

ignota

Nepal

non probabile

1988

Paraguay

Argentina

no

 

 

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