www.ittiofauna.org
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org
Le Faune Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis

La tilapia del Nilo, Oreochromis niloticus

(Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Tilapia du Nil. Inglese - Nile tilapia, Baringo tilapia, Edward tilapia, Mango fish. Spagnolo - Mojarra, Tilapia del Nilo, Tilapia nilótica. Portoghese - Tilápia-do-Nilo. Tedesco - Nilbuntbarsch, Nil-Maulbrüter, Tilapie. Danimarca - Nil-mundruger, Nilcichlide. Svezia - Munruvare. Finlandia - Niilintilapia. Polonia -  Tilapia nilowa. Israele - Amnun. Giappone - Chikadai. Filippine - Pla pla, Tilapiya. Viet Nam - Cá Rô phi. Tailandia - Pla nil. Cambogia - Trey tilapia chhnoht. Laos - Nin. Arabia Saudita - Bulti. Nigeria - Bugu, Epia, Falga, Garagaza, Gargaza, Ifunu, Karfasa, Karwa, Mpupa, Tome, Tsokungi, Ukuobu. Chad - Biering-pill, Peng-pill, Sale. Sudan - Kpakaru. Etiopia - Koroso, Qoroosoo. Kenya -  Ngege, Nyamami. Ghana - Akpafiatsi, Didee, Gbolonu, Logokpa, Logokpa. Burkina Faso - Tegr-pere. Senegal - Wass. Gabon - Ekouni. Uganda - Nupe. Tanzania - Perege, Sato.

 

  Click on the image to magnify and for the references  
Click sull'immagine per ingrandire e per i riferimenti

 

Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Naturae, decima, reformata. V. 1, p. 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Perca nilotica Linnaeus 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824; v. 1 290. Catalogo - Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:254. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Tilapia nilotica (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Uyeno & Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:190, Ye in Pan et al. 1991:416, Boschung 1992:150. Nomenclatura valida come Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), [talvolta con sottospecie], vedere Ortega & Vari 1986:20, Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:538, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304, Coad 1991:21, Trewavas & Teugels 1991:330, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:760, Kottelat et al. 1993:123, Skelton 1993:330, Poll & Gosse 1995:284, Coad 1995:28, Mekkawy 1995:1, Zhu 1995:172, 206, Rainboth 1996:192, Coad 1996:86, Lee & Kim 1996:25, Cheng & Zhou 1997:309, Keith et al. 1999:102, Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:173, Albertson et al. 1999:5108, Fuller et al. 1999:441, Dankwa et al. 1999:48, Nakabo 2000:916, Rafique 2000:327, Carpenter 2001:3336, Kottelat 2001:152, Sakai et al. 2001:102, Wang et al. 2001:241, Skelton 2001:330, De Vos et al. 2001:130, 132, Kim & Park 2002:342, Moyle 2002:422, Nakabo 2002:91, Roe et al. 2002:903, Youn 2002:362, 630, Carpenter 2003:1693, Rafique et al. 2003:98, Mirza 2003:24, López et al. 2003:78, Hanel 2003:65, Nelson et al. 2004:153, Seegers et al. 2003:44, Menni 2004:88, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:209, Fricke et al. 2007:92, Shestha 2008:220, Fricke et al. 2009:77, Scharpf 2009:9, Minckley & Marsh 2009:267, Page & Burr 2011:613. Località tipo - Fiume Nilo. Tipo - Olotipo NRM LP 10.

Oreochromis nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, + errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis nilotics (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Sarotherodon niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia nilotious (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, + errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:328, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Lago Baringo, Kenya. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1933.2.23.12. Paratipi - BMNH 1933.2.23.13-22 (10).

Tilapia calciati Gianferrari 1924. Pesci raccolti in Eritrea dalla spedizione Corni-Calciati-Bracciani. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 63: 239-244. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:331. Località tipo - Fiume Setit [Tekeze], Eritrea, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MSNM 59 (ex MSNM 4312).

Tilapia cancellata Nichols, 1923. A new wrasse and two new cichlids from northeast Africa. American Museum Novitates N° 65: 1-4. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:328. Località tipo - Fiume Albano, circa 60 [non 6] chilometri ad ovest di Addagalla, Provincia di Harar, Etiopia, Africa orientale. Tipo - Olotipo AMNH 8187. Paratipi - AMNH 8203 (2).

Tilapia eduardiana Boulenger, 1912. Descriptions of three new African cichlid fishes of the genus Tilapia, preserved in the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (n° 55): 138-140. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329, Poll & Gosse 1995:285. Località tipo - Versante sud est del monte Ruwenzori, Uganda, a 3200 piedi di quota. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH 1907.4.20.21-26 (6).

Oreochromis niloticus filoa Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come descritto, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:330. Località tipo - Sorgenti termali del sistema dell'Awash, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1905.7.25.98. Paratipi - BMNH 1905.7.25.99, 1968.11.11.1-5.

Chromis guentheri Steindachner 1864. Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 14: 223-232, Pls. 7-8. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:331. Località tipo - Africa occidentale. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (molti) NMW 32598 (?).

Tilapia inducta Trewavas, 1933. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1. --11. The cichlid fishes. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (n° 259): 309-341. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie eduardianus (Boulenger 1912), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329. Località tipo - Lago Bunyoni, Africa orientale. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) BMNH 1933.2.23.121.

Tilapia regani Poll, 1932. Contribution à la faune des Cichlidae du lac Kivu (Congo Belge). Description d'une espèce nouvelle d'Haplochromis et d'une espèce nouvelle de Tilapia. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 23 (n° 1): 29-35, Pls. 1-2. Catalogo - Derijst 1991:70. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie eduardianus (Boulenger 1912), vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329, Poll & Gosse 1995:285 (con riserva). Località tipo - Kissenyi, Lago Kivu, Zaire (Repubblica Democratica del Congo). Tipo - Olotipo MRAC 20811. Paratipi - MRAC 20812-13 (2), 20995-97 (3), 21053-55 (3).

Oreochromis niloticus sugutae Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:333, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Sorgenti di soda a Karpeddo, sistema di Suguta, Kenya. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1967.6.14.1. Paratipi - BMNH 1967.6.14.2 (1, allotipo), 1967.6.14.3-13 (11), BMNH (13).

Oreochromis niloticus tana Seyoum & Kornfield, 1992. Taxonomic notes on the Oreochromis niloticus subspecies complex (Pisces: Cichlidae), with a description of a new subspecies. Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 70: 2161-2165. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, vedere il "Catalog of fishes" della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Lago Tana, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1968.9.11.9 +  materiale addizionale (4).

Tilapia vulcani Trewavas, 1933. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1. --11. The cichlid fishes. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (n° 259): 309-341. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Tilapia crassispina Arambourg 1948, basata su fossili e riferita anche alla sottospecie vulcani di Trewavas & Teugels 1991:334. Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, vedere Trewavas & Teugels 1991:334, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Lago Crater A nell'isola Centrale del Lago Rodolfo (Turkana), Kenya. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (7) BMNH 1933.2.23.71-76 (7?) + materiale addizionale BMNH 1933.2.23.78-85 (8 immaturi).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p.

 

 

Distribuzione di Oreochromis niloticus secondo FISHBASE

 

 

Specie èautoctona di Africa e Medio Oriente. Diffusa nei fiumi costieri di Israele, nel bacino del Nilo (dal lago Alberto fino al delta), nei bacini del Lago Ciad e dei fiumi Niger, Benue, Volta, Gambia e Senegal. Ampiamente allevata in ittiocoltura è stata immessa, volontariamente od accidentalmente, nelle acque interne di molti paesi. In Europa le tilapie sono regolarmente allevate per scopi alieutici ed alimentari e spesso ne viene tentata l'acclimatazione (Belgio, Slovacchia, Germania, Olanda, Russia ecc.). In Italia meridionale O. niloticus  è segnalata nel lago costiero di Lesina (Scordella G., Lumare F., Conides A. and Papaconstantinou C, 2003), ma la segnalazione deve essere confermata.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oreochromis niloticus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

1950 - 1974

ignota

Iraq

no

1975 - presente

ignota

Giamaica

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Brunei

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Russia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Giamaica

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Antille Olandesi

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Malta

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Laos

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Guayana

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Kiribati

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Gabon

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Francia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Ecuador

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Cecoslovacchia

non probabile

non conosciuto

Repubblica Centro Africana

Zaire

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Comore

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Cambogia

probabile

non conosciuto

Gabon

Principe e Sao Tomè

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Arabia Saudita

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Slovacchia

non probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Siria

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

fiume Giordano

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Gran Bretagna

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Scozia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Inghilterra

no

1927 - 1930

ignota

lago Bunyoni

si

1940 - 1949

ignota

Argentina

no

1970 - 1979

ignota

Singapore

si

1970 - 1979

ignota

Turchia

si

1950 - 1969

ignota

Tanzania

si

1960 - 1969

Colombia

Bolivia

si

1960 - 1969

Brasile

Bolivia

si

1970 - 1979

Giamaica

Santa Lucia

probabile

1954 - 1962

ignota

Kenya

si

1980 - 1985

Giamaica

Trinidad

nessun dato

1935

lago Bunyoni

laghi Bulera e Luhondo

si

1950

Madagascar

Mauritius

si

1950

Tanzania

Mauritius

si

1951

Rwanda

Burundi

si

1951

Congo

Burundi

si

1953

Sudan

Congo

si

1954

Tailandia

Bangladesh

si

1955

Israele

Sud Africa

non probabile

1956

ignota

Sri Lanka

si

1956

Egitto

Madagascar

si

1957

Ignota

Germania

no

1957

Israele

Belgio

non probabile

1957

Congo

Rep. Centro Africana

nessun dato

1957

Burkina Faso

Costa d'avorio

si

1957

Madagascar

Réunion

si

1958

ignota

Camerun

si

1962

Egitto

Giappone

si

1964

El Salvador

Nicaragua

si

1964

Costarica

Messico

si

1964

Africa

Messico

si

1965

Giappone

Tailandia

si

1966

Giappone

Taiwan

si

1966

Ignota

Tunisia

si

1967

Perù

Cuba

si

1968

Israele

Viti Levu, Fiji

si

1969

Kenya

Israele

no

1969

Taiwan

Indonesia

si

1970

Tailandia

Filippine

si

1971

Costa d'Avorio

Brasile

si

1972

Taiwan

Hong Kong

si

1973

Filippine

Vietnam

si

1973

Taiwan

Vietnam

si

1973

Tailandia

Vietnam

si

1974

Brasile

Portorico

si

1974

Costarica

Guatemala

si

1974

El Salvador

Guatemala

si

1974

Pentecoste, Brasile

USA

nessun dato

1976

Israele

Cipro

non probabile

1976

Brasile

Panama

si

1977

ignota

Haiti

probabile

1978

fiume Nilo

Cina

probabile

1978

Hong Kong

Cina

probabile

1978

USA

Honduras

si

1979

Panama

Costarica

si

1979

Tailandia

Malesia

si

1979

ignota

Repubblica Domenicana

si

1979

USA

El Salvador

si

1979

Brasile

Perù

si

1980

Panama

Colombia

probabile

1982

ignota

Grenada

nessun dato

1983

Scozia

Zambia

si

1983

Dominica

St. Vincent

nessun dato

1985

Egitto

Pakistan

si

1985

ignota

Buthan

nessun dato

1985

Tailandia

Nepal

no

1986

Scozia

Zimbabwe

si

1986

Liberia

Guinea

no

1989

Etiopia

Eritrea

probabile

1989

Cecoslovacchia

Polonia

no

1990

Tailandia

India

non probabile

1991

Fiji

Samoa

nessun dato

1993

Fiji

Rarotonga, Isole Cook

non probabile

2003

ignota

Isole Galapagos

si

 

 

Bibliografia - Abalos, T.U. 1997. The aquaculture engineering design of a freshwater recirculating system for intensive culture of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). p. 1. In Book of Abstracts. World Aquaculture '97. February 19-23, 1997, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Acuña, R.E., A.E. Openiano & A.B. Apongan 2001. Finfish resources. In Resource and ecological assessment of Panguil Bay-Terminal Report Vol.3 Resources of Panguil Bay. Mindanao State University at Naawan.

Adams-Sow, A. (Ed.) 1996. Poissons et Pêches du Fleuve Sénégal. Fédération des Paysans Organisés du Département de Bakel, Dakar, Sénégal. 106 p.

Ahmed, K.K.U, S.M.N. Amin, G.C. Haldar & S. Dewan 2003. Population dynamics and stock assessment of Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) in the Kaptai Reservoir, Bangladesh. Indian J. Fish. 50(1):47-52. Ajusie, C.C. and I.K.

Almazan, G.J., R.S.V. Pullin, A.F. Angeles, T.A. Manalo, R.A. Agbayani & M.T.B. Trono 1986.

Amarasinghe, U.S. & S.S. de Silva 1992. Population dynamics of Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus (Cichlidae) in two reservoirs in Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 5:37-61.

Amarasinghe, U.S. & S.S. de Silva 1996 Impact of Oreochromis mossambicus x O. niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) hybridization on population reproductive potential and long-term influence on a reservoir fishery. Fish. Manage. Ecol. 3:239-249.

Anderson, C.E. & R.O. Smitherman 1978. Production of normal male and androgen sex-reversed Tilapia aurea and Tilapia nilotica fed with a commercial catfish diet in ponds. p. 34-42. In:R.O. Smitherman, W. Shelton & H. Gover (ed.) Proceedings of the Symposium on Culture of Exotic Fishes, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 4-11 January 1978.

Andrews, S. 1985. Aquatic species introduced to Fiji. Domodomo 3(2):67-82.

Ang, K.J., R. Gopinath & T.E. Chua 1989. The status of introduced fish species in Malaysia. p. 71-82. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Anonymous 1993. Fish collection of the British Museum of Natural History. The information was derived from the catalog or the labels of the fish collection.

Anonymous 1994. Atlas pesquero de México. Instituto Nacional de la Pesca. 234 p.

Anonymous 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.

Anonymous 1997. Fisheries statistical bulletin, Kainji Lake, Northern Nigeria, 1997. Nigerian- German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series 9.

Anonymous 1999. Fish collection database of the National Museums of Kenya. National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi, Kenya.

Anonymous 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Anonymous 2000. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Zimbabwe. National Museum of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 240, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

Anonymous 2000. The ichthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.

Anonymous 2002. Fish collection of the Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT). MSU-IIT, Iligan City, Philippines.

Anonymous 2002. Fish collection of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Museum. UPV Museum.

Anonymous 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Aoki, T. 1999. Motile Aeromonads (Aeromonas hydrophila). p.427-453. In P.T.K. Woo & D.W. Bruno (ed.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Aquino, L.J. & B. Nielsen 1983. Primary production and growth rate of Tilapia nilotica in cages in Sampaloc Lake. p. 455-463. In L. Fishelson & Y. Yaron (comps.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel, 8-13 May 1983. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Arai, R. & A. Koike 1980. A karyotype study on two species of freshwater fishes transplanted into Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Ser.A. 6(4):275-278. Tokyo.

Arawomo, G.A.O. 1983. The growth of Sarotherodon (Tilapia) niloticus L. in Opa Reservoir, University of Ife, IleIfe, Niigeria. p. 221-227. In Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON). Kainji Lake Research Institute, New Bussa, Nigeria.

Arkhipchuk, V.V. 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

Arthur, J.R. & A.B.A. Ahmed 2002. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of Bangladesh. FAO Fish. Tech. Paper (T369/1).

Arthur, J.R. & S. Lumanlan-Mayo 1997. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 369, 102 p. FAO, Rome.

Ayala-Pérez, L.A., J.R. Miranda & D.F. Hernández 2003. La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada. Rev. Biol. Trop. 51(3):783-794.

Azolla pinnata as a dietary component for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. p. 523-528. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (ed.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Badr, E.A. & S.I. El-Dib 1977. Cytological studies on three species of the cichlid fish. Egypt. J. Genet. Cytol. 6:44-51.

Baijot, E. & J. Moreau 1997. Biology and demographic status of the main fish species in the reservoirs of Burkina Faso. p. 79-110. In E. Baijot, J. Moreau & S. Bouda (ed.) Hydrobiological aspects of fisheries in small reservoirs in the Sahel region.Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Bailey, R.G. 1994. Guide to the fishes of the River Nile in the Republic of the Sudan. J. Nat. Hist. 28:937-970.

Baird, I.G., V. Inthaphaisy, P. Kisouvannalath, B. Phylavanh & B. Mounsouphom 1999. The fishes of southern Lao. Lao Community Fisheries and Dolphin Protection Project. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Lao PDR.161 p.

Baker, J.R. 1960. Trypanosomes and dactylosomes from the blood of fresh-water fish in East-Africa. Parasitology 50:515-526.

Balite, L.R. 1993. Status of fish production and management of fisheries in the reservoirs of NPC Hydroelectric Power Plants (HEPs). p. 21-52. In R.C. Sevilleja, E.V. Manalili, & R.D. Guerrero III (ed.) Reservoir Fisheries Mgt in the Phil. (Proc. of the Nat'l Symp. Workshop on Reservoir Fish. Mgt. & Dev't., Jul 29-30, 1993, CLSU, Muñoz, Nueva). PCAMRD Book Ser. No. 17/1993.155 p.

Bard, J. 1960. Essais comparatifs de croissance des Tilapia macrochir et nilotica. Publ. Cons. Sci. Afr. Sud Sahara 63:175-177.

Barriga, R. 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88.

Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.) 2006. Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.

Barua, S.P., M.M.H. Khan & A.H.M. Ali Reza 2001. The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. p. 1-7. In P. Balakrishna (ed.) Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive species, GBF-SSEA. Colombo. IUCN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Basiao, Z. & A. San Antonio 1986. Growth and survival of Nile tilapia fingerlings in net cages without supplemental feed in Laguna Lake, Philippines. p. 533-538. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Basiao, Z.U. & N. Taniguchi 1984. An investigation of enzyme and other protein polymorphisms in Japanese stocks of the tilapias Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia zillii. Aquaculture 38:335-345.

Basmayor, L.O., R.D. Dioneda & V.S. Soliman 1997. The fishes and invertebrates of San Miguel Bay. p.36-47. In V.S. Soliman & R.D. Dioneda (ed.) Capture Fisheries Assessment of San Miguel Bay, Post-Resource and Ecological Assessment of San Miguel Bay, Phil., Vol.1. BFAR, Fish. Sect. Prog. and Bicol Univ. Coll. of Fish. SMB Post-REA Tech. Rep. 1,60 p.

Béarez, P. 2003. The hippopotamus pond (Burkina Faso): hydrobiology and fisheries. p. 98-107. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p.

Bell, L.A.J. & A.P. Mulipola 2000. Status of aquaculture and stock enhancement research and development in Samoa. Review Workshop of ACIAR/ICLARM Research on the Culture of Commercially Important Coral Reef Invertebrates in the Pacific Island Region, Honiara, Solomon Islands, 16-19 February 1998.

Ben-Tuvia, A. 1959. The biology of the cichlid fishes of Lakes Tiberias and Huleh. Bull. Res. Counc. Isr., Sect. B, 8B (4):153-188.

Beveridge, M.C.M., M.R.P. Briggs, A. Mowat, M.E. Northcott & L.G. Ross 1988 The function of microbranchiospines in tilapias. p. 311-317. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

BFAR 1996. Rapid Resource Appraisal of Taal Lake. Fisheries Component. First Report. UPLB Foundation Inc. and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources.

Bianco, P. 1981. Fish. p. 55-63. In L. Boitani (ed.) The Southern National Park. A master plan. Istituto di Zoologia, Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Roma (Italy). 220 p.

Blache, J. 1964. Les poissons du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. Étude systématique et biologique. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(2):483 p.

Bleher, H. 1994. Lanao. Aqua geographia 10(4):6-30.

Bleher, H. 1996. Bombon. Aqua geographia 12(4):6-34.

Bogutskaya, N.G. & A.M. Naseka 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296:21-30.

Breder, C.M. & D.E. Rosen 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p.

Broad, G. 2003. Fishes of the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc., pasi City. 510 pp.

Broussard, M.C. Jr., R. Reyes & F. Raguindin 1983. Evaluation of hatchery management schemes for large scale production of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings in Central Luzon, Philippines. p. 414-424. In L. Fishelson & Z. Yaron (compls.) International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel, 8-13 May 1983. Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen.

Chakalall, B. (comp.) 1993. Species cultured in insular Caribbean countries, Belize, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Caribbean Technical Co-operation Network in Artisanal Fisheries an Aquaculture. FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. RLAC/93/28-PES-24. Santiago, Chile. 32 p.

Chen, T.R. & H.X. Chen 1983 A comparative study of karyotypes in three Tilapia fishes. Acta Genet. Sin. 10:56-62.

Chiba, K., Y. Taki, K. Sakai & Y. Oozeki 1989. Present status of aquatic organisms introduced into Japan. p. 63-70. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Spec. Publ. Asian Fish. Soc. 3, 154 p.

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.

Chong, V.C., P.K.Y. Lee & C.M. Lau. 2010. Diversity, extinction risk and conservation of Malaysian fishes. J Fish Biol. 76(9):2009-2066.

Clarke, A. & N.M. Johnston 1999 .Scaling of metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in teleost fish. J. Anim. Ecol. 68:893-905.

Coad, B.W. 1995. Freshwater fishes of Iran. Acta Sci. Nat. Acad. Sci. Brno. 29(1):1-64.

Coad, B.W. 1996. Exotic fish species in the Tigris-Euphrates basin. Zoology in the Middle East 13:71-83.

Coche, A.G. 1977. Premiers résultats de l'élevage en cages de Tilapia nilotica dans le lac de Kossou, Côte d'Ivoire. Aquaculture 10:109-140.

Coleman, R. 2002. Cichlid egg size data.

Coulibaly, N.D. 2000. Noms communs et quelques significations pour les poissons commerciaux peches dans les Hauts-Bassins du fleuve Volta au Burkina Faso. MS.

Coulibaly, N.D. 2003. Common names of commercial fish species of the upper Volta Basin in Burkina Faso. p.215-222. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p.

Coulibaly, N.D. 2003. Length-weight relationships of 11 fish species of Burkina Faso. p. 20-22. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p.

Cruz, E.M. & Z.H. Shehadeh 1980. Preliminary results of integrated pig and duck-fish production tests. p. 225-238. In R.S.V. Pullin & Z.H. Shehadeh (eds.) Integrated agriculture-aquaculture farming systems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 4, 258 p.

Cui, J., Ren, X. & Yu, Q. 1991. Nuclear DNA content variation in fishes. Cytologia 56:425-429.

Cuvier, M.B. & M.A. Valenciennes 1844 Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome 17. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss., July, v. 17: i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp., Chez V. Levrault, Paris.

Dache, S.A.O. 1994. Observations on the fisheries, growth and mortality rate of Oreochromis niloticus (Tilapia) in the Nyanza Gulf of Lake Victoria. p. 59-65. In E. Okemwa, E.O. Wakwabi & A. Getabu (ed.) Recent trends in research on Lake Victoria fisheries. Proc. 2nd EEC Regl. Sem. Recent Trends in Res. On Lake Victoria Fish., KMFRI, 25-27 Sept. 1991,

Dankwa, H.R. 2003. Traditional knowledge of freshwater fishes in some fishing communities in Ghana. p. 223-229. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Dankwa, H.R., E.K. Abban & G.G. Teugels 1999. Freshwater fishes of Ghana: identification, distribution, ecological and economic importance. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool. 283:53 p.

De Guzman, A.B., W.H. Uy, J.G. Gorospe, A.E. Openiano, R.E. Acuña, R.L. Roa, R.C. Eballe, J.P. Garcia, R.D. Gaid, J.J. Samson & J.R. Santamina 2008. Sustainable Fisheries Management Program for Lake Mainit: Phase 1: Rapid Resource Assessment. Inception Report. Prepared by MSU at Naawan for the PCAMRD-DOST. 75p.

De Iongh, H.H. & J.C.J. Van Zon 1993. Assessment of impact of the introduction of exotic fish species in north-east Thailand. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 24:279-289.

de Moor, I.J. & M.N. Bruton 1988. Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. A report of the Committee for Nature Conservation Research National Programme for Ecosystem Research. South African Scientific Programmes Report No. 144. 310 p. Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

De Silva, S.S., R.M. Gunasekera & C. Keembiyahetty 1986. Optimum ration and feeding frequency in Oreochromis niloticus young. p. 559-564. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

De Vos, L., J. Snoeks & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde 2001. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Rwanda (east central Africa), with historical data on introductions of commercially important species. J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 90:41-68.

De Vos, L., Snoeks, J. & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde 1990. The effects of Tilapia introductions in Lake Luhondo, Rwanda. Environ. Biol. Fish. 27:303-308.

Dhora, Dhimitër 2010. Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa, 208 f.

du Feu, T.A. & J. Abiodun 1998. Predictions of fish yields and the status of the Kainji Lake fishery, 1998. Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Tech. Rep. Ser. 17. 56 p.

Eccles, D.H. 1992. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (project URT/87/016). FAO, Rome. 145 p.

Edwards, P., C. Pacharaprakiti & K. Kaewpaitoon 1984. Reuse of cesspool slurry and cellulose agricultural residues for fish culture. AIT Res. Rep. 166, 16 p.

Edwards, P., M. Kamal & L. Wee 1985. Incorporation of composted and dried water hyacinth in pelleted food for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Peters). Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 16:233-248.

Edwards, P., O.A. Sinchumpasak, E.A.R. Ouano & H. Tabucanon 1980. Fish cultivation in sewage stabilisation pond effluents. AIT Res. Rep. 110:62-101.

Eidman, H.M. 1989. Exotic aquatic species introduction into Indonesia. p. 57-62. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Eknath, A.E. 1995. The Nile tilapia. p. 177-194. In J.E. Thorpe, G.A.E. Gall, J.E. Lannan & C.E. Nash (ed.) Conservation of fish and shellfish resources: Managing Diversity. Academic Press Limited, London.

Eknath, A.E., M.M. Tayamen, M.S.P. de Vera, J.C. Danting, R.A. Reyes, E.E. Dionisio, J.B. Capili, H.L. Bolivar, T.A. Abella, A.V. Circa, H.B. Bentsen, B. Gjerde, T. Gjedrem & R.S.V. Pullin 1993. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: the growth performance of eight strains of Oreochromis niloticus tested in different farm environments. Aquaculture 111:171-188.

El Bolock, A. & R. Koura 1961 The age and growth of Tilapia galilaea, T. nilotica and T. zillii from Beteha area (Syrian region). Notes Mem. UAR (South. Reg.) Minist. Agric. Hydrobiol. Dep. 59:27 p.

El Zarka, S. 1961. Tilapia fisheries investigation in Egyptian lakes. I. Annulus formation on the scales of the cichlid fish Tilapia zillii (Gerv.) and its validity, in age and growth studies. Notes Mem. UAR (South. Reg.) Minist. Agric. Hydrobiol. Dep. 62:1-18.

Eldredge, L.G. 1994. Freshwater fishes. p. 73-84. In L.G. Eldredge, Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia.

Entsua-Mensah, M. and H.R. Dankwa 1997. Traditional knowledge and management of lagoon fisheries in Ghana. Technical Report No. 160. Water Research Institute, C.S.I.R. Achimota, Ghana.

Erdman, D.S. 1983. Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. n°. 2, second revised edition. 44 p.

Erdman, D.S. 1984. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico. p. 162-176. In W.R. Courtney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vol. 2905 p.

Falk, T.M., W. Villwock and L. Renwrantz 1998. Heterogeneity and subunit composition of the haemoglobins of five tilapiine species (Teleostei, Cichlidae) of the genera Oreochromis and Sarotherodon. J. Comp. Physiol. B 168:9-16.

FAO 1992. FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings, volume 74. FAO Fish. Series 43. 677 p.

FAO 1996. Aquaculture production statistics 1985-1994. FAO Fish. Circ. 815. 189 p.

FAO 1997. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species, FAO, Rome.

FAO 2002. Aquaculture production: values 1984-2001. FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics. Aquaculture production 2001. Vol. 92/2.

FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service 1991. Aquaculture production (1986-1989). FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 3. 141 p.

FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service 1993. Aquaculture production (1985-1991). FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 5. 213 p.

FAO-FIES 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list.

FAO-FIES 2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list.

Farmer, G.J. and F.W.H. Beamish 1969. Oxygen consumption of Tilapia nilotica in relation to swimming speed and salinity. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 26:2807-2821.

FiCen 2050. Common freshwater fishes of Vietnam. Fisheries Information Center of Vietnam (FiCen). Sô 10 Nguyen Công Hoan-Ba Dinh- Há Nôi, Vietnam.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1992. FAO yearbook 1990. Fishery statistics. Catches and landings. FAO Fish. Ser. (38). FAO Stat. Ser. 70:(105):647 p.

Fortes, R.D., V.L. Corre, Jr. and E. Pudadera 1986. Effects of fertilizers and feeds as nutrient sources on Oreochromis niloticus production in Philippine brackishwater ponds. p. 121-124. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 727 p.

Franck, J.P.C. & J.M. Wright 1993. Conservation of a satellite DNA sequence (SATB) in the tilapiine and haplochromine genome (Pisces: Cichlidae). Genome 36:187-194.

Frimodt, C. 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p.

Fryer 1999. Chlamydial infections of fish: Epitheliocystis. p.255-267. In P.T.K. Woo & D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders Vol. 3: Viral, bacterial and fungal infections. CABI Int'l.

Garcia-Abiado, M.A.R., J.G. Merculio & G.C. Mair 1996. The effect of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) on sperm count of Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquaculture Res. 27:95-100.

Garcia-Abiado, M.A.R., L.P. Pascual & G.C. Mair 1994 Use of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for induced spawning in tilapia under laboratory conditions. Asian Fish. Sci. 7:225-231. Garibaldi, L. 1996 List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.

Gelchu, A.A. 2000. Ethiopian fish names. Manuscript, 2 p.

Getabu, A. 1987. Aspects of the Lake Victoria fisheries with emphasis on Oreochromis niloticus and Alestes sadleri from the Nyanza Gulf. FAO Fish. Rep. 389:416-431.

Getabu, A. 1992. Growth parameters and total mortality in Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) from Nyanza Gulf, Lake Victoria. Hydrobiologia 232(1):91-97.

Getachew, T. & C.H. Fernando 1989 .The food habits of an herbivorous fish (Oreochromis niloticus Linn.) in Lake Awasa, Ethiopia. Hydrobiologia 174:195-200.

Getachew, T. 1987. A study on an herbivorous fish, Oreochromis niloticus L., diet and its quality in two Ethiopian Valley lakes, Awasa and Zwai. J. Fish Biol. 30:439-449.

Getachew, T. 1993. The composition and nutritional status of the diet of Oreochromis niloticus in Lake Chamo, Ethiopia. J. Fish Biol. 42(6):865-874.

Getahun, A. 2007. An overview of the diversity and conservation status of the Ethiopian freshwater fauna. J. Afrotrop. Zool. Special Issue:87-96.

Golani, D. & D. Mires 2000. Introduction of fishes to the freshwater system of Israel. Isr. J. Aquacult. / Bamidgeh 52(2):47-60.

Guererro, R.D. III 1998. Impact of tilapia introductions on the endemic fishes in some Philippine lakes and reservoirs. Aquacult. Asia 3(1):16-17.

Guerrero, R.D. III & L.A. Guerrero 1988. Feasibility of commercial production of sex-reversed Nile tilapia fingerlings in the Philippines. p. 183-186. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Guerrero, R.D. III 1976. Culture of Tilapia nilotica at two densities with fertilisation and supplemental feeding. Fish. Res. J. Philipp. 1(1):39-43.

Guerrero, R.D. III 1986. Production of Nile tilapia fry and fingerlings in earthen ponds at Pila, Laguna, Philippines. p. 49-52. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 727 p.

Guerrero, R.D. III, R.C. Sevilleja & A.M. Tolentino 1987. Studies on the cage culture of the Nile tilapia in Aya Reservoir and Laguna de Bay, Philippines. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 28:355-358.

Gwahaba, J.J. 1973. Effects of fishing on the Tilapia nilotica populations of Lake George, Uganda, over the past 20 years. East Afr. Wildl. J.11:317-328.

Hanel, L. 2003. Komentovaný prehled mihulí a ryb ceské republiky. Bull. Lampetra V:27-67.

Hanel, L. 2003. The ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: development and present state. Matthias Belivs Univ. Proc. 3(1):41-71.

Harbott, B.J. & J.T.N. Ogari 1982. The biology of the larger cichlid fish of Lake Turkana. p. 1331-1355. In A.J. Hopson (ed.) Lake Turkana. A report of the findings of the Lake Turkana project 1972-1975. ODA, London. Univ. Sterling, Sterling.

Harbott, B.J. 1975. Preliminary observations on the feeding of Tilapia nilotica Linn. in lake Rudolf. Afr. J. Trop. Hydrobiol. Fish. 4(1):27-37.

Herre, A.W.C.T. & A.F. Umali 1948. English and local common names of Philippine fishes. U. S. Dept. of Interior and Fish and Wildl. Serv. Circular No. 14, U. S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington. 128 p.

Hillman, J.C. 1993. List of introduced species of Eritrea. Compiled by staff of the Research Section, Ministry of Marine Resources, Massawa, Eritrea. 1 p.

Hinegardner, R. & D.E. Rosen 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Am. Nat. 106(951):621-644.

Holcík, J. 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.

Hopkins, K.D. & E.M. Cruz 1982. The ICLARM-CLSU integrated animal-fish farming project: final report. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 5, 96 p.

Houde, E.D. & C.E. Zastrow 1993. Ecosystem- and taxon-specific dynamic and energetics properties of fish larvae assemblages. Bull. Mar. Sci. 53(2):290-335.

Hureau, J.-C. 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Hynes, R.A., E.J. Duke & P. Joyce 1989. Mitochondrial DNA as a genetic marker for brown trout, Salmo trutta L., populations. J. Fish Biol. 35:687-701.

IGFA 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.

Iles, T.D. 1971. Ecological aspects of growth in African cichlid fishes. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 33(3):363-385.

Innal, D. & F. Erk'akan 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 16:39-50.

Iscandiri, N. 1985. Possible value of Notopterus afer as a predator in Tilapia nilotica ponds. p. 123-129. In C.A. Huisman (ed.) Aquaculture research in Africa. International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Islam, M.M., A.S.M.R. Amin & S.K. Sarker 2003. Bangladesh. p. 7-20. In N. Pallewatta, J.K. Reaser & A.T. Gutierrez (eds.) Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa. 111p.

Ita, E.O. 1984. Kainji (Nigeria). p. 43-103. In J.M. Kapetsky & T. Petr (ed.) Status of African reservoir fisheries. CIFA Tech. Pap. 10:326 p.

Ita, E.O. 1998. The current status of fish stocks and fisheries in Kainji Lake, 1996. Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project. December, 1998. 45 p.

Jackowski, E. 2001. Nazewnictwo ryb. Mag. Przem. Ryb. Gdynia. to be filled. ISSN 1428-362X.

Jalabert, B. & Y. Zohar 1982. Reproduction physiology in cichlid fishes, with particular reference to Tilapia and Sarotherodon. p. 129-140. In R.S.V. Pullin & R.H. Lowe-McConnell (ed.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7. 432 p.

Jalal, K.C.A. & A.J.M.A. Rouf 1997. Tilapia - as an exotic fish impacts on aquatic environment in Bangladesh. Fish. J. Garing 6(2):1-7.

Jang, M.-H., J.-G. Kim, S.-B. Park, K.-S. Jeong, G.-I. Cho & G.-J. Joo 2002. The current status of the distribution of introduced fish in large river systems of South Korea. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(2-3):319-328.

Japan Ministry of Environment 2005. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild. Website of the Japanese Ministry of the Environment (October 27, 2004) [PDF].

Jenneckens, I., A. Müller-Belecke, G. Hörtsgen-Schwark & J.-N. Meyer 1999. Proof of the successful development of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) clones by DNA fingerprinting. Aquaculture 173(1-4):377-388.

Jensen, K.W. 1957. Determination of age and growth of Tilapia nilotica (L.), T. galilaea (Act.), T. zillii (Gerv.) and Lates niloticus C. et V. by means of their scales. K. Nor. Vidensk. Selsk. Forh. 30(24):150-157.

Jory, D. 1998. Aquaculture in the Democratic Republic of St. Tomé & Príncipe. Aquacult. Mag. 24(3):34,36,38-43.

Jovani, M. & E. Tariku 1997. Management of the fisheries in Lake Langano. Proceeding of the National Fisheries Seminar, 7-9 April 1997.

Juliano, R.O., R.D. Guerrero III & I. Ronquillo 1989. The introduction of exotic aquatic species in the Philippines. p. 83-90. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Junjie, B., M. Zhongbo & Y. Zhilin 1989. The karyotype analysis of two Tilapis species and silver staining observation on nucleolar organizers. J. Chinese Acad. Fish. Sci. 2:21-28.

Kapetsky, J.M. & T. Petr 1984. Status of African reservoir fisheries. CIFA Tech. Pap. 10:326 p.

Khalil, L.F. & J.P. Thurston 1973. Studies on the helminth parasites of freshwater fishes of Uganda including the descriptions of two new species of digeneans. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr. 87(2):209-248.

Khater, A.A. & R.O. Smitherman 1988. Cold tolerance and growth of three strains of Oreochromis niloticus. p. 215-218. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.L. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim & J.H. Kim 2005. Illustrated book of Korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Pub Co. Seoul.

King, R.P. 1997. Growth performance of Nigerian fish stocks. Naga ICLARM Q. 20(2):31-35.

Kisumu, Kenya. Dadebo, E. 2000. Reproductive biology and feeding habits of the catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) (Pisces: Clariidae) in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 23(2):231-246.

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche & H. Greven 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Konan, F.K., F. Leprieur, A. Ouattara, S. Brosse, G. Grenouillet, G. Gourène, P. Winterton & S. Lek 2006. Spatio-temporal patterns of fish assemblages in coastal West African rivers: a self-organizing map approach. Aquat. Living Resour. 19(4):361-370.

Kottelat, M. & J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Kottelat, M. 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p.

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari & S. Wirjoatmodjo 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi = Ikan air tawar Indonesia Bagian Barat dan Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong.

Kronert, U., G. Hörstgen-Schwark & H.-J. Langholz 1989. Prospects of selecting for late maturity in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). I. Family studies under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture 77:113-121.

Krupp, F. & W. Schneider 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10.

Kudhonghania, A. & A.J. Cordone 1974. Past trends, present stocks and possible future state of the fisheries of the Tanzania part of the Lake Victoria. Afr. J. Trop. Hydrobiol. Fish. 3(2):167-181.

Labajo, Y.I. & O.M. Nuñeza 2003. Ichthyofauna of Lake Maiinit, Mindanao. Pap. presented at the 3rd Annu. Scientific Convention of the Philippines for the study of Nature, Inc., May, 2003 at UPV, Iloilo, Philippines.

Lalèyè, P.A. 2006. Length-weight and length-length relationships of fishes from the Ouémé River in Bénin (West Africa). J. Appl. Ichthyolol. 22:330-333. Lannan, C.N., J.L. Batholomew & J.L.

Lazard, J. & X. Rognon 1997. Genetic diversity of tilapia and aquaculture development in Côte d'Ivoire and Niger. Bamidgeh 49(2):90-98. Lazier, B., S. Langley, N.B. Ramsey & J.M. Wright 1996 Androgen inhibition of vitellogenin gene expression in Tilapia (Oreochromis nilooticus). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 104(3):321-329.

Leal-Flórez, J., M. Rueda & M. Wolff 2008. Role of the non-native fish Oreochromis niloticus in the lon g-term variations of abundance and species composition of the native ichthyofauna in a Caribbean estuar y. Bull. Mar. Sci. 82(3):365-380.

Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania & G.H. Burgess 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C.

Leon-Regagnon & A. Choudhury 2000. Helminth communities of native and introduced fishes in Lake Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico. J. Fish Biol. 2000(57):303-325.

Lester, L.J., T.A. Abella, M.S. Palada & H.J. Keus 1988. Genetic variation in size and sexual maturation of Oreochromis niloticus under hapa and cage culture conditions. p. 223-230. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Lévêque, C.L. 1997. Biodiversity dynamics and conservation: the freshwater fish of tropical Africa. ORSTOM. Cambridge Univ. Press, U.K. 438 p.

Li, S. 1998. Genetic characterization of major freshwater culture fishes in China. Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, Shanghai, China, 233 p.

Liao, C.-I., H.-M. Su & E.Y. Chang 2001. Techniques in finfish larviculture in Taiwan. Aquaculture 200(2001):1-31.

Liao, I.-C. & H.-C. Lia 1989. Exotic aquatic species in Taiwan. p. 101-118. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Lindsey, C.C. 1978. Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar & D. J. Randall (ed.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.

Lopez, N.C. 2001. Parasitic crustaceans in fishes from some Philippine lakes. p.75-79. In C.B. Santiago, M.L. Cuvin-Aralar & Z.U. Basiao (ed.) Conservation and ecological management of Philippine lakes in relation to fisheries and aquaculture. SEAFDEC, Aquacult. Dept., Iloilo,Phil., PCAMRD, Los Baños, Lag., and BFAR Q.C. Phil.,187p.

Losse, G.F. 1998. lake Kariba and the Gwembe Valley. p. 22-31. In G.F.Losse. The small-scale fishery on Lake Kariba in Zambia. Deutsche Gessellscahft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn, Germany, 293 p.

Lusk, M.R., Luskova V. & L. Hanel 2010. Alien fish species in the Czech Republic and their impact on the native fish fauna. Folia Zool. 59(1):57-72.

Lusk, S., L. Hanel & V. Lusková 2004. Red List of the ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: development and present status. Folia Zool. 53(2):215-226.

Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong & W. Mingxue 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.

Macaranas, J.M., L.Q. Agustin, M.C.A. Ablan, M.J.R. Pante, A.E. Eknath & R.S.V. Pullin 1995. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: biochemical characterization of strain differences in Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture International 3:43-54.

Macaranas, J.M., N. Taniguchi, M.J.R. Pante, J.B. Capili & R.S.V. Pullin 1986. Electrophoretic evidence for extensive hybrid gene introgression into commercial Oreochromis niloticus (L.) stocks in the Philippines. Aquacult. Fish. Manag. 17:249-258.

Machacek, H. (ed.) 2006. World Records Freshwater Fishing. http://www.fishing-worldrecords.com, 12 February 2006.

Magomna, O. 2003. Noms communs de poissons tchadien en langue Kim. p. 234-242. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p.

Maguilas, A. 1999. Tilapia crowding out other fish. The Manila Times (June 16, 1999):14.

Majumdar, K.C. & B.J. McAndrew 1986. Relative DNA content of somatic nuclei and chromosomal studies in three genera, Tilapia, Sarotherodon, and Oreochromis of the tribe Tilapiini (Pisces, Cichlidae). Genetica. 68(3):175-188.

Mamaril, AC 2001. Translocation of the clupeid Sardinella tawilis to another lake in the Philippines: A proposal and ecological considerations. pp. 137-147. In CB Santiago, ML Cuvin-Aralar & ZU Basiao (eds). Conservation and Ecological Management of Philippine Lakes in Relation to Fisheries and Aquaculture. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department, Iloilo, Philippines; Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Quezon City, Philippines. 187pp.

Marquet, G., B. Séret & R. Lecomte-Finiger 1997. Inventaires comparés des poissons des eaux intérieures de trois îles océaniques tropicales de l'Indo-Pacifique (la Réunion, la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Tahiti). Cybium 21(1) suppl.:27-34.

Martinez, V.M.V., M.L.A. Macedo, T. Scholz, D.G. Solis & E.F.M. Franco 2002. Atlas de los helmintos parásitos de cíclidos de México. Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Dirección de Publicaciones Tresguerras 27, 06040, México, D.F.

Masuda, H. & G.R. Allen 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle.

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno & T. Yoshino 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).

Matillano, J.D. 2003. The ichthyofauna of Lake Manguao, Taytay, Palawan, with special reference to endemic species. Paper presented at the First National Congress on Philippine Lakes, 25-28 November 2003, Tagaytay City, Philippines.

McGrogan, D.G., V.E. Ostaland, P.J. Byrne & H.W. Ferguson 1998. Systemic disease involving an iridovirus-like agent in cultured tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. - a case report. J. Fish Dis. 21:149-152.

Melard, C. & J.C. Philippart 1981. La production de Tilapia de consommation dans les rejets industriels d'eau chaude en Belgique. Cah. d' Ethologie appliquée (Liège, Belgique) 1(suppl.2):124 p.

Melard, C. & J.C. Philippart 1981. Pisciculture intensive du tilapia S. niloticus dans les effluents thermiques d'une centrale nucléaire en Belgique. p. 639-658. In K. Tiews (ed.) Proceedings of the World Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation Systems, Stavanger, Norway, 28-30 May 1981. Heeneman, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany. Vol. 1.

Mercene, E.C. 1997. Freshwater fishes of the Philippines. p. 81-105. In R.Guerrero III, A. Calpe, & L. Darvin (ed.). Aquatic Biology Research and Development in the Philippines (Proceedings of the First Nat'l Symposium-Workshop on Aquatic Biology R&D, Nov. 28-29, 1995, Los Baños, Laguna). PCAMRD Bk. Ser. 20.

Micha, J.C. 1973. Étude des populations piscicoles de l'Ubangui et tentatives de sélection et d'adaptation de quelques espèces à l'étang de pisciculture. Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-sur-Marne, France. 110 p.

Micha, J.C., T. Antoine, P. Wery & C. Van Hove 1988. Growth, ingestion capacity, comparative appetency and biochemical composition of Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia rendalli fed with Azolla. p. 347-355. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai, & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 15, Dept. of Fish., Bangkok, Thailand and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines. 623 p.

Mires, D. 1977. Theoretical and practical aspects of the production of all male tilapiahybrids. Bamidgeh 29:94-101.

Mirza, M.R. 2002. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mirza, M.R. 2003. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (3):1-30.

Mohsin, A.K.M. & M.A. Ambak 1983. Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Malaysia. 284 p.

Moreau, J. 1979. Biologie et évolution des peuplements de Cichlidés (Pisces) introduits dans les lacs malgaches d'altitude. Institut National Polythechnique, Toulouse, France. Ph.D. dissertation.

Moreau, J. 1999. The adaptation and impact on trophic relationships of introduced cichlids in Southeast Asian lakes and reservoirs. p. 207-229. In W.L.T. van Densen & M.J. Morris (ed.) Fish and Fisheries of lakes and reservoirs in Southeast Asia and Africa. Westbury Publishing, Otley, UK.

Moreau, J., C. Bambino & D. Pauly 1986. Indices of overall growth performance of 100 tilapia (Cichlidae) populations. p. 201-206. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (ed.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. 727 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Moreau, J., M.L.D. Palomares, F.S.B. Torres & D. Pauly 1995. Atlas démographique des populations de poissons d'eau douce d'Afrique. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 45. 140p.

Muthukumarana, G & D.E.M. Weerakoon 1986. Stocking density and diet of Oreochromis niloticus in cages in manmade lakes in Sri Lanka (II). p. 599-602. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon & L.V. Hosillos (ed.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Mve, R.O. & J.D. Mbega 2003. Noms communs d'espèces importantes de poisson en langue Fang, Gabon. p. 243-245. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Narcisco Fernandes, M. 1996. Morpho-functional adaptations of gills in tropical fish. p. 181-190. In A.L. Val, V.M.F. Almeida-Val & D.J. Randall (eds.) Physiology and biochemistry of the fishes of the Amazon. INPA, Manaus, Brazil. 402 p.

Nathaniel, S. & E.I.L. Silva 1996. Food and nest site availability: an indicator of the colonization of a highland reservoir in Sri Lanka by three species of cichlids. Sri Lanka J. Aquat. Sci. 1:81-90.

Neira, F.J., A.G. Miskiewicz & T. Trnski 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. University of Western Australia Press. 474 p.

Nelson, J.S. 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p.

Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea & J.D. Williams 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland.

Ng, P.K.L., L.M. Chou & T.J. Lam 1993. The status and impact of introduced freshwater animals in Singapore. Biol. Conserv. 64:19-24.

Nguenga, D. 1988. A note on infestation of Oreochromis niloticus with Trichodina sp. and Dactylogyrus sp. p. 117-119. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15, 623 p. Dept. of Fish., Bangkok, Thailand and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

Nijjhar, B., C.K. Nateg & S.D. Amedjo 1983. Chromosome studies on Sarotherodon niloticus, S. multifasciatus and Tilapia busumana (Cichlidae, Pisces). p. 256-260. In L. Fishelson & Z. Yaron (compls.) Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, 8-13 May 1983, Nazareth, Israel. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Noakes, D.G.L. & E.K. Balon 1982. Life histories of tilapias: an evolutionary perspective. p. 61-82. In R.S.V. Pullin & R.H. Lowe-McConnell (ed.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

Noraseng, P. & T.J. Warren 2001. A report on the main aqua-ecosystem characteristics in Sanasomboun District, Southern Lao PDR, with respect to village fisheries. Indigenous Fisheries and Aqua-Ecosystems Management Project Technical Report No. 2. 26 p.

Nouv, S., H. Viseth & O. Vibol 2005. Present status of alien species in aquaculture and aquatic ecosystem in Cambodia. In Bartley, D.M.; Bhujel, R.C.; Funge-Smith, S.; Olin, P.G.; Phillips, M.J. (comps./ed.). International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27-30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 2005. 195p.

Nwokorie 1994. Feeding habits of Nile tilapia. Fish Farmer, p. 38-39.

Ochumba, P.B.O. & J.O. Manyala 1992. Distribution of fishes along the Sondu-Miriu River of Lake Victoria, Kenya with special reference to upstream migration, biology and yield. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 23:701-719.

Offem, B.O., Y.A. Samsons & I.T. Omoniyi 2008. Reproductive aspects of common freshwater fishes in the Cross River, Nigeria. J. Anim. Pl. Sci. 18(4):130-138.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R. & R.E. Hecky 1991. Fish introductions in Africa and some of their implications. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):8-12.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R. 1990. The decline of the native fishes of lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) and the impact of introduced species, especially the Nile perch, Lates niloticus, and the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Environ. Biol. Fish. 27:81-96.

Okeyo, D.O. 2003. Taxonomy, common names and distribution of fish in the eastern arm of the Rift Valley drainage, Kenya. p. 250-266. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Okiyama, M. 1988. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai University Press, Tokyo. 1157 p.

Olaosebikan, B.D. & A. Raji 1998. Field guide to Nigerian freshwater fishes. Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria. 106 p.

Oldorf, W., U. Kronert, J. Balarin, R. Haller, G. HÖrstgen-Schwark & H.-J. Langholz 1989. Prospects of selecting for late maturity in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). II. Strain comparisons under laboratory and field conditions. Aquaculture 77:123-133. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.

Oti, E.E. 2003. Studies on the ichthyofauna of Ehoma Floodplain, Afikpo Eastern Nigeria. p. 123-131. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily & D. Pauly (ed.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Palma, A.L., E.C. Mercene & M.R. Goss 2005. Fish. p. 115-132. In Lasco, R.D. & M.V.O. Espaldon (ed.) Ecosystems and People: The Philippine Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-global Assessment. Environmental Forestry Programme, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños. 322 p.

Palomares, M.L.D. 1991. La consommation de nourriture chez les poissons: étude comparative, mise au point d'un modèle prédictif et application à l'étude des réseaux trophiques. Thèse de Doctorat, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 211 p.

Paperna, I. 1996. Parasites, infections and diseases of fishes in Africa. An update. CIFA Tech. Pap. No. 31. 220 p. FAO, Rome.

Paugy, D., K. Traoré & P.S. Diouf 1994. Faune ichtyologique des eaux douces d'Afrique de l'Ouest. p.35-66. In G.G. Teugels, J.F. Guégan & J.J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh- and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p.

Pauly, D. 1978. A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.

Pauly, D. 1981. The relationships between gill surface area and growth performance in fish: a generalization of von Bertalanffy's theory of growth. Meeresforschung 28(4):251-282.

Pauly, D., J. Moreau & M. Prein 1988. A comparison of overall growth performance of tilapia in open waters and aquaculture. p. 469-479. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Pauly, D., M. Small, R. Vore & M.L.D. Palomares 1990. Fisheries yields and morphoedaphic index of Lake Mainit, Philippines. p. 835-838. In R. Hirano & I. Hanyu (eds.) The Second Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 991 p.

Payne, A.I. & R.I. Collinson 1983. A comparison of the biological characteristics of Sarotherodon niloticus (L.) with those of S. aureus (Steindachner) and other tilapia of the delta and lower Nile. Aquaculture 30:335-351. Perez-Ponce de Leon, G., L. Garcia-Prieto, V.

Peruzzi, S., J.E. Hornby, A.G. Scott & G.F. Warner 1994. The use of fish scale epithelia in nondestructive methods of karyotyping Orechromis niloticus L. and Cyprinus carpio for experimental gynogenetic studies. Caryologia 47:39-45.

Pethiyagoda, R. 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p.

Philippart, J.-C. & J.-C. Ruwet 1982. Ecology and distribution of tilapias. p. 15-60. In R.S.V. Pullin & R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

Plisnier, P.D., J.C. Micha & V. Frank 1988. Biologie et exploitation des poissons du lac Ihema (bassin Akagera, Rwanda). Presses Universitaires, Namur.

Plumb, J.A. 1999. Edwardsiella septicaemias. p.479-521. In P.T.K. Woo & D.W. Bruno (ed.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Pouyaud, L. & J.-F. Agnèse 1995. Phylogenetic relationships between 21 species of three tilapiine genera Tilapia, Sarotherodon and Oreochromis using allozyme data. J. Fish Biol. 47(1):26-38.

Prein, M. 1990. Multivariate analysis of tilapia growth experiments in ponds: case studies from the Philippines, Israel, Zambia and Peru. Dissertation, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany. 125 p.

Prein, M. 1993 Multivariate analysis of tilapia growth experiments in in Israel, Zambia and Peru. p. 75-87. In M. Prein, G. Hulata & D. Pauly (ed.) Multivariate methods in aquaculture research: case studies of tilapias in experimental and commercial systems. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 20.

Pullin, R.S.V. & J.B. Capili 1988. Genetic improvement of tilapias: problems and prospects. p. 259-266. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15. Department of Fisheries, Bangkok, Thailand, and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

Pullin, R.S.V. (Ed.) 1988. Tilapia genetic resources for aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 16, 108 p.

Rahman, A.K.A. 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka. 364 p.

Rainboth, W.J. 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p.

Rana, K. 1988. Reproductive biology and the hatchery rearing of tilapia eggs and fry. p. 343-397. In J.F. Muir & R.J. Roberts (ed.) Recent advances in aquaculture. Timber Press, Oregon. 420 p.

Rana, K.J. 1985. Influence of egg size on the growth, onset of feeding, point-of-no-return, and survival of unfed Oreochromis mossambicus fry. Aquaculture 46:119-131.

Reinthal, P.N. & M.L.J. Stiassny 1997. Revision of the Madagascan genus Ptychochromoides (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with description of a new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(4):353-368.

Rema Devi, K. & T.J. Indra 2000. Freshwater ichthyofaunal resources of Tamil Nadu. p. 77-97. In Ponniah, A.G. & A. Gopalakrishnan. Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1, 347 p.

Richards, W.J. 1999. Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter & V.H. Niem (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome.

Richter, H., U. Focken, K. Becker, C.B. Santiago & W.B. Afuang 1999. Analysing the diel feeding patterns and daily ration of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), in Laguna de Bay, Philippines. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 16:165-170.

Ridha, M.T. & E.M. Cruz 1999. Effect of different broodstock densities on the reproductive performance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), in a recycling system. Aquaculture Res. 30:203-210.

Riede, K. 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R and D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.

Roberts, R.J. & C. Sommerville 1982. Diseases of tilapias. p. 247-263. In R.S.V. Pullin & R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea & W.B. Scott 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.

Romana, M.R.R. 1988. Electrophoretic studies on induced gynogenetic diploids and triploids in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus and O. aureus). p. 267-274. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Ruesink, J.L. 2003. One fish, two fish, old fish, new fish: which invasions matter?. p. 161-178. In P. Kareiva & S.A. Levin (ed.) The importance of species: perspectives on expendability and triage. Princeton University Press.

Sadiku, S.O.E. & K. Jauncey 1995. Soybean flour - poultry meat meal blend as dietary protein source in practical diets of Oreochromis niloticus and Clarias gariepinus. Asian Fish. Sci. 8:159-167.

Sanches, J.G. 1989. Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalizaçao estatística). Publicaçoes avulsas do I.N.I.P. No. 14. 322 p.

Schäperclaus, W. 1979. Fischkrankheiten, vols. 1 and 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 1089 p. 4th edition.

Schraml, E. 2004. Die Artenvielfalt der Fische in Ugandas Gewässern. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fischfauna Ugandas. DCG-Informationen, Sonderheft 3:48 p.

Seegers, L., L. De Vos & D.O. Okeyo 2003. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Kenya (excluding the lacustrine haplochromines from Lake Victoria). J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 92:11-47.

Seyoum, S. & I. Kornfield 1992. Identification of the subspecies of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) using restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Aquaculture 102:29-42.

Shell, E.W. 1968. Mono-sex culture of male Tilapia nilotica Linnaeus in ponds stocked at three rates. FAO Fish. Rep. 44(4):353-356.

Shrestha, J. 1994. Fishes, fishing implements and methods of Nepal. Smt. M.D. Gupta, Lalitpur Colony, Lashkar (Gwalior), India. 150 p.

Siddiqui, A.Q. & A.H. Al-Harbi 1995. Evaluation of three species of tilapia, red tilapia and a hybrid tilapia as culture species in Saudi Arabia. Aquaculture 138:145-157.

Siddiqui, A.Q., M.S. Howlader & A.D. Adam 1989. Culture of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), at three stocking densities in outdoor concrete tanks using drainage water. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 20:49-57.

Skelton, P.H. 2001. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 395 p.

Snoeks, J., L. De Vos & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde 1997. The ichthyogeography of Lake Kivu. South Afr. J. Sci. 93:579-584.

Soliman, A.K., K. Jauncey & R.J. Roberts 1994. Water-soluble vitamin requirements of tilapia: ascorbic acid (vitamin C) requirement of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquacult. Fish. Mgt. 25:269-278.

Ssentongo, G.W. 1971. Yield equations and indices for tropical freshwater fish populations. MS thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver. 108 p.

Stiassny, M.L.J. & N. Raminosoa 1994. The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. p.133-148. In G.G. Teugels, J.-F. Guégan & J.-J. Albaret (ed.) Biological diversity of African fresh- and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool. 275:177 p.

Swedish Museum of Natural History 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database. Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Tadesse, Z. 1997. Breeding season, fecundity, length-weight relationship and condition factor of Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Tana, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 20(1):31-47.

Talde, C.M., A.C. Mamaril & M.L.D. Palomares 2004. The diet composition of some economically important fishes in the three floodplain lakes in Agusan Marsh wildlife sanctuary in the Philippines. Sri Lanka J. Aquat. Sci 9:45-56.

Tang, B.Y. 2004. Fishes introduced to Singapore. Pers. com. Excel file attached to email dated 21/08/04.

Tave, D. & R.O. Smitherman 1980. Predicted response to selection for early growth in Tilapia nilotica. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 109(4):439-445.

Teferi, Y., D. Admassu, & S. Mengistou 2000. The food and feeding habit of Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Chamo, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci., 23(1):1-12.

Teferra, G., S.H. Bowen, E. Abebe & Z. Tadesse 2000. Seasonal variations determine diet quality for Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Tana, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 23(1):13-23.

Teichert-Coddington, D.R. & R.O. Smitherman 1988. Lack of response by Tilapia nilotica to mass selection for rapid early growth. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 117(3):297-300.

Teugels, G.G. & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde 2003. Cichlidae. p. 521-600. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque & G.G Teugels (ed.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 2. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 815p.

Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy & K. Traoré 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237.

Thaman, R.R., T. Fong & A. Balawa 2008. Ilava Ni Navakavu: Finfishes of Vanua Navakavu, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. SPRH-FIO Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report No. 4, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.

Thame, M. 2003. Aquatic Alien Species of Myanmar.

Thomas, R. 2005. Fishes and ecological aspects in the southern region of Lake Toba and its associated rivers, Sumatra, Indonesia. Malayan Nature Journal 57(1):81-89.

Thurston, J.P. 1970. The incidence of Monogenea and parasitic Crustacea on the gills of fish in Uganda. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 82(1-2):111-130.

Thurston, R.V. & P.C. Gehrke 1993. Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (ed.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E. 1994. Introduction of aquatic species into Zambian waters, and their importance for aquaculture and fisheries. Aquaculture for Local Community Development Programme, ALCOM Field Document No. 24.

Titiati, E.K. 1970. Some common names of fresh-water fishes of Ghana in Latin, English, Ewe and Ga-adangbe. Manuscript Fisheries Dept., Volta Lake Research Project, 5 p.

Traore, A.C. 1985. Effects du taux de nourrisage (son de riz) et/ou de fertilisation (fientes de volailles) sur la croissance pondérale de Oreochromis niloticus en étang. p. 97-102. In E.A. Huisman (ed.) Aquaculture research in Africa. International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Trewavas, E. & G.G. Teugels 1991. Oreochromis. p. 307-346. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (ed.) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.

Trewavas, E. 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p.

Twongo, T. 1995. Impact of fish species introductions on the tilapias of Lakes Victoria and Kyoga. p. 45-57. In T.J. Pitcher & P.J.B. Hart (ed.) The impact of species changes in African Lakes. Chapman & Hall Fish & Fisheries Series 18.

Uraiwan, S. 1988. Direct and indirect responses to selection for age at first maturation of Oreochromis niloticus. p. 295-300. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai & J.L. Maclean (ed.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia In Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Vallejo, A.N. 1985. Fishes of Laguna de Bay. Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull. 37(4):285-346.

Van den Bergh, E.C. & G.G. Teugels 1998, Description of new small-sized Barbus species from the Sanaga Basin in Cameroon. Comments on B. jae and on the taxonomic status of B. condei (Ostariophysi; Cyprinidae). J. Nat. Hist. 32.

van Oijen, M.J.P. 1995. Appendix I. Key to Lake Victoria fishes other than haplochromine cichlids. p. 209-300. In F. Witte & W.L.T. van Densen (ed.) Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A handbook for field observations. Samara Publishing Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.

Varjo, M., L. Koli & H. Dahlström 2004. Kalannimiluettelo (versione 10/03). Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry.

Verheyen, E., R. Blust & C. Doumen 1985. The oxygen uptake of Sarotherodon niloticus L. and the oxygen binding properties of its blood and hemolysate (Pisces: Cichlidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 81A:423-426.

Verreycken,H., D. Anseeuw, G. Van Thuyne, P. Quataert & C. Belpaire 2007. The non-indigenous freshwater fishes of Flanders (Belgium): review, status and trends over the last decade. J. Fish Biol. 71 (Supplement D), 160-172.

Vidthayanon, C. 2005. Aquatic alien species in Thailand. p. 113-117. In D.M. Bartley, R.C. Bhujel, S. Funge-Smith, P.G. Olin & M.J. Phillips (comps./ed.) International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27-30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 195 p.

Vigliano, P.H. & G. Darrigran 2002. Argentina's Freshwater Systems, Aliens in Wonderland. p. 25-44. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species.

Vivien, J. 1991. Faune du Cameroun. Guide des mammifères et des poissons. GICAM. 271 p.

Wada, K. 1990 .Aeromonas infectious disease of Oreochromis niloticus. J. Yoshoku-Disease Leaflet No. 146.

Walker, K.F. & H.Z. Yang 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 385:237-278.

Wee, K.L. & I. Nag 1986. Use of cassava as an energy source in a pelleted feed for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 17(2):129-138.

Welcomme, R.L. 1984. International transfers of inland fish species. p. 22-40. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. & J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (ed.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Welcomme, R.L. 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p.

Weliange, W.S. & U.S. Amarasinghe 2003. Accounting for diel feeding periodicity in quantifying food resource partitioning in fish assemblages in three reservoirs of Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):203-213.

Weliange, W.S. & U.S. Amarasinghe 2007. Relationship between body shape and food habits of fish from three reservoirs of Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 20:257-270.

Wheeler, A. 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p.

Witte, F. & W. de Winter 1995. Appendix II. Biology of the major fish species of Lake Victoria. p. 301-320. In F. Witte & W.L.T. Van Densen (ed.) Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A handbook for field observations. Samara Publishing Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.

Xu, G. 1985. Fish mariculture studies in China. ICLARM Newsl. 8(4):5-6.

Yamaguchi, Y., N. Hirayama, A. Koike & H.A. Adam 1990. Age determination of growth of Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon galilaeus in High Dam Lake, Egypt. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 56(3):437-443.

Yambot, A.V. & E.A. Lopez 1997. Gill parasite, Lamproglena monodi Capart, infecting the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., cultured in the Philippines. p.175-177. In T.W. Flegel & I.H. MacRae (eds.) Diseases in Asian AquacultureIII. Fish Health Section, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila.

Zaniboni Filho, E., S. Meurer, O.A. Shibatta & A.P. de Oliverira Nuñer 2004. Catálogo ilustrado de peixes do alto Rio Uruguai. Floriano´polis: Editora da UFSC : Tractebel Energia. 128 p.

Zardoya, R., D.M. Vollmer, C. Craddock, J.T. Streelman, S. Karl & A. Meyer 1996. Evolutionary conservation of microsatellite flanking regions and their use in resolving the phylogeny of cichlid fishes (Pisces: Perciformes). Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B: Biol. Sci. 263:1589-1598.

 


Le Faune Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis
www.ittiofauna.org Webmuseum
Google
 
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org