www.ittiofauna.org
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org
Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis

Tilapia del Nilo,

Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Tilapia du Nil, Petit lapia. Inglese - Nile tilapia, Baringo tilapia, Edward tilapia, Mango fish. Spagna - Mojarra, Tilapia del Nilo, Tilapia nilótica. Portogallo - Tilápia-do-Nilo. Tedesco - Nilbuntbarsch, Nil-Maulbrüter, Tilapie. Danimarca - Nil-mundruger, Nilcichlide. Svezia - Munruvare. Finlandia - Niilintilapia. Estonia - Niiluse vääristilaapia. Polonia -  Tilapia nilowa. Rep. Ceca - Tlamoun nilský. Turchia - Israil çipurasi, Tatli su çipurasi, Tilapya. Israele - Amnun. Giappone - Chikadai. Filippine - Pla pla, Tilapiya. Viet Nam - Cá Rô phi. Tailandia - Pla nil. Cambogia - Trey tilapia chhnoht. Laos - Nin. Arabia Saudita - Bulti. Nigeria - Bugu, Epia, Falga, Garagaza, Gargaza, Ifunu, Karfasa, Karwa, Mpupa, Tome, Tsokungi, Ukuobu. Chad - Biering-pill, Peng-pill, Sale. Sudan - Kpakaru. Etiopia - Koroso, Qoroosoo. Kenya -  Ngege, Nyamami. Ghana - Akpafiatsi, Didee, Gbolonu, Logokpa, Logokpa. Burkina Faso - Tegr-pere. Senegal - Wass. Gabon - Ekouni. Uganda - Nupe. Tanzania - Perege, Sato.

 

  Click on the image to magnify and for informations about this photo.  
Click sull'immagine per ingrandire e per informazioni su questa foto.

 

Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Naturae, decima, reformata. V. 1, p. 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Perca nilotica Linnaeus 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824; v. 1 290. Catalogo - Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:254. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Tilapia nilotica (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Uyeno & Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:190, Ye in Pan et al. 1991:416, Boschung 1992:150. Nomenclatura valida come Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), [talvolta con sottospecie], secondo Ortega & Vari 1986:20, Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:538, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304, Coad 1991:21, Trewavas & Teugels 1991:330, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:760, Kottelat et al. 1993:123, Skelton 1993:330, Poll & Gosse 1995:284, Coad 1995:28, Mekkawy 1995:1, Zhu 1995:172, 206, Rainboth 1996:192, Coad 1996:86, Lee & Kim 1996:25, Cheng & Zhou 1997:309, Keith et al. 1999:102, Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:173, Albertson et al. 1999:5108, Fuller et al. 1999:441, Dankwa et al. 1999:48, Nakabo 2000:916, Rafique 2000:327, Carpenter 2001:3336, Kottelat 2001:152, Sakai et al. 2001:102, Wang et al. 2001:241, Skelton 2001:330, De Vos et al. 2001:130, 132, Kim & Park 2002:342, Moyle 2002:422, Nakabo 2002:91, Roe et al. 2002:903, Youn 2002:362, 630, Carpenter 2003:1693, Rafique et al. 2003:98, Mirza 2003:24, López et al. 2003:78, Hanel 2003:65, Nelson et al. 2004:153, Seegers et al. 2003:44, Menni 2004:88, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:209, Fricke et al. 2007:92, Shestha 2008:220, Fricke et al. 2009:77, Scharpf 2009:9, Minckley & Marsh 2009:267, Matamoros et al. 2009:21, Page & Burr 2011:613, Marshall 2011:256, Angulo et al. 2013:1005, Kottelat 2013:374, McMahan et al. 2013:452, Page et al. 2013:156, Yoshida et al. 2013:172, Barriga S. 2014:118, Koerber 2014:14, Litz & Koerber 2014:35, Ramos et al. 2014:5, Sarmiento et al. 2014:189, Barbieri et al. 2015:104, Çiçek et al. 2015:152, Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:339, Mirande & Koerber 2015:59, Bertaco et al. 2016:435, Koeda et al. 2016:64, Melo et al. 2016:377, Miesen et al. 2016:91, Neumann et al. 2016:307, Nión et al. 2016:50 come niloticus niloticus, Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710, Zhang et al. 2016:213, Costa et al. 2017:45, Labatos 2017:4 come niloticus niloticus, Bruton et al. 2018:110, Fricke et al. 2018:251, Robins et al. 2018:389, Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92, González-Murcia et al. 2019:294, Skelton 2019:229. Località tipo - Fiume Nilo. Tipo - Olotipo NRM LP 10.

Oreochromis nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, + errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis nilotics (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Sarotherodon niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Chromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Tilapia nilotious (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1 290. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, + errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:328, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Lago Baringo, Kenya. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1933.2.23.12. Paratipi - BMNH 1933.2.23.13-22 (10).

Tilapia calciati Gianferrari 1924. Pesci raccolti in Eritrea dalla spedizione Corni-Calciati-Bracciani. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 63: 239-244. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:331. Località tipo - Fiume Setit [Tekeze], Eritrea, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MSNM 59 (ex MSNM 4312).

Tilapia cancellata Nichols, 1923. A new wrasse and two new cichlids from northeast Africa. American Museum Novitates N° 65: 1-4. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:328. Località tipo - Fiume Albano, circa 60 [non 6] chilometri ad ovest di Addagalla, Provincia di Harar, Etiopia, Africa orientale. Tipo - Olotipo AMNH 8187. Paratipi - AMNH 8203 (2).

Tilapia eduardiana Boulenger, 1912. Descriptions of three new African cichlid fishes of the genus Tilapia, preserved in the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (n° 55): 138-140. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329, Poll & Gosse 1995:285. Località tipo - Versante sud est del monte Ruwenzori, Uganda, a 3200 piedi di quota. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH 1907.4.20.21-26 (6).

Oreochromis niloticus filoa Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come descritto, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:330. Località tipo - Sorgenti termali del sistema dell'Awash, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1905.7.25.98. Paratipi - BMNH 1905.7.25.99, 1968.11.11.1-5.

Chromis guentheri Steindachner 1864. Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 14: 223-232, Pls. 7-8. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:331. Località tipo - Africa occidentale. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (molti) NMW 32598 (?).

Tilapia inducta Trewavas, 1933. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1. --11. The cichlid fishes. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (n° 259): 309-341. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie eduardianus (Boulenger 1912), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329. Località tipo - Lago Bunyoni, Africa orientale. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) BMNH 1933.2.23.121.

Tilapia regani Poll, 1932. Contribution à la faune des Cichlidae du lac Kivu (Congo Belge). Description d'une espèce nouvelle d'Haplochromis et d'une espèce nouvelle de Tilapia. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 23 (n° 1): 29-35, Pls. 1-2. Catalogo - Derijst 1991:70. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), sottospecie eduardianus (Boulenger 1912), secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:329, Poll & Gosse 1995:285 (con riserva). Località tipo - Kissenyi, Lago Kivu, Zaire (Repubblica Democratica del Congo). Tipo - Olotipo MRAC 20811. Paratipi - MRAC 20812-13 (2), 20995-97 (3), 21053-55 (3).

Oreochromis niloticus sugutae Trewavas, 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:333, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Sorgenti di soda a Karpeddo, sistema di Suguta, Kenya. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1967.6.14.1. Paratipi - BMNH 1967.6.14.2 (1, allotipo), 1967.6.14.3-13 (11), BMNH (13).

Oreochromis niloticus tana Seyoum & Kornfield, 1992. Taxonomic notes on the Oreochromis niloticus subspecies complex (Pisces: Cichlidae), with a description of a new subspecies. Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 70: 2161-2165. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, secondo il "Catalog of fishes" della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Lago Tana, Etiopia. Tipo - Olotipo BMNH 1968.9.11.9 +  materiale addizionale (4).

Tilapia vulcani Trewavas, 1933. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1. --11. The cichlid fishes. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (n° 259): 309-341. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Tilapia crassispina Arambourg 1948, basata su fossili e riferita anche alla sottospecie vulcani di Trewavas & Teugels 1991:334. Sinonimo di Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, secondo Trewavas & Teugels 1991:334, Seegers et al. 2003:44. Località tipo - Lago Crater A nell'isola Centrale del Lago Rodolfo (Turkana), Kenya. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (7) BMNH 1933.2.23.71-76 (7?) + materiale addizionale BMNH 1933.2.23.78-85 (8 immaturi).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p.

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Oreochromis niloticus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie èautoctona di Africa e Medio Oriente. Diffusa nei fiumi costieri di Israele, nel bacino del Nilo (dal lago Alberto fino al delta), nei bacini del Lago Ciad e dei fiumi Niger, Benue, Volta, Gambia e Senegal. Ampiamente allevata in ittiocoltura è stata immessa, volontariamente od accidentalmente, nelle acque interne di molti paesi. In Europa le tilapie sono regolarmente allevate per scopi alieutici ed alimentari e spesso ne viene tentata l'acclimatazione (Belgio, Slovacchia, Germania, Olanda, Russia ecc.). In Italia meridionale O. niloticus  è segnalata nel lago costiero di Lesina (Scordella G., Lumare F., Conides A. and Papaconstantinou C, 2003), ma la segnalazione deve essere confermata.

 

 

Introduzioni di Oreochromis niloticus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

1950 - 1974

ignota

Iraq

no

1975 - presente

ignota

Giamaica

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Brunei

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Russia

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Giamaica

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Antille Olandesi

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Malta

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Laos

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Guayana

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Kiribati

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Gabon

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Francia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Ecuador

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Cecoslovacchia

non probabile

non conosciuto

Repubblica Centro Africana

Zaire

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Comore

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Cambogia

probabile

non conosciuto

Gabon

Principe e Sao Tomè

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Arabia Saudita

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Slovacchia

non probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

Siria

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

fiume Giordano

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Gran Bretagna

nessun dato

non conosciuto

ignota

Scozia

no

non conosciuto

ignota

Inghilterra

no

1927 - 1930

ignota

lago Bunyoni

si

1940 - 1949

ignota

Argentina

no

1970 - 1979

ignota

Singapore

si

1970 - 1979

ignota

Turchia

si

1950 - 1969

ignota

Tanzania

si

1960 - 1969

Colombia

Bolivia

si

1960 - 1969

Brasile

Bolivia

si

1970 - 1979

Giamaica

Santa Lucia

probabile

1954 - 1962

ignota

Kenya

si

1980 - 1985

Giamaica

Trinidad

nessun dato

1935

lago Bunyoni

laghi Bulera e Luhondo

si

1950

Madagascar

Mauritius

si

1950

Tanzania

Mauritius

si

1951

Rwanda

Burundi

si

1951

Congo

Burundi

si

1953

Sudan

Congo

si

1954

Tailandia

Bangladesh

si

1955

Israele

Sud Africa

non probabile

1956

ignota

Sri Lanka

si

1956

Egitto

Madagascar

si

1957

Ignota

Germania

no

1957

Israele

Belgio

non probabile

1957

Congo

Rep. Centro Africana

nessun dato

1957

Burkina Faso

Costa d'avorio

si

1957

Madagascar

Réunion

si

1958

ignota

Camerun

si

1962

Egitto

Giappone

si

1964

El Salvador

Nicaragua

si

1964

Costarica

Messico

si

1964

Africa

Messico

si

1965

Giappone

Tailandia

si

1966

Giappone

Taiwan

si

1966

Ignota

Tunisia

si

1967

Perù

Cuba

si

1968

Israele

Viti Levu, Fiji

si

1969

Kenya

Israele

no

1969

Taiwan

Indonesia

si

1970

Tailandia

Filippine

si

1971

Costa d'Avorio

Brasile

si

1972

Taiwan

Hong Kong

si

1973

Filippine

Vietnam

si

1973

Taiwan

Vietnam

si

1973

Tailandia

Vietnam

si

1974

Brasile

Portorico

si

1974

Costarica

Guatemala

si

1974

El Salvador

Guatemala

si

1974

Pentecoste, Brasile

USA

nessun dato

1976

Israele

Cipro

non probabile

1976

Brasile

Panama

si

1977

ignota

Haiti

probabile

1978

fiume Nilo

Cina

probabile

1978

Hong Kong

Cina

probabile

1978

USA

Honduras

si

1979

Panama

Costarica

si

1979

Tailandia

Malesia

si

1979

ignota

Repubblica Domenicana

si

1979

USA

El Salvador

si

1979

Brasile

Perù

si

1980

Panama

Colombia

probabile

1982

ignota

Grenada

nessun dato

1983

Scozia

Zambia

si

1983

Dominica

St. Vincent

nessun dato

1985

Egitto

Pakistan

si

1985

ignota

Buthan

nessun dato

1985

Tailandia

Nepal

no

1986

Scozia

Zimbabwe

si

1986

Liberia

Guinea

no

1989

Etiopia

Eritrea

probabile

1989

Cecoslovacchia

Polonia

no

1990

Tailandia

India

non probabile

1991

Fiji

Samoa

nessun dato

1993

Fiji

Rarotonga, Isole Cook

non probabile

2003

ignota

Isole Galapagos

si

 

 

Bibliografia - Abalos, T.U., 1997. The aquaculture engineering design of a freshwater recirculating system for intensive culture of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). p. 1. In Book of Abstracts. World Aquaculture '97. February 19-23, 1997, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Abu Bakar, K.R., 2005. To be filled (length-weight measurement at death of a nile tilapia, Onee, reared for 12 years in an aquarium at the WorldFish Center ). Khairul Rizal Abu Bakar, WorldFish Center, 20 January 2005.

Acuña, R.E., A.E. Openiano and A.B. Apongan, 2001. Finfish resources. In Resource and ecological assessment of Panguil Bay-Terminal Report Vol.3 Resources of Panguil Bay. Mindanao State University at Naawan.

Adams-Sow, A. (ed.), 1996. Poissons et Pêches du Fleuve Sénégal. Fédération des Paysans Organisés du Département de Bakel, Dakar, Sénégal. 106 p.

Ahmed, K.K.U, S.M.N. Amin, G.C. Haldar and S. Dewan, 2003. Population dynamics and stock assessment of Oreo-chromis niloticus (Linnaeus) in the Kaptai Reservoir, Bangladesh. Indian J. Fish. 50(1):47-52.

Ajusie, C.C. and I.K. Nwokorie, 1994. Feeding habits of Nile tilapia. Fish Farmer, p. 38-39.

Albertson, R.C., J.A. Markert, P.D. Danley and T.D. Kocher, 1999. Phylogeny of a rapidly evolving clade: the cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi, East Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America v. 96 (n° 9): 5107-5110.

Almazan, G.J., R.S.V. Pullin, A.F. Angeles, T.A. Manalo, R.A. Agbayani and M.T.B. Trono, 1986. Azolla pinnata as a dietary component for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. p. 523-528. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Altman, P.L. and D.S. Dittmer (eds.), 1971. Respiration and circulation. Federation of American Societies for Experimen-tal Biology, U.S.A.

Amarasinghe, U.S. and S.S. de Silva, 1992. Population dynamics of Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus (Cichlidae) in two reservoirs in Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 5:37-61.

Amarasinghe, U.S. and S.S. de Silva, 1996. Impact of Oreochromis mossambicus x O. niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) hybridization on population reproductive potential and long-term influence on a reservoir fishery. Fish. Manage. Ecol. 3:239-249.

Andaloro, F., M. Falautano, P. Perzia, C. Maricchiolo and L. Castriota, 2012. Identification and distribution of non-indigenous species in the Mediterranean Sea: the Italian challenge. Aliens 32:13-19.

Anderson, C.E. and R.O. Smitherman, 1978. Production of normal male and androgen sex-reversed Tilapia aurea and Tilapia nilotica fed with a commercial catfish diet in ponds. p. 34-42. In R.O. Smitherman, W. Shelton and H. Gover (eds.) Proceedings of the Symposium on Culture of Exotic Fishes, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 4-11 January 1978.

Andrews, S., 1985. Aquatic species introduced to Fiji. Domodomo 3(2):67-82.

Ang, K.J., R. Gopinath and T.E. Chua, 1989. The status of introduced fish species in Malaysia. p. 71-82. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Angulo, A., C.A. Garita-Alvarado, W.A. Bussing and M.I. López, 2013. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of continental and insular Costa Rica: additions and nomenclatural revisions. Check List v. 9 (n° 5): 987-1019.

Anonymous, 1993. Fish collection of the British Museum of Natural History. The information was derived from the catalog or the labels of the fish collection.

Anonymous, 1994. Atlas pesquero de México. Instituto Nacional de la Pesca. 234 p.

Anonymous, 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.

Anonymous, 1998. Fisheries statistical bulletin, Kainji Lake, Northern Nigeria, 1997. Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series 9. 29 pp.

Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the National Museums of Kenya. National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi, Kenya.

Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Zimbabwe. National Museum of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 240, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192,

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection of the Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT). MSU-IIT, Iligan City, Philippines.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Museum.

Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Aoki, T., 1999. Motile Aeromonads (Aeromonas hydrophila). p.427-453. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Aquino, L.J. and B. Nielsen, 1983. Primary production and growth rate of Tilapia nilotica in cages in Sampaloc Lake. p. 455-463. In L. Fishelson and Y. Yaron (comps.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel, 8-13 May 1983. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Arai, R. and A. Koike, 1980. A karyotype study on two species of freshwater fishes transplanted into Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Ser.A. 6(4):275-278. Tokyo.

Arawomo, G.A.O., 1983. The growth of Sarotherodon (Tilapia) niloticus L. in Opa Reservoir, University of Ife, IleIfe, Niigeria. p. 221-227. In Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON). Kainji Lake Research Institute, New Bussa, Nigeria.

Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

Arthur, J.R. and A.B.A. Ahmed, 2002. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of Bangladesh. FAO Fish. Tech. Paper (T369/1).

Arthur, J.R. and S. Lumanlan-Mayo, 1997. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 369, 102 p. FAO, Rome.

Ayala-Pérez, L.A., J.R. Miranda and D.F. Hernández, 2003. La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada. Rev. Biol. Trop. 51(3):783-794.

Azevedo-Santos, V.M., O. Rigolin-Sa and F.M. Pelicice, 2011. Growing, losing or introducing? Cage aquaculture as a vector for the introduction of non-native fish in Furnas Reservoir, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(4):915-919.

Badr, E.A. and S.I. El-Dib, 1977. Cytological studies on three species of the cichlid fish. Egypt. J. Genet. Cytol. 6:44-51.

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1991. Aquarien atlas. Bd. 3. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany.

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1995. Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864 p.

Baijot, E. and J. Moreau, 1997. Biology and demographic status of the main fish species in the reservoirs of Burkina Faso. p. 79-110. In E. Baijot, J. Moreau and S. Bouda (eds.) Hydrobiological aspects of fisheries in small reservoirs in the Sahel region.Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Bailey, R.G., 1994. Guide to the fishes of the River Nile in the Republic of the Sudan. J. Nat. Hist. 28:937-970.

Baird, I.G., V. Inthaphaisy, P. Kisouvannalath, B. Phylavanh and B. Mounsouphom, 1999. The fishes of southern Lao. Lao Community Fisheries and Dolphin Protection Project. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Lao PDR. 161 p.

Baker, J.R., 1960. Trypanosomes and dactylosomes from the blood of fresh-water fish in East-Africa. Parasitology 50:515-526.

Balite, L.R., 1993. Status of fish production and management of fisheries in the reservoirs of NPC Hydroelectric Power Plants (HEPs). p. 21-52. In R.C. Sevilleja, E.V. Manalili, and R.D. Guerrero III (eds.) Reservoir Fisheries Mgt in the Phil. (Proc. of the Nat'l Symp. Workshop on Reservoir Fish. Mgt. & Dev't., Jul 29-30, 1993, CLSU, Muñoz, Nueva). PCAMRD Book Ser. N° 17/1993.155 p.

Barbieri, R., S. Zogaris, E. Kalogianni, M.Th. Stoumboudi, Y. Chatzinikolaou, S. Giakoumi, Y. Kapakos, D. Kommatas, N. Koutsikos, V. Tachos, L. Vardakas and A.N. Economou, 2015. Freshwater fishes and lampreys of Greece. An annotated checklist. Monographs on Marine Sciences N° 8. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Athens, Greece. 1-129.

Barbosa, J.M. and E.C. Soares, 2009. Perfil da ictiofauna da Bacia do São Francisco: estudo preliminar. Revista Brasile-ira de Engenharia de Pesca 4(1): 155-172.

Bard, J., 1960. Essais comparatifs de croissance des Tilapia macrochir et nilotica. Publ. Cons. Sci. Afr. Sud Sahara 63:175-177.

Barriga, R., 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politec-nica, XVI(3):7-88.

Barriga, R., 2014. Lista de peces de agua dulce e intermareales del Ecuador. Revista Politécnica v. 30 (n° 3) (Sept. 2012): 83-119.

Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.), 2006. Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.

Barua, S.P., M.M.H. Khan and A.H.M. Ali Reza, 2001. The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. p. 1-7. In P. Balakrishna (ed.) Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive species, GBF-SSEA. Colombo. IUCN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Basiao, Z. and A. San Antonio, 1986. Growth and survival of Nile tilapia fingerlings in net cages without supplemental feed in Laguna Lake, Philippines. p. 533-538. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Basiao, Z.U. and N. Taniguchi, 1984. An investigation of enzyme and other protein polymorphisms in Japanese stocks of the tilapias Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia zillii. Aquaculture 38:335-345.

Basmayor, L.O., R.D. Dioneda and V.S. Soliman, 1997. The fishes and invertebrates of San Miguel Bay. p.36-47. In V.S. Soliman and R.D. Dioneda (eds.) Capture Fisheries Assessment of San Miguel Bay, Post-Resource and Ecological Assessment of San Miguel Bay, Phil., Vol.1. BFAR, Fish. Sect. Prog. and Bicol Univ. Coll. of Fish. SMB Post-REA Tech. Rep. 1,60 p.

Béarez, P., 2003. The hippopotamus pond (Burkina Faso): hydrobiology and fisheries. p. 98-107. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281 p.

Bell, L.A.J. and A.P. Mulipola, 2000. Status of aquaculture and stock enhancement research and development in Samoa. Review Workshop of ACIAR/ICLARM Research on the Culture of Commercially Important Coral Reef Invertebrates in the Pacific Island Region, Honiara, Solomon Islands, 16-19 February 1998.

Ben-Tuvia, A., 1959. The biology of the cichlid fishes of Lakes Tiberias and Huleh. Bull. Res. Counc. Isr., Sect. B, 8B (4):153-188.

Beveridge, M.C.M., M.R.P. Briggs, A. Mowat, M.E. Northcott and L.G. Ross, 1988. The function of microbranchiospines in tilapias. p. 311-317. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

BFAR, 1996. Rapid Resource Appraisal of Taal Lake. Fisheries Component. First Report. UPLB Foundation Inc. and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources.

Bianco, P., 1981. Fish. p. 55-63. In L. Boitani (ed.) The Southern National Park. A master plan. Istituto di Zoologia, Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Roma (Italy). 220 p.

Bianco, P.G., 2014. An update on the status of native and exotic freshwater fishes of Italy. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30(1):62-77.

Blache, J., 1964. Les poissons du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. Étude systématique et biologique. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(2):483 p.

Blache, J., 1964. Les poissons du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. Étude systématique et biologique. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(2):483 p.

Bleher, H., 1994. Lanao. Aqua geographia 10(4):6-30.

Bleher, H., 1996. Bombon. Aqua geographia 12(4):6-34.

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296:21-30.

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 2004. Catalogue of agnathans and fishes of fresh and brackish waters of Russia with comments on nomenclature and taxonomy. Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. 1-389.

Boschung, H.T., 1992. Catalogue of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Alabama Museum of Natural History Bulle-tin N° 14: i-xvi + 1-266.

Boulenger, G.A., 1906. Fourth contribution to the ichthyology of Lake Tanganyika. Report on the collection of fishes made by Dr. W.A. Cunnington during the Third Tanganyika Expedition, 1904-1905. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 17(6):537-600.

Boulenger, G.A., 1906. On a collection of fishes from Gallaland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 7) 17:557-566.

Boulenger, G.A., 1907. Zoology of Egypt: the fishes of the Nile. Hugh Rees, Limited, London. 578 p.

Boulenger, G.A., 1912. Descriptions of three new African cichlid fishes of the genus Tilapia, preserved in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 8) 10:138-140.

Boulenger, G.A., 1915. Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III. Printed by order of the Trustees, London. 526 p.

Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p.

Britton, J.R. and D.M. Harper, 2006. Length-weight relationships of fish species in the freshwater rift valley lakes of Kenya. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22:334-336.

Broad, G., 2003. Fishes of the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc., pasi City. 510 pp.

Broussard, M.C. Jr., R. Reyes and F. Raguindin, 1983. Evaluation of hatchery management schemes for large scale production of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings in Central Luzon, Philippines. p. 414-424. In L. Fishelson and Z. Yaron (compls.) International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Nazareth, Israel, 8-13 May 1983. Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Bruton, M., G. Merron and P. Skelton, 2018. Fishes of the Okavango Delta & Chobe River, Botswana. Struik Nature, Cape Town: 1-120.

Bui, T.A., N.T.L. Anh, N.Q. Thai and N.H. Son, 2009. Assessment for dometic fisheries in Son La. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Technical report.

Burgis, M.J and I.G. Dunn, 1978. Chapter 6. Production in three contrasting ecosystems. p.137-158. In S.D. Gerking (ed.) Ecology of freshwater fish production. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 520 p.

Carl, H., 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen.

Carpenter, K.E., 2001. Family Cichlidae. In Carpenter & Niem 2001. Species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). FAO, Rome. v. 5: III-IV; 2791-3379, I-XXVII.

Carpenter, K.E., 2003. Lobotidae (P. 1505), Sparidae (Pp. 1554-1577), Kyphosidae (Pp. 1684-1687), Cichlidae (Pp. 1690-1693), Uranoscopidae (Pp. 1746-1747). In: Carpenter 2003. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae). FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes and American Society of Ichthyologist and Herpetologists Special Publication N° 5. FAO, Rome. v. 3: i-vi + 1375-2127.

Central Luzon State University, 1996. Progress Report (1996) on the Establishment of a 'Living' Museum. A report submitted to Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research (PCAMRD) in collaboration with Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Department of Agriculture (DA) and International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM).

Chakalall, B. (comp.), 1993. Species cultured in insular Caribbean countries, Belize, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Caribbean Technical Co-operation Network in Artisanal Fisheries an Aquaculture. FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. RLAC/93/28-PES-24. Santiago, Chile. 32 p.

Chen, T.R. and H.X. Chen, 1983. A comparative study of karyotypes in three Tilapia fishes. Acta Genet. Sin. 10:56-62.

Cheng, Q.-T. and C.-W. Zhou, 1997. The fishes of Shandong Province. 1-549.

Chiba, K., Y. Taki, K. Sakai and Y. Oozeki, 1989. Present status of aquatic organisms introduced into Japan. p. 63-70. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Spec. Publ. Asian Fish. Soc. 3, 154 p.

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. http://zzzy.fishinfo.cn.

Chong, V.C., P.K.Y. Lee and C.M. Lau, 2010. Diversity, extinction risk and conservation of Malaysian fishes. J. Fish Biol. 76(9):2009-2066.

Chuenpagdee, R., 2002. Checklist of Thai names and scripts.

Clarke, A. and N.M. Johnston, 1999. Scaling of metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in teleost fish. J. Anim. Ecol. 68:893-905.

Coad, B.W., 1991. Fishes of the Tigris-Euphrates Basin: a critical checklist. Syllogeus N° 68: 1-49.

Coad, B.W., 1995. Freshwater fishes of Iran. Acta Sci. Nat. Acad. Sci. Brno. 29(1):1-64.

Coad, B.W., 1996. Exotic fish species in the Tigris-Euphrates basin. Zoology in the Middle East 13:71-83.

Coche, A.G., 1977. Premiers résultats de l'élevage en cages de Tilapia nilotica dans le lac de Kossou, Côte d'Ivoire. Aquaculture 10:109-140.

Coleman, R., 2002. Cichlid egg size data. Cichlid Research homepage: http://www.cichlidresearch.com.

Copley, H., 1958. Common freshwater fishes of East Africa. H.F. & G. Witherby Ltd., London. 172 p.

Costa, N.K.R. da, R.E.C. de Paiva, M.J. da Silva, T.P.A. Ramos and S.M.Q. Lima, 2017. Ichthyofauna of Ceará-Mirim River basin, Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil. ZooKeys N° 715: 39-51.

Coulibaly, N.D., 2000. Noms communs et quelques significations pour les poissons commerciaux peches dans les Hauts-Bassins du fleuve Volta au Burkina Faso. MS.

Coulibaly, N.D., 2003. Common names of commercial fish species of the upper Volta Basin in Burkina Faso. p. 215-222. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281 p.

Coulibaly, N.D., 2003. Length-weight relationships of 11 fish species of Burkina Faso. p. 20-22. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281 p.

Crul, R.C.M. and Roest, F.C. 1995. Current status of the fisheries and fish stocks of the four largest African reservoirs: Kainji, Kariba, Nasser/Nubia, and Volta. CIFA Technical Paper, N° 30., pp. 134. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Cruz, E.M. and Z.H. Shehadeh, 1980. Preliminary results of integrated pig and duck-fish production tests. p. 225-238. In R.S.V. Pullin and Z.H. Shehadeh (eds.) Integrated agriculture-aquaculture farming systems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 4, 258 p.

Cui, J., X. Ren and Q. Yu, 1991. Nuclear DNA content variation in fishes. Cytologia 56:425-429.

Cuvier, G. and A. Valenciennes, 1844. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. P. Bertrand, Paris. 497 p.

da Costa, M.R., T. Moreti and F.G. Araújo, 2014. Length-weight relationships of 20 fish species in the Guandu River, Rio de Janeiro State, Southeastern Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30(1):200-201.

Dache, S.A.O., 1994. Observations on the fisheries, growth and mortality rate of Oreochromis niloticus (Tilapia) in the Nyanza Gulf of Lake Victoria. p. 59-65. In E. Okemwa, E.O. Wakwabi and A. Getabu (eds.) Recent trends in research on Lake Victoria fisheries. Proc. 2nd EEC Regl. Sem. Recent Trends in Res. On Lake Victoria Fish., KMFRI, 25-27 Sept. 1991, Kisumu, Kenya.

Dadebo, E., 2000. Reproductive biology and feeding habits of the catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) (Pisces: Clariidae) in Lake Awassa, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 23(2):231-246.

Dankwa, H.R. 1985. Fish monitoring in the Onchocerciasis Control Programme zone in Ghana - An overview of the fish monitoring programme, Hydrobiological Monitoring Report, OCP (Volta Basin in Ghana). IAB 106, Institute of Aquatic Biology, Accra.

Dankwa, H.R., E.K. Abban and G.G. Teugels, 1999. Freshwater fishes of Ghana: identification, distribution, ecological and economic importance. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool. 283:53 p.

Dankwa, H.R., 2003. Traditional knowledge of freshwater fishes in some fishing communities in Ghana. p. 223-229. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

David, L. and M. Poll, 1937. Contribution à la faune ichthyologique du Congo Belge: collections du Dr. H. Schouteden (1924-1926) et d'autres récolteurs. Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Zool. (1), 3(5):189-294.

Decru, E., 2015. The ichthyofauna in the Central Congo basin: diversity and distribution in the north-eastern tributaries. KULeuven, Faculty of Science, Leuven (Belgium), 303 p.

De Guzman, A.B., W.H. Uy, J.G. Gorospe, A.E. Openiano, R.E. Acuña, R.L. Roa, R.C. Eballe, J.P. Garcia, R.D. Gaid, J.J. Samson and J.R. Santamina, 2008. Sustainable Fisheries Management Program for Lake Mainit: Phase 1: Rapid Resource Assessment. Inception Report. Prepared by MSU at Naawan for the PCAMRD-DOST. 75 p.

De Iongh, H.H. and J.C.J. Van Zon, 1993. Assessment of impact of the introduction of exotic fish species in north-east Thailand. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 24:279-289.

De Moor, I.J. and Bruton, M.N. 1988. Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. South African National Scientific Programmes Report No. 144. Foundation for Research Development, Council for Sscientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa.

de Moor, I.J. and M.N. Bruton, 1988. Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. A report of the Committee for Nature Conservation Research National Programme for Ecosystem Research. South African Scientific Programmes Report N° 144. 310 p. Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

De Silva, S.S., R.M. Gunasekera and C. Keembiyahetty, 1986. Optimum ration and feeding frequency in Oreochromis niloticus young. p. 559-564. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

De Vos, L., J. Snoeks and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1990. The effects of Tilapia introductions in Lake Luhondo, Rwanda. Environ. Biol. Fish. 27:303-308.

De Vos, L., J. Snoeks and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2001. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Rwanda (east central Africa), with historical data on introductions of commercially important species. J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 90:41-68.

De Vos, L.D.G., L. Seegers, L. Taverne and D. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2001. L'ichtyofaune du bassin de la Malagarasi (système du Lac Tanganyika): une synthèse de la connaissance actuelle. Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Série Sciences Zoologiques v. 285: 117-135, 14 unnumbered pls.

Dhora, Dh., 2010. Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa. 208 p.

Diouf, P.S., 1996. Les peuplements de poissons des milieux estuariens de l'Afrique de l'Ouest: L'exemple de l'estuaire hyperhalin du Sine-Saloum. Université de Montpellier II. Thèses et Documents Microfiches No.156. ORSTOM, Paris.

Directorate of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Ghana, 2005. Inland Fisheries Policy. Ministry of Fisheries, Ghana, Accra.

du Feu, T.A. and J. Abiodun, 1998. Predictions of fish yields and the status of the Kainji Lake fishery, 1998. Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Tech. Rep. Ser. 17. 56 p.

Eccles, D.H., 1992. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (project URT/87/016). FAO, Rome. 145 p.

Edwards, P., C. Pacharaprakiti and K. Kaewpaitoon, 1984. Reuse of cesspool slurry and cellulose agricultural residues for fish culture. AIT Res. Rep. 166, 16 p.

Edwards, P., M. Kamal and L. Wee, 1985. Incorporation of composted and dried water hyacinth in pelleted food for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Peters). Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 16:233-248.

Edwards, P., O.A. Sinchumpasak, E.A.R. Ouano and H. Tabucanon, 1980. Fish cultivation in sewage stabilisation pond effluents. AIT Res. Rep. 110:62-101.

eElurikkus, 2015. eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed. http://elurikkus.ut.ee.

Eidman, H.M., 1989. Exotic aquatic species introduction into Indonesia. p. 57-62. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Eknath, A.E., 1995. The Nile tilapia. p. 177-194. In J.E. Thorpe, G.A.E. Gall, J.E. Lannan and C.E. Nash (eds.) Conservation of fish and shellfish resources:Managing Diversity. Academic Press Limited, London.

Eknath, A.E., M.M. Tayamen, M.S.P. de Vera, J.C. Danting, R.A. Reyes, E.E. Dionisio, J.B. Capili, H.L. Bolivar, T.A. Abella, A.V. Circa, H.B. Bentsen, B. Gjerde, T. Gjedrem and R.S.V. Pullin, 1993. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: the growth performance of eight strains of Oreochromis niloticus tested in different farm environments. Aquaculture 111:171-188.

El Bolock, A. and R. Koura, 1961. The age and growth of Tilapia galilaea, T. nilotica and T. zillii from Beteha area (Syrian region). Notes Mem. UAR (South. Reg.) Minist. Agric. Hydrobiol. Dep. 59:27 p.

El Zarka, S., 1961. Tilapia fisheries investigation in Egyptian lakes. I. Annulus formation on the scales of the cichlid fish Tilapia zillii (Gerv.) and its validity, in age and growth studies. Notes Mem. UAR (South. Reg.) Minist. Agric. Hydrobiol. Dep. 62:1-18.

El-Sayed, A.-F.M. and M. Kawanna, 2008. Effects of dietary protein and energy levels on spawning performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock in a recycling system. Aquaculture 280:179-184.

Eldredge, L.G., 1994. Freshwater fishes. p. 73-84. In L.G. Eldredge, Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia.

Entsua-Mensah, M., 1996. Threats to Freshwater Fishery Resources. In: A.A. Oteng-Yeboah and L. Enu-Kwesi (eds), Proceedings of Workshop on Biodiversity., pp. 74 -78. Botany Department, University of Ghana, Legon.

Entsua-Mensah, M. and H.R. Dankwa, 1997. Traditional knowledge and management of lagoon fisheries in Ghana. Technical Report N° 160. Water Research Institute, C.S.I.R. Achimota, Ghana.

Entsua-Mensah, M., 2001. International Co-operation and Watershed Management in the Volta Basin, West Africa Management in the Volta Basin, West Africa. In: Management in the Volta Basin, West Africa. Paper presented at the 9th International Conference on Conservation and Management of lakes, Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. 9th-16th November 2001. (eds), 9th International Conference on Conservation and Management of lakes.. Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan.

Erdman, D.S., 1983. Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. n° 2, second revised edition. 44 p.

Erdman, D.S., 1984. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico. p. 162-176. In W.R. Courtney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.

Falk, T.M., E.K. Abban, W. Villwock and L. Renwrantz, 1998. Species-characteristic and subspecies-characteristic haemoglobins in some tilapiine fishes and a comparative study on their globin chains. Aquacult. Int. 6:133-145.

Falk, T.M., W. Villwock and L. Renwrantz, 1998. Heterogeneity and subunit composition of the haemoglobins of five tilapiine species (Teleostei, Cichlidae) of the genera Oreochromis and Sarotherodon. J. Comp. Physiol. B 168:9-16.

FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, 1991. Aquaculture production (1986-1989). FAO Fish. Circ. 815, Rev. 3. 141 p.

FAO, 1992. FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.

FAO, 1996. Aquaculture production statistics 1985-1994. FAO Fish. Circ. 815. 189 p.

FAO, 1997. FAO database on introduced aquatic species. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species, FAO, Rome.

FAO, 2002. Aquaculture production: values 1984-2001:. FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics. Aquaculture production 2001. Vol. 92/2.

FAO-FIES, 2018. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from:

https://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en.

Farmer, G.J. and F.W.H. Beamish, 1969. Oxygen consumption of Tilapia nilotica in relation to swimming speed and salinity. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 26:2807-2821.

Fernholm, B. and A. C. Wheeler, 1983. Linnaean fish specimens in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 78 (n° 3): 199-286.

Fiseha, B., 1989. Stock assesment of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) on Lake Zeway, Ethiopia. M.Sc Thesis. University of Kuopio, Department of Applied Zoology. Kuopio.

Fortes, R.D., V.L. Corre Jr. and E. Pudadera, 1986. Effects of fertilizers and feeds as nutrient sources on Oreochromis niloticus production in Philippine brackishwater ponds. p. 121-124. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 727 p.

Fowler, H.W., 1930. The fresh-water fishes obtained by the Gray African Expedition 1929. With notes on other species in the Academy collection. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 82:27-83.

Franck, J.P.C. and J.M. Wright, 1993. Conservation of a satellite DNA sequence (SATB) in the tilapiine and haplochro-mine genome (Pisces: Cichlidae). Genome 36:187-194.

Franco, T.P., C.E.O. Araújo and F.G. Araújo, 2014. Length-weight relationships for 25 fish species from three coastal lagoons in Southeastern Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30(1):248-250.

Fricke, R., M. Bilecenoglu and H.M. Sari, 2007. Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostoma and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Sea A (706):1-172.

Fricke, R., T. Mulochau, P. Durville, P. Chabanet, E. Tessier and Y. Letourneur, 2009. Annotated checklist of the fish species (Pisces) of La Réunion, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie. v. 2: 1-168.

Fricke, R., J. Mahafina, F. Behivoke, H. Jaonalison, M. Léopold and D. Ponton, 2018. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records. FishTaxa v. 3 (n° 1): 1-432.

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & R. van der Laan (eds), 2018. Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References:

http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp.

Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p.

Fryer, G. and T.D. Iles, 1972. The cichlid fishes of the Great Lakes of Africa: their biology and evolution. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburg, U.K.

Fuller, P.L., L.G. Nico and J.D. Williams, 1999. Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27: i-x + 1-613.

Garcia, L.M.B., 2010. Species composition and length-weight relationship of fishes in the Candaba wetland on Luzon Island, Philippines. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:946-948.

Garcia-Abiado, M.A.R., J.G. Merculio and G.C. Mair, 1996. The effect of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) on sperm count of Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquaculture Res. 27:95-100.

Garcia-Abiado, M.A.R., L.P. Pascual and G.C. Mair, 1994. Use of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for induced spawning in tilapia under laboratory conditions. Asian Fish. Sci. 7:225-231.

Garibaldi, L., 1996. List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.

Gebrehiwot, M.T., 2015. Common names of some fish species in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Unpublished compilation of M.T. Gebrehiwot.

Gelchu, A.A., 2000. Ethiopian fish names. Manuscript, 2 p.

Getabu, A., 1987. Aspects of the Lake Victoria fisheries with emphasis on Oreochromis niloticus and Alestes sadleri from the Nyanza Gulf. FAO Fish. Rep. 389:416-431.

Getabu, A., 1992. Growth parameters and total mortality in Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus) from Nyanza Gulf, Lake Victoria. Hydrobiologia 232(1):91-97.

Getachew, T. and C.H. Fernando, 1989. The food habits of an herbivorous fish (Oreochromis niloticus Linn.) in Lake Awasa, Ethiopia. Hydrobiologia 174:195-200.

Getachew, T., 1987. A study on an herbivorous fish, Oreochromis niloticus L., diet and its quality in two Ethiopian Valley lakes, Awasa and Zwai. J. Fish Biol. 30:439-449.

Getachew, T., 1993. The composition and nutritional status of the diet of Oreochromis niloticus in Lake Chamo, Ethiopia. J. Fish Biol. 42(6):865-874.

Getahun, A., 2007. An overview of the diversity and conservation status of the Ethiopian freshwater fauna. J. Afrotrop. Zool. Special Issue:87-96.

Golani, D. and D. Mires, 2000. Introduction of fishes to the freshwater system of Israel. Isr. J. Aquacult. / Bamidgeh 52(2):47-60.

González-Murcia, S., F.S. Álvarez-Calderón, R. Alvarado-Larios, C.M. Marín-Martínez and A. Angulo, 2019. The ichthyo-logy collection at the Natural History Museum of El Salvador (MUHNES): species checklist and new country records. Zootaxa 4559 (n° 2): 281-313.

Goren, M., 1974. The freshwater fishes of Israel. Isr. J. Zool. 23:67-118.

Grabowska, J., J. Kotusz and A. Witkowski, 2010. Alien invasive fish species in Polish waters: an overview. Folia Zool. 59(1):73-85.

Greenwood, P.H., 1966. The Fishes of Uganda. The Uganda Society, Kampala. 131 p.

Guererro, R.D. III, 1998. Impact of tilapia introductions on the endemic fishes in some Philippine lakes and reservoirs. Aquacult. Asia 3(1):16-17.

Guerrero, R.D. III and L.A. Guerrero, 1988. Feasibility of commercial production of sex-reversed Nile tilapia fingerlings in the Philippines. p. 183-186. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Guerrero, R.D. III, 1976. Culture of Tilapia nilotica at two densities with fertilisation and supplemental feeding. Fish. Res. J. Philipp. 1(1):39-43.

Guerrero, R.D. III, 1986. Production of Nile tilapia fry and fingerlings in earthen ponds at Pila, Laguna, Philippines. p. 49-52. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 727 p.

Guerrero, R.D. III, R.C. Sevilleja and A.M. Tolentino, 1987. Studies on the cage culture of the Nile tilapia in Aya Reservoir and Laguna de Bay, Philippines. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 28:355-358.

Gwahaba, J.J., 1973. Effects of fishing on the Tilapia nilotica populations of Lake George, Uganda, over the past 20 years. East Afr. Wildl. J.11:317-328.

Hanel, L., 2003. The ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: development and present state. Matthias Belius University Proceedings: journal of experimental and theoretical biology. v. 3 (n° 1): 41-70.

Harbott, B.J., 1975. Preliminary observations on the feeding of Tilapia nilotica Linn. in lake Rudolf. Afr. J. Trop. Hydrobiol. Fish. 4(1):27-37.

Harbott, B.J. and J.T.N. Ogari, 1982. The biology of the larger cichlid fish of Lake Turkana. p. 1331-1355. In A.J. Hopson (ed.) Lake Turkana. A report of the findings of the Lake Turkana project 1972-1975. ODA, London. Univ. Sterling, Sterling.

Herre, A.W.C.T. and A.F. Umali, 1948. English and local common names of Philippine fishes. U. S. Dept. of Interior and Fish and Wildl. Serv. Circular N° 14, U. S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington. 128 p.

Hickley, P., M. Muchiri, R. Boar, R. Britton, C. Adams, N. Gichuru and D. Harper, 2004. Habitat degradation and sub-sequent fishery collapse in Lakes Naivasha and Baringo, Kenya. Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol. 4(4):503-517.

Hillman, J.C., 1993. List of introduced species of Eritrea. Compiled by staff of the Research Section, Ministry of Marine Resources, Massawa, Eritrea. 1 p.

Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen, 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Amer. Nat. 106(951):621-644.

Holčík, J., 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.

Holden, M. and W. Reed, 1972. West African freshwater fish. West African freshwater fish, pp. 68. Longman Group Ltd., London.

Hopkins, K.D. and E.M. Cruz, 1982. The ICLARM-CLSU integrated animal-fish farming project: final report. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 5, 96 p.

Houde, E.D. and C.E. Zastrow, 1993. Ecosystem- and taxon-specific dynamic and energetics properties of fish larvae assemblages. Bull. Mar. Sci. 53(2):290-335.

Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environ-nement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

IGFA, 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.

Iles, T.D., 1971. Ecological aspects of growth in African cichlid fishes. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 33(3):363-385.

Innal, D. and F. Erk'akan, 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 16:39-50.

Irvine, F.R., Brown, A.P., Norman, J.R. and E. Trewavas, 1947. The fish and fisheries of the Gold Coast. The fish and fisheries of the Gold Coast, pp. 352. Crown Agents of the Colonies, London.

Iscandiri, N., 1985. Possible value of Notopterus afer as a predator in Tilapia nilotica ponds. p. 123-129. In C.A. Huisman (ed.) Aquaculture research in Africa. International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Islam, M.M., A.S.M.R. Amin and S.K. Sarker, 2003. Bangladesh. p. 7-20. In N. Pallewatta, J.K. Reaser and A.T. Gutierrez (eds.) Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa. 111 p.

Ita, E.O., 1984. Kainji (Nigeria). p. 43-103. In J.M. Kapetsky and T. Petr (eds.) Status of African reservoir fisheries. CIFA Tech. Pap. 10:326 p.

Ita, E.O., 1998. The current status of fish stocks and fisheries in Kainji Lake, 1996. Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project. December, 1998. 45 p.

IUCN, 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org.

Jalabert, B. and Y. Zohar, 1982. Reproduction physiology in cichlid fishes, with particular reference to Tilapia and Sarotherodon. p. 129-140. In R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7. 432 p.

Jalal, K.C.A. and A.J.M.A. Rouf, 1997. Tilapia - as an exotic fish impacts on aquatic environment in Bangladesh. Fish. J. Garing 6(2):1-7.

Jang, M.-H., J.-G. Kim, S.-B. Park, K.-S. Jeong, G.-I. Cho and G.-J. Joo, 2002. The current status of the distribution of introduced fish in large river systems of South Korea. Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(2-3):319-328.

Japan Ministry of Environment, 2005. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild. Website of the Japanese Ministry of the Environment.

Jenneckens, I., A. Müller-Belecke, G. Hörtsgen-Schwark and J.-N. Meyer, 1999. Proof of the successful development of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) clones by DNA fingerprinting. Aquaculture 173(1-4):377-388.

Jensen, K.W., 1957. Determination of age and growth of Tilapia nilotica (L.), T. galilaea (Act.), T. zillii (Gerv.) and Lates niloticus C. et V. by means of their scales. K. Nor. Vidensk. Selsk. Forh. 30(24):150-157.

Jiménez-Prado, P., W. Aguirre, E. Laaz-Moncayo, R. Navarrete-Amaya, F. Nugra-Salazar, E. Rebolledo-Monsalve, E. Zárate-Hugo, A. Torres-Noboa and J. Valdiviezo-Rivera, 2015. Guía de peces para aguas continentales en la vertiente occidental del Ecuador. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador Sede Esmeraldas; Universidad del Azuay y Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales del Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Esmeraldas, Ecuador. 1-416.

Jory, D., 1998. Aquaculture in the Democratic Republic of St. Tomé & Príncipe. Aquacult. Mag. 24(3):34,36,38-43.

Jovani, M. and E. Tariku, 1997. Management of the fisheries in Lake Langano. Proceeding of the National Fisheries Seminar, 7-9 April 1997.

Juliano, R.O., R.D. Guerrero III and I. Ronquillo, 1989. The introduction of exotic aquatic species in the Philippines. p. 83-90. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Jumawan, J.C. and R.A. Seronay, 2017. Length-weight relationships of fishes in eight floodplain lakes of Agusan Marsh, Philippines. Phil. J. Scie. 146(1):95-99.

Junjie, B., M. Zhongbo and Y. Zhilin, 1989. The karyotype analysis of two Tilapia species and silver staining observation on nucleolar organizers. J. Chinese Acad. Fish. Sci. 2:21-28.

Kapetsky, J.M. and T. Petr, 1984. Status of African reservoir fisheries. CIFA Tech. Pap. 10:326 p.

Kara, H.M., 2011. Freshwater fish diversity in Algeria with emphasis on alien species. Eur J Wildl Res. DOI 10.1007/s10344-011-0570-6.

Kottelat, M. 2001 [ref. 25780] Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications, Colombo. 1-198, Pls. 1-48.Kawanabe, H. and N. Mizuno, 1989. Freshwater fishes of Japan. Yama-Kei Publishers: Tokyo. 1-719.

Keith, P., E. Vigneux and P. Bosc, 1999. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce de la Réunion. MNHN, Paris.

Khalil, L.F. and J.P. Thurston, 1973. Studies on the helminth parasites of freshwater fishes of Uganda including the descriptions of two new species of digeneans. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr. 87(2):209-248.

Khater, A.A. and R.O. Smitherman, 1988. Cold tolerance and growth of three strains of Oreochromis niloticus. p. 215-218. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Kidane, S.G., 2015. Common names of some fish species found in the Bahir Dar Region (Ethiopia).

Kim, I.-S. and J.-Y. Park, 2002. Freshwater fishes of Korea. KyoHak Publishing Co., Seoul. 2002: 1-465.

Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.L. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim and J.H. Kim, 2005. Illustrated book of Korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Pub Co. Seoul. 615 p.

King, R.P., 1997. Growth performance of Nigerian fish stocks. Naga ICLARM Q. 20(2):31-35.

Kiss, R., 1977. Les poissons et la pêche dans le lac Ihema (Rwanda, bassin moyen de l'Akagera). Ann. Hydrobiol. 17(2):263-318.

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Koeda, K., Y. Hibino, T. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, R. Miki, T. Kunishima, D. Sasaki, T. Furukawa, M. Sakurai, K. Eguchi, H. Suzuki, T. Inaba, T. Uejo, S. Tanaka, M. Fujisawa, H. Wada and T. Uchiyama, 2016. Annotated checklist of fishes of Yonaguni-jima island, the westernmost island in Japan. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima: i-v + 1-119, 1 pl.

Koerber, S., 2014. List of freshwater fishes from Argentina - Update 15. Ichthyological Contributions of Peces Criollos N* 32: 1-15.

Konan, F.K., F. Leprieur, A. Ouattara, S. Brosse, G. Grenouillet, G. Gourène, P. Winterton and S. Lek, 2006. Spatio-temporal patterns of fish assemblages in coastal West African rivers: a self-organizing map approach. Aquat. Living Resour. 19(4):361-370.

Konan, K.F., A. Ouattara, M. Ouattara and G. Gourčne, 2007. Weight-length relationship of 57 fish species of the coastal rivers in South-eastern of Ivory coast. Ribarstvo 65(2):49-60.

Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p.

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p.

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp.

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement N° 27: 1-663.

Kronert, U., G. Hörstgen-Schwark and H.-J. Langholz, 1989. Prospects of selecting for late maturity in tilapia (Oreochro-mis niloticus). I. Family studies under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture 77:113-121.

Krupp, F. and W. Schneider, 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10.

Kudhonghania, A. and A.J. Cordone, 1974. Past trends, present stocks and possible future state of the fisheries of the Tanzania part of the Lake Victoria. Afr. J. Trop. Hydrobiol. Fish. 3(2):167-181.

Kullander, S.O. and T.R. Roberts, 2012. Out of Lake Tanganyika: endemic lake fishes inhabit rapids of the Lukuga River. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(4):355-376.

Labajo, Y.I. and O.M. Nuñeza, 2003. Ichthyofauna of Lake Maiinit, Mindanao. Pap. presented at the 3rd Annu. Scientific Convention of the Philippines for the study of Nature, Inc., May, 2003 at UPV, Iloilo, Philippines.

Labatos, B.V. Jr., 2017. Fishes of Calapan River, City of Calapan, Oriental Mindoro, Philippines. NMP Journal of Natural History v. 2 (n° 1): 1-10.

Lalèyè P., Chikou, A., Philippart, J.C., Teugels, G. and P. Vandewalle, 2004. Etude de la diversité ichtyologique du bassin du fleuve Ouémé au Bénin (Afrique de l’Ouest). Cybium: 329-339.

Lalèyè, P.A., 2006. Length-weight and length-length relationships of fishes from the Ouémé River in Bénin (West Africa). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22:330-333.

Lamboj, A., 2004. The Cichlid Fishes of Western Africa. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 255 p.

Lannan, C.N., J.L. Batholomew and J.L. Fryer, 1999. Chlamydial infections of fish: Epitheliocystis. p.255-267. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders Vol. 3: Viral, bacterial and fungal infections. CABI Int'l.

Lazard, J. and X. Rognon, 1997. Genetic diversity of tilapia and aquaculture development in Côte d'Ivoire and Niger. Bamidgeh 49(2):90-98.

Lazier, B., S. Langley, N.B. Ramsey and J.M. Wright, 1996. Androgen inhibition of vitellogenin gene expression in Tilapia (Oreochromis nilooticus). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 104(3):321-329.

Leal-Flórez, J., M. Rueda and M. Wolff, 2008. Role of the non-native fish Oreochromis niloticus in the long-term variations of abundance and species composition of the native ichthyofauna in a Caribbean estuary. Bull. Mar. Sci. 82(3):365-380.

Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess, 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey n° 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C..

Lee, W.-O. and I.-S. Kim, 1996. A revision of the suborder Labroidei (Pisces: Perciformes) from Korea. Korean Journal of Ichthyology v. 8 (n° 1): 22-48.

Lester, L.J., T.A. Abella, M.S. Palada and H.J. Keus, 1988. Genetic variation in size and sexual maturation of Oreochro-mis niloticus under hapa and cage culture conditions. p. 223-230. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Lévèque, C., D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of the Nilo-sudan river basins, in Africa. Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale v. 24 (n° 2): 131-154.

Lévêque, C., 1997. Biodiversity dynamics and conservation. The freshwater fish of tropical Africa. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 438 p.

Li, S., 1998. Genetic characterization of major freshwater culture fishes in China. Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, Shanghai, China, 233 p.

Liao, C.-I., H.-M. Su and E.Y. Chang, 2001. Techniques in finfish larviculture in Taiwan. Aquaculture 200(2001):1-31.

Liao, I.-C. and H.-C. Lia, 1989. Exotic aquatic species in Taiwan. p. 101-118. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Lindsey, C.C., 1978. Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.

Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characte-ribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p.

Litz, T.O. and S. Koerber, 2014. Check list of the freshwater fishes of Uruguay (CLOFF-UY). Ichthyological Contributions of PecesCriollos N° 28: 1-40.

Lopez, N.C., 2001. Parasitic crustaceans in fishes from some Philippine lakes. p. 75-79. In C.B. Santiago, M.L. Cuvin-Aralar and Z.U. Basiao (eds) Conservation and ecological management of Philippine lakes in relation to fisheries and aquaculture. SEAFDEC, Aquacult. Dept., Iloilo,Phil., PCAMRD, Los Baños, Lag., & BFAR Q.C. Phil.,187 p.

López, H.L., A.M. Miquelarena and R.C. Menni, 2003. Lista comentada de los peces continentales de la Argentina. ProBiota, Serie Técnica y Didáctica N° 5: 1-85.

Losse, G.F., 1998. lake Kariba and the Gwembe Valley. p. 22-31. In G.F.Losse. The small-scale fishery on Lake Kariba in Zambia. Deutsche Gessellscahft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn, Germany, 293 p.

Lowe-McConnell, R.H., 1958. Observations on the biology of Tilapia nilotica Linné in East African waters. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 57(1-2):129-170.

Lowe-McConnell, R.H., 1987. Ecological studies in tropical fish communities. In: Peter S. Ashton, Stephen P. Hubbell, Daniel H. Janzen, Peter H. Raven, P.B. Tomlinson (ed.), Ecological studies in tropical fish communities, pp. 382. Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, Cambridge.

Lusk, S., L. Hanel and V. Lusková, 2004. Red list of the ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: Development and present status. Folia Zool. 53(2):215-226.

Lusk, M.R., Luskova V. and L. Hanel, 2010. Alien fish species in the Czech Republic and their impact on the native fish fauna. Folia Zool. 59(1):57-72.

Lusk, M.R., Luskova V. and L. Hanel, 2011. Black List alien invasive fish species in the Czech Republic. Biodiverzita ichtyofauny CR (VIII):79-97 (2011).

Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue, 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.

Macaranas, J.M., L.Q. Agustin, M.C.A. Ablan, M.J.R. Pante, A.E. Eknath and R.S.V. Pullin, 1995. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: biochemical characterization of strain differences in Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture International 3:43-54.

Macaranas, J.M., N. Taniguchi, M.J.R. Pante, J.B. Capili and R.S.V. Pullin, 1986. Electrophoretic evidence for extensive hybrid gene introgression into commercial Oreochromis niloticus (L.) stocks in the Philippines. Aquacult. Fish. Manag. 17:249-258.

Machacek, H. (ed.), 2006. World Records Freshwater Fishing. www.fishing-worldrecords.com, 12 February 2006.

Magomna, O., 2003. Noms communs de poissons tchadien en langue Kim. p. 234-242. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281 p.

Maguilas, A., 1999. Tilapia crowding out other fish. The Manila Times (June 16, 1999):14.

Mahy, G., 1979. Biologie et écologie du lac Kivu. Actualisation. Synthèse critique et prévision des connaissances actuelles sur le lac Kivu. Étud. Rwandaises 12(3):1-108.

Majumdar, K.C. and B.J. McAndrew, 1986. Relative DNA content of somatic nuclei and chromosomal studies in three genera, Tilapia, Sarotherodon, and Oreochromis of the tribe Tilapiini (Pisces, Cichlidae). Genetica. 68(3):175-188.

Marquet, G., B. Séret and R. Lecomte-Finiger, 1997. Inventaires comparés des poissons des eaux intérieures de trois îles océaniques tropicales de l'Indo-Pacifique (la Réunion, la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Tahiti). Cybium 21(1) suppl.:27-34.

Marshall, B., 2011. The fishes of Zimbabwe and their biology. Smithiana Monographs N° 3: i-vi + 1 -290.

Martinez, V.M.V., M.L.A. Macedo, T. Scholz, D.G. Solis and E.F.M. Franco, 2002. Atlas de los helmintos parásitos de cíclidos de México. Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Dirección de Publicaciones Tresguerras 27, 06040, México, D.F.

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p.

Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle.

Matamoros, W.A., J.F. Schaefer and B.R. Kreiser, 2009. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of continental and insular Honduras. Zootaxa N° 2307: 1-38.

Matillano, J.D., 2003. The ichthyofauna of Lake Manguao, Taytay, Palawan, with special reference to endemic species. Paper presented at the First National Congress on Philippine Lakes, 25-28 November 2003, Tagaytay City, Philippines.

McGrogan, D.G., V.E. Ostaland, P.J. Byrne and H.W. Ferguson, 1998. Systemic disease involving an iridovirus-like agent in cultured tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. - a case report. J. Fish Dis. 21:149-152.

McMahan, C.D., W.A. Matamoros, F.S. Álvarez Calderón, W.Y. Henríquez, H.M. Recinos, P. Chakrabarty, E. Barraza and N. Herrera, 2013. Checklist of the inland fishes of El Salvador. Zootaxa 3608 (n° 6): 440-456.

Mehak, A., Y. Mu, M. Mohsin, M. Noman and K. Nazir, 2017. Population dynamics of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at Chashma Barrage, Pakistan. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 46(1):206-210.

Mekkawy, I.A.A., 1995. Description of Oreochromis ismailiaensis sp. n., and its hybrid with Oreochromis niloticus (Linnae-us, 1758) (Perciformes; Cichlidae) from Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Egypt v. 24 (2-E): 1-27.

Melard, C. and J.C. Philippart, 1981. La production de Tilapia de consommation dans les rejets industriels d'eau chaude en Belgique. Cah. d' Ethologie appliquée (Liège, Belgique) 1(suppl.2):124 p.

Melard, C. and J.C. Philippart, 1981. Pisciculture intensive du tilapia S. niloticus dans les effluents thermiques d'une centrale nucléaire en Belgique. p. 639-658. In K. Tiews (ed.) Proceedings of the World Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation Systems, Stavanger, Norway, 28-30 May 1981. Heeneman, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany. Vol. 1.

Melo, F.A.G. de, P.A. Buckup, T.P.A. Ramos, A.K. do Nascimento Souza, C.M.A. Silva, T.C. Costa and A.R. Torres, 2016. Fish fauna of the lower course of the Parnaíba River, northeastern Brazil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão (Nova sér.) v. 38 (n° 4): 363-400.

Menni, R.C., 2004. Peces y ambientes en la Argentina continental. Monografías del Museo Argentina Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires N° 5: 1-316.

Mercene, E.C., 1997. Freshwater fishes of the Philippines. p. 81-105. In R.Guerrero III, A. Calpe, and L. Darvin (eds.). Aquatic Biology Research and Development in the Philippines (Proceedings of the First Nat'l Symposium-Workshop on Aquatic Biology R&D, Nov. 28-29, 1995, Los Baños, Laguna). PCAMRD Bk. Ser. 20.

Micha, J.C., 1973. Étude des populations piscicoles de l'Ubangui et tentatives de sélection et d'adaptation de quelques espèces à l'étang de pisciculture. Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-sur-Marne, France. 110 p.

Micha, J.C., T. Antoine, P. Wery and C. Van Hove, 1988. Growth, ingestion capacity, comparative appetency and biochemical composition of Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia rendalli fed with Azolla. p. 347-355. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai, and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 15, Dept. of Fish., Bangkok, Thailand and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines. 623 p.

Miesen, F.W., F. Droppelmann, S. Hüllen, R.K. Hadiaty and F. Herder, 2016. An annotated checklist of the inland fishes of Sulawesi. Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 64 (n° 2): 77-106.

Minckley, W.L. and P.C. Marsh, 2009. Inland fishes of the Greater Southwest. Chronicle of a Vanishing Biota. The Univer-sity of Arizona Press. xxxiv + 1-426.

Mirande, J.M. and S. Koerber, 2015. Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Argentina (CLOFFAR). Ichthyological Contribu-tions of PecesCriollos N° 36: 1-68.

Mires, D., 1977. Theoretical and practical aspects of the production of all male tilapia hybrids. Bamidgeh 29:94-101.

Mirza, M.R., 2002. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mirza, M.R., 2003. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (3):1-30.

Moelants, T., 2015. Diversity and ecology of the ichthyofauna of the Middle and Upper Congo basin: a case-study in the region of the Wagenia falls (Democratic Republic of the Congo). KULeuven, Faculty of Science, Leuven (Belgium), 320 p.

Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak, 1983. Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Malaysia. 284 p.

Moreau, J., 1979. Biologie et évolution des peuplements de Cichlidés (Pisces) introduits dans les lacs malgaches d'altitude. Institut National Polythechnique, Toulouse, France. Ph.D. dissertation.

Moreau, J., 1999. The adaptation and impact on trophic relationships of introduced cichlids in Southeast Asian lakes and reservoirs. p. 207-229. In W.L.T. van Densen and M.J. Morris (eds) Fish and Fisheries of lakes and reservoirs in Southeast Asia and Africa. Westbury Publishing, Otley, UK.

Moreau, J., C. Bambino and D. Pauly, 1986. Indices of overall growth performance of 100 tilapia (Cichlidae) populations. p. 201-206. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. 727 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Moreau, J., M.L.D. Palomares, F.S.B. Torres and D. Pauly, 1995. Atlas démographique des populations de poissons d'eau douce d'Afrique. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 45. 140 p.

Moriarty, C.-.M. and D.J.W. Moriarty, 1973. Quantitative estimation of the daily ingestion of phytoplankton by Tilapia nilotica and Haplochromis nigripinnis in Lake George, Uganda. J. Zool. Lond. 171:15-23.

Moyle, P.B., 2002. Inland fishes of California. -- revised and expanded. i-xv + 1-502.

Muthukumarana, G and D.E.M. Weerakoon, 1986. Stocking density and diet of Oreochromis niloticus in cages in man-made lakes in Sri Lanka (II). p. 599-602. In J.L. Maclean, L.B. Dizon and L.V. Hosillos (eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.

Mutia, M.T.M., M.P. Gardon, C.M. Faminialagao and M.C. Muyot, 2017. Stock assessment of Taal Lake. National Fisheries Research and Development Institute Year-End Review and Evaluation. November 8-10, 2017.

Mve, R.O. and J.D. Mbega, 2003. Noms communs d'espèces importantes de poisson en langue Fang, Gabon. p. 243-245. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Nakabo, T., 2000. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. Second edition. Tokai University Press. v. 2: i-vii + 867-1748.

Narcisco Fernandes, M., 1996. Morpho-functional adaptations of gills in tropical fish. p. 181-190. In A.L. Val, V.M.F. Almeida-Val and D.J. Randall (eds.) Physiology and biochemistry of the fishes of the Amazon. INPA, Manaus, Brazil.

Nathaniel, S. and E.I.L. Silva, 1996. Food and nest site availability: an indicator of the colonization of a highland reservoir in Sri Lanka by three species of cichlids. Sri Lanka J. Aquat. Sci. 1:81-90.

Neira, F.J., A.G. Miskiewicz and T. Trnski, 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. University of Western Australia Press. 474 p.

Nelson, J.S., 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p.

Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p.

Neumann, D., H. Obermaier and T. Moritz, 2016. Annotated checklist for fishes of the Main Nile Basin in the Sudan and Egypt based on recent specimen records (2006-2015). Cybium v. 40 (n° 4): 287-317.

Ng, P.K.L., L.M. Chou and T.J. Lam, 1993. The status and impact of introduced freshwater animals in Singapore. Biol. Conserv. 64:19-24.

Nguenga, D., 1988. A note on infestation of Oreochromis niloticus with Trichodina sp. and Dactylogyrus sp. p. 117-119. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15, 623 p. Dept. of Fish., Bangkok, Thailand and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

Nguyen, T.D.P., T.H.T. Nguyen, V.T. Do, T.T. Nguyen and H.D. Nguyen, 2011. Freshwater ecosystem services and biodiversity values of Phu Yen District, Son La, Viet Nam. p. 1-49. In Report on highland aquatic ecosystem services and biodiversity values, including livelihoods, trade, policy and conservation oriented inputs to two global online databases. Highland Aquatic Resources Conservation and Sustainable Development (HighARCS) Project. Deliverable 3.1, Project N° 213015 of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. 363 p. Work Package 3 Report. Research Institute for Aquaculture N° 1, Viet Nam.

Nichols, J.T., 1923. A new wrasse and two new cichlids from north-east Africa. Am. Mus. Novit. 65:1-4.

Nijjhar, B., C.L. Nateg and S.D. Amedjo, 1983. Chromosome studies on Sarotherodon niloticus, S. multifasciatus and Tilapia busumana (Cichlidae, Pisces). p. 256-260. In L. Fishelson and Z. Yaron (compls.) Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, 8-13 May 1983, Nazareth, Israel. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Nión, H., C. Rios and P. Meneses, 2016. Peces del Uruguay: Lista sistemática y nombres comunes. Segunda edición corregida y ampliada. DINARA, Montevideo: i-xi + 19-172.

Noakes, D.G.L. and E.K. Balon, 1982. Life histories of tilapias: an evolutionary perspective. p. 61-82. In R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

Nobile, A.B., E.M. Brambilla, F.P. de Lima, D. Freitas-Souza, I.L. Bayona-Perez and E.D. Carvalho, 2015. Length-weight relationships of 37 fish species from the Taquari River (Paranapanema Basin, Brazil). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:580-582.

Noraseng, P. and T.J. Warren, 2001. A report on the main aqua-ecosystem characteristics in Sanasomboun District, Southern Lao PDR, with respect to village fisheries. Indigenous Fisheries and Aqua-Ecosystems Management Project Technical Report N° 2. 26 p.

Nouv, S., H. Viseth and O. Vibol, 2005. Present status of alien species in aquaculture and aquatic ecosystem in Cambodia. In Bartley, D.M.; Bhujel, R.C.; Funge-Smith, S.; Olin, P.G.; Phillips, M.J. (comps./eds.). International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27-30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 2005. 195 p.

NSS Vertebrate Study Group, 2014. A Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Singapore. National Parks. Singapore Government.

Ochumba, P.B.O. and J.O. Manyala, 1992. Distribution of fishes along the Sondu-Miriu River of Lake Victoria, Kenya with special reference to upstream migration, biology and yield. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 23:701-719.

Offem, B.O., Y.A. Samsons and I.T. Omoniyi, 2008. Reproductive aspects of common freshwater fishes in the Cross River, Nigeria. J. Anim. Pl. Sci. 18(4):130-138.

Ogari, J. and A. Asila, 1990. The state of Lake Victoria fisheries, Kenya waters. FAO Fish. Rep. 430:18-23.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R., 1985. The effect of predation by nile perch, Lates niloticus (Linné) introduced into Lake Kyoga (Uganda) in relation to the fisheries of Lake Kyoga and Lake Victoria. FAO Fish. Rep. 335:18-41.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R., 1990. Changes in the prey ingested and the variations in the Nile perch and other fish stocks of Lake Kyoga and the northern waters of Lake Victoria (Uganda). J. Fish Biol. 37(1):55-63.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R., 1990. The decline of the native fishes of lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) and the impact of introduced species, especially the Nile perch, Lates niloticus, and the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Environ. Biol. Fish. 27:81-96.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R., 1990. The reduction in fish species diversity in Lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) following human exploitation and introduction of non-native fishes. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):207-208.

Ogutu-Ohwayo, R. and R.E. Hecky, 1991. Fish introductions in Africa and some of their implications. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):8-12.

Okeyo, D.O., 2003. Taxonomy, common names and distribution of fish in the eastern arm of the Rift Valley drainage, Kenya. p. 250-266. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Okeyo, D.O., 2003. Taxonomy, common names and distribution of fish in the eastern arm of the Rift Valley drainage, Kenya. p. 250-266. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Okiyama, M., 1993. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. 1154 p.

Olaosebikan, B.D. and A. Raji, 1998. Field guide to Nigerian freshwater fishes. Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria. 106 p.

Oldorf, W., U. Kronert, J. Balarin, R. Haller, G. HÖrstgen-Schwark and H.-J. Langholz, 1989. Prospects of selecting for late maturity in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). II. Strain comparisons under laboratory and field conditions. Aquaculture 77:123-133.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.

Ortega, H. and R.P. Vari, 1986. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoolo-gy N° 437: iii + 25 p.

Oti, E.E., 2003. Studies on the ichthyofauna of Ehoma Floodplain, Afikpo Eastern Nigeria. p. 123-131. In M.L.D.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. Peterson Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of North America North of Mexico (Second Edition). Freshwater Fishes of North America.

Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.D. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson, 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Seventh Edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34. I + xii + 1-384.

Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.

Palma, A.L., E.C. Mercene and M.R. Goss, 2005. Fish. p. 115-132. In Lasco, R.D. and M.V.O. Espaldon (eds.) Ecosystems and People: The Philippine Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-global Assessment. Environmental Forestry Programme, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños. 322 p.

Pan, J.-H., L. Zhong, C.-Y. Zheng, H.-L. Wu and J.-H. Liu, 1991. The freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province. Guang-dong Science and Technology Press. frontmatter + 1-589.

Paperna, I., 1996. Parasites, infections and diseases of fishes in Africa. An update. CIFA Tech. Pap. N° 31. 220 p. FAO, Rome.

Paugy, D. and V. Bénech, 1989. Les poissons d'eau douce des bassins côtiers du Togo (Afrique de l'Ouest). Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale v. 22 (n° 4): 295-316.

Paugy, D., K. Traoré and P.S. Diouf, 1994. Faune ichtyologique des eaux douces d'Afrique de l'Ouest. p. 35-66. In G.G. Teugels, J.F. Guégan and J.J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh-and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p.

Paugy, D., Lévêque, C. and G.G. Teugels, 2003. Poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium.

Pauly, D., 1978. A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.

Pauly, D., 1981. The relationships between gill surface area and growth performance in fish: a generalization of von Bertalanffy's theory of growth. Berichte der Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission für Meeresforschung 28:251-282.

Pauly, D., J. Moreau and M. Prein, 1988. A comparison of overall growth performance of tilapia in open waters and aquaculture. p. 469-479. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Pauly, D., M. Small, R. Vore and M.L.D. Palomares, 1990. Fisheries yields and morphoedaphic index of Lake Mainit, Philippines. p. 835-838. In R. Hirano and I. Hanyu (eds.) The Second Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 991 p.

Payne, A.I. and R.I. Collinson, 1983. A comparison of the biological characteristics of Sarotherodon niloticus (L.) with those of S. aureus (Steindachner) and other tilapia of the delta and lower Nile. Aquaculture 30:335-351.

Paz-Alberto, A.N., Castro, E.S., Flores, V.L. and M.A.V. Romero, 2009. Endemic, Indigenous and Introduced species in the freshwater ecosystems of Nureva Ecija and Pampanga: Status, Diversity and Impacts. Silliman Journal. 50(2):43-60.

Pellegrin, J., 1933. Poissons de la région du Kivu adressés par M. Guy Babault. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 58:169-175.

Pellegrin, J., 1935. Fascicule 7. Pisces. pp. 131-139. In Jeannel R. (ed.), Mission scientifique de l'Omo. Tome II. Zoologie. Paul Lechevalier et Fils, Paris.

Perez-Ponce de Leon, G., L. Garcia-Prieto, V. Leon-Regagnon and A. Choudhury, 2000. Helminth communities of native and introduced fishes in Lake Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico. J. Fish Biol. 57:303-325.

Peruzzi, S., J.E. Hornby, A.G. Scott and G.F. Warner, 1994. The use of fish scale epithelia in nondestructive methods of karyotyping Orechromis niloticus L. and Cyprinus carpio for experimental gynogenetic studies. Caryologia 47:39-45.

Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p.

Philippart, J.-C. and J.-C. Ruwet, 1982. Ecology and distribution of tilapias. p. 15-60. In R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7. 1982 Sarotherodon niloticus 35-37 27598 Plisnier, P.D., J.C. Micha and V. Frank, 1988. Biologie et exploitation des poissons du lac Ihema (bassin Akagera, Rwanda). Presses Universitaires, Namur.

Plumb, J.A., 1999. Edwardsiella Septicaemias. p.479-521. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l.

Poll, M., 1932. Contribution à la faune des Cichlidae du lac Kivu (Congo Belge). Description d'une espèce nouvelle d'Haplochromis et d'une espèce nouvelle de Tilapia. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 23(1):29-35.

Poll, M. and H. Damas, 1939. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission H. Damas (1935-1936). Fascicule 6. Poissons. Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo belge, Bruxelles. 73 p.

Poll, M., 1939. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G.F. de Witte (1933-1935). Fascicule 24. Poissons. Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo belge, Bruxelles. 81 p.

Poll, M. and J.-P. Gosse, 1995. Genera des poissons d'eau douce de l'Afrique. Mémoire de la Classe des Sciences. Académie royale de Belgique. v. 9: 1-324.

Pouyaud, L. and J.-F. Agnèse, 1995. Phylogenetic relationships between 21 species of three tilapiine genera Tilapia, Sarotherodon and Oreochromis using allozyme data. J. Fish Biol. 47(1):26-38.

Prein, M., 1990. Multivariate analysis of tilapia growth experiments in ponds: case studies from the Philippines, Israel, Zambia and Peru. Dissertation, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany. 125 p.

Prein, M., 1993. Multivariate analysis of tilapia growth experiments in in Israel, Zambia and Peru. p. 75-87. In M. Prein, G. Hulata and D. Pauly (eds.) Multivariate methods in aquaculture research:case studies of tilapias in experimental and commercial systems. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 20.

Pruginin, Y., S. Rothbard, G. Wohlfarth, A. Halevy, R. Moav and G. Hulata, 1975. All-male broods of Tilapia nilotica x T. aurea hybrids. Aquaculture 6:11-21.

Pullin, R.S.V. (ed.), 1988. Tilapia genetic resources for aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 16, 108 p.

Pullin, R.S.V. and J.B. Capili, 1988. Genetic improvement of tilapias: problems and prospects. p. 259-266. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15. Department of Fisheries, Bangkok, Thailand, and ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

Que, Y.F., L. Pan, F. Chen, S. Xie, X.L. Liao and N. Zhao, 2015. Length-weight relationships of thirty-seven fish species from the Hongshui River, Southwest China. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:804-806.

Radhakrishnan, K.V., B.M. Kurup, B.R. Murphy and S.-G. Xie, 2012. Status of alien fish species in the Western Ghats (India) as revealed from 2000-2004 surveys and literature analyses. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:778-784.

Rafique, M., 2000. Fish diversity and distribution in Indus River and its drainage system. Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 32 (n° 4): 321-332.

Rafique, M., S. Akhtar and M.H.K. Niazi, 2003. Fish fauna of Jinnah Barrage and adjoining areas. Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 35 (n° 2): 95-98.

Rahman, A.K.A., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka. 364 p.

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p.

Ramos, T.P.A., R.T.C. Ramos and S.A.Q.A. Ramos, 2014. Ichthyofauna of the Parnaíba River basin, northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica v. 14 (n° 1) e20130039: 1-8.

Rana, K., 1988. Reproductive biology and the hatchery rearing of tilapia eggs and fry. p. 343-397. In J.F. Muir and R.J. Roberts (eds.) Recent advances in aquaculture. Timber Press, Oregon. 420 p.

Rana, K.J., 1985. Influence of egg size on the growth, onset of feeding, point-of-no-return, and survival of unfed Oreochromis mossambicus fry. Aquaculture 46:119-131.

Reinthal, P.N. and M.L.J. Stiassny, 1997. Revision of the Madagascan genus Ptychochromoides (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with description of a new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 7(4):353-368.

Rema Devi, K. and M.B. Raghunathan, 1999. Report on the ichthyofauna of north Arcot district, Tamil Nadu. Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 97 (n° 1): 163-177.

Rema Devi, K. and T.J. Indra, 2000. Freshwater ichthyofaunal resources of Tamil Nadu. p. 77-97. In Ponniah, A.G. and A. Gopalakrishnan . Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1, 347 p.

Richards, W.J., 1999. Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome.

Richter, H., U. Focken, K. Becker, C.B. Santiago and W.B. Afuang, 1999. Analysing the diel feeding patterns and daily ration of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), in Laguna de Bay, Philippines. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 16:165-170.

Ridha, M.T. and E.M. Cruz, 1999. Effect of different broodstock densities on the reproductive performance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), in a recycling system. Aquaculture Res. 30:203-210.

Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.

Roberts, R.J. and C. Sommerville, 1982. Diseases of tilapias. p. 247-263. In R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. Lowe-McConnell (eds.) The biology and culture of tilapias. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 7.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.

Robins, R.H., L.M. Page, J.D. Williams, Z.S. Randall and G.E. Sheehy, 2018. Fishes in the Fresh Waters of Florida: an Identification Guide and Atlas. University of Florida Press, Gainesville. i-xvi + 1-468.

Roe, K.J., P.M. Harris and R.L. Mayden, 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of the genera of North American sunfishes and basses (Percoidei: Centrarchidae) as evidenced by the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Copeia 2002 (n° 4): 897-905.

Romana, M.R.R., 1988. Electrophoretic studies on induced gynogenetic diploids and triploids in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus and O. aureus). p. 267-274. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Romero-Berny, E. I., E. Velázquez-Velázquez, M. de Jesús Anzueto-Calvo, E. Urbina-Trejo and J.J. Schmitter-Soto, 2018. The fish fauna of three lagoon-estuarine systems in the northeastern Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexican south Pacific. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad v. 89: 84-98.

Ruesink, J.L., 2003. One fish, two fish, old fish, new fish: which invasions matter?. p. 161-178. In P. Kareiva and S.A. Levin (eds.) The importance of species: perspectives on expendability and triage. Princeton University Press.

Sadiku, S.O.E. and K. Jauncey, 1995. Soybean flour - poultry meat meal blend as dietary protein source in practical diets of Oreochromis niloticus and Clarias gariepinus. Asian Fish. Sci. 8:159-167.

Sadio, O., 2014. Common names of some fish species in Senegal.

Sakai, H., M. Sato and M. Nakamura, 2001. Annotated checklist of fishes collected from the rivers in the Ryukyu Archipe-lago. Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) Ser. A, v. 27 (n° 2): 81-139.

Sanches, J.G., 1989. Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p.

Sarmiento, J., R. Bigorne, F.M. Carvajal-Vallejos, M. Maldonado, E. Leciak and T. Oberdorff, 2014. Peces de Bolivia / Bolivian fishes. IRD-Biofresh (EU). 1-211.

Scharpf, C., 2009. Annotated checklist of North American freshwater fishes, including subspecies and undescribed forms. Part V: Sciaenidae ... [through] Achiridae (plus supplemental material). American Currents v. 35 (n° 1): 1-32.

Schäperclaus, W., 1979. Fischkrankheiten, vols. 1 and 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 1089 p. 4th edition.

Schraml, E., 2004. Die Artenvielfalt der Fische in Ugandas Gewässern. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fischfauna Ugandas. DCG-Informationen, Sonderheft 3:48 p.

Seegers, L., R. Sonnenberg and R. Yamamoto, 1999. Molecular analysis of the Alcolapia flock from lakes Natron and Magadi, Tanzania and Kenya (Teleostei: Cichlidae), and implications for their systematics and evolution. Ichthyol. Seegers, L., L. De Vos and D.O. Okeyo, 2003. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Kenya (excluding the lacustrine haplochromines from Lake Victoria). J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 92:11-47.

Explor. Freshwat. 10(2):175-199.

Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin, 2010. A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji. 102 p.

Seyoum, S. and I. Kornfield, 1992. Identification of the subspecies of Oreochromis niloticus (Pisces: Cichlidae) using restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Aquaculture 102:29-42.

Seyoum, S. and I. Kornfield, 1992. Taxonomic notes on the Oreochromis niloticus subspecies-complex (Pisces: Cichlidae), with a description of a new subspecies. Can. J. Zool. 70:2161-2165.

Shell, E.W., 1968. Mono-sex culture of male Tilapia nilotica Linnaeus in ponds stocked at three rates. FAO Fish. Rep. 44(4):353-356.

Shrestha, J., 1994. Fishes, fishing implements and methods of Nepal. Smt. M.D. Gupta, Lalitpur Colony, Lashkar (Gwalior), India. 150 p.

Shrestha, T.K., 2008. Ichthyology of Nepal. A study of fishes of the Himalayan waters. Himalayan Ecosphere, Kathmandu, Nepal. 389 pp., 72 pls.

Skelton, P.H., 2001. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Halfway House, South Africa. I-xiv + 1-395.

Siddiqui, A.Q., M.S. Howlader and A.D. Adam, 1989. Culture of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), at three stocking densities in outdoor concrete tanks using drainage water. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 20:49-57.

Siddiqui, A.Q. and A.H. Al-Harbi, 1995. Evaluation of three species of tilapia, red tilapia and a hybrid tilapia as culture species in Saudi Arabia. Aquaculture 138:145-157.

Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers, Ltd. i-xiii + 1-388.

Skelton, P.H., 2001. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Cape Town (South Africa): Struik Publishers, 395 p.

Skelton, P.H., 2019. Chapter 11. Freshwater fishes of Angola. Pp. 207-242. In: B. J. Huntley, V. Russo, F. Lages and N. Ferrand (eds.): Biodiversity of Angola. Science & conservation: a modern synthesis. Springer Open, Cham, Switzerland.

Snoeks, J., L. De Vos and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1997. The ichthyogeography of Lake Kivu. South Afr. J. Sci. 93:579-584.

Snoeks, J., B. Kaningini, P. Masilya, L. Nyinza-wamwiza and J. Guillard, 2012. Chapter 8. Fishes in Lake Kivu: Diversity and Fisheries. pp. 127-152. In J.-P. Descy, F. Darchambeau and M. Schmid (eds.). Lake Kivu: Limnology and biogeochemistry of a tropical great lake. Aquatic Ecology Series 5, Springer, 190 p.

Snoeks, J., Freyhof, J., Geelhand, D. & A. Hughes, 2018. Oreochromis niloticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018.

Soliman, A.K., K. Jauncey and R.J. Roberts, 1994. Water-soluble vitamin requirements of tilapia: ascorbic acid (vitamin C) requirement of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquacult. Fish. Mgt. 25:269-278.

Ssentongo, G.W and R.L. Welcomme, 1985. Past history and current trends in the fisheries of Lake Victoria. FAO Fish. Rep. 335:123-138.

Stiassny, M.L.J. and N. Raminosoa, 1994. The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. p. 133-148. In G.G. Teugels, J.-F. Guégan and J.-J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh- and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p.

Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Tadesse, Z., 1997. Breeding season, fecundity, length-weight relationship and condition factor of Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Tana, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 20(1):31-47.

Tah, L., T.G. Joanny, V. N'Douby, J.N. Kouassi and J. Moreau, 2010. Preliminary estimates of the population parameters of major fish species in Lake Ayamé I (Bia basin; Côte d'Ivoire). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26(1):57-63.

Talde, C.M., A.C. Mamaril and M.L.D. Palomares, 2004. The diet composition of some economically important fishes in the three floodplain lakes in Agusan Marsh wildlife sanctuary in the Philippines. Sri Lanka J. Aquat. Sci 9:45-56.

Tave, D. and R.O. Smitherman, 1980. Predicted response to selection for early growth in Tilapia nilotica. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 109(4):439-445.

Tedla, S., 1973. Freshwater fishes of Ethiopia. Department of Biology, University of Addis Abeba. 101 p.

Teferi, Y., D. Admassu and S. Mengistou, 2000. The food and feeding habit of Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Chamo, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci., 23(1):1-12.

Teferra, G., S.H. Bowen, E. Abebe and Z. Tadesse, 2000. Seasonal variations determine diet quality for Oreochromis niloticus L. (Pisces: Cichlidae) in Lake Tana, Ethiopia. SINET Ethiop. J. Sci. 23(1):13-23.

Teichert-Coddington, D.R. and R.O. Smitherman, 1988. Lack of response by Tilapia nilotica to mass selection for rapid early growth. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 117(3):297-300.

Terra, B.F., F.K. Teixeira and C.F. Rezende, 2017. Length-weight relationships of 10 freshwater fish species from an intermittent river basin, semi- arid region, Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 33:832-834.

Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237.

Teugels G.G. & D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1992. In Lévêque et al. 1992. Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Collection Fauna tropicale n° XXVIII. v. 2: 389-902.

Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2003. Cichlidae. p. 521-600. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 2. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 815 p.

Thaman, R.R., T. Fong and A. Balawa, 2008. Ilava Ni Navakavu: Finfishes of Vanua Navakavu, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. SPRH-FIO Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report N° 4, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.

Thomas, R., 2005. Fishes and ecological aspects in the southern region of Lake Toba and its associated rivers, Sumatra, Indonesia. Malayan Nature Journal 57(1):81-89.

Thurston, J.P., 1970. The incidence of Monogenea and parasitic Crustacea on the gills of fish in Uganda. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 82(1-2):111-130.

Thurston, R.V. and P.C. Gehrke, 1993. Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (eds.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E., 1963. La distribution géographique des Tilapia au Congo. Bull. Séances Acad. R. Sci. Outre-Mer 9(3):570-605.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E., 1964. Révision systématique des espèces congolaises du genre Tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sér. In-8°, Sci. Zool., 124:155 p.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E., 1968. An annotated bibliography of Tilapia (Pisces, Cichlidae). Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Doc. Zool. 14, 406 p.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E., 1988. Natural distribution of tilapias and its consequences for the possible protection of genetic resources. p. 1-11. In R.S.V. Pullin (ed.) Tilapia genetic resources for aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 16.

Thys van den Audenaerde, D.F.E., 1994. Introduction of aquatic species into Zambian waters, and their importance for aquaculture and fisheries. Aquaculture for Local Community Development Programme, ALCOM Field Document N° 24.

Titiati, E.K., 1970. Some common names of fresh-water fishes of Ghana in Latin, English, Ewe and Ga-adangbe. Manuscript Fisheries Dept., Volta Lake Research Project, 5 p.

Traore, A.C., 1985. Effects du taux de nourrisage (son de riz) et/ou de fertilisation (fientes de volailles) sur la croissance pondérale de Oreochromis niloticus en étang. p. 97-102. In E.A. Huisman (ed.) Aquaculture research in Africa. International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Trewavas, E., 1933. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1. --11. The cichlid fishes. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool., 38(259):309-341.

Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p.

Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Oreochromis. p. 307-346. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.

Twongo, T., 1995. Impact of fish species introductions on the tilapias of Lakes Victoria and Kyoga. p. 45-57. In T.J. Pit-cher and P.J.B. Hart (eds.) The impact of species changes in African Lakes. Chapman & Hall Fish & Fisheries Series 18.-Ufermann, A., R. Allgayer and M. Geerts (eds.), 1987. Cichlid catalogue (Pisces, Perciformes, Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1840). Vol. 1. Alphabetical catalogue of the cichlid fishes. Mr. Robert Allgayer, 15 rue des Hirondelles, 67350 Dauendorf, France. 1987:i-xv, 439 p.

Ukkatawewat, S., 2050. The taxonomic characters and biology of some important freshwater fishes in Thailand. Manuscript. National Inland Fisheries Institute, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 55 p.

Uraiwan, S., 1988. Direct and indirect responses to selection for age at first maturation of Oreochromis niloticus. p. 295-300. In R.S.V. Pullin, T. Bhukaswan, K. Tonguthai and J.L. Maclean (eds.) The Second International Symposium on Tilapia In Aquaculture. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 15.

Vakily, J.M., 1989. Les pêches dans la partie zaïroise du Lac Idi Amin: Analyse de la situation actuelle et potentiel de développement. Rapport Technique des Pêches au Zaïre. Gouvernement de la République du Zaïre, Département des Affaires Foncières, Environnement et Conservation de la Nature, et Commission des Communautés Européennes, Kinshasa/Brussels. 48 p. and Appendix.

Vallejo, A.N., 1985. Fishes of Laguna de Bay. Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull. 37(4):285-346.

Van den Bergh, E.C. and G.G. Teugels, 1998. Description of new small-sized Barbus species from the Sanaga basin in Cameroon. Comments on B. jae and on the taxonomic status of B. condei (Ostariophysi; Cyprinidae). J. Nat. Hist. 32:1367-1401.

van Oijen, M.J.P., 1995. Appendix I. Key to Lake Victoria fishes other than haplochromine cichlids. p. 209-300. In F. Witte and W.L.T. van Densen (eds.) Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A handbook for field observations. Samara Publishing Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.

Varjo, M., L. Koli and H. Dahlström, 2004. Kalannimiluettelo (versio 10/03). Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry.

Velázquez-Velázquez, E., M. Maza-Cruz, A.E. Gómez-González and J.A. Navarro-Alberto, 2015. Length-weight relationships for 32 fish species in the Grijalva River Basin, México. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:413-414.

Verheyen, E., R. Blust and C. Doumen, 1985. The oxygen uptake of Sarotherodon niloticus L. and the oxygen binding properties of its blood and hemolysate (Pisces: Cichlidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 81A:423-426.

Verreycken, H., D. Anseeuw, G. Van Thuyne, P. Quataert and C. Belpaire, 2007. The non-indigenous freshwater fishes of Flanders (Belgium): review, status and trends over the last decade. J. Fish Biol. 71(Suppl.D):160-172.

Vidthayanon, C., 2005. Aquatic alien species in Thailand. In D.M. Bartley, R.C. Bhujel, S. Funge-Smith, P.G. Olin, M.J. Phillips (comps./eds.) International mechanisms for the control and responsible use of alien species in aquatic ecosystems. Report of an Ad Hoc Expert Consultation. Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China, 27-30 August 2003. Rome, FAO. 195 p.

Vigliano, P.H. and G. Darrigran, 2002. Argentina's Freshwater Systems, Aliens in Wonderland. p. 25-44 In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species.

Vinciguerra, D., 1898. I pesci dell'ultima spedizione del Cap. Bottego. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (ser. 2a) 19:240-261.

Vivien, J., 1991. Faune du Cameroun. Guide des mammifères et des poissons. GICAM et Ministère de la Coopération et du Développement. 271 p.

Wada, K., 1990. Aeromonas infectious disease of Oreochromis niloticus. J. Yoshoku-Disease Leaflet N° 146.

Walker, K.F. and H.Z. Yang, 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 385:237-278.

Wang, S.-A., Z.-M. Wang, G.-L. Li, Y.-P. Cao, et al., 2001. The fauna of Hebei, China. Pisces. Hebei Science and Techno-logy Publishing House. 2001: 1-366.

Wee, K.L. and I. Nag, 1986. Use of cassava as an energy source in a pelleted feed for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 17(2):129-138.

Welcomme, R.L., 1984. International transfers of inland fish species. p. 22-40. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Welcomme, R.L., 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p.

Weliange, W.S. and U.S. Amarasinghe, 2003. Accounting for diel feeding periodicity in quantifying food resource partitioning in fish assemblages in three reservoirs of Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):203-213.

Weliange, W.S. and U.S. Amarasinghe, 2007. Relationship between body shape and food habits of fish from three reservoirs of Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 20:257-270.

Wheeler, A., 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p.

Witte, F. and W. de Winter, 1995. Appendix II. Biology of the major fish species of Lake Victoria. p. 301-320. In F. Witte and W.L.T. Van Densen (eds.) Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A handbook for field observations. Samara Publishing Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.

Worthington, E.B. and C.K. Ricardo, 1936. Scientific results of the Cambridge Expedition to the east African lakes, 1930-1. N° 15. The fish of Lake Rudolf and Lake Baringo. J. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 39(267):353-389.

Worthington, E.B., 1932. A report on the fisheries of Uganda investigated by the Cambridge expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-1931. London Zoological Laboratory, Cambridge. 88 p.

Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Wudneh, T., 1998. Biology and management of fish stocks in Bahir Dar Gulf, Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands. 144 p. Ph. D. dissertation.

Xu, G., 1985. Fish mariculture studies in China. ICLARM Newsl. 8(4):5-6.

Yamaguchi, Y., N. Hirayama, A. Koike and H.A. Adam, 1990. Age determination of growth of Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon galilaeus in High Dam Lake, Egypt. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 56(3):437-443.

Yambot, A.V. and E.A. Lopez, 1997. Gill parasite, Lamproglena monodi Capart, infecting the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., cultured in the Philippines. p.175-177. In T.W. Flegel and I.H. MacRae (eds.) Diseases in Asian AquacultureIII. Fish Health Section, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila.

Yoshida, T., H. Motomura, P. Musikasinthorn and K. Matsuura, 2013. Fishes of northern Gulf of Thailand. National Museum of Nature and Science etc.: i-viii + 1-239.

Youn, C.-H., 2002. Fishes of Korea, with pictorial key and systematic list. 2002: 1-747.

Zaniboni Filho, E., S. Meurer, O.A. Shibatta and A.P. de Oliverira Nuñer, 2004. Catálogo ilustrado de peixes do alto Rio Uruguai. Florianopolis : Editora da UFSC: Tractebel Energia. 128 p.

Zardoya, R., D.M. Vollmer, C. Craddock, J.T. Streelman, S. Karl and A. Meyer, 1996. Evolutionary conservation of microsatellite flanking regions and their use in resolving the phylogeny of cichlid fishes (Pisces: Perciformes). Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B: Biol. Sci. 263:1589-1598.

Zhang, C.-G., Y.-H. Zhao et al., 2016. Species Diversity and Distribution of Inland Fishes in China. Pp. i-viii + 1-284, plus front matter and covers. Science Press, Beijing, China.

Zhu, S.-Q., 1995. Synopsis of freshwater fishes of China. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing. 7 unnumbered pp. + i-v + 1-549.

Çiçek, E., R. Fricke and S.S. Birecikligil, 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey: a revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologist 9(2):141-157.

 


Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis
www.ittiofauna.org Webmuseum
Google
 
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org