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Branzino americano,

Morone chrysops (Rafinesque, 1820)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - White bass, White perch. Francese - Bar blanc. Portogallo - Robalo branco. Tedesco - Seebarsch. Danimarca - Hvid bars. Svezia - Vitbass. Finlandia - Valkobassi. Norvegia - Hvitbass. Turchia - Çizgili levrek melezi. Cina - Jīn yǎn láng lú (金眼狼鱸 金眼狼鲈).

 

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Morone chrysops (Rafinesque, 1820). Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 1 (n° 6). Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Perca chrysops Rafinesque, 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis [Part 2]. Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine v. 1 (n°. 6): 361-377. Appare prima come nomen nudum in Rafinesque 1818:354. Anche in Rafinesque 1820:22. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Morone chrysops (Rafinesque 1820), secondo Lee et al. 1980:574, Smith 1986:282, Robison & Buchanan 1988:348, McAllister 1990:137, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:163, Page & Burr 1991:255, Boschung 1992:102, Etnier & Starnes 1993:391, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:686, Warren et. al. 1994:133, Stauffer et al. 1995:256, Cross & Collins 1995:185, Mettee et al. 1996:499, Sigler & Sigler 1996:239, Scott & Crossman 1998:689, Fuller et al. 1999:346, Lyons et al. 2000:42, Ross et al. 2001:393, Moyle 2002:373, Bailey et al. 2004:175, Nelson et al. 2004:126, Miller & Robison 2004:286, Boschung & Mayden 2004:426, McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:107, Scharpf 2008:12, Minckley & Marsh 2009:296, Page & Burr 2011:484, Page et al. 2013:129, Çiçek et al. 2015:151, Robins et al. 2018:255. Località tipo - fiume Ohio, Pittsburgh, Pensylvania, USA. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Labrax albidus DeKay, 1842. Zoology of New-York, or the New-York fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the state of New-York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders, and accompanied by appropriate illustrations. Part IV. Fishes. W. & A. White & J. Visscher, Albany. Pl. 51 (fig. 165). Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Morone chrysops (Rafinesque 1820), secondo Smith 1986:284. Località tipo -  Lago Erie (Buffalo), New York, USA. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Labrax multilineatus Cuvier, 1829. In Cuvier & Valenciennes, (ex Lesueur). Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome troisième. Suite du Livre troisième. Des percoïdes à dorsale unique à sept rayons branchiaux et à dents en velours ou en cardes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 3: i-xxviii + 2 pp. + 1-500, Pls. 41-71. Catalogo - Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:77 per olotipo e paratipi. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Morone chrysops (Rafinesque 1820), secondo gli autori del "Catalog of Fishes" della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Wabash River, U.S.A. Tipo - Lectotipo MNHN 0000-5966 (secco). Lectotipo designato da Eschmeyer 1998:1132. Paralectotipi - MNHN A-5748 (1, secco), 5965 (1, secco).

Labrax notatus Smith, 1836. In Richardson. The Fish. In: Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N. J. Bentley, London. Part 3: i-xv + 1-327, Pls. 74-97. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Morone chrysops (Rafinesque 1820), secondo Smith 1986:284. Località tipo - Corso inferiore del fiume St. Lawrence, Nord America. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Labrax osculatii De Filippi, 1853. Nouvelles espèces de poissons. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5: 164-171. Compare prima come Labrus osculati de Filippi in Cornalia 1849:8. Catalogo - Tortonese 1940:143, Conci & Michelangeli 1974:219. A pag. 1 dell'allegato. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Morone chrysops (Rafinesque 1820), secondo gli autori del "Catalog of Fishes" della California Academy of Sciences. Località tipo - Ontario, Canada. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MZUT 164.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Page & Burr 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

 

 

Distribuzione di Morone chrysops secondo IUCN

 

 

L'area di distribuzione della specie comprende la parte centro orientale del Nord America dal Canada meridionale al Messico nord orientale, lungo un percorso all'incirca individuabile tra il bacino Mississippi-Missouri ed il sistema dei Monti Appalachi. M. chrysops risulta particolarmente abbondante nei bacini dei fiumi Mississippi, Missouri, e Ohio. Originaria dei bacini dei Grandi Laghi e del Mississippi-Missouri, è stata largamente introdotta a scopo alieutico in tutto il Nord America ed in paesi di altri continenti.

 

 

Introduzioni di Morone chrysops
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Cina

si

non conosciuto

USA

Messico

si

1972

USA

Portorico

no

1992

USA

Israele

no

1927

ignota

Turchia

si

 

 

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Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithso-nian Institution-Division of Fishes.

Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, USA.

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