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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Mugilidae Chelon

Cefalo dorato,

Chelon auratus (Risso, 1810)


 

Nomi dialettali italiani - Toscana - Gargia d’oro. Marche - Baldigâra. Veneto - Lotregano, Otrega.

 

 

Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Golden grey mullet, Golden mullet, Long-finned grey mullet. Galles - Hyrddyn aur. Francese - Mulet doré, Mulet, Muge doré, Galtorous, Gaouto-rouno, Jaouna, Meil, Meuille, Muge durin. Tedesco - Goldmeeräsche. Spagna - Lisa dorada, Alise, Aurin, Dabeta, Galta-roig, Galtiroig, Galupe, Iliça, Ilissa, Lisa, Lizarda, Mule, Muxo salton.  Portogallo - Taínha, Tainha-garrento. Olanda - Goudharder. Danimarca - Guldmulte. Svezia - Guldmulte. Norvegia - Gullmult. Finlandia - Kultakeltti. Federazione Russa - Singil, Singil'. Estonia - Kuld-tintkefaal, Kuldkefaal, Kuldtintkefaal. Polonia - Mugil zlotoglowy. Romania - Chefal, Chefal auriu, Singhil. Bulgaria - Platerina. Grecia - Maxinári, Myxinári, Myxínos. Albania - Gasturi, Veshari, Veshflorini. Slovenia - Zlati cipelj. Croazia - Galta-roig, Cipal zlatac, Cipal zlatar, Glavatac, Skocac, Vrecinaš, Zlatar, Zlatulj. Serbia e Montenegro - Javra, Skocac zlatac. Turchia - Altinbas kefal, Altinbaskefal baligi, Pulantarina. Siria - Bouri dehban. Israele - Kifon happaz. Libano - Boûry Shylân. Egitto - Halily, Dahban asfr wdn. Malta - Mulett, Mulett ta' l'imcarrta, Mulett tac-carruta safra, Mulett tal-misluta, Lostru. Tunisia - Majoul. Algeria - Bouri, Bourri, Bourri doré, Bourri-mdahab, Boussefra, Lizla. Marocco - Dehibya. Iran - Kefal-e auratus, Kefal-e talaee, Kefal-e zarin, Kafal. Mauritania - Lissa negra, Galupe, Tagaoua. Isole di Capo Verde - Garranto, Garrento, Geado, Liça, Mugem, Muja. Isola di Madeira - Muge, Mugem, Tainha. Cina - Jīn suō (金鮻), Jīn zī (金鯔 金鲻).

 

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Chelon auratus (Risso, 1810). Ichthyol. Nice 344. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Mugil auratus Risso, 1810. Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. F. Schoell, Paris. Ichthyol. Nice i-xxxvi + 1-388; 344. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Mugil auratus Risso 1810, secondo Berg 1949:998. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Planiliza aurata (Risso 1810), secondo Çiçek et al. 2015:151, Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Liza aurata (Risso 1810), secondo Dor 1984:190, Trewavas 1973:571, Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1199, Thomson 1986:345, Thomson 1990:856, Goren & Dor 1994:51, Coad 1995:28, Coad 1996:86, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:517, Arruda 1997:114, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:748, Sokolov 1998:114, Fricke 1999:42, Koutrakis & Economidis 2000:299, Azeroual et al. 2000:20, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:105, Parin 2003:S15, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:172, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:176, Fricke et al. 2007:67, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:465, Vasil'eva 2007:62, Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169, Esmaeili et al. 2010:374, Trape et al. 2012:127, Wirtz et al. 2013:120, Parin et al. 2014:189, Harrison 2016:2088, Durand & Whitfield 2016:110, Golani & Fricke 2018:118. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Chelon auratus (Risso 1810), secondo Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:892, Durand & Borsa 2015:268, Barbieri et al. 2015:86, Durand 2016:29, Esmaeili et al. 2017:86 scritto aurata, Esmaeili et al. 2018:68. Località tipo - Nizza, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, Francia, Mediterraneo nord occidentali. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto. Un neotipo è stato designato da Fricke 1999:42, ma successivamente ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Mugil breviceps Valenciennes, 1836. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome onzième. Livre treizième. De la famille des Mugiloïdes. Livre quatorzième. V. 11: i-xx + 1-506 + 2 pp., Pls. 307-343. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Liza aurata (Risso 1810), secondo Thomson 1986:345, Thomson 1990:856, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:517. Sinonimo di Chelon auratus (Risso 1810), secondo Fricke et al. 2018 (California Academy of Sciences: Catalog of Fishes). Località tipo - Gorée, Senegal. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN -4677. Catalogo dei tipi - Blanc & Hureau 1971:681.

Mugil cryptocheilos Valenciennes, 1836. In Cuvier & Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome onzième. Livre treizième. De la famille des Mugiloïdes. Livre quatorzième. V. 11: i-xx + 1-506 + 2 pp., Pls. 307-343. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Liza aurata (Risso 1810), secondo Trewavas 1973:571, Thomson 1986:345, Thomson 1990:856, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:517. Sinonimo di Chelon auratus (Risso 1810), secondo Fricke et al. 2018 (California Academy of Sciences: Catalog of Fishes). Località tipo - Fiume Nilo, Egitto. Tipo - Olotipo (unico) MNHN A-3665. Catalogo dei tipi - Blanc & Hureau 1971:688.

Mugil cryptochilus Valenciennes, 1836. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 11. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Mugil maderensis Lowe, 1839. A supplement to a synopsis of the fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7): 76-92. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Liza aurata (Risso 1810), secondo Trewavas 1973:571, Thomson 1986:345, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:517 come madeirensis. Sinonimo di Chelon auratus (Risso 1810), secondo Fricke et al. 2018 (California Academy of Sciences: Catalog of Fishes). Località tipo - Lanzarote, isole Canarie, Oceano Atlantico orientale. Tipo - Olotipo (unico): ?BMNH 1860.5.3.22.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Thomson, 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In Daget, Gosse & Thys van den Audenaerde (ed.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; e ORSTOM, Parigi. Vol. 2.

 

 

Distribuzione di Chelon auratus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie diffusa nei bacini dei mari Mediterraneo, Mar Nero, e delle coste orientali dell'Oceano Atlantico dalle Isole di Capo Verde e dalle coste del Senegal, fino alla Norvegia meridionale ed alle isole britanniche (sembra essere assente dal mar Baltico). Introdotta con acclimatazione nel bacino del mar Caspio.

 

 

Introduzioni di Chelon auratus
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

Iran

probabile

non conosciuto

ignota

lago Kinneret

no

non conosciuto

ignota

fiume Giordano

no

1930

Mar Nero

Mar Caspio (Azerbaijan)

si

1930

Mar Nero

Mar Caspio (Kazakhstan)

si

1930

Mar Nero

Mar Caspio (Turkmenistan)

si

 

 

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