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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Mugilidae Chelon

Cefalo bosega o labbrone,

Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827)


 

Nomi dialettali italiani - Liguria - Muzao negro, Ciautta, Musao. Toscana - Testone, Volpino, Muggine, Sciorina. Lazio - Cefolo, Cefolo pietra. Campania - Cerina, Cefalo. Calabria - Cefaluni. Puglia - Cannalonga, Caneluenghe, Ngefanu capozza, Lattumatu, Ciefl, Vocche mozze. Abruzzo - Mugella. Marche - Bosiga. Veneto - Boseghìn, Boseghetta, Bosega. Sicilia - Cefulu fimmineddu. Sardegna - Lionì, Lioneddu.

 

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Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Grey mullet, Lesser grey mullet, Thichlip mullet, Thick lipped mullet, Thick-lipped grey mullet, Thick-lipped mullet, Thicklip grey mullet. Galles - Hyrddyn llwyd gweflog. Francese - Labre, Labru, Lenket, Lissa, Meil, Muge à grosses lèvres, Muge lippu, Muge noir à grosses lèvres, Muge noir blanc, Muge noir chaluc, Muge noir labru, Mugon labru, Mulet à grosses lèvres, Mulet labeon chaluc, Mulet labeon lippu, Mulet lippu, Müsaru, Ueil nègre, œil noir. Spagna - Llissa vera, Lisa, Muble. Portogallo - Curvéo, Curvéu, Fataça, Muge, Mugem, Muja, Negrão, Tainha. Tainha-liça, Tainha-negra. Grecia - Platarída, Velánissa, Velántsa, Velanítsa, Seráni, Velanitsa. Irlanda - An lannach glas. Tedesco - Dicklippen-Meeräsche, Dicklippige Großlippige Meeräsche, Dicklippige Meeräsche, Dicklippige Nordische Meeräsche, Großlippige Meeräsche, Meeräsche. Olanda - Diklippige harder. Danimarca - Tyklæbet multe. Norvegia - Tykkleppet multe. Svezia - Tjockläppad multe. Islanda - Gráröndungur. Finlandia - Paksuhuulikeltti. Isole Faeroe - Multa, Pusalaknektur. Federazione Russa - Tolstogubaya kefal'. Estonia - Pakshuul-heloon, Pakshuul-kefaal. Croazia - Cipal putnik, Crni, Ir, Kuljavac, Mrena, Plotun. Slovenia - Debelousti cipelj. Serbia e Montenegro - Cipal, Putnik, Skocac. Romania - Chefal. Albania - Mavriaku, Qefulli i dimrit, Vijoshi. Malta - Kaplat, Mulett, Mulett kaplat. Israele - Kifon belut hassafa. Turchia - Kefal, Mavri balığı, Mavraki. Libano - Boûry Sayloun. Siria - Bouri chelan. Egitto - Bouri sudani. Algeria - Bourri, Lilza. Tunisia - Kahlayoum. Cina - Guī zī (龜鯔 龟鲻), Cū chún guī zī (粗唇龜鯔 粗唇龟鲻).

 

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Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827). Hist. Nat. Europe Mérid. v. 3 389. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Mugil labrosus Risso, 1827. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale, et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes. F. G. Levrault, Paris & Strasbourg. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Mugil labrosus Risso 1827, secondo Berg 1949:994. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Trewavas 1973:569, Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1198, Thomson 1986:344, Thomson 1990:855, Senou et al. 1996:72, Coad 1996:86, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:539, Santos et al. 1997:65, Arruda 1997:113, Afonso et al. 1999:83 con riserva, Fricke 1999:42, Koutrakis & Economidis 2000:299, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:104, Harrison 2003:17, Parin 2003:S15, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:176, Fricke 2007:29, Fricke et al. 2007:66, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:465, Vasil'eva 2007:61, Wirtz et al. 2007:27. Località tipo - Nizzace, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, Francia, Mediterraneo nord occidentale. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto. Un neotipo è stato designato da Fricke 1999:42, ma in seguito ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Crenimugil labrosus (Risso, 1827). Hist. Nat. Europe Mérid. v. 3 389. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida.

Mugil buosega Nardo, 1847. Ex Chiereghini. Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: "Descrizione de' crostacei, de' testacei e de' pesci che abitanno le lagune e golfo veneto rappresentati in figure à chiaro-scuro ed a colori." Venezia. Combinazione originale. Nomenclatura specifica non disponibile secondo i criteri ICZN, il nome di Chiereghini è citato come sinonimo. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Kottelat 1997:157.

Mugil chelo Cuvier, 1829. Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Edition 2. v. 2: i-xv + 1-406. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Mugil labrosus Risso 1827, secondo Berg 1949:994. Sinonimo di Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Trewavas 1973:569, Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1198, Thomson 1986:345, Thomson 1990:855, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:540, Harrison 2003:17, Parin 2003:S15. Località tipo - Brest, Francia. Tipo - Lectotipo MNHN 0000-6400. Paralectotipi - (18) MNHN A-3588 to 3589 (2, 4), A-3596 (4), A-3599 (1), A.3602 to 3603 (2, 1), A-3775 (1), A-4651 (1, secco), A-4693 (1, secco), A-4697 (1, secco). Catalogo dei tipi - Blanc & Hureau 1971:686-687. Lectotipo designato da Blanc & Hureau 1971:686-687.

Chelon chelo (Cuvier, 1829). Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Edition 2. v. 2. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida.

Liza chelo (Cuvier, 1829). Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Edition 2. v. 2. Sinonimo junior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida.

Mugil chelon Cuvier, 1829. Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Edition 2. v. 2. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida.

Mugil corrugatus Lowe, 1838. A synopsis of the fishes of Madeira; with the principal synonyms, Portuguese names, and characters of the new genera and species. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 2 (pt 3, art. 14): 173-200. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Trewavas 1973:569, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:540, Harrison 2003:17. Località tipo - Fuori Madeira. Tipo - Olotipo (unico): irreperibile.

Mugil curtus Yarrell, 183. A history of British fishes, illustrated by nearly 400 wood-cuts. 2 vols. London. vol. 1:I-XXXVI + 1-408; vol. 2:1-472 + supplements 1-45 and 1-72. Compare anche come Mugil curtus Yarell (sic) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:70, Pl. 311. Status incerto, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida. Opinioni - Provvisoriamente da ritenere sinonimo di Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Trewavas 1973:569, Kottelat 1997:157, Harrison 2003:17. Status incerto, secondo Thomson 1997:545. Località tipo - Tra Brownsey Island e South Haven, alla bocca di Poole Harbor, Inghiltrerra. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Mugil septentrionalis Günther, 1861. On the British species of Mugil. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 7 (n° 41): 345-352. A pag. 5 dell'allegato. Comparso prima come sopra, poi in Günther Dic. 1861:455, fig. Basato su esemplari e fonti letterarie. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN  non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827), secondo Trewavas 1973:569, Kottelat 1997:157, Thomson 1997:540, Harrison 2003:17, Fricke et al. 2007:66. Località tipo - Coste britanniche e scandinave. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (almeno 8, più frammenti) BMNH 1848.1.12.79 (1, impagliato), 1856.12.10.21 (1, pelle, metà sinistra), 1861.3.9.1 (4) proveniente dal mercato ittico di Londra; ZMB 8331 [ex BMNH] (1) Inghilterra.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Thomson, 1986. Mugilidae. In Daget, Gosse & Thys van den Audenaerde (ed.). Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; e ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.

 

 

Distribuzione di Chelon labrosus secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie presente in tutto il bacino del Mediterraneo, nel Mar di Marmara e nel Mar Nero occidentale. Nell'Oceano Atlantico è diffusa lungo le coste orientali. dalla Norvegia meridionale, Isole Faroes e coste meridionali dell'Islanda, fino alle Isole del Capo Verde ed alle coste del Senegal.

 

 

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