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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Perciformes Mugilidae Chelon

Cefalo musino,

Chelon saliens (Risso, 1810)


 

Nomi dialettali italiani - Veneto - Verzelata. Nelle altre regioni si tende ad attribuire alla specie i nomi dialettali classici usati per tutti gli altri Muggini.

 

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Nomi comuni esteri - Inglese - Leaping Mullet, Leaping Gray Mullet, Leaping Grey Mullet, Sharpnose Mullet, Small Mullet. Francese - Muge Sauteur, Mulet Sauteur, Bayonetta, Flavetin, Flavetoun, Flûte, Muga-flavetin, Muge, Muga, Mugon. Spagna - Galúa, Galúa Blanca, Galúa Negra, Ilisa, Ilisa de Cap Giquet, Ilissa Fusany. Portogallo - Mugem, Taínha, Tainha-de-salto. Tedesco - Springmeeräsche, Springende Meeräsche. Danimarca - Springmulte, Multe. Norvegia - Multe. Svezia - Multe. Estonia - Teravnina-tintkefaal. Polonia - Mugil ostronosy. Federazione Russa - Ilariya, Ostronos, Ostronosik. Grecia - Kefalás, Gástros, Gastros. Romania - Ostreinos. Bulgaria - Ilaria. Croazia - Cabra, Cipal, Cipal dugaš, Mrznjak mulo, Slinavac. Slovenia - Dolgin. Serbia e Montenegro - Cipli, Shocac dugas. Albania - Gasturi, Veshverdhi. Malta - Mulett, Mulett buri, Buri, Bwar. Israele - Kifon haruz. Turchia - Kefal, Çulara baligi, Kobar baligi, Kokar baligi, Kastros. Libano - Boûry Toûbarây. Marocco - Boulasfar, Ourhaghis. Algeria - Bourri, Lizla. Egitto - Garan. Iran - Kefal-e saliens, Kafal-e poozehbarik, Kafal. Giappone - Bora.

 

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Liza saliens Risso, 1810. Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. F. Schoell, Paris. Ichthyol. Nice i-xxxvi + 1-388; 345. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Mugil saliens Risso, 1810. Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. F. Schoell, Paris. Ichthyol. Nice i-xxxvi + 1-388; 345. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura specifica valida come Mugil saliens (Risso 1810), secondo Berg 1949:999. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Liza saliens (Risso 1810), secondo Trewavas 1973:572, Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1201, Thomson 1986:348, Coad 1995:28, Coad 1996:86, Kottelat 1997:158, Thomson 1997:533, Arruda 1997:114, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:748, Sokolov 1998:114, Koutrakis & Economidis 2000:299, Azeroual et al. 2000:20, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:107, Harrison 2003:36, Parin 2003:S16, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:173, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:176, Fricke et al. 2007:67, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:467, Vasil'eva 2007:63, Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169, Esmaeili et al. 2010:374, Trape et al. 2012:127, Parin et al. 2014:191, Harrison 2016:2100. Nomenclatura specifica valida come Chelon saliens (Risso 1810), secondo Senou et al. 1996:75, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:892, Durand & Borsa 2015:268, Barbieri et al. 2015:87, Çiçek et al. 2015:151, Durand 2016:29, Esmaeili et al. 2017:86, Esmaeili et al. 2018:68. Località tipo - Nizza, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, Francia, Mediterraneo nord occidentale. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Liza saliens furcata Popov, 1930. Mullets of Europe (Mugilidae) with descriptions of a new species from the Pacific Ocean (Kefali (Mugilidae) ebropi s opisaniem novogo bida iz Tichookeanoskich vod SSSR). Trudy Sevastopol'skoi biologicheskoi stantii Akademii nauk SSSR v. 2: 47-125, Pls. 1-4. Come forma (f) a pag. 72. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Liza saliens (Risso 1810), secondo Trewavas 1973:573, Kottelat 1997:158, Harrison 2003:36. Sinonimo di Chelon saliens (Risso 1810), secondo  Fricke et al. 2018 (California Academy of Sciences: Catalog of Fishes). Località tipo - Mar Nero. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Mugil verselata Nardo, 1847. Ex Chiereghini. Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell'opera intitolata: "Descrizione de' crostacei, de' testacei e de' pesci che abitano le lagune e golfo veneto rappresentati in figure à chiaro-scuro ed a colori." Venezia. Combinazione originale. Nomenclatura specifica non disponibile secondo i criteri ICZN, in Chiereghini è usata come sinonimo. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Liza saliens (Risso 1810), secondo Kottelat 1997:158. In sinonimia di Chelon saliens (Risso 1810).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Thomson, 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In Daget, Gosse & Thys van den Audenaerde (ed.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; e ORSTOM, Parigi. Vol. 2.

 

 

Distribuzione di Chelon saliens secondo IUCN

 

 

Specie diffusa lungo le coste e nelle acque interne del bacino orientale dell'Oceano Atlantico, dal Marocco alle coste dell'Irlanda meridionale e del Canale della Manica, e dei bacini del mar Mediterraneo e del Mar Nero. Introdotta con acclimatazione nel bacino del mar Caspio.

 

 

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