www.ittiofauna.org
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org
Webmuseum Osteichthyes Salmoniformes Salmonidae Coregoninae Coregonus

Il coregone bianco, Coregonus albula 

(Linnaeus, 1758)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Coregono blanco. Francese - Corégone blanc, Petite marène. Portoghese - Coregono branco, Coregono-bicudo. Grecia - Korégonos. Inglese - Vendace, European cisco, White fish. Galles - Fendas. Tedesco - Kleine Maräne, Felchen, Marene, Marenke, Marenken, Marinchen, Maräne, Albuli, Renke, Schnäpel, Zolfisch, Zwergmaräne. Olanda - Kleine marene. Danimarca - Heltling. Svezia - Siklöja. Norvegia - Lagesild. Finlandia - Muikku. Polonia - Sielawa. Repubblica Ceca - Maréna malá, Síh malý. Repubblica Slovacca - Sih malý. Romania - Coregon-mic, Păstrăv argintiu. Russo - Evropeiskaja riapushka, Evropeiskaya ryapushka.

 

  Click on the image to magnify and for the references.  
Click sull'immagine per ingrandire e per i riferimenti.

 

Coregonus albula (Linnaeus, 1758). Systema Nat. ed. 10 310. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Salmo albula Linnaeus 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1: i-ii + 1-824. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:317, Svetovidov 1973:150, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:374, Lelek 1987:75, Chereshnev 1996:602, Kottelat 1997:116, Anwand et al. 1997:3, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731, Reshetnikov 1998:41, Fricke 1999:27, Fuller et al. 1999:240, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45, Sideleva 2001:47, Schulz & Freyhof 2003:209, Sideleva 2003:13, Hanel 2003:59, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:133, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:165, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:386. Località tipo - Europa. Tipo - Non è noto nessun esemplare tipo. Neotipo designato da Fricke 1999:27, ma ritirato in Fricke 2000:639.

Salmo vimba Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:318, Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Lago Väner, Svezia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus brevis Mäklin, 1869. En för Finland ny form af siklöja. Öfversigt Av Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Forhandlingar v. 11: 19-23. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:318, Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Ekenäs villaggio di Nyland, sulla costa di Pojo-viken, Golfo di Finlandia. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - (2) collocazione ignota.

Coregonus albula var. finnica Günther, 1866. Catalogue of fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Salmonidae, Percopsidae, Galaxidae, Mormyridae, Gymnarchidae, Esocidae, Umbridae, Scombresocidae, Cyprinodontidae, in the collection of the British Museum. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. v. 6: i-xv + 1-368. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:317, Svetovidov 1973:150, Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Golfo di Finlandia. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - BMNH 1847.3.11.10-11 (2).

Coregonus sardinella marisalbi Berg, 1916. Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie. Moscow. Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie.: i-xxvii + 1-563. Scritto in origine maris-albi. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848, ma valida sottospecie come da descrizione, vedere Berg 1948:332, Svetovidov 1973:150, Chereshnev 1996:603. Sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731, Reshetnikov 1998:41, Sideleva 2001:47, Sideleva 2003:13. Località tipo - Fiume Petschora, Fiume Indiga; isole Solovetzkie (Mar bianco). Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ZIN 9722 (1), 9736 (6+), 9737 (3), 10784 (1).

Cyprinus muraenula Wulff, 1765. Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Methodo Linnaena disposita. Iohan, Jakob Kanter, Regiomonti. Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Methodo Linnaena disposita.: i-xii + 1-60. Sinonimo ambiguo, nomenclatura originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Discutibile sinonimi di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Borussia [Prussia], Germania. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus albula var. norvegica Günther, 1866. Catalogue of fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Salmonidae, Percopsidae, Galaxidae, Mormyridae, Gymnarchidae, Esocidae, Umbridae, Scombresocidae, Cyprinodontidae, in the collection of the British Museum. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. v. 6: i-xv + 1-368. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinoni-mo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Norvegia (probabilmenteOstofjord o Skagerrak). Tipo - Nessuno- Sintipi (almeno 4) BMNH 2002.3.7.188-191 (4).

Coregonus albula natio olonensis Borisov, 1924. Pereslavl Lake Cisco. Trudy Nauch. Instituta Rybnogo Khozyaistva v. 1: 51-127. Nome infrasubspecifico non disponibile, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:318, Kottelat 1997:116 (con riserva). Provenienza del materiale - Dai laghi Segozera e Vygozera, nord ovest della Russia.

Coregonus albula var. perejaslawica Polyakov, 1874. In: Minutes of the meeting of the Zoological Division of Noveember 27, 1873. Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5: XXIX-XXX. Nomen nudum non disponibile, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -  Discutibile se in sinonimia di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116.

Coregonus albula pereslavicus Berg, 1932. Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. et des pays limitrophes. 3-e édition, revue et augmentée. Part 1. Trattato come sottospecie. Nome basato su fonti più antiche, infrasubspecifice e non disponibili (Kottelat 1997). Nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Discutibile sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Lago Pereslavskoe, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus albula natio pereslawicus Borisov, 1924. Trudy Nauch. Instituta Rybnogo Khozyaistva v. 1. Nome infrasubspecifico non disponibile, combinazione originale. Convalidato successivamente da Berg 1932 con diversa denominazione. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie "perejaslavicus Borisov 1924", vedere Berg 1948:326. Discutibile se in sinonima di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Provenienza del materiale - Lago Pereslavskoe, Russia.

Coregonus albula natio topozeri Novikov, 1947. Byulleten Rybnogo Khozyaistva Karelo-Finskoi SSR No. 1, Originale non visionato. Nome infrasubspecifico non disponibile, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In sinonimia di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Berg 1948:318. Discutibile se in sinonima di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Provenienza del materiale - Lago Topozero, Russia.

Coregonus albula vodlosericus Lukash, 1939. Lukash, B. S. 1939 [ref. 19620] Rybnoe khozyaistvo Kareii, vol. 5. Rybnoe khozyaistvo Kareii, vol. 5.: e. g. 130. Originale non visionato. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), ma valida sottospecie, vedere Berg 1948:326. Discutibile sinonimo di Coregonus albula (Linnaeus 1758), vedere Kottelat 1997:116. Località tipo - Lago Vodlozero, Carelia, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 386 - 387.

 

 

Distribuzione di Coregonus albula

 

 

Bacino del Mar Baltico, laghi del bacino superiore del fiume Volga  (Seliger, Vseluga, Perejaslavskoe), diversi laghi del bacino del Mar Bianco e del Mare del Nord ad est del fiume Elba. Anadroma nel Golfo di Finlandia e marina nelle zone più settentrionali del Golfo di Botnia. A raggiunge il 69° parallelo (lago Inari, Finlandia). Bacino inferiore del fiume Reno (estinta). Viene frequentemente immessa in laghi e bacini artificiali di Polonia e Germania settentrionale e centrale, per favorire la pesca professionale e sportiva.

 

 

Bibliografia - Allendorf, F. W. and G. H. Thorgaard, 1984 Tetraploidy and the evolution of Salmonid fishes. p. 1-53. In: B.J. Turner (ed.) Evolutionary genetics of fishes. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York.

Anon., 1999  Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anon., 1999  Systematic list of Estonian fishes. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, 14 January 2000.

Anon., 2000  Fish collection database of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Anon., 2000. Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997.

Anon., 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Icthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).

Anon., 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.

Anon., 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.

Anon., 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Arkhipchuk, V. V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.

Auvinen, H., 1987. Growth, mortality and management of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.), vendace (Coregonus albula L.), roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) and perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) in Lake Pyhäjärvi (Karelia). Finn. Fish. Res. 8:38-47.

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.

Banarescu, P., 1964. Fauna Republicii Populare Romîne. Volumul XIII. Pisces - Osteichthyes (pesti ganoizi si osisi). Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne, Bucuresti. 962 p.

Baruš, V. and O. Oliva (eds.), 1995. Mihulovci a ryby. Fauna R a SR. (Cyclostomata and fishes. Fauna of Czech Republic and Slovakia). sv. 28 Academia Praha.

Beaumont, A. R., J. Bray, J. M. Murphy and I. J. Winfield, 1995. Genetics of whitefish and vendace in England and Wales. J. Fish Biol. 46:880-890.

Berg, L. S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem.

Blanc, M., J. L. Gaudet, P. Banarescu and J. C. Hureau, 1971. European inland water fish: a multilingual catalogue. Fishing News (Books) Ltd. London.

Bogutskaya, N. G., 2005. Compilation of 70 ecoregion in Russia with about 700 species. Compilation of Nina Bogutskaya.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A.M. Naseka, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296:21-30.

Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, 2003. Verzeichnis der Handelsbezeichnungen für Erzeugnisse der Fischerei und der Aquakultur.

Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce, 2001. Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain.

Dabrowski, K., 1975. Point of no return in the early life of fishes. An energetic attempt to define the food minimum. Wiad. Ekol. 21:277-293.

Eschmeyer, W. N., 1997. PISCES.

Eschmeyer, W. N., Editor, 2005. Catalog of fishes.

FAO, 1992 FAO. Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings, volume 74. FAO Fish. Series 43. 677 p.

FAO, 1997. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species, FAO, Rome.

Food and Agriculture Organization, 1992. FAO yearbook 1990. Fishery statistics. Catches and landings. FAO Fish. Ser. (38). FAO Stat. Ser. 70:(105):647 p.

Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Coregonus albula. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Frier, J. -O., 1994. Danmark. Danske ferskvandsfisk og deres udbredelsesområde. p. 4-6, 83-99. In J.-O. Frier (ed.) Truede ferskvandsfiskearter i Norden. TemaNord 1994:625. Nordisk Ministerråd, København.

Frolov, S. V., 1992. Some aspects of karyotype evolution in the Coregoninae. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):509-515.

Gold, J. R., W. Karel and M. R. Strand., 1980. Chromosome formulae of North American fishes. Prog. Fish Cult. 42:10-23.

Helminen, H. H. and J. Sarvala, 1994 Population regulation of vendace (Coregonus albula) in Lake Pyhäjärvi, southwest Finland. J. Fish Biol. 45:387-400.

Hilton-Taylor, C., 2000. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species.

Holcík, J., 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.

Houde, E. D. and C. E. Zastrow, 1993. Ecosystem- and taxon-specific dynamic and energetics properties of fish larvae assemblages. Bull. Mar. Sci. 53(2):290-335.

Hureau, J. -C., 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Preliminaire des Poissons d'Eaux Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environment, CEMAGREF et Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Huusko, A. and T. Sutela, 1992. Fish predation on vendace (Coregonus albula L.) larvae in Lake Lentua, Northern Finland. p. 381-391. In T..N. Todd and M. Luczynski (eds.) Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes 1990, 39(3-4).

Iacob, L. and I. Dima, 2006. Regnul Animalia. Eukarya. Enciclopedia Florei si Faunei din Romania.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jankun, M., M. Klinger and P. Woznicki, 1994. Chromosome variability in European vendace (Coregonus albula L.) from lake Ukiel, Poland. p. 53. In: Abstr. VII Congr. Soc. Europ. Ichthyol., Oviedo.

Jankun, M., P. Rab and J. Vuorinen., 1991. A karyotype study of vendace, Coregonus albula (Pisces, Coregoninae). Hereditas 115:291-294.

Järvi, T. H., 1947. Über den Kleinmaränenbestand (Coregonus albula L.) in dem See Vesijärvi (Südfinnland). Acta Zool. Fennica 48:43 p.

Järvi, T. H., 1920. Die kleine Maräne Coregonus albula L. im Keitelesee. Eine ökologische und ökonomische Studie. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, Helsinki, Serie A, vol. XIV, No. 1: 302 p.

Kallio-Nyberg, I. and M. -L. Koljonen, 1990. Kalakantarekisteri: siika, muikku ja harjus. (Fish stock register: whitefish, vendace and grayling.) Riista- ja kalatalouden tutkimuslaitos. Kalatutkimuksia-Fiskundersökningar, no: 4. Yliopistopaino. Helsinki, Finland. 55 p. (Publication of the Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute.)

Kangur, A. and P. Kangur, 1998. Diet composition and size-related changes in the feeding of pikeperch, Stizostedion lucioperca (Percidae) and pike, Esox lucius (Esocidae) in the Lake Peipsi (Estonia). Ital. J. Zool. 65:255-259.

Karjalainen, J., H. Helminen, A. Hirvonen, J. Sarvala and M. Viljanen., 1992. Identification of vendace (Coregonus albula (L.)) and whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) larvae by the counts of myomeres. Arch. Hydrobiol. 125(2):167-173.

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften.

Koli, L., 1990. Suomen kalat. (Fishes of Finland) Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö. Helsinki. 357 p.

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271.

Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Kullander, S.O., 1999. Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History.

Lahti, E. and P. Muje, 1991. Egg quality and female condition in vendace (Coregonus albula L.) before and during spawning. Hydrobiologia 209(3):175-182.

Landbrugs -og Fiskeriministeriet., 1995. Fiskeriårbogen 1996. Årbog for den danske fiskerflåde. Fiskeriårbogens Forlag ved Iver C. Weilbach & Co A/S, Toldbodgade 35, Postbox 1560, DK-1253 København K, Denmark. p 333-338, 388, 389.

Lehtonen, H., 1981. Biology and stock assessments of coregonids by the Baltic coast of Finland. Finn. Fish. Res. 3:31-83.

Lelek, A., 1987. Threatened fishes of Europe. The freshwater fishes of Europe Vol.9. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden. 343.

Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p.

Luczynski, M. and R. Kolman, 1985. Survival and growth rates of Vendace (Coregonus albula L.) larvae after experimentally delayed hatching. Aquaculture 50:13-21.

Maitland, P. S. and R .N. Campbell, 1992. Freshwater fishes of the British Isles. HarperCollins Publishers, London.368 p.

Makoedov, A. N., 1992. Relationships of coregonid fishes: karyological aspect. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):517-522.

Mikhov, S., 2000  Checklist of fishes of Bulgaria. FishBase checklist modified by Stoyan Mikhov.

Mitrofanov, V. P. and T. Petr, 1999. Fish and fisheries in the Altai, Northern Tien Shan and Lake Balkhash (Kazakhstan). p. 149-167. In T. Petr (ed.) Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes: Asia. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. No. 385. FAO, Rome. 304 p.

Muus, B. J. and P. Dahlström, 1968. Süßwasserfische. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 224 p.

Muus, B. J. and P. Dahlstrøm, 1990. Europas ferskvandsfisk. GEC Gads Forlag, København. 224p.

Næsje, T. F., O. T. Sandlund and B. Jonsson, 1986. Habitat use and growth of age-0 whitefish, <>Coregonus lavaretus, and cisco, <>C. albula. Environ. Biol. Fish. 15(4):309-314.

Nelson, J. S., 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p.

Nikolsky, G. W., 1957. Spezielle Fischkunde. VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften. Berlin. 632 p.

Nosova, I. A., 1962. Feeding of some planktivorous fishes (European smelt, zope and vendace) of Rybinsk reservoir. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Gidrobiologicheskogo Obshchestva 12: 214-234.

Nygren, A., B. Nilsson and M. Jahnke, 1971. Cytological studies in Thymallus thymallus and Coregonus albula. Hereditas 67:269-274.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.

Partti-Pellinen, K., K. Elo, T..K. Palva, P. Tuunainen and M.O.K. Hakumäki., 1992. Restriction fragment length polymorphism in mitochondrial DNA stocks of Coregonus in Finland. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):541-549.

Pauly, D., 1978. A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.

Plikss, M., 2002. Fish of Latvia.

Pokrovskyi, V. V., 1956. Vendace of the Ladoga Lake. Izv. VNIORH 38: 110-124.

Rab, P. and M. Jankun., 1992. Chromosome studies of Coregonine fishes: a review. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):523-532.

Rass, T..S., 1983 Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V..E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p.

Resetnikov, J..S., 1988. Coregonid fishes in recent conditions. Finnish Fisheries Research 9:11-16.

Reshetnikov, Y..S., N..G. Bogutskaya, E..D. Vasil'eva, E..A. Dorofeeva, A..M. Naseka, O..A. Popova, K..A. Savvaitova, V..G. Sideleva and L.I. Sokolov, 1997 An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9):687-736.

Ricker, W.E., 1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa.

Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.

Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C..E. Bond, J..R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea and W..B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.

Sanches, J. G., 1989. Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalizaçao estatística). Publicaçoes avulsas do I.N.I.P. No. 14. 322 p.

Sarvala, J., M. Rajasilta, C. Hangelin, A. Hirvonen, M. Kiiskila and V. Saarikari, 1988. Spring abundance, growth and food of 0+ vendace (Coregonus albula L.) and whitefish (C. lavaretus L. s.l.) in Lake Pyhäjärvi, SW Finland. Finnish Fish. Res. 9:221-233.

Schulz, M. and J. Freyhof, 2003. Coregonus fontanae, a new spring-spawning cisco from Lake Stechlin, northern Germany (Salmoniformes: Coregonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 14(3):209-216.

Smolian, K., 1920. Merkbuch der Binnenfischerei. Fischereiförderung GmbH, Berlin, Germany, p. 449, XXV.

Spratte, S. and U. Hartmann, 1997. Fischartenkataster: Süßwasserfische und Neunaugen in Schleswig-Holstein. Ministerium für ländliche Räume, Landwirtschaft, Ernährung und Tourismus, Kiel Germany. 183 p.

Sterligova, O. P., M. Kaukoranta and L. G. Bushman, 1995. Biology of cisco, Coregonus albula, and smelt, Osmerus eperlanus, in Lake Ouluyarvi (Finland). J. Ichthyol. 35(9):368-373.

Sutela, T. and A. Huusko, 1997. Food consumption of vendace Coregonus albula larvae in Lake Lentua, Finland. J. Fish Biol. 51:939-951.

Svardson, G., 1945. Chromosome studies on Salmonidae. Rep. Swed. State Ins. Fish Res. 23:1-51. Drottingholm.

Svetovidov, A. N., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 373-385. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1.

Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database. Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38.

Vehanen, T., P. Hyvärinen and A. Huusko, 1998. Food consumption and prey orientation of piscivorous brown trout (Salmo trutta) and pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca) in a large regulated lake. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 14(1-2):15-22.

Vostradovsky, J., 1973 Freshwater fishes. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, London. 252 p.

Wärn, L., 2001. Fishes of Lake Unden in Sweden. Pers. comm. (list of 18 scientific and common names sampled by author in Lake Unden).

Welcomme, R. L., 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p.

Wheeler, A., 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(1):1-37.

Winkler, H. M., K. Skora, R. Repecka, M. Ploks, A. Neelov, L. Urho, A. Gushin and H. Jespersen, 2000. Checklist and status of fish species in the Baltic Sea. ICES CM 2000/Mini:11, 15 p.

 


Webmuseum Osteichthyes Salmoniformes Salmonidae Coregoninae Coregonus
www.ittiofauna.org Webmuseum
Google
 
contact: stefano.porcellotti@ittiofauna.org