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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Salmoniformes Salmonidae Coregoninae Coregonus

Il cisco artico, Coregonus autumnalis  (Pallas, 1776)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Francese - Cisco arctique. Inglese - Artic omul, Arctic cisco, Pollan. Tedesco - Arktische Wandermaräne. Danimarca - Arktisk helt. Svezia - Omul. Finlandia - Omulsiika. Polonia - Omul.  Repubblica Ceca - Síh bajkalský. Repubblica Slovacca Sih omul. Russo - Omul.

 

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Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas, 1776). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 3 32, 705. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Salmo autumnalis Pallas, 1776. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vol. [vol. 1, 1771:12 non numerato. index, + Pls. A-Z, AA-NN]. Reise Russ. Reiches; v. 3 32, 705. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Il nome Coregonus migratorius Georgi 1775 è considerato sinonimo da vari autori, ma è più antico e forse dovrebbe essere usato. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come "Coregonus autumnalis" (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, McPhail 1966:141, Svetovidov 1973:150, Lee et al. 1980:78, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:375, Lelek 1987:78, McAllister 1990:80, Page & Burr 1991:42, Morales et al. 1993, Chereshnev 1996:602, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:731, Reshetnikov 1998:42, Scott & Crossman 1998:244, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45, Chereshnev et al. 2001:59, Sideleva 2001:48, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:183, Nelson et al. 2004:85, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:143, Kottelat 2006:85, Scharpf 2006:23, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:371. Località tipo- Lago Baikal, dall'ingresso nei fiumi Angara e Tuba fino al lago Madsharein. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Goregonus autumnalis (Pallas, 1776). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 3 32, 705. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Coregonus autumnalis autumnalis (Pallas, 1776). Reise Russ. Reiches v. 3 32, 705. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Coregonus autumnalis jenisejensis Smitt, 1883. Schematisk framställning af de i Riksmuseum befintliga laxartade fiskarnes slägtskapsförhållanden. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (n° 8) [1882]: 31-40. Originale non visionato. Compare anche in "Great International Fisheries Expedition, London 1883. Sweden. Special Catalogue" a p. 188. Aanche in Smitt 1886:235. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, Svetovidov 1973:150. Località tipo - Fiume Jenissei, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus lepechini Warpachowski, 1901. Zur Ichthyofauna des Flusses Petschóra. Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Akademii Nauk SSSR. v. 6: 585-608, Pl. 23. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, Reshetnikov 1998:42. Località tipo - Fiumi Pechora ed Indiga, Russia europea settentrionale. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi ZIN 9717 (1), 9753 (1), 11358-59 (1, 1), 11361-63 (1, 1, 1).

Coregonus autumnalis novajaesemljae Smitt, 1883. Schematisk framställning af de i Riksmuseum befintliga laxartade fiskarnes slägtskapsförhållanden. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (n° 8) [1882]: 31-40. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, Svetovidov 1973:150. Località tipo - Jugorskii Schar a Chabarovo, Novaja Zemlja, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus omul var. oligolepidotus Smitt, 1886. Kritisk förteckning öfver de i Riksmuseum befintliga Salmonider. Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar v. 21 (no. 8): 1-290 + tables and pls., Pls. 1-6, Tables 1-12. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, Svetovidov 1973:150. Località tipo - Jugorskii Schar a Chabarovo, Novaja Zemlja, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Salmo omul Pallas, 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. 3 vols. [1811-1814]. Petropoli. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium ... v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - In parte sinonimo di Coregonus cylindraceus (Pennant 1784-85), vedere Berg 1948:417. In parte sinonimo di Prosopium cylindraceum (Pennant 1784), vedere Reshetnikov 1998:47. Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, 342, Svetovidov 1973:150, Reshetnikov 1998:42. Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), sottospecie migratorius (Georgi 1775), vedere Sideleva 2001:48, Sideleva 2003:13. Località tipo - Oceano Artico, incluso i fiumi Petschora, Jenissei, Lena e Colyma. No types known. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Coregonus omul polylepidotus Smitt, 1886. Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar v. 21 (n° 8). Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Coregonus autumnalis (Pallas 1776), vedere Berg 1948:336, Svetovidov 1973:150. Località tipo - Jugorskii Schar a Chabarovo, Novaja Zemlja, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 371.

 

 

Distribuzione di Coregonus autumnalis secondo IUCN

 

 

Tutti i bacini afferenti all'Oceano Artico in Eurasia, dal fiume Mezen a est fino al'isola di Wrangler (ad eccezione del fiume Ob e del lago Baikal). In Nord America la specie è diffusa da Cape Barrow alla Baia dell'Incoronazione. Introdotta in molte località della ex Unione Sovietica, ma non acclimatata.

 

 

Introduzioni di Coregonus autumnalis
Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

1961 - 1964

Lago Baikal (allevamento)

Kazakhstan

probabile

1960

ignota

Cecoslovacchia

no

 

 

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Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991 A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.

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