T. 1971. Distribution, movements, age and growth, and taxonomic status of
whitefish (Coregonus sp.) in the Tanana-Yukon drainage and North
P. L. and D. S. Dittmer (eds.) 1971. Respiration and circulation.
1996. Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish
1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London
(formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History
2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History.
2002. Fish collection of the Royal British Columbia Museum.
2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum.
H. 1889. Description of Coregonus pusillus, a new species of
whitefish from Alaska.
S. 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume
1, 4th edition.
R. J. H. and S. J. Holt 1959. A review of the lifespans and mortality
rates of fish in nature and their relation to growth and other
N. N. 1958. Sardine cisco - Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes.
R. A., J. Vuorinen, R. D. Wards, M. Luczynski and J. D. Reist
1991. Genetic comparisons of new and old world coregonid fishes.
Bogutskaya, N.G. 2002. Common names of Russian freshwater fishes.
A. and R. N. Erickson 1993. Fisheries investigations in coastal waters of
Liverpool Bay, Northwest Territories.
C. M. and D. E. Rosen 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes.
C. and W. A. Clemens 1948. The fresh-water fishes of British Columbia.
C., W. A. Clemens and C. C. Lindsey 1959. The freshwater fishes of British
Columbia (3rd revision). (Reprinted 1977).
2003. Danish fish names.
Carlander, K. D. 1969. Handbook of freshwater fishery biology, volume 1.
Academy of Fishery Sciences 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources
W. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes.
W. and J. D. Reist 2004. Annotated list of the arctic marine fishes of
M. 1954. Age and growth studies on two species of whitefishes from Point
A., C. B. Portt and C. K. Minns 2001. Morphological and ecological
characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes.
C. 1984. Fish use of coastal waters of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: a review.
J. R. 1943. The coregonine fishes of northwestern Canada.
Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed.) 1998. Catalog of fishes.
B. W. and E. L. Goldsborough 1907. The fishes of Alaska.
2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species
Freyhof, J. & Kottelat,
M. 2008. Coregonus sardinella. In: IUCN 2009.
List of Threatened Species.
S. V. 1992. Some aspects of karyotype evolution in the Coregoninae.
R. A. 1974. Inventory and cataloging of Arctic area waters.
E. and T. Heese 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby.
Cyclostomata et Pisces.
2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at:
D. 1928. Eskimo language and technology.
D. S. and B. W. Evermann 1896. The fishes of North and Middle America: a
descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the
waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Part I.
G. and Z. U. Urchinov 1995. Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the
impact of irrigated agriculture.
P. P. 1973. Population studies of northern pike and whitefish in the Minto
Flats complex with emphasis on the Chatanika River.
E. E. 2001. Fishes of Uzbekhistan.
M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes.
Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.
A. N. 1992. Relationships of coregonid fishes: karyological aspect.
D. E., V. Legendre and J. G. Hunter 1987. Liste de noms inuktitut
(esquimaux), français, anglais et scientifiques des poissons marins du
J. D. and R. Carveth 1993. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British
J. E. 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska.
J. E., E. W. Schallock and G. E. Bergtold 1977. Feeding by Alaska
whitefish, Coregonus nelsoni, during the spawning run.
L. L. 1997. Some reproductive characteristics of least ciscoes and
humpback whitefish in Dease Inlet, Alaska.
J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R.
N. Lea and J.D. Williams 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from
the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
G.U. and Reshetnikov, Y.S. 1970. Systematics of coregonid fishes in the
USSR; intraspecies variability and difficulties in taxonomy. University of
Manitoba Press, Winnipeg.
Nikol'skii, G. V. 1961. Special ichthyology.
M. and B. M. Burr 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North
America north of Mexico.
T. W., K. Amaoka, D. E. Stevenson, E. L. MacDonald, B. K. Urbain and J. A.
López 2000. Freshwater fishes of the Kuril Islands and adjacent regions.
Pirozhnikov, P. L. 1950. Feeding of whitefishes in estuarine areas.
C. and E. L. Hall 1972. List of fishes of Alaska and adjacent waters with
a guide to some of their literature.
and M. Jankun 1992. Chromosome studies of Coregonine fishes: a review.
Reshetnikov, Y. S., N. G. Bogutskaya, E. D. Vasil'eva, E. A. Dorofeeva, A.
M. Naseka, O. A. Popova, K. A. Savvaitova, V. G. Sideleva and L. I.
Sokolov 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia.
W.E. 1973. Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and
2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional
C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea
and W.B. Scott 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from
the United States and Canada.
C. R., R. M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and
W.B. Scott 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United
States and Canada.
B. and E. J. Crossman 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada.
D.S. 2002. Electrophoretic studies of coregonid fishes from across Russia.
Solovkina, L.N. 1974. The European cisco (Coregonus albula sardinella)
of the Pechora basin.
G. 1979. Speciation of Scandinavian Coregonus.
Svetovidov, A. N. 1979. Salmonidae.
Svetovidov, A. N. 1984. Salmonidae.
Museum of Natural History 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database.
R. V. and P. C. Gehrke 1993. Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes:
description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the
1981. Kalannimiluettelo (List of Finnish fish names).
V. 1955. Fishes of the western arctic America and eastern arctic Siberia,
taxonomy and zoogeography.
Wohlschlag, D. E. 1954. Growth peculiarities of the cisco, Coregonus
sardinella (Valenciennes), in the vicinity of Point Barrow, Alaska.
Wohlschlag, D. E. 1957. Differences in metabolic rates of migratory and
resident freshwater forms on an arctic whitefish.