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Webmuseum Osteichthyes Salmoniformes Salmonidae Coregoninae Stenodus

Il nelma o inconnu, Stenodus nelma  (Pallas 1773)


 

Nomi comuni esteri - Spagnolo - Salmon Blanco. Francese - Sténode blanc. Inglese - Connie, Conny, Sheefish. Danimarca - Hvidlaks. Norvegia - Nelma. Svezia - Siklax, Vitlax. Finlandia - Nelma. Polacco - Nelma. Russo - Nel'ma.

 

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Stenodus nelma (Pallas, 1776). Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vol. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non ancora convalidata.

Salmo nelma Pallas, 1773. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vol. [vol. 1, 1771:12 non numerato. index, + Pls. A-Z, AA-NN]. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni -Sinonimo di Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772), ma sottospecie valida "nelma" (Pallas 1773), vedere Berg 1948:303, Svetovidov 1973:151, Lee et al. 1980:119, Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:385, Lelek 1987:128, McAllister 1990:83, Sturm 1994:472, Zhu 1995:11, Chereshnev 1996:603, Reshetnikov et al. 1997:732, Reshetnikov 1998:47, Scott & Crossman 1998:298, Yue & Chen 1998:38, Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19, Chereshnev et al. 2001:69, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:145, Scharpf 2006:34. Nomenclatura valida come Stenodus nelma (Pallas 1773), vedere Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:394. Località tipo - Grandi fiumi della Siberia, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pallas, 1776). Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vol. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Coregonus lucius Nilsson, 1855. Skandinavisk fauna. Fjerde Delen: Fiskarna. Första Häftet. Lund. Skandinavisk fauna.: i-xxxiv + 1-768. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772), vedere Berg 1948:303, Svetovidov 1973:151, Reshetnikov 1998:47. Sinonimo di Stenodus nelma (Pallas 1773), in base alla località tipo e se la specie sarà riconosciuta ufficialmente, vedere Porcellotti 2010 (presente lavoro). Località tipo - Arkhangelsk, Russia. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

Salmo mackenzii Richardson, 1823. Notice of the fishes. No. 6, in John Franklin. Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea in 1819-22 ... with an appendix on various subjects relating to science and natural history. London. Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea in 1819-22 ...: 705-728, Pls. 25-26. A p. 3 dell'inserto. Il nome specifico è scritto mackensii da Smitt 1883:34, con il nome generico di Luciotrutta. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt 1772), vedere Berg 1948:303, Svetovidov 1973:151, Scott & Crossman 1998:298, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:181. Sinonimo di Stenodus nelma (Pallas 1773), in base alla località tipo e se la specie sarà riconosciuta ufficialmente, vedere Porcellotti 2010 (presente lavoro). Località tipo - Bacino del fiume Mackenzie, incluso il Salt River, Canada. Tipo - Nessun esemplare noto.

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Kottelat M. and J. Freyhof 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyof, Berlin, Germany. Pagina 394.

 

 

Distribuzione di Stenodus nelma secondo IUCN

 

 

Bacini afferenti all'Oceano Artico, dal fiume Ponoi (Penisola di Kola, bacino del Mar Bianco) ad est fino ai bacini dei fiumi Anadyr (Siberia), Yukon (Alasca) e Mackenzie (Canada). Specie introdotta in vari bacini della Federazione Russa ed in Lettonia (senza acclimatazione).

 

 

Bibliografia - Allendorf, F. W. and G. H. Thorgaard 1984. Tetraploidy and the evolution of Salmonid fishes

Andriyashev, A. P. and N. V. Chernova 1995. Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters.

Anonymous 1996. Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum.

Anonymous 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anonymous 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution).

Anonymous 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History.

Anonymous 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum.

Arkhipchuk, V. V. 1999. Chromosome database.

Bailey, R. M., J. E. Fitch, E. S. Herald, E. A. Lachner, C. C. Lindsey, C. R. Robins and W. B. Scott 1970. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Third edition

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.) 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals.

Berg, L.S. 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition.

Bogutskaya, N. G. 2005. Compilation of 70 ecoregion in Russia with about 700 species.

Bogutskaya, N. G. and A. M. Naseka 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia.

Bogutskaya, N.G. 2002. Common names of Russian freshwater fishes.

Booke, H. E. 1975. Cytotaxonomy of the salmonid fish Stenodon leucichthys.

Carl, G. C. and W. A. Clemens 1948. The fresh-water fishes of British Columbia.

Carl, G. C., W. A. Clemens and C. C. Lindsey 1959. The freshwater fishes of British Columbia (3rd revision).

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names.

Chereshnev, I.A., A.V. Shestakov, R.R. Yusupov, Y.V. Shtundyuk and I.V. Slugin 2000  Biology of nelma Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Coregonidae) from the Anadyr Basin (the northeast of Russia).

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.

Coad, B. W. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes.

Coad, B. W. and J. D. Reist 2004. Annotated list of the arctic marine fishes of Canada.

Coker, G. A., C. B. Portt and C. K. Minns 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes.

Craig, P. C. 1984. Fish use of coastal waters of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: a review.

Danilov-Danilyan, V. I. (ed.). 2001. Red Data Book of Russian Federation Animals. AST-Astrel, Moskva.

Dymond, J. R. 1943. The coregonine fishes of northwestern Canada.

Evermann, B. W. and E. L. Goldsborough 1907. The fishes of Alaska.

FAO-FIES 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list.

Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Stenodus nelma. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Frolov, S. V. 1992. Some aspects of karyotype evolution in the Coregoninae.

Gold, J. R., W. J. Karel and M. R. Strand 1980. Chromosome formulae of North American fishes.

Grabda, E. and T. Heese 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces.

Güldenstadt, A. J. 1772. Salmo leucichthys et Cyprinus chalcoides.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species.

Holcík, J. 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part.

Hugg, D. O. 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America.

Hureau, J.-C. 1991. La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum

IGFA 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001.

International Game Fish Association 1991. World record game fishes.

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) 1990. 1990 IUCN red list of threatened animals.

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) 1994. 1994 IUCN red list of threatened animals.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org

Jordan, D. S. and B. W. Evermann 1896. The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Part I.

Kirillov, F. N. 1972. Ryby Yakutii (Fishes of Yakutia).

Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven 1995. Database of fish chromosomes.

Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Machacek, H. (ed.) 2006. World Records Freshwater Fishing.

Makoedov, A. N. 1992 Relationships of coregonid fishes: karyological aspect.

McAllister, D. E., V. Legendre and J. G. Hunter 1987. Liste de noms inuktitut (esquimaux), français, anglais et scientifiques des poissons marins du Canada arctique.

McDowall, R. M. 1988. Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments.

McPhail, J. D. and C. C. Lindsey 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska.

McPhail, J. D. and R. Carveth 1993. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia.

Morrow, J. E. 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska.

Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea and J. D. Williams 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Nikol'skii, G. V. 1961. Special ichthyology.

Nikol'skii, G.V. 1954. Special ichthyology. (Rev. 1961).

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products.

Page, L. M. and B. M. Burr 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico.

Pallas, P. S. 1776. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs (1768-74).

Petrova, N. A. 1976. Biology of Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pallas) from the Irtysh Basin.

Plikss, M. 2002. Fish of Latvia.

Podlesnyi, A.V. 1958. Fishes of Enisey, their environments and use.

Quast, J. C. and E. L. Hall 1972. List of fishes of Alaska and adjacent waters with a guide to some of their literature.

Rab, P. and M. Jankun 1992. Chromosome studies of Coregonine fishes: a review.

Rass, T. S. 1983. Fish.

Reshetnikov, Y. S., N. G. Bogutskaya, E. D. Vasil'eva, E. A. Dorofeeva, A. M. Naseka, O. A. Popova, K. A. Savvaitova, V. G. Sideleva and L. I. Sokolov 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia.

Reshetnikov, Y.S. 1980. Ecology and systematics of the coregonid fishes. Nauka, Moskva.

Richardson, J. 1823. Notice of the fishes.

Riede, K. 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales.

Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea and W. B. Scott 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada.

Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea and W. B. Scott 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada.

Scott, W. B. and E. J. Crossman 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada.

Shaposhnikova, G.K. 1967. Comparative characteristics of nelma Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pallas) and belorybitsa Stenodus leucichthys leucichthys (Guldenstadt).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1984. Salmonidae.

Swedish Museum of Natural History 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database.

Underwood, T. J. 2000. Abundance, length composition and migration of spawning Inconnu in the Selawik river, Alaska.

Vasil'ev, V. P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish.

Walker, K. F. and H. Z. Yang 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China.

Wang, S. (ed.) 1998. China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces.

Welcomme, R. L. 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species.

Wigutoff, N. B. and C. J. Carlson 1950  A survey of the commercial fishing possibilites of Seward peninsula area, Kotzebue Sound, and certain inland rivers and lakes in Alaska.

Wynne-Edwards, V. C. 1952  Fishes of the Arctic and subarctic.

 


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