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Le Faune Webmuseum Osteichthyes Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ameiurus

Il pesce gatto nero, Ameiurus melas

(Rafinesque, 1820)


Nomi dialettali italiani - Piemonte - Pás gat. Veneto - Gato. Emilia Romagna - Pes gat.

Nomi comuni esteri Spagnolo - Bagre, Bagre torito negro. Portoghese - Peixe-gato. Francese - Poisson-chat, Barbotte noire. Inglese - Black bullhead, Black catfish, Hornedpout, Yellow belly. Tedesco - Schwarzer Katzenwels. Olanda - Zwarte Amerikaanse dwergmeerval. Danimarca - Sort dværgmalle. Svezia - Svart dvärgmal. Finlandia - Mustapiikkimonni. Polonia - Sumik czarny.

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Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820). Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) v. 9 51. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN valida.

Silurus melas Rafinesque, 1820. Description of the Silures or catfishes of the River Ohio. Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) 48-52; v. 9 51. Catalogo - Gilbert 1998:219. Vedere anche Rafinesque 1820:360 e 1820:66 [sotto Pimelodus melas]. Sinonimo senior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Nomenclatura valida come Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Lee et al. 1980:441, Smith 1986:79, Robison & Buchanan 1988:293, Burgess 1989:35, Pequeño 1989:40, McAllister 1990:66, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:117, La Rivers 1994:494, Scott & Crossman 1998:591, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201; nomenclatura valida come Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Page & Burr 1991:194, Boschung 1992:64, Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:26, Etnier & Starnes 1993:300, Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:550, Warren et. al. 1994:132, Knight & Hastings 1994:149, Baxter & Stone 1995:144, Stauffer et al. 1995:206, Cross & Collins 1995:141, Mettee et al. 1996:381, Sigler & Sigler 1996:151, Gilbert 1998:220, Fuller et al. 1999:196, Dyer 2000:89, Lyons et al. 2000:35, Ross et al. 2001:304, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:195, Moyle 2002:208, Hardman & Page 2003:21, Wydoski & Whitney 2003:154, Nelson et al. 2004:81, Bailey et al. 2004:127, Miller & Robison 2004:224, Boschung & Mayden 2004:329, Miller 2005:160. Località tipo - Fiume Ohio, U.S.A. Tipo - Non è noto nessun esemplare tipo.

Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820). Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) v. 9 51. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Ameirus melas (Rafinesque, 1820). Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) v. 9 51. Errore ortografico, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Ameiurus melas melas (Rafinesque, 1820). Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) v. 9 51. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Ictalurus melas melas (Rafinesque, 1820). Q. J. Sci. Lit. Arts (R. Inst. Gr. Brit.) v. 9 51. Sinonimo senior, nuova combinazione, nomenclatura ICZN non valida.

Amiurus brachyacanthus Cope 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 17: 1-51. Catalogo - Böhlke 1984:115, Gilbert 1998:209, Ferraris 2007:205. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Gilbert 1998:209, Ferraris 2007:205. Località tipo - Wallace Creek, sorgenti dei fiume Medina, Contea di Bandera , Texas, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - ANSP 20527-28 (2).

Pimelodus catulus Girard 1858. Fishes. Pp. i-xiv, 1-400, Pls. 7-8, 13-14, 17-18, 22c, 26, 29-30, 34, 37, 40-41, 48, 53, 59, 61, 64-65, 71 In: General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857. In: Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, v. 10. Beverley Tucker, Washington, D.C. General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857. Catalogo - Ferraris & Vari 1992:23, Ferraris 2007:205. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ictalurus natalis (Lesueur 1819), vedere Burgess 1989:35. Sinonimo di Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), ma valida sottospecie, vedere La Rivers 1994:497, Scott & Crossman 1998:592. Sinonimo di Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Gilbert 1998:210, Ferraris 2007:205. Località tipo - Fiume Arkansas a Fort Smith, Arkansas, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - USNM 926 (1), 927 (orig. 5, ora 0).

Pimelodus confinis Girard 1859. Ichthyological notices. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11: 157-161. [Earliest distribution given as 18 October in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. v. 11:280 (1859) based on Aug. and Sept. issues. Catalogo - Ferraris & Vari 1992:23, Gilbert 1998:210-211, Ferraris 2007:205. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere La Rivers 1994:494. Sinonimo di Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), Gilbert 1998:211 [scritto confinus], Ferraris 2007:205. Località tipo - Fiume Root, vicino a Racine, Racine County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - MCZ 35993 [ex USNM 1514] (1); USNM 1514 (7), 1515 (orig. 6, o 3). Un campione fu inviato al ZMUC nel 1881 ma non vi è più presente.

Amiurus cragini Gilbert 1884. Notes on the fishes from Kansas. Bulletin of the Washburn Laboratory of Natural History v. 1 (n° 1): 10-16. Catalogo - Ferraris & Vari 1992:17, Gilbert 1998:211, Ferraris 2007:205. Compare anche come nuova specie (sinonimo in una nota a piè di pagina) in Gilbert 1885:512. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ictalurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere La Rivers 1994:494. Sinonimo di Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Gilbert 1998:211, Ferraris 2007:205. Località tipo - "The Lake" [braccio morto del fiume Arkansas], a Garden City, Finney County, Kansas, U.S.A. Tipo - Olotipo (unico): USNM 36814.

Pimelodus cupreoides Girard 1859. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11. Catalogo - Ferraris & Vari 1992:23, Gilbert 1998:211, Ferraris 2007:205. Sinonimo junior, combinazione originale, nomenclatura ICZN non valida. Opinioni - Sinonimo di Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque 1820), vedere Gilbert 1998:211, Ferraris 2007:205. Località tipo - Fiume Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois, U.S.A. Tipo - Nessuno. Sintipi - USNM 1497 (4).

 

 

Fonti bibliografiche principali - Carla Hassan-Williams and Timothy H. Bonner. Photographs by Chad Thomas. Texas Freshwater Fishes. Texas State University - San Marcos. http://www.bio.txstate.edu/~tbonner/txfishes/index.htm

 

 

Distribuzione originaria di Ameiurus melas (da http://tolweb.org)

 

Il limite nord dell'area di distribuzione originaria di A. melas coincide con i bacini della zona meridionale dei Grandi Laghi, della Baia di Hudson, con la parte settentrionale del bacino del fiume Mississippi, e con quelli del Saskatchewan meridionale e del Montana. A sud raggiunge il Golfo del Messico, i bacini del versante del Golfo di Mobile Bay, la Georgia, l'Alabama, ed il nord est del Messico. La specie è stata introdotta, con acclimatazione, in gran parte delle zone temperate di entrambi gli emisferi. In Europa è acclimatata dal Portogallo ai paesi dell'est e Russia meridionale. In Italia A. melas è attualmente diffusa a macchia di leopardo in quasi tutto il territorio.

 

Introduzioni di Ameiurus melas

Periodo Provenienza Paese ospite Acclimatazione

non conosciuto

ignota

URSS

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Albania

probabile

non conosciuto

fiume Columbia

Columbia Britannica

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Irlanda

probabile

non conosciuto

Germania

Portogallo

si

non conosciuto

Spagna

Portogallo

si

non conosciuto

ignota

Svizzera

si

1980 - 1989

ignota

Spagna

si

1800 - 1899

Italia

Gran Bretagna

si

1800 - 1899

Nord America

Italia

si

1871

USA

Francia

si

1882

USA

Belgio

si

1885

USA

Germania

probabile

1900

USA

Olanda

si

1900

Germania

Olanda

si

1900

Francia

Olanda

si

1902

Italia

Ungheria

si

1902

Germania

Ungheria

si

1905

USA

Jugoslavia

si

1907

USA

Cile

si

 

 

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